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Rattle, ye dinna ken the thing just sufficiently. The leaftenant is na foo' I'll warrant ye, and I ha' kenn'd his metal aforo to-day. Ye'll be larniu' better in a wee bit o' time.

At this moment, the stern steady voice of the commander was heard, —" Keep a good look-out ahead for strange sail—d'ye hear mastheadman I" "Aye, aye, Sir." "Astern, he means;" said Rattle, almost loud enough to be heard !" Ye desarves," smartly replied the old gunner, with a most indignant frown, "to ha' your starn-frame sarved out for that; I'll be telling ye, Master Rattle, y're a greenhorn yet, ye dinnaken the thing just particularly ; yc'd better be clapping a stopper upon y'r rattle, mon." "Pshaw !" snapped the conceited mid.; " you do'nt pretend to tell me, old rusty-fusty, that I can't believe the evidence of my senses!" "But, indeed Master Rattle, I'll be telling ye just the vary same thing." "Sail 0!;" reported the masthead- man; confounding the very able retort which "Master" Rattle was about to pour forth on the old seaman. He looked queer however, and was silent, as if conviction of his error was flitting across his brain; and was fairly startled when the " Right ahead Sir," of the look-out man, responded to the commander's interrogatory " Where?" and, the ejaculation " By Jupiter!" was scarcely out of his lips, when another sail was announced astern of the first.

"Go up, Mr. Rattle, with a glass, and see what yon can make of them," said the lieutenant. In a short time, with rather a subdued tone of voice, the mid reported,—" A frigate in chase of a fore-top-sail schooner, Sir." "Hands up—wet sails;" followed the lengthened note of the boatswain's pipe. The engine played, and the breeze freshened as we drew off the land. In an hour we ran alongside of the schooner, which pouring in her broadside,and receiving ours, hauled down the tricolour. She proved to be the well-known privateer Fleche, and a beautiful little craft she was. The noble frigate came ranging up, reducing her canvass in fine style, and backed her maintop-sail.

It appeared that the reports were from guns which she had fired at the chase, the times when heard by us corresponding. We were, of course, all in very good humour, and the the vain middy, in addition to his share of the forthcoming prize-money, got a "wrinkle," by learning, for the first time, that there was such a phenomenon as reverberation of sound; and what was morally of more importance, he wascorrected in one of the most common faults of the youthful aspirant— judging the motives of his senior officer through the medium of an immature mind, possessing little thought and less reflection.

When the guns were secured, old Lock, the gunner, came sheering up to young "Master" Rattle, who was preparing his "traps," in readiness to take charge of the prize; with a look of ineffable archness, whispered as he passed into his own berth—" Ye'll be just asking the doctor to tell ye the meaning of Hex-pari-hence-i-say-doo-set/"—"Go to Flanders, you old wad, and talk to the windmills in your d—d high Dutch toiled against the sun,"—retorted the mid. now in high glee. "Na reflections" drolled out the rawboned Heland doctor as he uncoiled his lengthy frame from the nut-shell berth,—" Na reflections, I pronoonce it capital, and be me faith it isn't every lock that hath sic a stuck! ha, ha, ha!!"

At this moment. the clerk and purser's steward called loudly for the boatswain, but h*, drowsy from his morning'! labour, had taken his all-potent ** nor-wester," and laid himself at length on his chest, his beers protruding outside of his berth, and bad fallen asleep.—"Where's the Boaen~"—*• I say Bosen V Rattle who was as busy as a magpie with a bail of thread, packing up his "duds"; on the question being repealed, threw himself into a theatrical attitude, and suiting the action to the words, commenced singing the following beautiful extemporary •tare!!

"Bosen*—there lays be as sound as a rock,
His nasal pipe a-sounding!
A fid knows not he from a parser's frock

In long louse threads aboanding!
Like P«ui<i)"» queer band, bis tune's all grunt,

When bound to Ballynaroore! *

There—stead; be lies like the large or the punt,
Without a rodder or oar!"

Seizing the lay, the doctor continued ;—

"Wake up, wake up thou snooping okl sinner,

The Scnbu and Pharisee call!
Tb vulgar quite to snoose before dinner.

And drum of thy senses pail!
Rouse \ roose ye, thou son of a tar- barrel,

Dolphin are sporting amain!
Art thou less a professor than old Yar-rell ?*

Up then, and handle the gram! [Shakn him vrilltmi

Not a word, nor a laugh, nor a sound hears he, cured*.

Fast loek'd his upper-story;
The thunders may roll, and the lightnings Bee,

For he's alone in his glory!"

The circumstance above related was brought to my recollection when reading the following, in Mr. Benson Hill's work, "Reminiscences of an Artillery-officer:—

■' A singular illusion, for which I have never been able to account, occurred on our near approach to the American lines, at New Orleans. The roar of musketry and cannon seemed to proceed from the thick cypress-wood on our right, whilst the bright Hashes of fire in oar front, were not apparently accompanied by sound. This strange effect was probably produced by the state of the atmosphere and the character of the ground. But I leave the solution of the mystery to time and the curious." Sonor.

The Bonetta Rock The Wreck of the Charlotte.

The excitement recently occasioned by the wilful loss of the Dryad, in the West Indies, and the Lucy, on the island of Sal, with all the proceedings consequent thereon, had scarcely sobered down, and passed by as a matter for history, when ive meet in thai invaluable record of maritime information, the Shipping and Mercantile Gazette, an account of the loss of the barque Charlotte, of Alloa, ou the Bonetta Rock. Now the Bonetta Rock happened to be an old acquaintance of ours,— an old offender which had taken up his abode in the charts for many a long year, but shifting that abode in a very extraordinary manner, just as it suited the fashion of the day, and strictly accommodating hiin

* A well known Ichthyologist.

self always to the last place assigned to him. Indeed it would be difficult to find a reputed maritime danger to which a greater variety of positions had been most respectfully awarded, than the Bo-ielta ltock. Now, with a due regard for our old friend, who we found had got another new place, and remembering our exclusive right of investigating the title assumed by those terrors to navigators, the sunken dangers of the ocean, to hold the places thus so liberally assigned to them, we determined on looking into this last at all hazards, and accordingly prepared for what seamen would designate, an overhaul. We had scarcely sealed our resolution, when the following account of the event was received by her Majesty's Government, from the British consul at the Cape Verds, thus investing the new locality of the Bonetta Rock, with something of an official character, which tended still more to encourage our resolution.

Extract from Consul Kendall.

12, Cape Verdet, April 30M, 1841. "I have the honour to report to your Excellency, the total loss of the barque Charlotte, Capt. Forrester, bound to Sydney, with a cargo of sundry goods and live stock, in consequence of striking upon a sunken reef, twenty-three miles to the eastward of the Hartwell reef, at the northeast point of this island, which is laid down by the Captain to be in latitude 16° 17' north, and longitude 22° 21' west. No lives lost. "The reef upon which it is alleged the Charlotte struck, appears to

be the same the Madeline, Capt. , was wrecked upon in 1835,

and the one sought for by one of her Majesty's vessels, under the command of Capt. Vidal, in 1838.

"I shall consider it my duty to learn every information concerning the reef in question, and report the particulars, with the loss of the Charlotte, to the senior officer of her Majesty's squdMron on this coast.

"I have, &c,

"John Kendall."

Here, then, was enough for us to go to work upon in earnest; and remembering besides the search which had been unsuccessfully made by Capt. Vidal, in the /Etna, in which all the old-fashioned dwellings of the Bonetta Rock had been routed up, from the first to the last, and which search we had very carefully laid before our readers in our volume for 1839, our first step was to apply to the Captain of the Charlotte for his account of the place in which he found it, and also to the owner of the vessel for the use of her log, with a view to its publication. There is no denying that such formidable dangers as concealed rocks in the ocean, should be as publicly known as possible, and every possible means taken to put an end to those roving habits, which they are too fond of, and to fairly fix them in one unchangeable position, such as real rocks, generally do very properly assume as their own natural right. And so it appears, thought the owner of the Charlotte, the last of the Bonetta vessels, who, with the same feeling for the safety of navigation, which possesses all honest men, immediately conceded our request, and the result was the appearance of the Charlotte's log, in the September number of this journal. Now, then, we said within ourselves, we shall see what reality there is in the title which these


miming dansrer* assume from time to rime, to holJ their last position. What the authority really consists in, for being thus found in one place by one reset, and in another place hy another. But lest we should lo«k at the matter with a feeling of prejulice, and be inclined to say the right was wrong, we accompanied the log, with a request that any of oar readers who had sufficient leisure, would have the goodness to work the days' works for themselves, and send us the results for publication. By this process, tbey would at all events assign their own place to the Bonetta Rack, and perhaps some of them would afterwards have an opportunity of looking for it in their own positions, uninfluenced hy any opinion of oars. That request has been most readily complied with, and we have received no less than five communications, containing each day's work, shewing the position of the Charlotte every day at noon, from bet leaving Madeira to the time of her striking on the rock.

As in dnty we are hound to do, we now lay them before our readers, and we have adopted the following tabulated form as being that most convenient for reference. The contributions are distinguished from each other by letters throughout. The Nos. I and 2 in the longitude column are those of the two chronometers on board the Charlotte; and that in the colunm No. 3, is the mean of the two. It wilt be as welt U precede the table with the communications themselves, and we therefore, commence with the first signed J. McDougall. This gentleman concludes his days' works, which we have called 6> in the table, with the following:—

0° 11' 53'' 0° 23' 38"

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Means of the Tonjritade bv both chronometers . . 21 57 28W.

Latitude by observation carried on from noon . .16 17 5SX.

The alwve is the latitude and longitude of the Charlotte, when the struck on the Madeline or Bonetta Rock, en which she was wrecked April 19th, 1840.

The hearings supposed to have been taken of Point San Lorenzo, the east end of Madeira, in tat. 32° 33' 45 ' north, and long. 16° 38' 15" west; and the bluff part of the south point of the Northern Deserta in 32° 31' 41" north, and 16° 32-' 0" west.


13. Homy Stmt, Cvmmadal Btmi.

The next in the table marked e, is that of Mr. Livingstone, who accompanies his days' works with the following letter:—

105, 2Mr Street, Lhrrpool, Orl. 6tf» 1841. Si*.—In compliance with yonr request at the foot of page 681 of the Nautical .V.jear/sr for this month, I have attempted to analyze the lag •f the Charlotte, of Alloa; and that the mire readily, because from tbe late Mr. Lincoln's (commander of the brig Inca,) and his mote's information, I believe in the existence of the Bonetta rocks, or shoal; antl in addition, when commanding the brig Jane in April 1821, I pursued very nearly the same track as the Charlotte; had too, fine weather, smooth water, clear atmosphere, numerous observations for magnetic variation, taken under favorable auspices, and with good instruments.

I append the result of my calculations, in which I applied the variation according to my own observations, and have not attempted the greatest accuracy in computation, as the rough manner iu which the log is given did not seem to require it.

I had hoped the old plan of two hours' logs and half-knots had been nearly abandoned in the merchant service.

I have, &c,

Andrew Livingstone,

To the Editor, $c Teacher of Navigation, Nautical Astronomy, §c.

and Late master-mariner.

The point of departure is assumed from the latitude stated as observed, and the mean of the chronometric longitudes, "nearly," as in lat. 32° 31' N. and long. lfl° 21' W.

One mile less than the log distance up to 8h. P.m., is allowed because the vessel struck at 7h. 50ra. P.m., and consequently going at the rate of six knots hourly, exactly gives one knot fqr ten minutes.

The chronometric longitude is that carried on by account from noon of the 18th.

The shoal's position—lat. 16° 17' N., and by account 21° 47' W , or by chronometer combined with account 22° 00^'. The chronometer heing to the westward of account 0° 1^'. The current of S. 15° W., 41' on the 15th seems a gratuitous assumption, and irreconcilable with facts.

The next marked d is from a gentleman, signed A. Broadhurst, who accompanied his work with the following letter:—

3, Rodney Terrace, Mile End Wat, M Oct., 1841. Sir.—Having worked the days' works of the Charlotte, from the day of her leaving Madeira, I forward thera for your information, should you not have received them from any of your correspondents. As there is no mention of variation made iu her log, I have allowed the quantity marked on Horsburgh's charts, which I have always found correct. The longitude is taken from the mean of her two chronometers.

The above is the exact latitude given in your excellent work* of the Bonetta shoal, and as the longitude of the Charlotte differs only four miles from that assigned to it, there can now be no doubt of the existence of it. Horsburgh does not mention it in the last edition of his directory. I find, on referring to the log of the H.C.S. Canning, in April, 1822, we must have passed close to it, as at 4h. 30m. P.m. 21st April, we were in latitude 16° 19' north, longitude 22° 23' west, with the centre of Bonavista bearing W.b.S., six or seven leagues, and the peak of Sal N.N.W., but did not perceive any appearance of danger.

I have, &«.,

A. Broaduuust.

* February number tor 1837, p. 101.

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