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Merchant Service Uniform.—Sir,—Seeing in yonr last month's Nautical, an article on the uniforms of the Merchant Service, and being of your opinion as to " red coats and salt water," I beg leave to suggest the following.
A plain blue frock coat with brass buttons, and the anchor engraved on them, and blue trousers with a gilt stripe down the seams; and as it is necessary to make some alteration for the Mates, the gilt seams on the trousers, might be dispensed with.
A Constant Reader.
P.S.—I prefer blue, both, as to its being very generally in use among seamen and sailors, who are generally averse to anything gaudy, which in their opinion is only fit for the " swaddies''
Brighton.—It is said that the inhabitants of this fashionable watering place are resolved, to dispute the right of the sea, any longer to exhaust its fury at pleasure on their beach, by means of a fabric of timber to act as a floating breakwater, the invention of Capt. Taylor, Rk. The structure it is said is to be moored by chains so as to form a harbour between it and the beach, for the reception of vessels in smooth water, as long as the sea will permit it to remain in its place. As it is the first trial of the kind that has taken place, some speculation is abroad as to the power of the timber to resist the fury of the waves, the force of which at Plymouth was sufficient a few years ago to lift 8,000 tons of stone from their places on the outside of the breakwater, and throw them over it into the Sound. The people of Brighton who from long observation of the surf from the Esplanade, understand these matters as well as any one else, have backed their determination with 5001., and other parlies it is said will assist them. We much applaud the determination to make the experiment. The best of all ways to learn is by experience.
A New Island.—For a long series of years, an island has been gradually forming between Witton-ness and Oyster-ness, in the Humber, and its present extent, if we arc correctly informed, is not much under 300 acres. Mr. Read, of Button Stather, has taken it from the Woods and Forests, or in other words, the Government, and on Thursday week entered into possession. Several steamers were plying between it and the adjacent coast the whole day, and many of the neighbouring gentry visited " Read's Island,"' the name by which the new settlement is to be henceforth distinguished. The surface is covered with a fine crop of grass, and about a hundred head of cattle are already feeding where nothing but fishes ever fed before. There is, as yet, but one house, the occupier of which is the person appointed to look after the rest of the inhabitants.—Hull Rockingham*
Azores.—In our last number we gave an account of the volcanic eruption which occurred off the east end of Terceira, in June last. We understand that Capt. Vidal is directed to examine the locality orit in H. M. Steamer Styx as it is considered that a dangerous shoal, is likely to have been left, which will be prejudicial to navigation. In our next number, will be found an account of the submarine volcanic eruptions about the Azores.
New Books. Descriptive Tour In Austrian Lomdardy, the Northern Tyrol, and Bavaria, 1840.—By John Barrow, Esq. London, Murray.
The name of Barrow, (both father and son,) is so well known to the literary world, that we have been for some time anticipating the volume before us, as the result of another of those extensive tours of the author, during his release from the toils of office. His " Remark Books," have already been given to the public, which we have noticed on former occasions; and though the present ground is not quite so novel as was his visit to Iceland, or his excursions in the North of Europe, nor even as those wild districts of Connamara and Joyce's country (described in his tour round Ireland,) yet we can venture to assure our readers it abounds in interesting and graphic description aud incident.
The tour was made in company with Sir James Graham's eldest son, and comprised a journey over the Splugen, to the Lake of Como, a visit to Milan, and thence through the Valteline into the Tyrol, over the Stelvio, "the highest of the Alpine Passes;" by the valley of the Inn, to Insbruck, (the little capital of the Tyrol,) Salzburgh, Munich, Augsburg.Ulm, (on the Danube) Stutgardr, and by the Rhine to England.
In our limited" space it is quite impossible to do more than notice the work; but in compliance with the usual custom of reviewers, we subjoin an extract, which, perhaps, may serve to show the lively tone of the writer.
"At Insbruck," Mr. Barrow says, " we were curious to look at the Capuchin convent, connected as it had been with two German emperors, Maximilian and Francis. It stands in the main street, towards the upper end, its front occupying a considerable extent. We were admitted without difficulty, and were immediately strvick with the general neat comfortable appearance of the building. The walls were carefully white-washed, pure as snow. The corridors into which the several cells, or apartments of the monks open, being of great length, and kept purely and perfectly white, have a cheerful and pleasing eifect. The apartments in which the monks sleep and pass their time when they wish to be alone, were all locked but one, which had the key in it, but we were prevented from looking in by being told that the owner was unwell, and most likely in his room. The rest of the fraternity were at supper, and we were told that from the cuisine, (an excellent one, fit for any of our clubs,) we might see them seated at table, unknown to them, and unobserved.
"Accordingly we went thither, and looking through a small hole in a sort of revolving dumb-waiter in the wall, by which the dishes are passed into the dining-room, smoking hot from the kitchen, we could see what was passing. This luxury, I was going to say, had not reached the refinement of modern days, in our country, but I recollect breakfasting with the late Sir W. Curtis, on board his yacht in Plymouth Sound, and we bad mutton-chops sent into the cabin from the kitchen, by a similar kind of roundabout, one at a time, hot and hot: Sir William observing, that a mutton-chop was not eatable unless served up broiling hot from the gridiron."
Wonderful improvements have taken place during the peace in our own messes, and the midshipmen's mess is now no doubt, very superior in all respects to what the captain of olden times would have set down to; but this gteat refinement of the roundabout has yet to be introduced!''
Incidents Op Travel in Central America, Chiapas, and Yucatan.—By J. L,
our readers here will not be disappointed with the narrative of such incidents, given as this is, in a familiar, easy strain, dictated by a mind at once well stored and well regulated. Selected for a diplomatic mission, Mr. Stevens has availed himself of the opportunity thus afforded him, of visiting a comparatively new country, and making his observations which will hereafter be referred to, as an only authority, at a time when it was distracted by political convulsions ; giving him the opportunity of placing a description of the horrors of civil warfare, in contrast with the beauty of nature in all her grandeur. We must content ourselves at present, with following Mr. Stevens through his first volume. Landing at Ysabel, in the Gulf of Dulce, he proceeds by the Motagua river througli Gualan, and Chiquimula, to the ruins of Copan, and with his friend Mr. Catherwood succeeds in surmounting all obstacles in the way of exploring, and making elaborate drawings of these most extraordinary monuments, which have defied the powers of the Antiquarian to assign even the date of their existance. To appreciate them fully as also the pains bestowed upon their representation, we must refer our readers to the work itself, assuring them they will be repaid by attending to our recommendation. Leaving his friend Mr. Cutherwood in his interesting pursuit of sketching, Mr. Stevens proceeds to Guatemela arriving at the very crisis of its civil dissensions when the hostile Generals Carrera and Morazan, were disputing its possession. This part of the work forms a lamentable trait in the history of the country, and it is somewhat extraordinary, that no sooner does the volcano of civil commotion rest awhile, than parties are formed, pic-nics are the order of the day, and Mr. Stevens travels on to the Pacific, after as a matter of course enjoying them with his new friends. The port oflstapa is the first point he arrives ut on the Pacific, and we afterwards find him at Sonsonate and the Gulf of Nicoya, from whence he proceodsto Nicaragua. This important inland lake, some account of which Mr. Lawrance of Her Majesty's surveying-vessel Thunder, gave in a few of our recent numbers, appears to have formed one of the main objects of Mr. Stevens's attention, as he gives a plan of its level above the Atlantic and Pacific with considerations of the method of forming the communication between these oceans by a canal. But we must reserve this important subject for another number, and shall endeavour to give our readers a more satisfactory view, than the foregoing, of Mr. Steven's very interesting and useful work.
A ConE or Sionals, for the use of the Mercantile Navy,—By J. Walker, R.S. Two volumes. Allen, Leadenhall-streeU.
There is, perhaps, ns much variety of opinion on the subject of signals, as there is on several knotty points of seamanship; and yet the object is nothing more than to make known from one ship to another a message, be it long or short, with the greatest economy, this of course involving the least number of flags with the most comprehensive expressions. There have been various attempts to supply a Code of Signals to our merchant shipping, and Marryat's have long taken the lead, and so far established themselves as to be found in our men-of-war. Not long ago, Phillips's signals for the merchant service appeared. and subsequently a Code (if Signal", which were to be used by ships of ail nations, were brought forth by Capt. Rohde, of the Danish navy; nevertheless, we believe, neither of these displaced their earlier rival in Capt. Marryat. The perfections and imperfections of the latter are long since known, and we believe that a new edition has lately appeared, in which the author has done his best to improve them. Lieut. Walker however appears to consider them so imperfect, as to induce hiin to produce the code before us. .
The principle on which the present code has been drawn up, appears to have been to avoid a long string of nags, which is no doubt objectionable, and w effect this Lieut. Walker has divided thein into sections and numbers in section*. The former amount to 234, but the latter never exceed 99, so that a single signal, although at two mastheads, may ufter all consist of five flags, indeed us the system of sections is adopted throughout, no signal can be made without its two component parts at different mastheads. All tins we consider objectionable, nor are wo more satisfied that the Union Jack has been made a cypher to be used promiscuously with the other flags. Surely it was entitled to more respect thnn this.
-Again, setting aside the objection to the use of two mastheads, or conspicuous parts of a vessel to make one signal from, we apprehend there is no small clanger of mistake, in considering the superior flags to denominate the section, a. mistake which would be fatal to the whole signal. But Lieut. Walker has carefully specified, in the order of their succession the mastheads, yardarms &c, which are to be considered in the order of rank, so as to distinguish the section in the pair which forms the signal, a very necessary precaution in putting forth his plan.
We like a " substitute " in a code of signals, although Capt. Marryat denied it to us. But Lieut. Walker by way of making up, has given us no less than three! which we much fear will eventually lead to confusion. Example No 5, in p. 17 of the introduction is of this tendency, and we are at a loss to know the use of the jack in the example No C, when the section to be made, is 100 and the number 40 at the superior masthead. A pendant represents 100 and the jack is placed beneath it, making it as we supposed 1000, but there is no such section: then comes at the other masthead No. 4, with the flag signifying the upper flag substitute; alluding, perhaps, to the jack, and denoting the 0 to make 40. So that the second flag of the section may have nothing to do with that part of the signal, but simply have reference to the number in the section to be made by substitutes. But we disapprove of the system of thus dividing the component parts of a signal, and foresee that confusion will result from it. The body of the work is divided into sentences and vocabulary, to which there is great facility of reference from its alphabetical arrangement, although there is a redundance of single words in the latter which can never possibly be required.
Notwithstanding our objections, we recommend Lieut. Walker's signals to a fair trial, and we highly commend that spirit of enterprise which originated his code, and the perseverance which completed it.
Promotions And Appointments.
(From the N'a»rJ and Military Gazette.)
Whitehall, Sept. 61ft.—The Queen has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom, constituting and appointing the Right Hon. Thomas Earl of Haddington, the Right Hon. SirG.Cockburn.ocB. Admiral of the White squadron of her Majesty's fleet, Sir W. H. Gage, knt., Vice admiral of the White squadron of her Majesty's fleet, Sir G. F. Seymour, knt., Captain in her Majesty's navy, the Hon. W. Gordon, Captain in her Majesty's navy, and the Right Hon. H. T. L. Corry, to be her Majesty's Commissioners for executing the office of High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the dominions, islands, and territories thereunto belonging.
Downing Street, Aug. 24(ft.—The Queen has been pleased to appoint Rear admiral F. Mason, companion of the most honorable Order of the Bath, to be a Knight Commander of the said order.
Windsor Castle, Aug. 21 st —The Queen has been pleased to confer the honor of Knighthood upon Captain George Rose Sartorious, Royal Navy.
PROMOTIONS. Caldwell, R. B. JEneas M'Leod, A.
Royer, D. Robertson, G. P. Mends, D.
Captains—F. R. M Crozier, the Hon. H. Senhouse, A. G. Edye, W. Motley, J. Denman, G. G. Loch, G. S. V. King, P. M Godfrey, R. Moorman, H. BerJ. P. Parkin. nard, F. W. L. Thomas, F. W. C.
Commanders—E. J. Bird, B.Fox, H. Hickey, C. W. Hallet, H. A. Norman. G. Shute, P. Fisher, Sir F. W. E. Masters—R. O. Stuart, H. Paull,R. Nicholson, Bart., E. N. Troubridge, E. Goddcn, J. Ashton, J. Jarvis. Dixon, W. N. Russell, R. D. Pritchard, Deputy Inspector Op Fleets And W. L. Sheringham, W. I.oring, A. Lowe, Hospitals—I. Ryall. E. G. Fanshawe, A. D. Fordyce. Surgeons—G. Doak, C. White, W.
Lieutenants—A. J. Smith, J. Pal- Graham, J. C. Bowman, R. Scott, W mcr, E. J. B. Clarke, P. Craooft, H. Bayne, J. M. Deas, Md.
Pursers—8. Lord, E. Moubray, R. Godton, J. Millinghain, W. Farror.
Rear Admiral—Sir F. Mason, Cb., to hoist his flag for service in the Mediterranean.
Ca Ptai Ns—Sir E. T.Troubridge, Bart. Cb., (1807) to Formidable—J. Clavell, (ISua) to Greenwich Hospital—W. H. Shirreff, (1809) to Poiclieri, as superintendent of Chatham dockyard—Sir W. O. Pell, Knt, (1813) to be superintendent of Deptford victualling j an I—R. Smart, Kh., (18H7) to Howe, as flag captain to Sir F. Mason—Right Hon. Lord C. E. Paget, (1839) to Aigle—The Hon. C. G. J. B. Elliot, (1841) to Spartan—Sir E. Tucker, Kcb., (1807) to have a good service pension—F. E. Loch, (1814) to be superintendent of quarantine establishment, Stangate Creek—C. Hope, (182b) to Thalia—The Hon. G. Grey, (1834) to Brlvidera—XV. H. Henderson,Cb.,(1838) toVictory—SirVV. Dickson, Bart ,(1837) to Volage—Sir J. E. Hume, Bart., (1837) to North Star—The Hon. H. Keppell, (1837) to Dido—W. A. B. Hamilton, (1828) to be private secretary to the Earl of Haddington, first Lord of the Admiralty— A. T. E. Vidal, (1825) to Styx, (or particular service.—J. Parker, (1838) to Vestal—T. W. Carter, (1831) to Winchester.
Commanders—H. Boys, (1835,) to Vixen— S. F. Harmcr, (1837) to Driver —E. Ommaney, (1840) to Vtsuvius—C H. Seale, (182K) to Serpent—J.M'Donnell, (1838) to Malabar—C. C. Otway, (183!)) to command Victor—E. N. Troubridge, (1841) to command Wanderer— VV. C. Phillott, ("1838) to Impregnable, v. A. Forbes, (1838) to Illustrious—H. Henry, (1838) to Devastation.
Lieutenants—T. D. Stewart, (1815) to command Heroine—W. P. Crozier, (!S37) to command Pantaloon—E. Simmons (1811) to be director of police in Chatham dockyard—W. T. Petch(18l4) add. to Victory for packet service, Weymouth—T. Scriven (1822) to Ocean, for packet service, Dover—T. Prior (1829) to be agent on board contract steam vessels carrying the mail between Liverpool and Kingston—J. Carter (1816) to command Viper—C. Jenkin (1829) to com. Avnn—J. Sanderson, b, (1840), G. C. Mends (1829), A. P. Ryder (1641) to Malabar—VV. Maclean (J830) to be flag ieutenant to Sir F. Mason—R. B. Rowley (1837) J. F. Warre (IH41), T. Mitchell (1841), and Hou. G. D. Keeue