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understand that Capt. Vidal is directed to examine the locality of it in H. M. Steamer Styx as it is considered that a dangerous shoal, is likely to have been left, which will be prejudicial to navigation. In our next number, will be found an account of the submarine volcanic eruptions about the Azores.
New Books. DESCRIPTIVE 'Tour in Austrian LOMBARDY, the Northern Tyrol, and Bavaria,
1840.-By John Burrow, Esq. London, Murray. The name of Barrow, (both father and son,) is so well known to the literary world, that we have been for some time anticipating the volume before us, as the result of another of those extensive tours of the author, during his release from the toils of office. His “Remark Books," have already been given to the public, which we have noticed on former occasions; and though the present ground is not quite so novel as was his visit to Iceland, or his excursions in the North of Europe, nor even as those wild districts of Connamara and Joyce's country (described in his tour round Ireland,) yet we can venture to assure our readers it abounds in interesting and graphic description aud incident.
The tour was made in company with Sir James Graham's eldest son, and comprised a journey over the Splugen, to the Lake of Como, a visit to Milan, and thence through the Valteline into the Tyrol, over the Stelvio, “ the highest of the Alpine Passes ;" by the valley of the Inn, to Insbruck, (the little capital of the Tyrol,) Salzburgh, Munich, Augsburg, Ulm, (on the Danube) Stutgardt, and by the Rhine to England.
In our limited space it is quite impossible to do more than notice the work; but in coinpliance with the usual custom of reviewers, we subjoin an extract, which, perhaps, may serve to show the lively tone of the writer.
“ At Insbruck," Mr. Barrow says, “ we were curious to look at the Capuchin convent, connected as it had been with two German emperors, Maximilian and Francis. It stands in the main street, towards the upper end, its front occupying a considerable extent. We were admitted without difficulty, and were immediately struck with the general neat comfortable appearance of the building. The walls were carefully white-washed, pure as snow. The corridors into which the several cells, or apartments of the monks open, being of great length, and kept purely and perfectly white, have a cheerful and pleasing effect. The apartments in which the monks sleep and pass their time when they wish to be alone, were all locked but one, which had the key in it, but we were prevented from looking in by being told that the owner was unwell, and most likely in his room. The rest of the fraternity were at supper, and we were told that from the cuisine, (an excellent one, fit for any of our clubs,) we might see them seated at table, unknown to them, and unobserved.
“ Accordingly we went thither, and looking through a small hole in a sort of revolving dumb-waiter in the wall, by which the dishes are passed into the dining-rooin, smoking hot from the kitchen, we could see what was passing. This luxury, I was going to say, had not reached the refinement of modern days, in our country, but I recollect breakfasting with the late Sir W. Curtis, on board his yacht in Plymouth Sound, and we had mutton-chops sent into the cabin from the kitchen, by a similar kind of roundabout, one at a time, hot and hot: Sir William observing, that a mutton-chop was not eatable unless served up broiling hot froin the gridiron."
Wonderful improvements have taken place during the peace in our own messes, and the inidshipmen's mess is now no doubt, very superior in all respects to what the captain of olden times would have set down to; but this great refinement of the roundabout has yet to be introduced !"
INCIDENTS or Travel in Central America, Chiapas, and Yucalan.-By J. L.
Stevens, &c. ; in Two Volumes.-Murray. Such a title as “ The incidents of travel” wears a most seducing aspect, but ENLARGED SERIES.-NO. 10.-VOL. FOR 1811.
our readers here will not be disappointed with the narrative of such incidents, given as this is, in a familiar, easy strain, dictated by a mind at once well stored and well regulated. Selected for a diplomatic inission, Mr. Stevens has availed himself of the opportunity thus afforded him, of visiting a comparatively new country, and making his observations which will hereafter be referred to, as an only authority, at a time when it was distracted by political convulsions; giving him the opportunity of placing a description of the horrors of civil warfare, in contrast with the beauty of nature in all her grandeur. We must content ourselves at present, with following Mr. Stevens through his first volume. Landing at Ysabel, in the Gulf of Dulce, he proceeds by the Motagua river through Gualan, and Chiquimula, to the ruins of Copan, and with his friend Mr. Catherwood succeeds in surmounting all obstacles in the way of exploring, and making elaborate drawings of these most extraordinary monuments, which have defied the powers of the Antiquarian to assign even the date of their esistance. To appreciate them fully as also the pains bestowed upon their representation, we must refer our readers to the work itself, assuring them they will be repaid by attending to our recommendation. Leaving his friend Mr. Catherwood in his interesting pursuit of sketching, Mr. Stevens proceeds to Guatemela arriving at the very crisis of its civil dissensions when the hostile Generals Carrera and Morazan, were disputing its possession. This part of the work forms a lamentable trait in the history of the country, and it is somewhat extraordinary, that no sooner does the volcano of civil commotion rest awhile, than parties are formed, pic-nics are the order of the day, and Mr. Stevens trarels on to the Pacific, after as a matter of course enjoying them with his new friends. The port of Istapa is the first point he arrives at on the Pacific, and we afterwards find him at Sonsonate and the Gulf of Nicoya, from whence he proceeds to Nicaragua. This important inland lake, some account of which Mr. Lawrance of Her Majesty's surveying-vessel Thunder, gave in a few of our recent numbers, appears to have formed one of the main objects of Mr. Stevens's attention, as he gives a plan of its level above the Atlantic and Pacific with considerations of the method of forming the coinmunication between these oceans by a canal. But we must reserve this important subject for another number, and shall endeavour to give our readers a more satisfactory view, than the foregoing, of Mr. Steven's very interesting and useful work.
A Code of Signals, for the use of the Mercantile Navy,—By J. Walker, R.V.
Two volumes. Allen, Leadenhall-street.. There is, perhaps, as much variety of opinion on the subject of signals, as there is on several knotty points of seamanship; and yet the object is nothing more than to make known from one ship to another a message, be it long or short, with the greatest economy, this of course involving the least number of flags with the most comprehensive expressions. There have been various attempts to supply a Code of Signals to our merchant shipping, and Marryat's have long taken the lead, and so far established themselves as to be found in our men-of-war. Not long ago, Phillips's signals for the merchant service appeared, and subsequently a Code of Signals, which were to be used by ships of all nations, were brought forth by Capt. Rohde, of the Danish navy ; nerertheless, we believe, neither of these displaced their earlier rival in Capt. Marryat. The perfections and imperfections of the latter are long since known, and we believe ihat a new edition has lately appeared, in which the author has done his best to improve them. Lieut. Walker however appears to consider them so imperfect, as to induce him to produce the cocie before us.
The principle on wbich the present code has been drawn up, appears to have been to avoid a long string of flags, which is no doubt objectionable, and tə effect this Lieut. Walker has divided them into sections and numbers in sections, The former amount to 234, but the latter never exceed 99, so that a single sig. nal, although at two mastheads, may after all consist of five flags, indeed as the system of sections is adopted throughout, no signal can be made without its two component parts at different mastheads. All this we consider objectionable, nor are we more satisfied that the Union Jack has been made a cypher to be used promiscuously with the other flags. Surely it was entitled to more respect than this.
Again, setting aside the objection to the use of two mastheads, or conspicuous parts of a vessel to make one signal from, we apprehend there is no small danger of mistake, in considering the superior flags to denominate the section, a mistake which would be fatal to the whole signal. But Lieut. Walker has carefully specified, in the order of their succession the mastheads, yardarms &c., which are to be considered in the order of rank, so as to distinguish the section in the pair which forms the signal, a very necessary precaution in putting forth his plan.
We like a “substitute" in a code of signals, although Capt. Marryat denied it to us. But Lieut. Walker by way of making up, has given us no less than three! which we much fear will eventually lead to confusion. Example No 5, in p. 17 of the introduction is of this tendency, and we are at a loss to know the use of the jack in the example No 6, when the section to be made, is 100 and the number 40 at the superior masthead. A pendant represents 100 and the jack is placed beneath it, making it as we supposed 1000, but there is no such section : then comes at the other masthead No. 4, with the flag signifying the upper flag substitute; alluding, perhaps, to the jack, and denoting the 0 to make 40. So that the second flag of the section may have nothing to do with that part of the signal, but simply have reference to the number in the section to be made by substitutes. But we disapprove of the system of thus dividing the component parts of a signal, and foresee that confusion will result from it. The body of the work is divided into sentences and vocabulary, to which there is great facility of reference from its alphabetical arrangeinent, although there is a redundance of single words in the latter which can never possibly be required.
Notwithstanding our objections, we recommend Lieut. Walker's signals to a fair trial, and we highly commend that spirit of enterprise which originated his code, and the perseverance which completed it.
PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS.
(From the Naval and Military Gazette.) Whitehall, Sept. 6th.-The Queen has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom, constituting and appointing the Right Hon, Thomas Earl of Haddington, the Right Hon. Sir G. Cockburn. GCB. Admiral of the White squadron of her Majesty's fleet, Sir W. H, Gage, knt., Vice admiral of the White squadron of her Majesty's fleet, Sir G. F. Seymour, knt., Captain in her Majesty's navy, the Hon. W. Gordon, Captain in her Majesty's navy, and the Right Hon. H. T. L. Corry, to be her Majesty's Commissioners for executing the office of High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the dominions, islands, and territories thereunto belonging.
Downing Street, Aug. 24th.-The Queen has been pleased to appoint Rear admiral F. Mason, companion of the most honorable Order of the Bath, to be a Knight Commander of the said order.
Windsor Castle, Aug. 21st - The Queen has been pleased to confer the honor of Knighthood upon Captain Gcorge Rose Sartorious, Royal Navy PROMOTIONS.
Caldwell, R. B. Æneas M'Leod, A.
Royer, D. Robertson, G. P. Mends, D. CAPTAINS_F. R. M. Crozier, the Hon. H. Senhouse, A, G. Edye, W. Motley, J. Denman, G. G. Loch, G, S. v. King, P. M Godfrey, R. Moorinan, H. BerJ. P. Parkin.
nard, F. W. L. Thomas, E. W. C. COMMANDERS-E. J. Bird, B. Fox, H. Hickey, C. W. Hallet, H. A. Norman. G. Shute, P. Fisher, Sir' F. W. E. MASTERS-R. O. Stuart, H. Paall, R. Nicholson, Bart., E. Ń. Troubridge, E. Godden, J. Ashton, J. Jarvis. Dixon, W. N. Russell, R. D, Pritchard, DEPUTY INSPector of FLEETS AND W.L. Sheringham, W. Loring, A. Lowe, HOSPITALS-I. Ryall. E. G. Fanshawe, A. D. Fordyce.
SURGEONS—G. Doak, C. White, w. LIEUTENANTS-A. J. Smith, J. Pal- Graham, J. C. Bowman, R. Soott, w mer, E. J. B. Clarke, P. Cracoft, H. Bayne, J, M. Deas, MD.
to No (1837)
to Formidable- W. W. Horoby (1853),
F. W. Horton (1889), T. Baillie (1831),
(1838) to Warspile-E. Smith, E. & APPOINTMENTS.
Sotheby (1835) to Madagascur-Mottie
to Wasp W. N. Bosce (1815) to l'ises REAR ADMIRAL-Sir F. Mason, CB.,
-F. W, P. Bouverie (1839) to be fag to hoist bis flag for service in the Medi
lieutenant to Rear admiral Hon. D. P. terranean.
Bouverie – E. Hogge (1841), A. Roner CAPTAINS-Sir E, T.Troubridge, Bart. (1841), and E. Tatham (1838) to bra CB., (1807) to Formidable-J. Clavell, dera-C. H. Caldwell (1811), and the (1808) to Greenwich Hospital_W, H. Hawker (838) to Aigle-T. Downs Sbirreff, (1809) to Poictiers, as superin (1838) to Driver-J. Day (1808) ADB be tendent of Chatham dock vard-Sir W. Hall (1816) to Victory-J. Tharoun O. Pell, Knt., (1813) to be superintendent (1841) to Queen-C. R. Johnson (! of Deptford victualling jard-R. Smart, add. to Porverful-D. A. Buchan (1 ) KH., (1837) to Howe, as flag captain to to Vixen-J. Sibbald (1837), and H.U. Sir F. Mason-Right Hon. Lord C. E. Morris (1837) to Syren-George Was Paget, (1839) to Aigle-The Hon. C.G.
(1826), and Á. S. Austen (1841) to Cam J. B. Elliot, (1841) to Spartan-Sir E,
brian - Jenkins to Avon-C. P. Lad Tucker, KCB., (1807) to have a good ser. (1815) to Redwing-J. Barnes, a, (1013) Vice pension-F. E. Loch, (1814) to be to command Nightingale-A. Pane superintendent of quarantire establish- (1815) add. to Victory for packet service: ment, Stangate Creek-C. Hope, (1826) Weymouth-J. Das (1808) add. to Rua o Thalia—The Hon. G. Grey, (1834) to Sovereign yacht for packet service, Pert Selvidera---W.H. Henderson, B.,(1838) Patrick -j. Wise (1815) to be directora to Victory-Sir W. Dickson, Bart, (1837) police in Chatham dockyard-E. Ramsey co Volage-Sir J. E. Home, Bart., (1837) 11810) to be do. in Sheerness do.North Star--The Hon. H. Keppell, West to command Volcano-R. Lowcay
to Dido_W. A. B. Hamilton, (1815) to Poictiers for Chatham Ordmary *) to be private secretary to the Earl -C. M. Mathison (1827) and W. Robła. of Ha
ddington, first Lord of the Adini- son (1841) to Malabar-R. M. Foolo
A.T. E. Vidal, (1825) to Styx, for (1840) and T. Lysaught 1841) to Spartan ticular service.-j, Parker, (1838) to -W. Houston to Illustrious, as fiag liedchester. · W. Carter, (1831) to Win- tenant to Sir C. Adam-H. E. Winthrup
(1839) add. to do.-R. Ellis (1841) to MMANDERS—H. Boys. (1835,) to Electra-W, G. Luard to Belleise". n-S. F. Harmer. (1837) to Driver Christian, (1830) to Excellent-A. Far. Ummaney, (1840) to Vesuvius-C. quar to Southampton-C.C. Grey (1039)
ale, (1826) to Serpent-J.M'Don- to be flag lieutenant to Sir E. Codring nell, (1838) to Malabar-C. C. Otway, (1839) to
ton. 9) to command Victor-E. N, Trou.
MASTERS-J. Hutchins (1838) to Belo bridge, (1841) to command Wanderer
videra-R, O. Stuart (1841) to North N.C. Phillott, (1838) to Impregnable, v.
Star-J. Jarvis to Driver-P. Welling pes, (1838) 'to Tustrious-H. ton (1840) to Thalia-T. Laen, (1812)
to Rhadamanthus-J. N. King (1829) to UTENANTS-TD Stewart. (1815) Cambrian-A. Vanzetti (1837) to War.
and Heroine_w P. Crozier, spite-J. C. Barlow (1835) to Malabarto command Pantaloon–E. Sim
H. J. London to Spartan.
Mates—L. U. Hammet, E. Inglefield, .dockyard-W. T. Petch (1814)
0. Borland, W. Lambert, H. Foote, and ry for packet service, Wey.
C. Wood to Illustrious W. Connolly, riven (1822) to Ocean. för E. Lloyd and T. Girdlestone to Made
gascar-0. Cumberland, F, D. Yonge, on board contract steam ves. Dover–T. Prior (1829)
io Caledonia-A. Wilmhurst to Spartas the mail between Liverpool
-J. Palmer to Royal George-L. Pigot,
J. Ballard, W. Parkinson, and F. SimJenkin (1829) to com.
kinson to Cambrian-M. Connolly to erson, b, (1840), G. C.
Lightning-W. Wardrop, C. Simpson, labar_W A . P. Ryder (1641) to
and F. Porteus to Malabar-W. B. De
Blaquiere and D, Gordon to ExcellentSir F. Mason-R. B.
F. Sleeman to Driver-T, Pakenham to • F, Warre (1841), T.
Warspite-J. Spencer to Isis-W. Hood and Hon. G. D. Keene
To Seufower-J. Taylor to Ardent.
Henry, (1838) to Devastation.
to command Heroine
mons (1811) to be direc Chatham dock yard-W add. to Victory for packet mouth-T. Scriven (1822) packet service, Dover_T. Prior (10 to be agent on board con sels carrying the mail bet) and Kingston-J. Carter (1815) mand Viper-C, Jenkin 0 Avon-J. Sanderson, b, (184 Mends (1829), A. P. Ryde ieutenant to Sir F. Mason Rowley (1837) J. F. Warre ( Mitchell (1841), and Hon. G.
SECOND-MASTERE–T. Hart to Lync- -H. L. Dolling, (add.) to Cambrian-J. W , Mills to Royal George-J. Pasco, W. Fletcher to Harlequin-H. Graham Rhadamanthus-S. Spain to Heroine. to Aigle-F. Graham, MD., and H. D.
MIDSHIPMEN-C. Rowley to Mada Mason to Warspile. gascar-F. Warren, H. Grant, J. Hen- PURSERS—T. Hookey to North Starderson, and W. Lapidge to Illustrious— D. Simpson to Belvidera-W. Lawes to F. Marryat to Excellent-H. Molineux packet establishment at Liverpool --R. to Impregnable-E. Leeds and F. Lloyd Wilson to Isis-J. Hobbs to Harlequin to Warspile-D. Herbert to Electra-R. - J. Jacobs to Warspile-G, Harrison to Beale to Queen-G. Ridge to Scout. Malabar-J. Reid to Cambrian-J.
VOLUNTEERS ) st Class—W. B. Urms. Greaves to Spartan-J. Ozzard to packet ton to Queen-Paisley to Electra-C. service, Weymouth-W. Wilkins to Simpson, and L. A. Whymper to Mala Hecate-E. Hooper to Queen. bar-T. L. Hallowes to Isis-E. Stone, CHAPLAINSMJ. Hill to Malabar-E,
T. Ramsey, W. Elphinstone, W. Ritson to Ceylon for service of Dockyard Hepburn, and J. Elliot to Illustrious— and Naval-hospital, Malta-P. SomerF. Protheroe, and Hexham to Madagas- ville to Warspite-A. Fielding to Illuscar-E. P. Owen, C. B. Hope, J. Ward, trious—G. Hall to Malabar-F. Gallway and Newport to Warspite-G.R. Packin, to Formidable. and T. Bates to Howe-P. Lethbridge to NavAL INSTRUCTORS–J. Laverty to Wellesley-F. Herbert to Vestal-A. Warspile-A, W. Lane to IllustriousKingston to Calcutta–J Trevenew, w. -T. Eastman to Formidable. Davey, and E. L. Vernon to Belvidera CLERKS-J, M. Jefferson to Impreg. J. Burgess to Pique-J. Rowley to Mag. nable-W, Donald in charge of Jamaica nificent-P. Lakin to Formidable--H. Yard-H. Wiseman in charge of stores Sainsbury to Cambrian-F. E. Boyce to at Valparaiso-C. Jones to be clerk in Driver-St. John Coventry to Powerful. charge of Pantaloon-R. Godson to Ex
SURGEONS—T. Miller to Plymouth cellent-J. Cleeve to Pique-H. Batedivision of Royal Marines-J. B. Hatton man to Rhadamanthus-G. Singer add. to Malabar-D. Geddes to Belleisle-J. to Belvidera–T. Wise to Serpent-E. Smith (c) to Cambrian-H. Goldney to Atkin (in charge) to Lynx-W. De CarSpartan-A. Allen, MD., to Belvidera teret and J. M. Hobbs to Queen-T. King, MD., to Pique-J. M. Brown to Gilbert to Volcano. North Star-W. Houghton to Driver
Coast GUARD. J. Drummond to Queen-C.T. S. Kevers COMMANDERS-C, Parker and A. Kel. to Heroine-J. Laud to Syren-J. Camp. let, to be Inspecting commanders. bell to Astræa.
LIBUTENANTS-E. Hennah, J. Clark, AssistANT-SURGEONS—W. Dickson, T. S. Coppinger, and P. Bissom, to be MD., and M. Burton, MD., to Queen-A. chief officers. M'Donald, (acting) to Belvidera–T, Mr. J. Reid to Registrar of Vice admiKeoun to Pantaloon-C. A. Anderson, ralty court, Cape of Good Hope. (add.) to Camperdown-C. T. S. Kevern Mr. M. Costello to be advocate and to Heroine-J. Lind to Illustrious-R.* proctor of Vice admiralty court, Gibraltar Hayward, and E. Elliott, (acting) to Mr. Price to he secretary to Vice-adml. Malabar-W.M'Mahon (add.) to Spartan Sir F. Mason, KCB.
MovemeNTS AND STATIONS OF HER MAJESTY'S Navy.
Bittern, Com. Hon. G. B, Lary, 20th
Aug. sailed for South America* from Alban, st, v., Mr. J. King, 10th Sept. Portsmouth. arrived at Portsmouth from Hull, with DevASTATION, (st. v.) commissioned depot of 73rd regt.
at Woolwich by Com. Henry. A POLLO, (tr, sh.) Mr. A, Karley, 17th DipO, 18, Capt. L. Davis, CB., 18th Sept. arrived at Portsmouth from Que arrived at Chatham, paid off, recommisbec with 32nd regt.
sioned 4th Sept. by Captain the Hon. . ATHOL, Mas.-Com. C. P. Bellamy 16th Capel. Aug. Jeft Portsmouth for Barbados.
DUBLIN, 50, Capt. J. J. Tucker, 20th Belleisle, 72, Capt. J. T. Nicolas, Aug. left Portsmouth, 21st arrived at KH., Ist Sept. at Cork, 4th sailed, 5th Plymouth, 28th sailed for S. America. arrived at Plymouth.
FORMIDABLE, Capt. Sir E. T. Trou.