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mile distant stood down the straits of Sunda borrowing towards the Java shore off Anjer was boarded by the Resident's report-boat; most ships touch here on leaving Batavia and China to water, fltc. At 7h. Squalls from south, torrents of rain, vivid lightning and thunder.
26th. Clear of the land. I have never but once had a fine night in the Straits of Sunda.
From the 4th to this day 26th, have scarcely been out of sight of land, threading onr way between different islands, through the Passages and Straits, to get into the Indian Ocean. The distance we have to run to the Cape is about 5,000 miles and to Roderigues Island 2,500.
30th. The Cocos or Reelings islands bearing E.b.S. about 50 miles, Horsburgh says,*—" The value of these islands to navigators, remained unknown until Captain J. C. Ross visited the southern group and found a good harbour where he lay some days putting his ship the " Borneo" in proper order. These isles are now inhabited by Captain Ross, who first discovered the harbour, to which he has given the name of Port Albion, and also the name of New Selma to the village which he has formed at his residence, on the south-eastern island ; he has ascertained more correctly that the group extends from 12° 3' to 12° 14' S. Their longitude is about 67" 5' E. The harbour is formed by a circle of islands (coral) and appears to be based upon the walls of the crater of a submarine volcano. An earthquake of considerable strength and duration was experienced on the 25th May, 1829. The harbour has only one entrance for ships, at its northern extremity. Ships drawing more than eighteen feet are recommended not to sail over the bar, but to warp in and then anchor at discretion. These islands produce Cocoa Trees and are only from three to ten feet elevated above the sea."
Wind veered to north-east and north north-east, heavy vain, and dark gloomy appearance.
31st. Similar weather, rain in torrents. Sept. the 1st and 2nd no change or any appearance of better weather, every thing and every body completely soaked, and many of the people without a dry change of clothes; made them wear warm and cloth clothing, and gave them an extra glass of grog, several complaining of illness, but only one laid up. I cannot account for the extraordinary winds and weather we have experienced between latitude 7° and 16° S. and longitude 104° and 60° E. a distance of about 1,000 nautical miles. The winds have scarcely for an hour been to the south of east, but more generally north-east and sometimes even north with a long southerly swell, a very irregular sea, and torrents of rain. I have read all the remarks of Horsburgh attentively, as well as those of other navigators, I cannot meet one si mi-, lar instance. Horsburgh remarks, " that in the Indian Sea at this season the winds are mostly south-east, and that they sometimes veer to K.S.E. and east in the easterly monsoon which continues six months, and dues not erase till November; that the easterly monsoon is a continue ation of the south-east trade wind, while the sun continues in the Northern Hemisphere, and that it extends to the equator, the western monsoon not extending to the southward of 10° or 12° south latitude."
It is remarkable that this weather came in with the new moon the
* See an interesting account of these islands in our volume for 1833, p. 5T9.
26lh of August, and ceased with the first quarter the 3rd of September. 8th. Remarkable open, clear, fine weather: at noon, latitude IS'30' S., longitude 78° 50' E., saw the first Pintado, or Cape Pigeon, (Prorellaria Capensh.) this is very far to the northward of their usual limits. 9lh. Very strong trade, and increasing, confused, heavy swell from east and south caused the ship to roll very much, and ship water over both gunwales. 12lh. Moderate; noon latitude 20° 34' S., longitude 70° 30' E. lh. A.m. Squally with showers, wind increased to » gale; took in all steering sails, top-gallant sail, mainsail, jib and miim, and double-reefed the topsails; set fore-topmast-staysail, and storm trisail. Towards evening the sea got up very rapidly, running very quick and hollow; shipped the deadlights and secured hatches: rolling very much and shipping water; sent royal yards down.
13th. Gale increasing, and a tremendous sea, shipping water over both gunwales. The sharp squalls apparently raise the sea. At 10b. A.m. a sea struck and washed inboard, the larboard waist netting boards, and the lower steering-sail-boom alongside, breaking out the iron gtxw neck; ship lurching and rolling heavily at #times. The barometer bas been high from the commencement of the gale, and is now at noon 30-42, thermometer 70°, wind S.S.E., latitude observed 80° 45' S., longitude 67° 33' K., Roderigues 247 miles, N. 75° W. P.m. Sqnalli violent, but not long, sea subsiding. The mercury is so high (big"' than since 1 left Manila,) I cannot imagine the gale will last, but a few hours; sun set moderating, but much sea on.—Mem. Distance ran tiii last week is 987 miles.
18th. The finest day we have had since we left the Straits of Siwda. At noon, Isle Bourbon distant 173 miles N. 7° E. 4lh October. At noon, latitude 82° 33' S., longitude 31° 10' E., Cape Natal N.5°W., distant 161 miles, (Cape of Good Hope 670 miles.)—TLis week n« have ran 640 miles only.
9th. Tremendous gale north-west, ship hove to. 10th. Moderate.' at night commenced a gale from north-west, again hove to. 11th. Tremendous gale and sea, latitude south 35° 5S', longitude east 21° 45. Cape of Good Hope 190 miles, N. 60° W., Cape Agulhas 114 miles, N. 54° W.; thermometer 64°, barometer, at midnight, 29-79, at noon
29-97. Still hove to under close-reefed main-topsail. This last week
we have ran 528 miles only.
12th. Gale continues, with a furious sea breaking over every par' °f the ship. I have seldom witnessed it more fierce short and violent; towards night it moderated. 13th. Light breezes'; noon, latitude if 13 S., longitude 20°28'E., a very strong current yesterday and to-d*J. set 102 mile, nearly west. 14th. We have been ten days from Cane Recif to he Cape of Good Hope, but have had only two heavy gal* from north-west and west. J
The Loo Of The Barque Charlotte Of Alloa,
The following extract from the log of the Charlotte is inserted here, with a view to some remarks respecting her loss in a future number.
Sunday \Sth, P.m.—Steady trades and fine weather. Employed getting the anchors over, and other sundry jobs about tho rigging. Carpenter caulking the pinnace.
Midnight; ditto wind and weather.
At 8 A.m.; a strange sail in sight, standing to the southward and eastward.
Noon; steady trades and fine.
Lat. obs. 17° 4' 0" N.
Long. chr. No. 288, 2\<* 47' 45" W.
Lat. ac. 17^ 2'N.
N.N.E. Monday 19JA, A.m.—Steady trades and
hazy weather; set starboard steering fail. At 6; ditto breezes and hazy. At 7h. 50.; observed breakers close ahead, instantly put the helm to starboard and braced the yards forward, ship struck; immediately let go top-gallant and topsail halliards; ship still striking heavily, and the surf breaking on board. Ship on the reef from ten to fifteen minutes, during which time she struck very heavily; sounded the pumps, two feet water in the well, and sounded alongside in five fathoms; set both pumps going, and set topsails and courses; observed breakers on the lee bow, which we ju3t cleared. Ship going about E.N.E. at the same time found the rudder disabled. Sounded the pumps and found three feet and a half in the well, still kept the pumps going; sounded a short time after and found five feet, ship still gaining fast, and both pumps going. Sounded again and found eight feet, pumps still going. Commenced to clear the boats, and very shortly after the water was in the between-decks; got the boat3 over the side, and put passengers, and a little provision and water in them. At midnight found we could do nothing more, pumps being of no service to keep the ship up, and sinking fast, all hands got in the boate, at the same time the water coming in the cabin windows, and level with tho lee side of the main deck. At 30m. A.m. the ship disappeared,—lay-to in the boats until daylight, Bonavista bearing north-west; proceeded to St. Jago with crew, passengers, and two boats, where we arrived on Tuesday at noon, the 20th of April.
[The foregoing is a copy of the Charlotte's log, from the departure from Madeira to the time of her loss, and as it is important that the position of the reef she struck on should be made known, we shall be thankful to any of our readers who may have sufficient leisure and inclination to work the days' works and send us the results. Those unaccustomed to merchant ships' logs will observe, that the knots against each hour must be doubled, as they stand for that hour and the preceding.—Ed. N.M.]