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SCHULAW.—The Port Deputation of Hamburg has made arrangements, that from the 1st of September there shall be placed below Schulaw, between the two black buoys Nos. 9 and 10, south side of the channel and north of the Portuguese ship Isabella, sunk two years ago, a vessel with flag flying in the daytime, and a lanthorn at night, for the security of navigation.-Shipping Gazette.
Flushing ROADSTEAD. On the 6th July the Minister of Marine and Colonies gave notice that in the middle of the channel in the roadstead of Flushing, an elevation has formed itself of about two cables' length in a S.S.W. and N.N.E. direction, which, on account of the shallow water thereby created in the channel, may prove dangerous to the navigation; and therefore it has been marked with a red buoy, placed at the following bearings, taken by compass, viz. the Steeple of Middelburg N.E. I N.; Fort Nollen N. by W.; the Steeple of Hoopdplaat S.E.; the Mill of Briskins, S. W. 1 S.; in a depth of 13 Amsterdain feet, or 37 palms at ordinary low water. It is at the same time to be observed, that at the distance of two cables' length north and south of this elevation, there is sufficient water for ships of any draught to pass without the least danger.Shipping Gazette.
As the drifting of vessels on Spittal Point during the winter month is of very frequent occurrence, we may record what has been stated to us by a conipetent authority in such matters, that there is always a risk in taking Berwick harbour with a strong wind from the north because as soon as a vessel turns round the pier head, she generally loses the wind and steerage way, and if she does not borrow very close to the pier, and immediately let go an anchor, there is every chance of her being drifted on Spittal Point, especially if there should be a roll of the sea and inuch fresh in the river.- Warder.
Lights ON SOUTHAMPTON Royal Pier.-Two new lights have this week been fixed on the new pier; and by the plan adopted they are rendered much brighter than the two old coloured lights. The following direction must be observed; bring the red light under the tall white light in one perpendicular line, and the channel is open from the bar end to the pier.
Beacon.-The Swedish and Norwegian administration give notice that a beacon of wood has been erected on the Rock Understen, situated at the southerly Quarken, at lat. 60° 16' 15" N., and long. 37° 4' 30'' E. of Ferro, for a guidance to mariners who pass this narrow and dangerous channel. The beacon or landmark alluded to is of a quadrate form, built of sparwood; a third part of the top covered with planks, which roof, as well as the palings on which it rests, is painted white, but the rest red. This mark is thirty-six feet high, stands on an elevation of forty-two feet, and therefore is altogether seventyeight feet above the level of the sea, and in clear weather can be seen at a distance of three nautical miles.
River DOURO.—The following is a copy of a notice issued by the Portuguese Admiralty, which has been transmitted to Lloyd's by their agent at Oporto, respecting the soundings found in the River Douro and on its Bar during the month of July, 1841.
Soundings on the bar. By W., W.S.W., and W.N.W. of the Lages abore the Banco the soundings are found 26 to 27 palmos at flood of Spring tides. E. W. with Filqueiras, between the rock, Bezerra, and the extreme point of the Banco, close to the Filqueiras, soundings 29 palmos during Spring tides; but this channel is not navigable, by reason of its extreme narrowness. From the extreme point of the Cabodello, to the course of the charnel which lies between the Labe d' Abre, and the rock Afagamanadas, the soundings are 26 palmos and over at low water.
In the River. From the Arrabida mountain to the Lobeira do Ouro, there runs a narrow channel along the rocks on the northern side, of 17 palmos, and close to the Lobeira, of 18 palmos at low water, and this depth is found as far as the Lobeira de Sobreiras.
Between the Arribadouro, and the Cruz de Ferro the soundings are 18 palmos, and from thence to the extreme point of the Cabodello 20, 22, and 30 palmos.
The sand bank still exists close to Posta Nobre, which runs over to the south side about a third of the width of the river.
Note. The Portuguese names are preserved as in the original, as when they are made use of by the natives they will be understood. Lages, Fil queiras, Labe d' Abre, Lobeira do Ouro, Lobeira de Sobreiras, Arribadouro, and Cruz de Ferro, are rocks.-Times.
KINGSTOWN HARBOUR Lights.-The Corporation for Preserving and Improring the Port of Dublin, hereby give Notice, that on the evening of the ist of October next, the appearance of the Light hitherto shewn from the East Pier Head of Kingstown Harbour, will be altered from the present revolving white Light to a revolving Light shewing white and red Lights alternately, and seen at shorter intervals of time. A small fixed red Light will also be exhibited from the West Pier Head. The Lights so to be shewn will thenceforth be continued from sun-set to sun-rise.
Specifications given of the appearance of the Tower, &c., by Mr. Halpin, the Inspector of Light-houses :
The Light at present shewn on the Kingstown East Pier Head is a revolving white light, shewing once in each minute. That to be exhibited on the Ist of October next will also be a revolving light, presenting white and red lights alternately, attaining their greatest brilliancy at equal intervals of thirty seconds.
'The light will be shewn from the present timber building (which is coloured brown), and will be open to the harbour and to seaward, as heretofore. The lantern is elevated thirty-four feet above the level of high-water springs, and forty feet above the mean level of the sea.
A fixed red light, will, at the same time, be shewn from the Kingstown West Pier Head.
The Kingstown East Pier Light-House bears from the Kish Bank Floating Light W. by N. 4 N. distant 6 | nautic miles, and from the Poolbeg Light South, distant 2 nautic miles. The bearings given are magnetic. Var. 26° 30' W.
By Order, H. VEREKER, Secretary. Ballast-Office, Dublin, August 1841.
REMOVING A LIGHTHOUSE.-From the improvements now making in Sunderland harbour it has been found requisite to appoint another site for the lighthouse ; but in order to avoid the trouble, delay, and expense of taking it down and rebuilding it, it has been decided to remove it as it stands, which we find is now being attempted. The stone work has been cut out at the base, and a tram way and carriage erected, on which the light-house now stands; it was moved by screw power a distance of 21 feet to the north on Monday, in which situation it will remain for some time, till the railway is reversed, when it will be removed to its new site, at the east end of the north pier.- Newcastle Chronicle.
Florence and Venice.-Extract of a letler. « We were charmed with that deservedly-famed city where nature and art strive to outdo each other in works to delight the senses and gratify the mind. There the people looked happy, and well fed and clothed; and there the squalid poverty is not found, which at Rome wanders under the Pope's license, although the people pay a seventh of their rent to support the poor. Alas! the King pockets the money, and the streets of Rome are filled with beggars.
“ After Florence came Venice, where ten delightful days were passed in wandering and admiring. If you have ever read Cooper's Bravo it would give you the best description of this strangely beautiful city, now comparatively deserted. The palace of the Doges is uninhabited, and the visiter hears nothing but the echo of his own footsteps, as he passes through its spacious halls, admiring the matchless works of art which adorn its walls. The “ Bridge of sigbs” is closed as a passage, but we stood upon it like our illustrious bard, and the dungeons are happily thrown open. It fortunately happened while we were at Venice a boat race took place; the first that has been known since the time of the Doges, and it is difficult to give an idea of anything half so beautiful. The evening was such an one as you must go to Venice to see, a sky of gold and purple, reflected in the clear still waters upon which were ten thousand boats decorated with every possible color and vying with the nautilus in grace and elegance. The costumes were those of centuries back, so that one might have imagined oneself in the days of the Falieri. Every window and balcony was filled with gaily dressed people, and hung with draperies of more colors than the rainbow, some of the costliest velvet, damask, tapestry, and carpet, from the seventh story down to the waters' edge. The Rialto was a blaze of color and peopled like a beehive. Bands of music and triumphant songs, and to complete the romance an ancient fued was revived, and vivas for the Nicolotte and the Castellani were echoed as the various boats went by. It was such a sight as few travellers ever had the privilege of seeing and one that I shall keep in my memory to brighten sombre things that dwell there. As for the gondolas, they are like floating coffins, painted quite black and when the black house is on they only have room for two persons, so we substituted an awning, which gave us better opportunity of seeing.
" There are a few planks of the old Bucentaur,* and a gilded model kept in the arsenal, which once sent forth its conquering fleets, but which has now only a few small boats building in it, but I am sure when one saw the instruments of torture preserved as relics of what was done in its prosperity, one could not help rejoicing in the destruction of such power.
“ From Venice we travelled through the Tyrol, surpassing everything I had ever heard of it, in romantic beauty. We stopped at Trent,
* An elegant model of this relic of antiquity is preserved at the Polytechnic institution in Regent Street, and the description of our correspondent was vividly before us, as we contemplated the picture of the Doge's palace in the dissolving views, exhibited daily in that excellent institution. -Ed. ENLARG ED SERIES.—NO. 10.--VOL. FOR 1841.
Inspruck, and then Munich, where we were glad to rest nearly a fortnight, and had the comfort of going to a little quiet English Church, which is such a refreshment as those only can appreciate who have been travelling long in Roman Catholic countries. There is an English Chapel, at each of the large cities. At Naples, it is just tolerated in the house of our Consul, but at Rome his Holiness will not allow the odour of his sanctity to be intruded upon by heretic worship, within the walls of the city; so the chapel is established outside the gates; but there, even, no strain of psalmody is permitted, lest the sound should fall upon the ears of the faithful! George the fourth, in his abundant toleration, sent 10,0001. towards the building of the Roman Catbolic Church of St. Paul's at Rome, which was burnt down, and is rebuilding in a style of splendour that we protestants here have no idea of; but thanks be “ to Him whose Altar is all space," the prayers from our humble parish Churches go as direct to the throne of grace as from those gorgeous fanes. But to return to Munich, which is the finest city I have seen in Europe, the broad spacious streets and fine houses, and beautiful public gardens are really superb. There is no appearance of commerce, but the people seemed to be thriving and happy, and it was a relief to have well scrubbed floors and clean chambermaids after the dirt of Italy.
“ From Munich we went hy railroad to Augsburgh, thence by Stutgard and Darmstadt, both fine towns, to Heidelberg where we were delighted with the far-famed Chateau, and the tun of monstrous dimensions, holding 283,200 bottles! Journeying on we came to Frankfort which has not half the bustle or population I expected, but is, as all the world knows, one of those important free towns which the Germanic powers look so sharp after, that no one in it can say a stone is his own.
« At Heidelberg and indeed in other parts of Germany the fame of a curative system by cold water had reached us, its powers almost surpassing the waters of the Brunnens of Nassau, celebrated by three editions of Sir Francis Heads “Bubbles”: so, hearing that there was one of these establishments at Boppard an insignificant place on the Rhine between Mayence and Coblentz, it was determined our next stop should be there, so after admiring all the works of it which lay in our way, we now determined to view those of nature, and to witness the sanative effects of cold water. Dr. Schmidt who is the manager, had purchased an old convent of immense size at Boppard, in which he has above 200 patients, undergoing ablutions of every description, shower baths, hip baths, flowing baths, fountains and rivers of cold water to be drunk. The system was first practised at Graafenberg near Vienna, by a man named Priessnitz, to whom thousands flock yearly, who it is said wash and are clean. There are now sixty establishments of the kind in Germany: this one is well conducted, and the cures are sur. prising, and every one there is satisfied with the progress made towards recovery. The system is efficacious in rheumatic gout.”
Grant's Patent Fuel FOR Steam Boats. We learn with great satisfaction, that this important invention of our ingenious townsman is at last to be brought into general use. The Admiralty, after a long series of experiments made under their directions, by Mr, Grant, and followed up by frequent trials of his fuel in her Majesty's steam vessels, instructed him some time ago to take out a patent, chiefly, we suppose, to secure themselves and the public against the interference of any pretenders to the invention. This point being settled, it became the wish, as it was the obvious duty of government, to extend the benefits of Mr. Grant's labours to the country at large.
Numerous applications having been made to Mr. Grant, by the various steam vessel companies, for permission to make use of his patent, the Admiralty, in a spirit of enlarged policy, have, as we understand directed that gentleman to refer all persons to them who desire licenses, to mauufacture his fuel, and we have no doubt that their Lordships' sanction will be given accordingly. But we trust, the terms will be so moderate as to render it the interest of those extensive conipanies, whose vessels now cover so many seas, to employ this new agent for the production of their steam power.
A word or two on the nature and properties, as well as the practical advantages of Mr. Grant's fuel, will probably not be unacceptable to our readers generally, and may prove useful to such persons as are engaged in steam boat enterprises on the large scale.
It is not our purpose, nor would it be proper, to describe minutely Mr. Grant's process, it will be enough to say, that his fuel is made of coal dust and other ingredients, mixed together, in certain definite proportions, and then fashioned, by a peculiar process, into the shape and size of common bricks. The advantages of Mr. Grant's patent fuel over even the best coal may be said to consist—First, in its superior efficacy in generating steam, which may be stated in this way, -200 tons of this fuel, will perform the same work as 300 tons of coal, such as is generally used. Secondly, it occupies less space, that is to say, 500 tons of it may be stowed in an area which will contain only 400 tons of coal. Thirdly, it is used with much greater ease by the stokers or fi remen than coal is, and it creates little or no dirt, and no dust : considerations of some importance when the delicate machinery of a steam engine is considered. Fourthly, it produces a very small proportion of clinkers, and thus is far less liable to choke and destroy the furnace bars and boilers, than coal is. Fifthly, the ignition is so complete, that comparatively little smoke, and only a small quantity of ashes are produced by it. Sixthly, the cost of the quantity of Mr. Grant's fuel required to generate in a given time a given amount of steam, is so much less than that of the quantity of coal which would be consumed in effecting the same purpose, that, even if the advantages of stowage, cleanliness, and facility of handling, were not to be taken into the account, the patent fuel would still recommend itself to the attention of all steam boat proprietors.—Hants. Telegraph.