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from fhe factory, which, with the exception of the French fort, had been lately constructed in the strongest manner, has been destroyed, and communication is opened with the ships at Napiers Fort. The guns destroyed are sixty-four in number, including four ten und a half inch calibre; the Dutch fort was not armed.
To that excellent and able officer, Capt. Bcthune, I feel particularly indebted, and my best thanks are also due to Commanders Warren and Gifford, who assisted in the attack. This is tho sixth time I have had occasion to mention the gallant conduct of Commander Eyres. Lieut. Mason, commanding the Algerine, acquitted himself entirely to my satisfaction, and both Capt. Eyres and himself speak in tho highest terms of the assistance they received from Lieut. Slnite, and Mr. Dolling, mate, their seconds in command, and all the other officers and men.
Lieutenants Haskell and Hay, senior of Cruizer and Pylades, directed the guns in the jimk with the greatest ability. Capt. Bcthune speaks in the highest terms of Lieutenants Watson, Beadon, Coryton, Collinson, Morshead, Hayes, Hamilton, and Brown, master, as also Lieut. Hayes of the Bombay marine, and of all the other officers and men employed more immediately under his orders, a list of whom is annexed. The party of Marines was commanded by Lieut. Urquhart, assisted by Lieut. Marriott, Lieut. Somerville, Agent of Transports, aided by some boats of the transports. Lieut. Gabbot, of the Madras Artillery, threw shells with great effect from one of the junks, and Major Pratt offered in the handsomest manner to co-operate in the attack, if required.
I enclose a list of vessels captured, afloat, and building.
I have, &c,
To Capt. Sir H. L. F. Senhouse, K.C.H., $c.
List of officers employed on the 26th of May, 1S41, off Canton.
In the Calliope—Mr. Watson, lieutenant; Mr. D'Eyncourt, lieutenant; Mr. Brown, master, Messrs. Daly, Rivers, Le Vescomt, Egerton, and Taylor, mates; and Dr. Butler, assistant-surgeon.
In the Conway—Messrs. Beadon and Coryton, lieutenants; Messrs. Read and Kane, mates; and Mr. Forster, second-master.
In the Alligator—Mr. Stewart, lieutenant; and Messrs. Woolcombe and Baker, mates.
In the Hyacinth—Mr. Morshead, lieutenant; Messrs. Barclay and Osborne, mates; Dr. Robertson, assistant-surgeon.
In the Cruizer—Messrs. Haskell and Hayes, lieutenants; Messrs. Drake and Bryant, mates,
In the Pylades—Mr. Hay, lieutenant; Messrs. JefTrys and Sauley, mates; Dr. Tweeddale, assistant-surgeon.
In the Columbine—Mr. Hamilton, lieutenant; Mr. Miller, mate; and Dr. Crawford, assistant-surgeon.
In the Hon. Company's steamer Atalanta—Mr. Grieve, lieutenant; Mr. Eden, midshipman.
In the Rattlesnake—Messrs. Cowell and Waddington, second-masters; Mr. Brodie, volunteer of the first class.
Lieut. Somerville, with bouts of the Minerva, Sulimany, and Marion.
Lieutenants Urquhart and Marriott, of the Royal Murines, Conway and Alligator.
Lieut. Collinson, attached to the surveying department, was exceedingly active in getting the ships into their positions.
Captain and Senior Officer jtresent.
Return- of war junks and row-boats, &-c. found in the Chinese naval arsenal on the 27th of May, 1841. Twelve war junks building, 24 row-boats, and 12 war junks lying at anchor off the arsenal.
A large quantity of timber, gun-carriages, and various stores.
If.M.S. Hyacinth, cff Canton, May 2Cti. Sir.—I have the honour to acquaint you that immediately on the receipt of your letter of the 21th inst., I weighed with the advanced squadron, and ordered Her Majesty's sloop Nimrod to attack the Samien Fort on the west end of the suburbs, supported by her Majesty's sloop under my command, being placed abreast of the English factory, to silence and dislodge any troops that might be there, and also with a view of covering the landing of her Majesty's 26th Regiment; her Majesty's sloops Modeste, Cruiser, and Columbine, taking up a position to attack the Dutch Folly fort, and to enfilade the line of batteries lately thrown up in front of the city to the eastward of that fort, On the ships taking up their position, three fire vessels were sent adrift, and, although the tide was running very strongly, by timely despatch of boats they were enabled to clear the ships and tow three on shore and set fire to the suburbs.
In the performance of this service they opened their fire on the boats and ■hipping. In half an hour the enemy were completely silenced to the eastward of the Dutch Folly fort. After reconnoitring the factory, and finding it quite deserted, 1 immediately ordered the pre-concerted signal for Her Majesty's brig Algerine, and Atalanta, steamer, to approach, with Her Majesty's 26th regiment., when they lauded and took possession of the factory, without the slightest casualty. This service being completed, I ordered Lieut. Mason, commanding Her Majesty's brig Algerine, to proceed to attack a fort to the eastward, which I feel much pleasure in reporting to you was done in a particularly spirited and gallant style by that officer; but, perceiving flie firing to be so heavy from the forts, I ordered the boats of Her Majesty's ships to her support—Her Majesty's sloop Hyacinth's, under Lieut. Stewart, and Mr. P. Barclay, mate; Modeste's, Mr. Fitzgerald, mate; Cruizer's, Lieut Haskell, and Mr. T. J. Drake, mate; Pylades, Lieut. Hay, and Columbine's, Lieuts. Hamilton and Hefpman, and Mr. Miller, mate. It is gratifying to me to inform you, by half-past seven the fort of eleven guns was silenced, and the guns spiked, under a heavy fire of gingals and musketry from houses; at the same time I regret to add, ft was not done without considerable loss. It would be impossible to particularize upon an occasion where every officer and man was engaged, against an enemy delending themselves with much vigour at all points, but in addition to my best thanks and acknowledgments to Commanders Barlow, Eyres, Gilford, Anson, and Clarke, and Lieut. Mason, I hope you will give me leave to recommend to your particular notice my own First-Lieut., W. H. Morshead, who was wounded in the hand in a personal engagement with a Mandarin. Lieut. Mason, of the Algerine, speaks in the highest terms of the conduct of Mr. Dolling, mate, and Mr. Higgs, second-master of that vessel. I cannot conclude without expressing my approbation of the steadiness of Commander Rogers, of the Indian navy, in conducting the Atalanta to her station.
I have, &c,
W. Warren, Commander.
To Capt. Sir II. L. F. Senhoute, K.C.H., $c.
(No. 5.) General return of killed and wounded in her Majesty's forces at the attack on Canton, from the 23rd to the 30th of May, 1841.
Blenheim—Killed 2; Wounded 9; 1 officer, V Royal Artillery, 1 acting-corporal Royal Marines, and 8 seamen.
Wellesley—Wounded 6; 3 seamen and 8 royal marines.
Blonde—Killed 1; Wounded 1; 1 seaman and 1 royal marine.
Calliope—Wounded 1 seaman.
Hyacinth—Wounded 2 officers and 3 seamen.
Niinrod—Killed 2; Wounded 4; 2 officers and 4 seamen.
Modeste—Killed 1; Wounded 9; 2 officers and 8 seamen.
Columbine—Wounded 2 seamen.
Algerine—Wounded 4; 1 officer, 2 seamen, and royal marine.
Nemesis—Wounded 1 officer.
Madras Artillery, 1 wounded; Sappers and Miners, 1 wounded; 18tli Royal Irish, 2 killed, 19 wounded; 26th Cameronians, 3 killed, 15 wounded; 49th regiment, 1 killed, 17 wounded; 37th Native Infantry, 1 killed, 13 wounded; Bengal Volunteers, 1 wounded, Camp followers, 1 killed, 3 wounded; Staff, 1 killed.
Total, 15 killed, 112 wounded.
The following is an outline of the instructions which Sir Henry Pottingcr has received from Her Majesty's Government for his guidance in the settlement of the British claims on the Chinese :—His Excellency is to demand fifteen millions of dollars, as an indemnity for the opium seiced by Lin, the expenses of the war, and the Hong debts. Immediate payment of a portion of the above sum, equal to the estimated value of the opium, is to be required: the remainder to be paid by instalments within five years, and to bear interest in the mean time at the rate of five per cent, per annum. Sir Henry has further been directed not to negociate with any Mandarin who does not hold plenary powers from his Sovereign. He is also to insist on a British Envoy being allowed to reside at Pekin, and hold direct communication with the Emperor. All the principal ports to be thrown open to foreign trade, and at each of them ground sufficient in extent for the erection of factories is to be ceded to the English. Hongkong is to be retained by the British as a permanent settlement. The Home Government appears to have resolved on bringing the Celestials to their senses. Energetic measures have been adopted for this purpose by despatching additional troops and vessels of war to China. We may therefore hope that within a year from the present time the holders of opium scrip will receive their just dues, and the trade between Great Britain and China will be placed on a firm and honorable basis.
Public Notice To Her Majesty's Subjects.
Macao, June 10, 1840. Her Majesty's Plenipotentiary thinks it necessary to warn all Her Majesty's subjects that he considers the entrance of British shipping within the river under present circumstances, imprudent and unsafe, and recommends that they should forthwith proceed to Hongkong.
He has further to declare that any attempt of the Chinese authorities to interfere with, or obstruct the freedom of trade and intercourse with Hongkong, will be answered with a close blockade of the port of Canton.
It is hereby declared to the merchants and traders of Canton and all parts of the empire, that they and their ships have free permission to resort to and trade ENLARGED SERIES.—NO. 12.—VOL. FOR 1841. 5 K
at the port of Hongkong, where they will receive full protection from the high officers of the British nation; and Hongkong being of the Chinese empire, neither will there be any charges on imports and exports parable to the British Government.
And it is further clearly declared, that there will be an immediate embargo upon the port of Canton, and the large ports of the empire, if there be the least obstruction to the freedom of Hongkong.
Persons bringing information to the British officers which shall lead to the detection of pirates will be liberally rewarded; and the pirate will be taken and delivered over to the officers of the Chinese government for punishment
At Macao, this 1th day of June, 1841.
(From the Canton Pre**, June 19.)
Our accounts from Canton are to the 14th. At that time there was no interruption to trade, and we learn that several chops of teas had been sent to the American ships at Whampoa. The English ships there were discharging their cargoes. The foreign residents at Canton were few, not exceeding, we believe, four or five in number, American and English. The latter, however, we think, will consider it expedient to leave, particularly since Cant. Elliot only a few days since gave their friends warning, that he considered their stay at Canton, or the remaining of their ships at Whampoa, any thing but safe.
Death or Sir H. Le Fleming Senhouse.
Ft is with deep and sincere sorrow, we have to announce to our readers the death of Sir Humphrey Le Fleming Senhouse, K.ch., senior naval officer of Her Majesty in China. This much-lamented event took place on board Her Majesty's ship Blenheim, on Monday, the 14th inst, at half-past eight in the morning, and the immediate cause of the veteran commander's death was a violent fever brought on by physical and mental exertions, and by exposure to the sun during the late expedition to Canton. It was, we understand, Sir F. Senhouse's wish to be buried in Macao, in preference to the British settlement of Hongkong, by which the late gallant officer seemed to call in question the probability of the permanent settlement of that island.
The mortal remains of Sir Fleming Senhouse were consequently brought to this city in the steamer Nemesis, and arrived here on the evening of Last Wednesday, when notice was given by Capt. Herbert, now senior naval officer, that the funeral would take place on the morning following, and that the funeral profession would form at Capt. Elliot's house at five o'clock.
The following was the order of the procession :—
The band of the Governor of Macao. A Colonel's Guard of Portuguese troops. Lieutenant Pitman, Royal Navy, chief mourner. Captain Clarke, of Her Majesty's ship Columbine, bearing the decorations of the deceased officer. The Coffin Borne by Twelve Sailors belonging to Her Majesty's ship Blenheim. Pall-bearers—Captain Bonrehier, R.n. Colonel Mountain,
Captain Smith, R.n. Colonel Morris,
Captain Kuper, R.n. Major Johnson;
Followed by the governor of Macao and staff; Major-General Sir Hugh Gough and stafT; Captain Herbert, senior officer of the fleet; Mr. Johnston, Deputysuperintendent; and about seventy naval and military officers, and almost all the British and foreign community. The baud during the progress of the procession towards the British burial-ground played a funeral march; the funeral service was read by the Rev. Mr. Cooper, chaplain of Her Majesty's ship Blenheim, and after the body had been consigned to the earth the Portuguese guard fired three volleys over the grave.
Typhoon In The China Seas.
The following account of the effects of the typhoon has been sent us by Commander Collinson, employed surveying on the China Coast.
Tn the typhoon I had a most providential escape. We left Macao in the Young Hebe at 10 A.m. on the 20th. The day was sultry, and it fell calm about two, when we anchored. The tide setting at five we weighed again, and drifted to within three miles of the south-west point of Lantao, where we anchored about nine, the Louisa cutter with the Commodore and Captain Elliott on board, being about three miles to the south-east.
Towards midnight, a breeze sprung up from the north, with rain. This increased rapidly so much so, that at one we weighed and ran for shelter under Lantao, making every precaution for a typhoon, by getting everything on deck.
It rained incessantly during the night, and about seven in the morning the gale increased. The drift from the sea was so great during the squalls, that we could not see a cable's length before us. At 1 lh. 30m., in a violent squall, we were thrown over, gunwhale under, and cut away the masts to righten her. The second anchor was let go, this having been reserved in case of slipping and trying to run to sea. The wind gradually drew round from N.N.W. to E.N.E., which it was now, and at 3 P.m. E.S.E. During the lulls, we discovered that we were driving and passed within half a cable's length of Chungchowsye, under the lee of which having drifted about five miles, we brought up, and the gale abated the following morning, when we rigged jurymasts and got back to Macao.
The cutter Louisa was not so fortunate, being further to the southward she was more exposed to the sea, and drifted down upon Tchow, to avoid which they slipped and made sail withashred of the mainsail. The master being knocked overboard by the boom was drowned. After running the gauntlet through the Luna Islets, and twice narrowly escaped the rocks, they were wrecked on the island Myloo, and made prisoners by the Chinese the following morning. Fortunately not being known they succeeded in prevailing on the Chinese to convey them to Macao for three thousand dollars. Had it been known to the Chinese that fifty thousand dollars was offered for either of them alive, or thirty thousand for either of their heads, it would have been all over with them.
A small schooner privateer with 100,000 dollars on board, on her way from Hongkong to Macao has not been heard of since the hurricane. One man belonging to the Rose, a schooner with 180,000 dollars on board, from the west coast, was picked up at sea by the Good Success, which vessel brought in also forty-eight Chinese, and the Coromandel three.
The Sulphur and Royalist (an opium clipper bought by the commo