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Tae following certificate which appears exclusively in this journal will be required to be furnished by (.the Master-engineer at Somerset House, when officers commanding steam vessels are passing their accounts; the order of the 28th October, 1634, directing that the instructions attached to steam logs be strictly observed.
I hereby certify, that a Steam Log and an Engine Room Register of Her Majesty's Steam the between the
by have been delivered into this
Office, and that it appears therein that the provisions of their lordships' Circular Order of the 28th October, 1834, have been strictly complied with;
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.
Kir tit i.
On the 9th Nov. at Esher, the wife of Capt. M. J. Corrie, R.N. of a son.
At Falmouth, Nov. 24th, the lady of Lieut. Griffith, H.M.P. Magnet of a son.
At East Cosham House, the lady of Lieut. Wiseman, a N. of a daughter.
At Isle of Wight, the lady of Lieut. Pedder, R.n. of a son.
At Islington, E. J. Field, Esq., of Edmonton, to Augusta, daughter of the late Lieut. E. J. Cavell, >N,
At Croydon, J. R. Sterritt, Esq., surge-in is^, to the widow of Lieut. James Rc:d, Ks.
At Plymouth, on the 4th Dec. Mr. W. R. Madge, n aster Rn., to Christiana M. daughter of Mr. Giles, Rn.
On the 9th Dec. at Alverstoke church, Ro'tert, son of the lateT Tryon, Esq., to Henrietta, Jauf-hterot Capt Provost, Rn.
At Liverpool, on the 31st Oct. Mr. F Sweetman, of Ryde, Isle of Wight, to MissM'Lcod, daughter of the lute Mr. James M'Leod, Rn.
On the 17th Nov., at Dibden church, the Rev. T. Atkinson, of Rascelt", Yorkshire, to Henrietta Jane, daughter of Capt. Willes, RN.
At Belfast, on the 17th Nov., J. Bates, E«q of Belfast, solicitor to Jane Anne,v second daughter of Lieut. J. Victor, Rn.
At Charlton, Rent, Dr. John Wilson, as. to Catherine, daughter ol the late J. Peake, Esq.
At Jersey, on the 8th Dec. aged 85,
Margaret, relict of the late Rear-admiral Worth.
At Bath, on the 15th Dec, Admiral Sir H. Bayntum, Gcb., aged 75. The death of this gallant officer was rather sudden.
At Southampton, on the 27th Nov., at an advanced age, Charles Tiuling, E^q., Admiral of the Red. ,
The following officers perished in H M. surveying vessel Fairy, which is supposed to have foundered in the North Sea, off Kessingland, on the 13th Nov. Capt. Hewett, leaving a wife and eight children, Mr. Stevenson, acting-master, Mr. W. Hewett, midshipman, son of Capt. Hewett, Mr. C. B. Adam, midshipman, son of Vice-Admiral Sir Chas. Adams, Mr. F. J. Chappie, assistantsurgeon, Mr. H. Johnson, purser Rn. acting-clerk, leaving a wife and nine children, Mr. G. Gregory, artist, leaving a wife and one son.
At Malta, on the 23d of Nov. last, Mr C. F. Chimmo, mate of H.M. ship Hastings.
On the 17th Nov., at Camden j\ew Road, J. Hutton, Esq., purser R.N. of an affection of the heart, after severe an<» protected suffering.
On the 10th, at Barnstaple, suddenly, whilst conversing with his sister, John D. Jones, Esq., purser Rn. aged t»2 yrs.
At Abergaveny, on the 17th Nov. aged C5, T. Steel, Esq., us.
At Parkstone, near Poole, Com. R. Wadham, Rn. aged 67 years.
On the 24th Nov., on his passage from Jamaica, Lieut. T. V. Cooke, Rn., commanding the barque Pegasus.
At Inverary, New South Wales, David Reid, Esq., J. P. surgeon Rn., aged fjfj, one of the first settlers.
TO OUR FRIENDS AND CORRESPONDENTS. The lengthy dispatches from the Levant and China, occupy so much of our present number, that we have beei. obliged to reserve several important communications io our next. The papers from Madras among others. For the same reason, the continuation ot our notice ofLieut. Rapcr's work, commenced in our last number, and those of several other books and charts, are also postponed, as well as our usual n.cords m the way of Shakings, kc. We shall endeavour to make up for this in our next.
It is with painful feelings that we find ourselves at length obliged to acquiesce in the prevailing opinion, respecting the loss of her Majesty's sloop Fairy. The return of her Majesty's steamer Salamander, to Leith, after having visited Flekeroe, Stavauger, and Bergen, and other intennediate places, as well as the Shetland Islands, in search of her, annihilates our last hope of hearing of her safety in one of the numerous northern pores. In our next number, we shall place on record the facia which are known concerning her. Although the loss of such an accomplished officer as Cn.pt. Hewett, is irnetievable,yet, we feel great satisfaction in announcing to the maritime world, that the major part of his noble survey of the North Sea is on the ropper, and will he puhlished forthwith.
\Ve have indeed lost the fruits of that comprehensive experience which Captain Hewett had been for eight years maturing, and which he was about to embody in the shape of sailing directions; but his positions of all the banks, and the result of three hundred thousand of his luuudings, our readers will rejoice to learu ar« safe.
Description Of The Mosquito Coast,—By Ctipt. R. Owen, R-X
Cipe Gracias a Dios is the north-east extreme of the Musquito Coast. It forms a projecting point at the south side of the entrance of the Wanks River (Rio Segovia of the Spaniards). The north-west point of the entrance bears north-west from the Cape, nearly three-quarters of a mile. There is a shallow bar formed in a curve out to the northeastward, between the points at the mouth, with only three or four feet over it in the deepest part, which is round a dry sand bore, threequarters of a mile N.N.E. from the Cape. There is two and three fathoms inside.
A narrow strip of land covered with high trees reaches to the southwestward from the Cape, forming a spacious, but shallow harbour, the entrance of which is up in the bight of the bay to the south-westward, close over to the western shore. There is a small space with two and a half and three fathoms reaching for about one mile beyond the entrance, the rest of the harbour has only from eight to twelve feet, with muddy bottom. This harbour has been formed within the last century. The English used to cut mahogany up the Wanks river, and they made a deep cut nearly one mile and a half in length, about three miles abo\e the mouth, into what was at that time an open bay with some cays on the eastern side, since which the neck of land, that now makes the eastern side of the harbour, has gradually formed. (See Columbian Navigator, vol. 2, page 148, edit. 1824.)
The cut still remains with twelve feet water in it, hut there is a bar of soft mud that is nearly dry formed across the mouth.
The bay of Cape Gracias a Dios to the southward of the harbour is sheltered from N.E.b.N. round by north to S.S.W., the soundings are very regular from six to three fathoms, soft muddy bottom. The best anchorage for vessels that cannot get into the harbour is in four or four and a half fathoms, with the entrance of the harbour bearing north-west, and the eastern extreme of the land bearing N.E.b.E.
There are a few Europeans living at a small rude village on the west shore of the harbour, about half a mile above the mouth. They trade with the natives for tortoise-shell, sarsaparilla, mahogany, hides, gi:ms, and a few other articles. The mahogany is cut up the Wanks river, where large canoes are formed roughly out of the solid trees, and are sent to Belize, and to Jamaica for sale.
The king of the Musquito Indians lives about forty or fifty miles tip the river. He was educated at Jamaica, but he does not appear to have benefited by any thing that he learned there. The specimen that we saw of the Musquito Indians at Cape Gracias a Dios was any thing but favorable, and does not at all accord with the account generally given of them. They were living in the most abject poverty and wretchedness. Their huts'are of the most rude and comfortless description, much worse than any I have ever seen in Africa; they are merely a few rough poles driven into the ground, with a roof of palmetto leaves, the sides being entirely open! From their long intercourse. with Europeans I was prepared to find them in a much more advanced Jlate. They are not a numerous tribe, and are said to be decreasing iu
ENLARGED SERIES.—NO. 2.— VOL. FOR 1841. L
number very much. They are confined principally to the coast, and the banks of the rivers and lagoons.
The bank of soundings off the coast between Cape Honduras and Cape Cameron varies in its distance off shore. Just to the eastward of the Roman river it reaches out for seventeen miles, the edge then takes a bend in to the southward, passing on an east line about twelve miles outside the Great and Little Rock Head, when the breadth gradually diminishes to five miles off Cape Cameron. It is free from danger for the whole extent, with deep soundings of forty and fifty fathoms near the edge, and from six to ten fathoms close in to the beach. It is very steep to just to the eastward of Cape Honduras, deep soundings of twenty fathoms reaching within less than a mile of the shore; there is however, as little as ten fathoms outside, a few miles to the northward, where the soundings are rather irregular.
From the Roman river to the Great Rock Head, the line of ten fathoms is about two miles off shore, and from thence lo Cape Cameron it approaches to within a mile, so that a vessel should not come into less than twenty fathoms during the night off this part of the coast. The bottom is a mixture of mud and sand, except off Cape Honduras, where it is coarse gravel, with coral near the edge.
From Cape Cameron the edge of the bank runs nearly E.b.N., until about ten miles to the eastward of the meridian of Point Patook, when it trends up about N.E.b.E. as far as the meridian of 82° 30' W., and into the parallel of 10° 43' N., which is the northern extreme of the great Musquito bank. The edge is seventeen miles from Point Patook; and upwards of fifty miles to the northward of the Carataska Lagoon, whilst in the meridian of Cape Gracias a Dios it reaches eighty-six miles to the northward of the Cape.
There is not any danger upon the bank to the westward of 83° 30' W., or about twelve miles to the eastward of the meridian of the Carataska Lagoon entrance.
Off Cape Cameron the deep soundings approach very near to tbe shore; there is twenty fathoms within one mile and a half of the beach.
Off Black river the soundings decrease more gradually, the line of twenty fathoms is there about three miles and a half off shore.
Abreast of the entrance of Brewers Lagoon twenty fathoms is full seven miles out, and off Point Patook it reaches to the distance of nine miles; from hence the line of twenty fathoms takes nearly an east direction as far as the Vivorilla Cays in the meridian of Cape False.
In beating along shore at night between Black river and Point Patook, it would not be advisable to come into less than twelve fathoms, but to the eastward of Point Patook you may stand safely into eight fathoms all the way to Cape Gracias a Dios. During the day you may stand close in shore into five fathoms.
The soundings are very regular on this part of the bank, decreasing as you approach the shore. Above forty fathoms the soundings increase very suddenly to upwards of one hundred fathoms. The bottom is a mixture of sand and mud, with gravel off Brewers Lagoon.
There is a coral ledge with irregular soundings from seven to fifteen fathoms, about thirty miles N.N.VV. of the mouth of tbe Carataska Lagoon. It is ten miles in length from north to south, and four miles wide. The deep water soundings around it are of soft mud and sand.
The Great Musquito hank reaches to the north-eastward of Cape Gracias a Dios for upwards of one hundred and thirty miles.
The first danger on the bank from the north eastward, and the one most distant from Cape Gracias is Cay Gorda, a small isolated barren rock. It is about seventy miles north-east of the Cape. There is a small detached breaker about five miles and a half E.b.S. of Cay Gorda, it is called Farrals breaker. These dangers stand quite detached, the bank is clear for thirty miles within them. They may be avoided when standing on to the bank from the northward, by not coming into less than twenty fathoms. There is a ledge with from seven to ten fathoms reaching to the S.S.E. from Cay Gorda for nearly forty miles. The northern part of this ledge has corally bottom, and the southern part has fine sand.
The Caxones of the Spaniards, called by the fishermen, the Hobbies, are a cluster of small cays, and dangerous reefs about sixty-five miles north of Cape Gracias, and twenty miles within the northern edge of the bank. They extend for about twelve miles W.N.W. and E.S.E. The line of twenty fathoms reaches within about four miles of them to the northward, which will give sufficient warning to vessels standing on to the bank during the night.
Outside of the Caxones, and of Cay Gorda, both to the northward and eastward, the bank is quite free from danger.
There is a snug anchorage in six fathoms, under a spit of reef to the northward of the Caxones Cays, much used by the fishermen from the Caymans, and from Belize, who come here in the season to fish for the hawks-bill turtle, from which tortoise-shell is procured.
Three miles to the southward of the west end of the Caxones, are the Carataska shoals or reefs; they are two small reefs, each about threequarters of a mile long, running about S.S.E., with a small sandy cay three feet above water upon each of the reefs.
The Seal Cays are about four miles and a half S.S.E. of the Carataska reefs; they are three miles in extent in the same direction, and are situated upon a coral bank, nearly dry, A ledge with from seven to ten fathoms, reaches for five miles to the S.S.E. The Great Seal Cay is at the south end of the coral bank, it is about four feet above water, and has some cocoa-nut trees growing upon it. There is a rock nearly dry one mile and a half S.E.b.E. of the Great Seal Cay.
The Vivorillas, (or Caymans of the fishermen,) are abont four miles and a half S.S.W. of the Seal Cays. There are two cays about two miles apart with trees on them, and a coral reef between, with a few small sandy cays upon it. There is anchorage under the west side of the reef in seven and eight fathoms, sheltered from the regular breezes. A rocky ledge with irregular soundings from four and a half to ten fathoms, runs out for eight miles to the north-eastward of the Vivorillas, with one spot near the west extseme, and another on the north-east side having as little as three and a quarter fathoms. The channel between the Seal Cays and the Vivorillas is deep with twenty fathoms. There is also a clear channel between the Caxones and the Carataska shoals, atid between the Carataska shoals and the Seal Cays.