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The vessel in which these experiments were made was 186-horse power; but on a former occasion in one of only 100-horse power whilst steaming in the same place, the engines suddenly stopped, and at the moment, I had no doubt, but that they had broken down, whilst the engineer as fully expected the ship was aground, as she had all the steam, and had been going eight knots. During the enquiry into this somewhat alarming occurrence (for anchors are of very little use in the stream of Lough Strangford,) the water boiled up from beneath the vessel, the engines started at their usual speed, and the vessel went on as before, but taking a broad sheer, which carried her out of the eddy. These whirls, as they are called, should therefore be carefully avoided by both steamers and sailing vessels, on account of the disadvantage to their progress; the probability of damage to the engine from being so suddenly arrested; and the terrible yaws they occasion, in spite of the helm, in a channel little more than a cable in width.

Experiments on the Tide in Lough Strangford. Date. Time. Rate.

May Last quarter ebb C'OO knots 28 feet rise at Liverpool r In the fairway

June. Three-quarter" 4*4

•' Three-quarter" 5-l

Sept. Half flood 6-92

"Half ebb GO

"Threcquartcrebb G-4

To the Editor, tyc.

Biographical Memoirs.

Admiral Sir Thomas Williams was promoted to the rank of Captain in Nov. 171)0, and at the commencement of the war, was appointed to the Lizard, of "JSguns, in which he captured several of the enemy's privateers. On the 30th August, 17VI5, when in command of the Unicorn, he captured the Count Dutch brig of war, mounting 18 guns. The day before, in company with the Diana and Seahorse, he also took an East Indian)an and a South Sea Whaler, both of which had been conveyed from the Cape of Good Hope by the Comet. At day break on the morning of the 8th of June, 17yti, Captain Williams being on a cruize to the westward of Stilly, in company with the Santa Margarita frigate, gave chase to two largo frigates and a corvette. At 4 p.m. the sternmost ship, finding it impossible to escape, bore round to take the Santa Margarita, in which he was foiled by a skilful manoeuvre of her Commander, who laid his ship most ably alongside the enemy, and in less than twenty minutes compelled him to strike. The other frigate seeing the fate of her companion, endeavoured to get the weather gage of the Unicorn; but by the judicious and seamanlike conduct of Captain Williams, his attempt proved unsuccessful. The parity of sailing in the two ships was such, that a running fight was kept up for ten hours, when our officer had the good fortune to close with his antagonist; a sharp contest ensued, and continued with great impetuosity for 35 minutes,' when, on the smoke clearing away, the enemy was observed to have dropped on the Unicorn's quarter, with the intention to cross her stern, and gain the wind; this manoeuvre of the Frenchman's was most skilfully defeated, by Captain Williams instantly throwing his sails aback, by-which means the ship gathered stern way, passed the enemy's bow, and resumed her former position. The action was now renewed with fresh vigour, but it lasted only a few minutes, when after much bravery anil good seamanship had been displayed on both sides, the enemy's ship having her mizen-mast alone standing, surrendered. She proved to be La Tribune, commanded by Commodore Moulson, pierced for 48 guns, but only 44 mounted, of 332 men, 37 of whom were killed, and 15, including the Commodore wounded. The Unicorn's compliment of 251 men, was considerably weakened by

ENLAltGlil) SiiKilsS.—NO. 11 VOL. IOK 1S41. 0 U


tho absence of a Lieutenant, and several of tier In-st seamen, in a prize recently captured j tho total number of her crew in this action may therefore be fairly stated as not exceeding 210, of whom not a man was hurt. Soon after his return to port, Captain Williams received the honour of Knighthood, as a reward for his gallant conduct. Sir Thomas was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral in October, 1809, and between that period and 1814, hoisted his flag successively in the North Sea, at Lisbon, in the Channel fleet, and as Commander-in-chief at the Nore. In January 1815, he was made a Knight Commander of the Bath, and subsequently was nominated a Grand Cross of that Order. In January 1833, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief, at Portsmouth, where ho continued during the customary period of three years. The deceased was the benevolent founder of the Royal Naval Female School, towards which object he munificently presented .£1000.

Vicb-admiral Sib Patrick Campbell was fourth son of Mr. John Campbell, of Melfort, Argyleshiro, was born in 1773, ariil was consequently in his G8th yt*r. Ho entered the navy in 1788, since which time until after tho peace, ho was constantly engaged in the service. At the capture of the Capo of Good Hope in 1795, then a lieutenant, he commanded a light company of seamen, and in 1799 covered the landing of a division of the army in Holland. When in command of the advance of the British vessels in the Zuyder Sea, he gallantly cut out four of the qnemy's gun-boats. In 1800, then in command of the Dart sloop, he carried by boarding, and brought out of the harbour of Dunkirk, the French frigate Desire of 40 guns, for which brave action he was posted, and received the order of the Bath. The late admiral was also actively employed in the command of the Unite and Leviathan in the Mediterranean, from 1807 to 1812. In 1825 Sir Patrick married Miss Waucbope, youngest daughter of Mr. Andrew Wauchope,of Niddrie,Marechall, N.B.,by whom, we believe, ho leaves a family. His commission bears date as follows,—Lieutenant, Sept. 25, 1794; Commander, Sept. 4, 1797 ; Captain, July 11, 1800; Rear-admiral, July 22, 1830; and Vice-admiral, Juno 28, 1838. He was nominated a Knight Commander of the Bath in April, 1836.

Captain Sir H. Lb Fleming. Senhouse, Kch., was third eon of the late Mr. W. Senhouse, surveyor-general of Barbados, and married in 1810 to Miss Manley, daughter and co-heiress of Vice-Admiral Manley. He entered the navy at an early age, and when midshipman, was present at the capture of Surinan, in 1799; and in 1809 assisted at the debarcation of the army at Martinique. Throughout the last American war he was actively engaged, and in 1813 he gallantly defended his sloop, the Martin, when attacked by an American flotilla, when aground at the mouth of the Delaware. The deceased captain was appointed to the command of her Majesty's ship the Blenheim, 72, in 1839, since which he has been employed in the China seas. In consideration of his services he was nominated a Knight Commander of the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, April 13, 1832. His commissions bear date, Lieutenant, April 9, 1802; Commander, June 2, 1809; and Captain, Oct. 12, 1814.

Admiralty Orders.

Adm1nUtf.2SthAuff.lS41. "Temperance Men," belnff embarked on board Her

The Lord! CommUstonera of the Admiralty, referring; to Majesty's Ships or Troop Ships, or Is Trasmpswts or

the 4th See. of the fkh Chitp. Art. 5, of the Instructions Kreiirht Ship*, such Xoo-roatmlasloard Officer, ss»t

for Her Majesty's Service at See. in which it U directed Prime* shall lie allowed double rations of Sinrar, Cocoa,

tlint the Captain* of Her Majesty's Ship* ore not to allow and Tea, fur each radon of Spirit* Hopped.

mn person to Smoke Tobacco in any other part of the The Captain, of llrr Maje.tr'■ Ship, ond Troop Shi?*.

Rhtp thsn the plscrsppropriatril for Smoking, arc plotted and the Master* of Transports and frelekt Sntpi arc

to direct, tli .t (In Captain* ami ('iiiiiiiiutii!liiif Officer* of therefore hereby directed, at the end of the Cert ow-are*

Hi r M ij. .ly's Ships 11111I Vessel* do (five mint positive signed or the Commanding officer of Troop* rtubarkrd.

orders that no Smoking shell on anr account be allowed a* to the accuracy of the l.iats of the Troops tictaalhrd.

In any part of the Ship except the Galley, to add the following/ worrl* "Except foe the

Men marked X from whom, as Teisperaocs Mea, there

By Command of their Lordships, hsi been ■tupped ratios* of Spirit*. snJ t»

J. PAR KER. whom there has been issued, la Ilea, s doable slsosuo.-c of Sugar, Cocos, snd Tea.

By command of their Lordship*. Admiralty, Oct. ml,. Mil. SIDNEY HERUERT

The I .on!. Commissioners of the Admiralty an- pleased to direct that in esse of any Soldiers, «sbo may be

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Promotions And Appointment!.

(From the Nm! ftnd Military Guotto.)

Whitehall, Sept.2\st.—The Queen has been pleased to grant to Sir E. Lyons, Bart. Her Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary to the Ring of Greece, Captain in the Royal Navy, and Knight Commander of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order, her_ royal licence and permission, that he may accept and wear the insignia of the French Order of St. Louis, which his late Most Christian Majesty the King of I ranee was pleased to confer upon him, in approbation of his services at the siege of the Castle

of Morea. .,,.■..

Whitehall, Oct. 9th, 1841.—The Queen has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Knight of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland unto Henry Huntley, Esq., Commander in Her Majesty's Navy.

Special Promotions Por Thb Latb Operations In China.

Her Majesty has been pleased to appoint Captain Thomas Herbert of tho Royal Navy, Companion of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath, to bo a Knight Commander. .

Admiralty, Oct. 15/i—With reference to the Gazette of the 8th inst., the following Naval Promotions have taken place, dated on that day ;— • Lieutenants to be Commanders.

W. W. Chambers, H. Coryton, J. M. Hayes, P. W. Hamilton,and W.C.Wood.

Mates to be Lieutenants. R. L. Bryan, I. N. T. Sanley, H. Need, W. S. Miller, G. S. Tayler, T. W. Purver, and W. T. Bate.

binson (1838) and E. M. Noble (1841) to Serpent—E. B. Nott (1829) to Syren—J. B. West (1831) and C. B. Hamilton (1840) to Aigle—J. A. Abbott (1830) H.Eden (1837) and J. Hunt (1841) to Dido—H. Probyn (1841) to his—David Robertson (1841) to Hazard— A. Boyle (1830), Caffin, (1838), Cannon (1832), J. J. Robinson (1834), Wellington (1834), Fisher (1833), and Hamilton to Qu«m— M. Peppin (1837) to Volage—i. Boxer (1840) to Niagara—H. Stewart (1840), W. Carr (1821), F. A. Ellis (1836), J. H. Gennys (1838), W. G. Luard (1841), to Vindictive— N. F. Edwards (1827), G. Wodehouse(1824),C.H. Binsted(1824), and C. C. Grey to St. Vincent—G. T. M. Purvis (1823) to Cambrian—E. Tatham to Spartan.

Lieut. F. J. F. Henslow (1829) is appointed to Travers' Naval College, Windsor, in the vacancy occasioned by the death of Lieut. W. Jones, a, (1799) Governor.

Masters—J. Doidge to Ardent—R. Wilson (1828) to Viper—J. H. Ashton and J. G. Mugford to Devastation— W. Dillon to Cruizer—J. F. Boxer (1838) to Volage—J. Tonkin (1832) act. to Formidable—V/. D. Mainprise (1841) to Aigle—V. Edington (1841) to Harlequin —W. J. B. Hilhard (1841) to Serpent— J. Dor (1840) to Syren— R. C. Allen to Vixen— R W. Paul (1840) to Hazard— J. C. Giles (1826) to Queen— C. Pope (1829) to Vindictive—J. Warner (a) to Ferret.


Lieutenants—J. Moore, J. Wood.

Masters—T. Hancorn, F. W. Paul, H. Brehaut.

Surgeons—T. H. Keown, J.Stewart, C. D. Steel, J. Bower, Md.

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The following, from the Naval and Military Gazette, is a list of appointments to commands made by the late Admiralty during the month of August, 1841.


Vice Admiral Sir Charles Adam (date of appointment, Aug. 17, 1841,) to be Commander in chief in the West Indies.

Rear Admiral Sir Francis Mason (date of appointment, Aug. 23,18-11,) to be second in command in the Mediterranean.

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Madagascar—J. E. Riley to /as—H.

E. Dickson to Hastings—R. M. Moorman to Spartan—J. Mackie, T.W. Pratt, T. W. Haydon, and Maleom to Vindictive.

Assistant-surgeons— T. Well* to Ceylon, for service of Malta Hospital— Dr. A. Battwell to I'iper—G. Butler to Driver—J. Bolland to Volcano—Dr. W. Wood to Ardent—J. Bowman to Tweed —W. White to Thalia— C. D. Steel to lihadamantktui—J. H. Paterson to Devastation—J. Simpson, Md. to Dido—). Bower to Lynx—W. F. Carter to SJ. Vincent—S. E. Sandy3 and R. Fulton, Md. to Vindictive—W. Lawrence to Pantaloon—M. Burton, Md. to Ferret.

Pursers—W. Stanway to Ardent—J. Millinghara to Sty\—J. H. Greaves to Spartan—J. Harshaw to Vixen—J. Grant

to Devastation—J. H. Cook to Volume

K. Sutherland to Harlequin—J. Brickwood to Syren—W. Freeman to Aigle— Clatsworthy to Thalia—J. Cullman to Dido—W. A. Harries to Hazard—B. A. Godson to Serpen/—G. V. Oughton

to Queen, until he joins Sir E. Owen

J. Cole to Vindictive—J. Nicholls to Hastings.

Chaplin—Rev. J. Falls to St.Vmcrnt

Naval Instructor—J. Mallard toSf. Vincent.

Clerks—H. Pinhom (in charge) of Heroine v. — Bateman, whose appointment was cancelled at his own request, on account of ill-health—H. R. Cole to Skylark—E. \\ hitehead to North Star

F. Rutter to Wanqnle—J. C. Aldridge to Forester—C. Hore to Driver—D. Clow to be secretary's clerk in Sir E. Codrington's office—G. Monro to North Star— C. Jenkins to Spartan—Barclay to Volage—E. E. Vidal to be secretary to Sir E. Owen—R. A. Clarke and C. Lyne, odd. to St. Vincent—R. Curgenven to Cambrian—H. S. Dyer to Excellent.

Coast Guard.

Lieutenant—J. Clark to the Coast Guard at Hum my.

Inconstant .

Dates of Aiipointment.
. 4th Aug,
. 4th


Total, Two Flag Officers and Twenty-nine Captains and Commanders.

The following is a list of appointments made by the late Admiralty between May 1 and July 31, 1841 :—

Rear Admiral Sir William Parker (date of appointment, May 12, 1811,) to be Commander in chief in the East Indies.

Rear Admiral Thomas (May 5, 1841,) to be Commander in chief in the Pacific.


Total, Two Flag Officers and Ten Captains and Commanders; and also in Sept.: Henderson . . . Victory . . 2d Sept.

Movements And Stations Of Her Majesty's Navy


Coi.tjMniA, (st. v ) 11th Oct. arr. at Portsmouth from West Indics, 13th«sailed for Woolwich.

Ei.ectra, 13, Com. Gostling, Sept. left Portsmouth lor

■fbhhbt, 10, Lieut. W. S. Thomas,

19th Sep.arr. at Plymouth, 41 daysfrom Sierra Leone, 22nd moved into harbour.

Forester, 3, Lieut.-Com. G. L. Norcock, 17th Sep. arr. at Plymouth, 20th moved into harbour.

Hazard, 18, Com. Hon. C." G. J. Elliott, 19th Sup. arr. ut Portsmouth.

iMFRtGNAULu, 110, dipt. T. Forrest,

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