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8th Oct. sailed for Malta with flag of Rear-AdmL Sir F. Mason.
HmiiDovE, 16,Com. Hon. K. Stewart, 20th Sep. arr. at Portsmouth from West Indies, 1th Oct. paid oft".
Styx, Capt. A. T. E. Vidal, 17th Oct. arrived at Portsmouth from Woolwich. Sailed with Sir C. Baget, GovernorGeneral of Canada.
Portsmouth—In Harbour—St. Vincent, Victory, Queen, Illustrious, Excellent, Royal George, yacht, Warspite, Madagascar, Vindictive, Helvidera, North Star, Driver, Hazard, Rapid, Pantaloon, Viper, A loan, Apollo.
Plymouth—In Harbour—Caledonia, San Josef, Malabar, Bellcisle, Cambrian, Spartan, Ferret, Nightingale.—in the Sound—Tortoise convict-ship.
Dkptpord, Oct, 14th—Sailed the Beaumont, with emigrants; the Reward with stores for Jamaica; the Maitland troopship, Lieut. Hemswhoth, agent for Sydney. Remain, the Hoyal Emperor, Richard Webb, and Somersetshire, for Sydney. The Boyne transport is discharged.
Actaeon, 26, Capt. R. Russell, 16th May left Lima for Valparaiso.
Andromachb, 26,Capt. R. L. Baynes, Cb., 7th July left the Capo for Mauritius.
Benbow, 72, Capt. H. Stewart, Sept. at Suda.
Britannia, 120, Capt J. Drake, 22d Sept. left Malta for England.
Calcutta, 84, Capt. Sir S, Roberts, Cb., 7th Sept. at Beyrout.
Carysfort, 26, Capt. H. B. Martin, 10th Sept. arr. at Malta.
Charybdis, 3, Lieut. De Courcy, 12th Aug. at Jamaica from Carthagcna.
Clio, 16, Com.T. G. Freeroantle, 9th Aug at Rio.
Curlew, 10, Licut.-Com. T. C. Ross, 2nd July arr. at Cape from Mozambique.
Cyclops, (st. v.) Capt. H. T. Austin, 28th Sept. left Malta for Constantinople.
Daphne, l8, Com. J. W. Dalling, •iJth Aug. left Smyrna, 14tb Sept. arr. at Smyrna.' r
Dublin, 50, Capt. J. J. Tucker, 8th
£ arr-at Madeira, nth sailed for Rin.
f Air Rosamond, a, I.ieut.-Com. A. O. Bulman, !•>,„ s t „, AnUgom.
S.-nt ?-r' 84' C«l't- B. Reynolds, 17th ©ept. at l unis.
Aug*at Rio'. l6' Com- W- Sm>,b» ,jUl
Hastings, 72, Capt. J. Lawrence, c*, 22d Sept. arr. at Malta.
Hecate, (st. v.) Com. H. Ward, 21a Sept. left Malta for SyriaHows, 120, Capt. R. Smart, 25th Septleft Malta for Syracuse.
Implacable, 74, Capt. E Harrcy, 17th Sept. at Tunis.
Inconstant, 36, Capt- F. T. Miehell, 31st Aug. left Constantinople for Beyrout, 9th Sept. at Bevrout,
Indus, 84, Capt. Sir J. Stirling, Ttfc Sept. arr. at Malta. 25th sailed for Syracuse.
Locust, (st. r.) Lieut.-Com. J. Luna, 14th Sept. left Malta for the Levant.
Maoiciennb, 24, Capt. R. L. Warren, 22d Sept. at Therapia.
Medea, (st, v.) Com. F. Waroen,2?th Aug. at Alexandria, 9tn Sept. left Constantinople.
Partridge, 10, Lieut--Com. W. Morris, (a) 15th Aug. left Bahia for Rio.
Phoenix, (st, v.) Com. J. Richardson, (b) 9th Sept. at Beyrout.
Powerful, 84, Capt. G. Manse!!, 18th Sept. arr. at Malta. •
Rbvbnge, 76, Capt. Hon. W. Waldegrave, 17th Sept. at Tunis.
Rodney, 92, Capt. R. Maunsell, Utfc Sept. off Alexandria.
Roi.la, 10, Licut.-Com. C. Hall, 224 July arr. at the Gambia from Sierra Leone, 27th sailed for Sierra Leone.
Rose, 16, Com. P. Christie, 29th Aug. left Pernambuco for Demerara.
Sappho, 16, Com. T. Eraser, 12th Sep. at Antigua.
Savaob, 10, Lieut. J. H.Bowker, 20th Sept. arrived at Malta from Gibraltar, 27th sailed for Tripoli.
Scout, Com. J. Larcom, 19th Srpt, arrived at Gibraltar, 21st sailed for Malta.
Southampton, 50, Capt. 2Cth Aug. at Rio to sail fur the River Plate.
Spider, 6, Lieut.Com. J. O'Reilly,(a) 9th Aug. at Rio.
Stromboli, Com. W. Louis, 2nd Sept. arrived at Malta.
Talbot, 26, Capt, R. F. Stopfdrd, 11th Sept. arrived at Smyrna from Malta 12th sailed for Bosphorua.
Termagant, 10, Lieut. Com. H. F. Seagram, 28th July arrived at the Gambia, 29th sailed.
Tynb, 2fi, Capt. J. Townshend, 22od Sept. arrived at Malta.
Vanguard, 80, Capt. Sir David Dunn 7th Sept. arrived at .Malta from India, 25th sailed for Smyrna.
Vernon, 60, Capt. W. Walpule, lit Sept. left Malta for Corfu, 9th arrived, 2:2ml remained.
Vestal, 2fi, Capt. J. Parker, lGth Sept. at St. John, Newfoundland.
Vesuvius, (st. v.) Lieut. Com. E. Ommaney, 21st arrived at Malta.
Vic-roa, Com. C. C. Otway, 5th Aug. left Jamaica for Honduras.
Wanderer, Com. Trnubridgo, 28th July arrived at thy Gambia, 29th sailed.
Wasp, 16, Com. Hon. H. A. Murray, 9th at Beyront.
Vveazle, 10, Lieut.-Com.W. Edmon7th Sept. arrived at Corfu, 22nd remained.
Births, Marriages, And Deaths.
On the 10th of August at Vauxhall, the lady of Lieut. Gill, nN., commanding the Victoria Revenue cutter, of a daughter.
On the 5th of Oct., at Southville, the lady of Lieut. Miles, Rn., of the Hydrographic office, Admiralty, of a daughter.
At Greenwich, Com. Lord H. Russell, son of his Grace the lato Duke of Bedford, to Henrietta Marianne, daughter of Adml. the hon. Sir R. Stopford, Ocb., Governor of Greenwich hospital.
At Holloway. on the 21st of Sept. Lieut. Robinson, Rn., to Jane, eldest daughter of T. Ely, Esq., Hornsey.
At Birmingham, Oct. 5th, R. Pugh, Esq., Strand, to Eliza, widow of the late Lieut. Barrs, Rn.
At Burwood House, Surrey, Oct. 10, Adml. SirT. Williams, Ocb., in the 80th year of his age.
At Leamington, Vice-admiral Sir P. Cambell, Kcb.
On the 13th of June, on board H.M.S. Blenheim, in Hongkong bay, Capt. Sir H. Le Fleming, Kch. The immediate cause of this lamented officer's death was a violent fever brought on by great physical and mental exertions, and by exposure to the sun during the late expedition to Canton.
At Canton, Mr. Brodie, master Rn., and commander of Rattlesnake; Dr. Wallace, surgeon of Conway ; and Lieut. Fitzgerald, of Modeste, from a wound he received in the leg, off Canton, on 24th May.
At Brompton, on Sept. 17th, aged G2, Frances Juliet, relict of the late Captain Sarmon, Rn.
At Stoke, near Plymouth, Oct. 21st, Lieut. Smith, Rn.
At Warlelgh, Elizabeth, daughter of the late Captain Barton, Rn., and neice of Sir R. Lopez.
On Aug. 19th on board surveying ship Beacon, Lieut. Hulpman, first assistant surveyor of that ship: he was a valued officer and a most efficient surveyor, and the service sustains a great loss by his death, which resulted from a fever contracted by exposure in the execution of his duty. His remains were interred on an island in the Port Nousa, Isle of Paros; and over his grave has been erected a monument by the officers and ship's company, as a token of their regard for a regretted shipmate.
At Cheltenham, aged 81, Martha, the widow of Capt. J. Lys, Rn., of Ridgway, Hants.
Lately, on the Coast of A frica, aged 31, Mr. Mottley, assistant surgeon, of Ferret.
At Douai, in France, after a long and painful illness, Amelia, wife of Mr. W. Bailey, and daughter of J. Bates, Esq., master Rn., and secretary to the Royal Yacht squadron.
At Exmouth, on the 10th Oct., Lieut. R. Edevean, Rn., in command of the Revenue cutter Nimble, aged 42.
In the West Indies, on the 13th Aug. last, Lieut. Dawson, Rn., first lieutenant of Astrea.
At Walmer, Sept. 30, Mary, the wife of J. S. Short, of the 4th King's Own rogt. fourth daughter of the late Vice Admiral Sir Thos. Harvey, Kcb , in her 23rd year.
Lately, at Hasler hospital, aged 40, Mr. Sheppard, purser Rn., late of ship Larne,son of Mr. Sheppard, High-street, Portsmouth, from disease produced by service in that ship on the coast of China, from which he had been recently invalided.
At Plymouth, on the 7th of October, J. C. Cnrruthers, Esq., surgeon, Rn., aged 52.
On the September 30th, Ann Slater, daughter of the late Capt. W. Day, Rn.
H.M.S. Fairy.—Wo understand that a picture of the town of Harwich, representing the ill-fated Fairy entering the harbour, will be published in a few days, from the pencil of our celebrated marine artist Huggins.
Kept at Croom's Hill, Greenwich, by Mr. W. Rngerson, of the Royal Observatory.
From the 21st of September to the 20JA of October, 1841.
TO OUR FRIENDS AND CORRESPONDENTS.
The great length of the despatches from China, and that of our own Hydmgraphical notices, have occupied so much of our space, that we havu been obliged to defer our usual notices of charts and books until our next number. We shall then, we hope, clear off with our publishing friends.
The question of the Bonetta Rock shall be also disposed of in our next. In the mean time our best thanks are due to four of our correspondents, for their trouble in sending us the day's works of the Charlotte's log, all of which shall appear, unless we receive objections. Our correspondent at Hull will, we arc sure, exercise his patience.
VVe are much obliged to Capt. Beechey, Rn., (T.ueifer,) for his useful contribution.
Our old and valued friends Capt. Miller and Capt. Hunter, have our best acknowledgments for their recollection of us, even from the AntiiKxU*.
A revolving light has just been placed on Hcsselo lsllnd, in the CatU-gat. The particulars iu our next.
The Bosphorus.—Anchorages of Thcrapia and Tophana.—By Mr. C Wright, master of II.M.S. Dido.
January lath.—Sailed from Vourla for Constantinople :— winds strong from the north-east, obliged us to anchor occasionally in the Gulf of Smyrna and Myteline Channels, in the narrow part of which we found the winds extremely light and baffling, for eight hours of the day, until the evening, when a smart breeze sprang up and enabled us to clear Cape Babe, and we anchored in Basika Bay at noon of the 18th. Weighing next day with a light southerly breeze, which, after a struggle with the remains of that from the northward, gradually freshened, we passed the Dardanelles rapidly; the wind increasing ran us up to the Sultan's Valley, in a little more than twenty-four hours.
From the strength and duration of the previous winds, I should, imagine that the waters of the Bosphorus were very much below their ordinary level, for, in a day or two after our arrival, I observed a rise of five or six feet, abreast of the ship, occasioned no doubt by the check opposed to its escape, by the northerly breeze. The bay of the Sultan's Valley is comprised between the point of Unkiar Skalessi, and that forming the northern extreme of Beicos, on which is the Sanite or Health Office, and, with which, all vessels from the Black Sea, are required to communicate. The soundings are somewhat irregular, varying from seven to fourteen fathoms, at two and a half cables from the shore, falling suddenly into twenty-five, thirty, and forty fathoms, which, I may here observe, is the case at all the anchorages in the Bosphorus. The bottom is composed of a mixture of sand, mud, and weed, and is not particularly good, but by placing the northern anchor well inshore, there is no fear of its starting. We moored with sixty fathoms on each anchor north-east and south-west, best bower in ten fathoms, and outer anchor in twelve and a half, and rode out several hard gales without once altering our position, so completely were we sheltered from the sea and strength of current. When moored, the British ambassador's flag-staff at Therapia, bore N.W.b.W., Yenikoi Point S.S.W., Mole in the Valley E. £ N., and nearly end on, and the monument of Unkiar Skalessi, on with the north-west angle of the guard-house below it. The latitude was found to be 41° 7' 34" north, longitude 29° 2' 56" east.
Here are two streams of water, but as it does not keep particularlywell, we usually sent to Beicos, where, as it is obtained from a fountain at some distance from the beach, o long hose is required. Wood may be had in convenient size or quantity. Beef scarce and inferior;— poultry and fruit in abundance. The prevailing winds are between north and east, though in January and March we had occasional breezes from south-east and south, but seldom of any strength or duration. Much snow fell during February and Match, reducing the temperature to 28^°, and indeed, until the middle of April, it scarcely rose beyond 45°.
From this, to the 20th of May, we had a series of cold sleety fogs, which, entering from the Black Sea in the evening, and during the ENLARGED SERIES.—NO. 12.—VOL. FOR 1811. 5 I
night, hang about the heights, particularly on the European shore above Therapia and Buyukdere, until the sun nearly attained the meridian, when they were dispersed for a few hours. These damp fogs are said to be productive of disease among the inhabitants, and many generally remove to Pera, which is much less affected.
The current, at all times strong in the stream, was observed to be much influenced by the force and continuance of the winds, varying from five to three knots. Southerly winds invariably offering a considerable check, though upon a sudden change to the north-east, I have noticed such an accumulation of water from the Black Sea, that being obstructed in its passage by the projecting points of Yenikoi, &c, a strong counter current has set in the opposite direction, extending at times nearly half way over from the Asiatic shore. These occurrences are particularly favourable for vessels bound up, and indeed, excepting in the height of winter, when the wind and current is generally strong, I am of opinion that a sm-ill craft, if well handled, may nearly always work up, by short tacks, and keeping within the verge of the stream on the European side, until abreast of Yenikoi Point, when a stretch must be made over to the opposite shore, where an eddy in favour will be found, and by passing inside the banks, you may reach the narrows above Buyukdere, without any material opposition. As we had occasion to assist several British vessels off these shoals, and which, from the frequency of the occurrence, have acquired the name of the English Banks, 1 examined it,and found their northern end in five fathoms to commence at about two and a half cables, south-west of the point, at the foot of the Giants Mountain. The farm on its summit being open to the right of the first quarry near the beach, E.N.E., and an old round tower standing upon the high land, on the Enropean shore, a ship's length open to the eastward of the walled fort, N.N.E. £ E. The black gate of the Russian ambassador's palace at Buyukdere, will then be on with the Scala, and central window N.W. £ W., thence they extend in a southerly direction nearly three-quarters of a mile, to within two cables of the north point of the bay of the Sultan's Valley, or, as it is sometimes called, (to commemorate that celebrated treaty,) the point of Unkiar Skalessi, varying in breadth from sixty to thirty yards, and in depth seven fathoms to six feet, and is composed of a dirty kind of sand and gravel, with a few detached stones. At this extreme, in seven fathoms, the gable end of the British ambassador's palace, at Therapia, nearly touches the south part of a remarkable grove of trees behind it, W.S.W., and the Sante or Health Office, is just open of the point E.S.E. Nearly in the centre, they are divided by a channel of about thirty yards broad, running east and west, and having ten to thirteen fathoms, thus forming two distinct patches, and which, in the event of a ship grounding near them, might be available, otherwise they could be scarcely turned to any account.
It is only in the event of working to the southward, or having a scant easterly wind, that a necessity would arise for borrowing on the bank. Indeed there is no actual necessity, for the channel between it and Therapia affords ample room for a ship under any circumstances. But I have observed several vessels from the northward skirting the western edge of the shoal, as if apprehensive of falling to leeward, upon the spit off