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A Red Buoy, marked "S. W. Coquet," in three fathoms: —

The cast end of Shilbottle trees in line with the tower of Warkworth Castle,

bearing N.W. } W. A cluster of trees inland, apparently midway between two houses at Bondicar, one having a red tiled, and the other a slated roof, S.W. Hauxley Point Buoy, S. \ E. A Black Buoy, marked " Sand Spit " in nine feet, upon the extremity of a Beef running from the main land towards the Island: —

The west end of Warkworth Castle in line with Amble Point. N .W. Bondicar Point in line with the southernmost of two clumps of trees to

the southward, S.W.b.S. Hauxley Point Buoy, S.b.E. { E. A Black Beacon Buoy, marked " Hauxley Point,*' in five I fathoms, on the extremity of thisdangerous reef :—

A Farm House, having a lofty chimney on its west end, in line with the

house on Amble Point, N.N.W. j W. Earsdon Windmill in line with a slated roofed house at Bondicar W.b.S.J S. Coquet Light House. N. } E. A Black and White Chequered Buoy, marked " Pan Bush," in two fathoms, on the south-east part of the shoal so called :—

The south part of Morwick Trees in line with the North end of Gloster

Hill, W. } N.
A Red tiled House within the Sand Hills, its apparent width open north of

Radcline Colliery chimney, bearing S.W. 4 S. Coquet Light House, S.S.E. North East Coquet Buoy, S.E.b.E. \ E. Mariners are to observe, that the safest approach to this Anchorage is north of the Island, between the north-east Coquet and Pan Bush Buoys, there being but eight feet water in the south entrance; viz. between the south-west Coquet and the Sand Spit Buoys.

N.B. The above bearings are magnetic, and the depths of water those of Low Water Spring Tides. Sept. 3, 1341. By order, J. Herbert, Secretary.

Trinity House, London, Aug. 24, 1841.

Light Vessel At The Seven Stones.—Notice is hereby given, that the floating light vessel referred to in the advertisement from this House, bearing date the 10th inst., has now been placed at its station near the rocks called Seven Stones, lying between the Land's End of Cornwall and the Scilly Islands.

This vessel is moored in 40 fathoms water, about 1 J mile E. J S. from the Pollard Rock of the Seven Stones, and about the same distance E. by N. northerly from the South Stone thereof.

At this position the angle between the north and south extremes of the Scilly Islands is 22".; and the day mark at St. Martins bears by compass W.b.S., and the Longship's Light House E.S.E.

Tlie lights on board this vessel will be first exhibited at sun-set of the evening of Wednesday the 1st of September, and will consist of two bright fixed lights; one on the mainmast, burning at an elevation of 38 feet from the surface of the water; and one on the foremast, burning at an elevation of 20 feet above the same level.

N.B. Vessels navigating between the Scilly Islands and the Land's End should endeavour to bring the light vessel to bear to the westward of south, when coining from the northward; and those approaching the light vessel from the southward should keep her to the westward of north.

'By order, J. He: star, Secretary.

ScntTLAW.—The Port Deputation of Hamburg has made arrangements, that from the 1st of September there shall be placed below Schulaw, between the two black buoys Nos. 9 and 10, south side of the channel and north of the Portuguese ship Isabella, sunk two years ago, a vessel with flag flying in the daytime, and a lanthom at night, for the security of navigation.—Shipping Gazette.

Flushing Roadstead.—On the 0th July the Minister of Marine and Colonies' gave notice that in the middle of the channel in the roadstead of Flushing, an elevation has formed itself of about two cables' length in aS.S.VV. and N.N.E. direction, which, on account of the shallow water thereby created in the channel, may prove dangerous to the navigation; and therefore it has been marked with a red buoy, placed at the following bearings, taken by compass, viz. the Steeple of Middelhurg N.E. } N.; Fort Nollen N. by W.; the Steeple of Hoopdplaat S.E.; the Mill of Bmkins, S. W. \ S.; in a depth of 13 Amsterdam feet, or 37 palms at ordinary low water. It is at the same time to be observed, that at the distance of two cables' length north and south of this elevation, there is sufficient water for ships of any draught to pass without the least danger.— Shipping Gazette.

As the drifting of vessels on Spittal Point during the winter month is of very frequent occurrence, we may record what has been stated to us by a competent authority in such matters, that there is always a risk in taking Berwick harbour with a strong wind from the north because as soon as a vessel turns round the pier head, she generally loses the wind and steerage way, and if she does not borrow very close to the pier, and immediately let go an anchor, there is every chance of her being drifted on Spittal Point, especially if there should be a roll of the sea and much fresh in the river.— Warder.

LionTS On Southampton Royal Pier.—Two new lights have this week been fixed on the new pier; and by the plan adopted they are rendered much brighter than the two old coloured lights. The following direction must be observed; bring the red light under the tall white light in one perpendicular line, and the channel is open from the bar end to the pier.

Beacon.—The Swedish and Norwegian administration give notice that a beacon of wood has been erected on the*Rock Understen, situated at the southerly Quarken, at lat. 60" 1G' 15" N., and long. 37° 4' 30" E. of Ferro, for a guidance to mariners who pass this narrow and dangerous channel. The beacon or landmark alluded to is of a quadrate form, built of sparwood; a third part of the top covered with planks, which roof, as well as the palings on which it rests, is painted white, but the rest red. This mark is thirty-six feet high, stands on an elevation of forty-two feet, and therefore is altogether seventyeight feet above the level of the sea, and in clear weather can be seen at a distance of three nautical miles.

River Douro.—The following is a copy of a notice issued by the Portuguese Admiralty, which has been transmitted to Lloyd's by their agent at Oporto, respecting the soundings found in the River Douro and on its Bar during the month of July, 1841.

Soundings on the bar. By W., W.S.W., and W.N.W. of the Lages above the Bunco the soundings are found 26 to 27 palraos at flood of Spring tides. £. \V. with Filqueiras, between the rock, Bezerra, and the extreme point of the Banco, close to the Filqnelras, soundings 29 palmos during Spring tides '< but this channel is not navigable, by reason of its extreme narrowness, Fran the extreme point of the Cabodello, to the course of the channel which So between the Labc d' Abre, and the rock Afagamanadas, the soundings are 36 palmos and over at low water.

In the River. From the Arrabida mountain to the Lobeira do Ouro, there runs a narrow channel along the rocks on the northern side, of 17 palmos, and close to the Lobeira, of 18 palmos at low water, and this depth is found ts far as the Lobeira de Sobreiras.

Between the Arribadouro, and the Cruz de Ferro the soundings ire IS palmos, and from thence to the extreme point of the Cabodello 20, 22, aad 30 palmos.

1 he sand bank still exists close to Posta Nobre, which runs over to the stack side about a third of the width of the river.

Note. The Portuguese names are preserved as in the original, as when they are made use of by the natives they will be understood. Lages, Filqueiros, Labe <1' Abre, Lobeira do Ouro, Lobeira de Sobreiras, Arribadouro, and Cm de Ferro, are rocks.—Timet.

Kingstown Harbour Lights.—The Corporation for Preserving andJImproTing the Port of Dublin, hereby give Notice, that on the evening of the 1st of October next, the appearance of the Light hitherto shewn from the East Pier Mead of Kingstown Harbour, will be altered from the present revolving white Light to a revolving Light shewing white and red Lights alternately, and seen at shorter intervals of time. A small fixed red Light will also be exhibited from the West Pier Head. The Lights so to be shewn will thenceforth be continued from sun-set to sun-rise.

Specifications given of the appearance of the Tower, &c, by Mr. Halpin, the Inspector of Light-houses:—

The Light at present shewn on the Kingstown East Pier Head is a revolving white light, shewing once in each minute. That to be exhibited on the 1st of October next will also be a revolving light, presenting white and red Bghts alternately, attaining their greatest brilliancy at equal intervals of thirty seconds.

The light will be shewn from the present timber building (which is coloured brown), and will be open to the harbour and to seaward, as heretofore. The lantern is elevated thirty-four feet above the level of high-water springs, and forty feet above the mean level of the sea.

A fixed red light, will, at the same time, be shewn from the Kingstown West Pier Head.

The Kingstown East Pier Light-House bears from the Kish Bank Floating Light W. by N. } N. distant 6} nautic miles, and from the Poolbeg Light South, distant 2 f nautic miles.

The bearings given are magnetic. Var. 26° 30' W.

By Order, H. Vereses, Secretary.

Ballast-Office, Dublin, August 1841.

Removing A Lighthouse.—From the improvements now making in Sunderland harbour it has been found requisite to appoint another site for the lighthouse ; but in order to avoid the trouble, delay, and expense of taking it down and rebuilding it, it has been decided to remove it as it stands, which we find is now being attempted. The stone work has been cut out at the base, and a tran way and carriage erected, on which the light-house now stands ; it was mored by screw power a distance of 21 feet to the north on Monday, in which situation it will remain for some time, till the railway is reversed, when it will be removed to its new site, at the east end of the north pier.—Newcastle Chronicle.

Florence And Venice.Extract of a letter.

"We were charmed with that deservedly-famed city where nature and art strive to outdo each other in works to delight the senses and gratify the mind. There the people looked happy, and well fed and clothed; and there the squalid poverty is not found, which at Rome wanders under the Pope's license, although the people pay a seventh of their rent to support the poor. Alas I the King pockets the money, and the streets of Rome are filled with beggars.

"After Florence came Venice, where ten delightful days were passed in wandering and admiring. If you have ever read Cooper's Bravo it would give you the best description of this strangely beautiful city, now comparatively deserted. The palace of the Doges is uninhabited, and the visiter hears nothing but the echo of his own footsteps, as he passes through its spacious halls, admiring the matchless works of art which adorn its walls. The " Bridge of sighs" is closed as a passage, but we stood upon it like our illustrious bard, and the dungeons are hoppily thrown open. It fortunately happened while we were at Venice a boat race took place; the first that has been known since the time of the Doges, and it is difficult to give an idea of anything half so beautiful. The evening was such an one as you must go to Venice to see, a sky of gold and purple, reflected in the clear still waters upon which were ten thousand boats decorated with every possible color and vying with the nautilus in grace and elegance. The costumes were those of centuries back, so that one might have imagined oneself in the days of the Falieri. Every window and balcony was filled with gaily dressed people, and hung with draperies of more colors than the rainbow, some of the costliest velvet, damask, tapestry, and carpet, from the seventh story down to the waters' edge. The Rialto was a blaze of color and peopled like a beehive. Bands of music and triumphant songs, and to complete the romance an ancient fued was revived, and vivas for the Nicolotte and the Castellani were echoed as the various boats went by. It was such a sight as few travellers ever had the privilege of seeing and one that I shall keep in my memory to brighten sombre things that dwell there. As for the gondolas, they are like floating coffins, painted quite black and when the black house is on they only have room for two persons, so we substituted an awning, which gave us belter opportunity of seeing.

"There are a few planks of the old Bucentaur,* and a gilded model kept in the arsenal, which once sent forth its conquering fleets, but which has now only a few small boats building in it, but I am sure when one saw the instruments of torture preserved as relics of what was done in its prosperity, one could not help rejoicing in the destruction of such power.

"From Venice we travelled through the Tyrol, surpassing everything I had ever heard of it, in romantic beauty. We stopped at Trent,

•An elegant model of this relic of antiquity is preserved at the Polytechnic institution in Regent Street, and the description of our correspondent was vividly before us, as we contemplated the picture of the Doge's palace in the dissolving views, exhibited daily in that excellent institution.—Ed.

ENLARGED SERIES.—NO. 10 VOL. FOR 1841. 4 X

Inspruck, and then Munich, where we were glad to rest nearly a fortnight, and had the comfort of going to a little quiet English Church, which is such a refreshment as those only can appreciate who have been travelling long in Roman Catholic countries. There is an English Chapel, at each of the large cities. At Naples, it is just tolerated in the house of our Consul, but at Rome his Holiness will not allow the odour of his sanctity to be intruded upon by heretic worship, within the walls of the city ; so the chapel is established outside the gates; but there, even, no strain of psalmody is permitted, lest the sound should fall upon the ears of the faithful! George the fourth, in his abundant toleration, sent 10,00<M. towards the building of the Roman Catholic Church of St. Paul's at Rome, which was burnt down, and is rebuilding in a style of splendour that we protestants here have no idea of; but thanks be " to Him whose Altar is all space," the prayers from our humble parish Churches go as direct to the throne of grace as from those gorgeous fanes. But to return to Munich, which is the finest city I have seen in Europe, the broad spacious streets and fine houses, and beautiful public gardens are really superb. There is no appearance of commerce, but the people seemed to be thriving and happy, and it was a relief to have well scrubbed floors and clean chambermaids after the dirt of Italy.

"From Munich we went by railroad to Augsburgh, thence by Stutgard and Darmstadt, both fine towns, to Heidelberg where we were delighted with (he far-famed Chateau, and the tun of monstrous dimensions, holding 283,200 bottles! Journeying on we came to Frankfort which has not half the bustle or population I expected, but is, as all the world knows, one of those important free towns which the Germanic powers look so sharp after, that no one in it can say a stone is his own.

"At Heidelberg and indeed in other parts of Germany the fame of a curative system by cold water had reached us, its powers almost surpassing the waters of the Brunnens of Nassau, celebrated by three editions of Sir Francis Heads "Bubbles": so, hearing that there was one of these establishments at Boppard an insignificant place on the Rhine between Mayence and Coblentz, it was determined our next stop should be there, so after admiring all the works of it which lay in our way, we now determined to view those of nature, and to witness the sanative effects of cold water. Dr. Schmidt who is the manager, had purchased an old convent of immense size at Boppard, in which he has above 200 patients, undergoing ablutions of every description, shower baths, hip baths, flowing baths, fountains and rivers of cold water to be drunk. The system was first practised at Graafenberg near Vienna, by a man named Priessnilz, to whom thousands flock yearly, who it is said wash and are clean. There are now sixty establishments of the kind in Germany: this one is well conducted, and the cures are surprising, and every one there is satisfied with the progress made towards recovery. The system is efficacious in rheumatic gout."

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