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[k 2] Hummocky (north end,) north 26° 30' east,—three rocks north 14° east.

(1»1 on with the east end of [I,] north 17° 40' west. li j (east end,) north 49° 45' west,—[ 1< ] and [ la ] risible between the two above-mentioned islands.

Prudhoe Island, (east peak,) south 11° 30' east.
The rocky islet, not laid down, north 55° 45' west.
Variation by amplitude, 7° 34' east.

We afterwards passed three-quarters of a mile to the westward of this islet, but as I was looking out at the masthead at the time, no bearings were taken of it, when on with the other islands, which is a great pity, if its position is not already known at the Admiralty.

J. L. Bailey, Master R.N.

[The remark alluded to, appears in the journal of the ship Arabian, and trivial as it seems in itself, with the foregoing bearings, (which agree remarkably well excepting that of [ll ],it enables us to fix the position of the rocky island on the chart, and we infer from the whole that it is in latitude 20° 57' south, and longitude 149° 25' east. This is a good instance to shew how useful remarks, however trifling they may appear, really become, when used in conjunction with others bearing on the same point. The distance of the rock south of the island [ li ] gives its distance from the Zebra's auchorage, on the bearing given by Mr. Bailey, and hence its position, for which there is no other authority.—Ed. N.M.]

Dangers In The Carimata Passage And Strait Of Scnda.

Jerusalem Coffee Home, Sept. 6th, 1841. Sir.—I beg to communicate through the medium of your valuable periodical, for the information of commanders navigating the Eastern seas, a correct statement of the loss of the ship Catherine, under my command in the Carimata Passage, on the 17th of December, 1840.

At 2h. 15m. P.m., struck on a ledge of rocks, with East Island, (the easternmost of the Montaran or Marlaban Group, bearing W. £ N., and Carimata Peak N. 4" W., distant from East Island eight miles. This reef which is formed of sharp pyramitial coral rocks, extends northwest and south-east a cable's length, and the least water found on it was two fathoms.

When aground had three fathoms over the stern I a quarter less three from the lireak of the poop on both sides; two fathoms from either fore channels; over the bows two fathoms and a half; one hundred yards ahead, seven, twelve, and eighteen fathoms; to the north-west at rather less distance from the ship four, five, seven, and nine fathoms; to the south-east a short cable's length no bottom with twenty fathoms line; at half a cable distant nine fathoms; and a boat's length nearer the ship a quarter less three fathoms.

Though we found a very strong current setting to the southward, yet there was no appearance of broken or discoloured water; nor any indication which would cause a careful navigator to apprehend danger.

Subjoined is an extract from the log-book of the bark, Justina of Batavia, belonging to Messrs. Maclaine, Watson, and Co., agents for Lloyd's at that port; which vessel was despatched by them to the wreck.

"At 6 A.m. saw Eastern Montaran Island, bearing W.b.S- k S., twelve miles off; at 9 came to in with the stream in eighteen fathoms mud; centre of Eastern Montaran Island W. ^ N., six miles distant; a shoal W.b.S. two miles off, sent a boat to examine the shoal; about one hundred yards all round had from ten to eighteen fathoms, shoaling suddenly towards it. The boat went over it, and had very irregular soundings, from four feet to five fathoms; in the centre of the shoal, a coral rock three feet above water; all over the shoal rocky bottom. About a ship's length from this shoal, shoal-water extends from W.N.W. to E.S.E. about one mile and a half, with four to ten fathoms rocky bottom."

The first of these shoals examined by the commander of the Justina, is evidently the Discovery Bank laid down in Ross's Survey; but the last mentioned one must have grown up since that period, as it is not laid down in Horsburgh's charts. The weather was squally and unsettled, which prevented his obtaining a sight of Carimata Island for a cross bearing; nevertheless the bearing given above, places it very nearly in the same position assigned to the Discovery Bank in Horsburgh's charts of the Carimata Passage.

I have not met with any chart, Dutch or English, wherein the reef on which the Catherine struck is laid down; nor is it known to any of the commanders of country vessels of whom I enquired, though I was informed at Batavia, that a government schooner commanded by one of the then lieutenants of the guard-ship, was wrecked on this spot a few months previous to the loss of the Catherine.

The Justina appears to have anchored two miles to the westward of the reef, and southward withal: she was at anchor only four hours when the chain parted, which prevented her commander making a more particular survey.

The bearings I have given may be relied on, as the ship laid quite quiet at first, and the weather being very clear, Carimata Peak and Island were very distinctly seen. From good observations obtained at noon, I place the reef in latitude 2° 31' south, and longitude 108° 59 east.

In conclusion, I strongly recommend all commanders not to borrow nearer East Island than four leagues, which will carry them a large league clear of this danger: but, I should prefer the passage between Sourouton Island and Ontario Reef, especially during the night, taking care to pass close round the south point of the island, by which coursi the dangers adjacent to the Montaran Islands and east coast of Billiton will be avoided.

I am, &c,

Charles S. Evans.

P.S. I am not aware, if it be generally known, that a rock has been discovered in the fair-way outof Sunda Straits, with eighteen feet water on it, and bearing from the Button N. £ E., distant two miles. An American ship struck on this rock in 1840, and a portion of it was found in her bottom when docked at Boston.


The Votagk Of Thk Siup Florentia.
[Concluded from p. &43.J

On the 10th of Jnne we sailed from Manila with light flaws of wiad from all points of the compass, and the current selling us to the southwest. The ship Canton passed us abreast the Corregidor: we left this ship in Sydney ready for sea, wlipn we sailed. 21st. Noon, latituit 14° 17' N.; working to windward, but unable to make any way. the swell setting the ship towards Manila Bay. 6h. 30m. tacked to the north-west, finding it impossible to proceed to weather St. Jago Point. 22d. Strong swell and current on; finding it impossible to proceed to the southward or westward, the ship deep, I determined on proceeding to the northward (as advised by Horsburgh,) and proceed through the Pacific to Pitt's Passage. 23rd. Winds south to S.S.W.; made all sail. 8 A.m. Cape Capones bore east, forty miles; agreeing with chronometer.

27th. Latitude 18° 41'N., longitude 119° 48'. 2Sth. Saw Clare Babuyan S E.b.E.|E. At 0, Calayan south, Bashee north-east, awl Babuyan S.E.b K.; a strong current setting northerly. 29lh. At noon Babuyan S. £ W., Balentang S.b.S.: a tremendous rush of current through these islands, the ship's head south-east, and going three knots, yet barely making an east course, and passing the islands very slowly. 30th. Current still the same. These islands, the Babuyan and Bashee, extend from the north coast of Luconia to the island of Formosa: all the channels among them are considered safe, there being no hidden dangers; the current sets very strong to the north-west, north, and north-east, for which a great allowance ought to be made. We bad a current of full two knots between Balentang and Babuyan. Several islands are volcanic, the extinct volcano on Camiguia may be seen sixty miles off. There is a volcano on the west end ofClaro Babuyan, which drove the inhabitants off it, in consequence of its violent eruptions, they are now settled at Fuga. Most of these islands are very high, and well inhabited, except Babuyan Lapurip, and the Northern Bashees. The inhabitants furnish ships with provisions verv cheaply, a bullock being sold from two to four dollars. The South Bashees' abound in bullocks, pigs, and poultry, and they have plantations of sugar-caue, Indian corn, sweet potatoes, and fruits of various kinds.

This season of the year, I should be convinced is the worst for making a passage to Europe quickly. When I left Manila, I found I could neither get to the southward or westward, in order to attempt a passage through the Mindoro Sea, or the Straits of Manila, and consequentlyl was induced by the observations and remarks of Horsburgh, (the undoubtedly first authority,) to proceed into the Pacific byway of the Bashee Islands. J J

eJr°'"tlhe 7.'!' °f J"ly tiU 'he ^th.veryliKht winds from east, southWjerho."! C"r,e"t StrOI>B "soulh-east> three-quarters of a

noahwar"a,orre Th]r Shi{iT°l W,i,,d* Wi'h a hTMy s1"a» f»TM l* no.ihward, torrents of ra>n. 1 he largest of the Pel lew Islands, Baubelthouap bearing east, distant about eight miles; the wind hanging so much at north-west, blowing strong with the current made it very doubtful that we should weather these islands. They are very dangerous to be near particularly at night, very extensive reefs and banks lying on their west side nearly twenty miles from them. The inhabitants were formerly very hospitable and kind to Europeans, but lately they attempted to surprise and cut off a whaler while passing the southernmost island. They were beaten off, two of the ship's company were killed, and nearly all the rest wounded, some severely.

24th. A strong gale W.S.W. and S.W.; sea getting up. Noon, latitude olserved 5° 31' N., longitude 133° 57' E. We are now in the l»elt of current described by Horsburgh as running from thirty to sixty miles to the eastward in twenty-four hours. 25lh. Very confused sea on ; ship pitching very much, the current has set us forty-two miles S.E.b.E. 26th. Current this day forty miles from W.b.N. 27th. Current set to the eastward this day thirty miles. 29th, 30th, 31st. Current from the northward. On the 31st., latitude 0° f>0' N.,saw the high foreland of New Guinea, about eighty miles: a dead calm on.

On the 1st of August, towards night breeze freshened. 2nd. Blowing a fresh gale, the sea getting up very rapidly, and running very quick and irregular. 3rd. Wind increased from south-west: at 7 a strong gale, a very cross sea running; clear sky; noon, moderated. 4th, 4 A.m. A calm faint easterly breeze. 5th. Light breezes, calms and flaws; saw land very indistinct, latitude observed 0° 9' N., longitude 132° 25' E. In the afternoon made the land out very clear, agree* ing with chronometer. At 3h. our distance from the Yowl Islands was fifty-seven miles, bearings W.N W. On the 6th, though four hands were looking out, and could discern nothing, 1 heard the roar of the surf on the reefs round the islands. Wore ship and stood to south-east, at dawn wore again to the north-west; and at the same time saw the Yowl Islands, their extremes bearing W.j N to S.W., about eight miles distant; steered round their north end, they are low and covered with trees, and the sea breaks high round the reef near the largest ones. The high land of Onarids or Waygiou in sight, and gives our latitude 0° 45', and longitude 131° 20' E. by the bearings. At lOh. saw an island bearing south-west. This island is not marked on the charts or described by Horsburgh; at 11 it bore S.W. £ S., seen from the deck. At the same time the southern and westernmost one bore S.S.E. | E-, about fifteen miles; the largest and highest island next east of it S.E.^ E., distant about twelve miles; and the largest northern island E.S.E. about fourteen miles. Passed this island 50m. past noon, when it bore south of us about eight miles distant. From the course we have steered this morning, it must bear W.S.W. of the large northern Yowl Island, and is distant from it about twenty-six miles; its latitude from the observation of the day is about 0" 37' N., it is low and covered with trees. When we were north of it only the two south-western islands could be seen, and they were very indistinct.

10th. Saw the High Island of Pulo Pisang, south-east about twelve miles. The Lawn Islands, S.£ W. and Pulo Kekik, S.S.W. Taking every advantage of the winds in tacking ship. These islands have a very pleasant appearance, being covered tutli trees, from their summit to Iheir base. Pnlo Pisang appears steep close to, but the other* bare sanJy beaches round them; passed Pulo Kekik about two miles distant, but could observe no signs of its l>eing inhabited. These islands form the southern end of the Gillolo Passage which from adverse winds we have beat the ship through.

I2lh. The island of Bouro in sight, very high land, mountains appearing above the clouds. Latitude 2° 30 S., longitude 116° 50 E, Current from eastward one knot an hour. 13th. The Yullu Islands ia sight to the northward; these islands are very high and bold of approach there being no sounding till close to the shore. The height of Tomahoe mountain or Bouro Dome by my calculation is 10,30" feet, it is seen sometimes in clear weather 90 or 100 miles off. The wind hanging so much to the S.S.E. and S.E., I determined, as I found I could scarcely weather St. Matthews and Veltboons Islands, to proceed through the straits of Bouton to the Celebean Sea. 1 Sth, 6h. 50m. A.m. Wangi-Wangi, the northern island of the Toucambasso group, bore S. W.; bore away for the Strait, saw Pulo Comtado, a long island full of hummocks to the southward, and Cadoopy on opening the west end of Wangi. Passed the latter about 4 miles from the north point the current this day from N.F.. 25 miles: at 1 p M. saw the sboal to the southward of Cadoopy looking very discoloured and extensive, its extremes S.E.bE. to E. i S., same lime the east point of Bouton bore N.N.W. and the north end of Wangi-Wangi N.E. |E. I imagine this shoal and the island of Cadoopy are placed in the charts too much (• the eastward, by about 5 miles, but these islands and shoals are marked as " little kuown"' and certainly require a good look out when near, or approaching them.

17th, 4 A.m. bore up and made sail, at noon in the straits of Salaya, ran through between south and middle islands, passage about 3 ^ miles wide, experienced an extraordinary rush of tide or current in the strait, and to the westward of it for a few miles. During the night steered courses to run between the Brill shoal and the Postillion isles.

18th. Water discoloured, no soundings at 40 fathoms. Latitude observed 6° 7'S., longitude 118° 12' E. 19th. Latitude 5° 40 S. longitude 116° 14' E.; at noon fresh monsoon and fine weather. 20ib. saw the Solombo islands, bearing west, hauled up S.W. and passed the south side of the Great Solombo about 6 miles distant. Passed to the northward of Pulo Babean or Lubeck. These islands are not much frequented by European ships.

22nd. Saw Watchman Island, one of the Carimon Java Group. 23rd. Latitude observed 5* 42 S., longitude 107° 39' E-, ran alow? the outside of Sedarv Bank, in seven to ten fathoms: at 6 Pj*. wind failing stood in shore, and anchored in eight and a half fathoms off the village of Pakkis; Sedary Bank bearing S.E. 24th. Weighed, crossed the Bay of Batavia, the port apparently full of shipping. Steered for Amsterdam island and passed between it, Middlebury Island, and Outong Java reef. And from thence between the great Canibuys and alaneaters island and reef. 25lh. Saw the land, lacked ship, wind variable, taking every advantage of wind to work off the Zulpheii islands, got regular soundings 31, 37, 42, and 45 fathoms : at 6h. made the last tack towards the Java shore. Passed the Button at balls

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