« 이전계속 »
dore,) totally dismasted, and the Wellesley much damaged by vessels getting foul of her. The Starling was missing for three days, but was found at last off Fansyak, having parted from her anchors, and drifted through the Capsing Moon until brought up with her gun.
On the 25th we had another severe gale which veered round to the south-west, and obliged the Algerine to cat away her masts to prevent her going on shore.
Chinese Further Intelligence.
The Hon. Company's steamer, Atalanta, arrived hereon Saturday even-
The Sesostres, which left this on the 17th July, reached Macao on the 9th of August.
A frightful typhoon had blown over the Chinese Seas on the 21st and 26th July, and done fearful damage to the shipping.
The following is an extract of a private letter from Hongkong, dated 1st of August:—The fleet consists of
74 Wellesley, Captain Maitland—Sir W., Commander-in-Chief.
74 Blenheim, Captain Herbert
38 Blonde, Captain Bourchier
28 Alligator, Captain Pritchard
42 Druid Captain Smith
26 Herald, Captain Nias
18 Hyacinth; Bentick, surveying vessel; Starling, schooner.
18 Pylades, Capt. Anson; Sesostres, st.-frigate; Queen, armed steamer.
16 Cruizcr; 1G Columbine; 18 Modeste; Phlegethon, iron steamer.
10 Algerine; 12 Royalist; G Sulphur; Nemesis, iron steamer.
The fleet of transports consists of forty-four vessels: we muster three thousand bayonets.
Everything is in a great state of preparation for our departure, and only wait the arrival of Sir H. Pottinger; and the Queen leaves to-day to bring him over from Macao. The first of our operations is to be the reduction of Amoy, then the devoted Tsing-hae,—where the fleet and forces winter. Strong opposition is expected at Amoy, but no Chinese, or China army can stand against the long-tried courage of the English troops.
Sir G. Bremer hauls down his flag from the Wellesley to-day, and Admiral Sir W. Parker shifts from the Blenheim to that vessel.
Major Malcolm, the secretary, has been sent with a letter to Canton, advising the government with Sir Henry's arrival, and letting- his Highness, the Governor know, that his Excellency would wait the Emperor's reply at Chusan, "being afte-r taking Amoy on the way." This is really and truly acting the Irish Ambassador. The letter to the Emperor demands payment in full for the opium, the expenses of the war, and a free trade and consular rights. What will his Majesty say to this? This is not dealing with subordinates. We all expect to be soon back. The Emperor will give it; and as Keshen is reported again in power,* there is no doubt he is too knowing to allow their provincial towns to be battered down.
A smart fire consumed Hongkong on the night of the 16th; but the light material of which it is built rendered it easily re-erected. The Phlegethon and Starling have been to Canton to pull up the stakes which our friends have been employed fixing in the river. They have succeeded so far in placing stones, that a junk or two well sunk would fill up the western passage.
19th.—The Nemesis arrived from Macao to-day, to accompany the fleet northward. The 21st is the day fixed upon for a start. This day's return of bayonets is 2,570.
(From the Bombay Overland Courier, Oct. \tt, 1841.,)
Rear-Admiral Sir W. Parker and Sir H. Poltinger arrived at Macao in the steamer Sosostres on the 9th of August. Their Excellencies landed on the following morning, and took immediate steps for assuming charge of their respective departments. The former as naval commander-in-chief hoisted his flag in the Blenheim, but subsequentlyshifted it to the Wellesley, in consequence of Sir J. J. G. Bremer having determined to return home. The commission appointing Sir H. Pottinger sole Plenipotentiary and Chief Superintendent of Trade in China has been published in the Hongkong Gazette, together with a letter from Lord Palmerston. These documents intimate that Sir Henry is only to obey such instructions as he may from time to time receive from her Majesty, the Privy Council, or one of the principal Secretaries of the State. It is evident, therefore, that the Governor-General of India cannot interfere with the proceedings of the expedition.
On the 12th of August, the new Plenipotentiary issued an official notification addressed to Her Britannic Majesty's subjects, and all other foreigners resident in China. This document is couched in terms at once clear and decisive. It has, therefore, given general satisfaction; furnishing a strong contrast to the effect produced by those which emanated from the pen of Captain Elliot. Sir Henry declares that though he shall be most happy to listen to the wishes of all parties, and as far as possible consult their welfare; "it is his intention to devote his undivided energies and thoughts" to the grand object of speedily and satisfactorily terminating the " War." He, therefore, will allow no consideration connected with mercantile or other private interests to interfere with the carrying out the stringent measures which he may find it necessary to adopt towards the Chinese. His Excellency has notified to the provincial authorities at Canton, that the existing truce, in reference to that city will be respected by the British, but that the slightest infraction of its terms by the Chinese will lead to iminedi
* Othon say he is handed over tu the Board of Punishment.
ate hostilities. The Plenipotentiary further warns her Majesty's subjects, as also all other foreigners, against placing themselves or their property within the power of the Chinese, and declares if they do so, it will be at their own peril.
On the 21st of August, a large squadron sailed from Hongkong to the northward. Sir Henry Pottinger had previously despatched his secretary, Major Malcolm, to Canton, with a letter to the local authorities, intimating his having been appointed Plenipotentiary and Minister Extraordinary to the Coart of Pekin. A letter for the Emperor was enclosed, and it is reported that Sir Henry intimated his intention of awaiting a reply at Chusan. The imperial commissioners appear to have been much alarmed by the forward movement of the British, and are said to have offered ten millions of taels of silver, in order to prevent the departure of the squadron from Hongkong. For this purpose the Kwan-cboo-foo, who is the highest municipal authority at Canton, came to Macao, and had an interview with Sir Henry. This latter very properly refused, and referred the Kwan-cboo-foo to his secretary.
Capture or A Slaver.
Admiralty, November ltt, 1841. A Despatch was this day received from Captain William Tucker, the senior officer of her Majesty's ships and vessels on the western coast of Africa, of which the following is a copy :—
H.M.S. Ira, at tea, August 5tf, 1841. Sis.—I beg to transmit, for the information of the Lords Commissi oners of die Admiralty, the accompanying duplicate letter from Lieut. LiUlehales, commanding her Majesty's brigantine Dolphin, addressed to Captain Nurse, the original of which was forwarded by the Forester, but did not reach either CspL Nurse or myself, reporting a most successful and gallant attack and capture made by the boats of the Dolphin, under the immediate command of Mr. A. C. Murray, (a mate of six years' standing,) and Mr. John F. Rees, secondmaster.
I hare great pleasure in requesting their lordships' attention to the f/ih sad sixth paragraphs, which report most strongly the conduct of Meson. A. C. Murray and J. F. Rees, and of John Smith, (as.,) who has this day been invalided from the effects of the wound.
At the same time, I beg to add my approbation and admiration of the conduet of those concerned, and of Mr. Rees to state, that since his arrival on this station, he has twice taken a passage in the Teasel I have commanded, and proved himself a most zealous and gallant officer, particularly in the destruction of the slave factories at Corisco, by the boats of the Wolverine.
1 have, it,
(Signed) William Tucker,
To R. More O'FerraU, Esq., Sfe. Capt. and Senior Officer m command.
H.M. brigantine Dolphin, at tea, June 8tA, 1841. Sir.—Tn having the honour to make a special report of the detention of the Brazilian brigantine Firme, fully equipped for the slave trade, I trust you will excuse the rather lengthened detail of the circumstances connected with her capture, as I have every reason to hope it would induce you to make the strongest possible report to the Lordj Commissiouers of the Admiralty, in favor of the two officers in charge of the boaus.
At daylight on the morning of Sunday, the 30th day of May, being under easy sail oft Whydah, with the wind off the land, our head being to the westward, a brigantine was observed on the lee bow. All sail was immediately made in chase; the stranger soon after doing the same, steering to the southwest We at first, (probably in consequence of being inshore, and having the land wind stronger,) closed her so much as to rise the top of her hull; but the wind getting light as we drew off, and the stranger increasing her distance, I was induced, at half-past six, to despntch the cutter and gig armed, with Mr. Murray, mate, and Mr. ltces, second-master, under the orders of the former officer, to endeavour to come up with and detain the chase, (evidently a slaver,) before the setting in of the sea breeze.
At nine we observed from aloft the boats apparently pull alongside the stranger, her head being then inshore. Not long after, I had the satisfaction to see her bear up for the Dolphin, which had then made all sail to the light sea breeze, just setting in. Shortly after noon the brigantine passed under our lee, hailing, to sny they had captured her, after a resistance of twenty minutes, with, I regret to say, the loss of two seamen killed, Mr. Murray, and one seaman severely, and two others slightly wounded.
On Mr. Murray's appearance on board, I found that, after about two hours and a half pull, they had come up with the chase, the gig being rather a-head; for which the vessel, having no colours flying, as well as the lightness of the wind would permit, bore down, opening a sharp and continued fire of musketry, which was returned; when both boats, after steadily reloading under their fire, cheered and boarded on each quarter. Great resistance was met with in the act of boarding; but a little after Messrs. Murray and Rees, with four or five men, had once got fairly on her deck, most of the crew running below, firing their muskets as they retreated. The bowman of the gig, William Allen, Ab., was shot through the heart in the act of laying his oar in, and the bowman of the cutter, William Jacobs, Ad., when getting up the side.
I have great pleasure in calling your attention to the conduct of Mr. Murray (mate of six years' standing), who was the first to board, though he was knocked back into the boat with the butt end of a musket, which broke his collar-bone, but immediately clambered up the side again, in the act of which his left hand was nearly severed at the wrist with the blow of a cutlass. Another cut was made at his head, which he fortunately parried, cutting the man down. This circumstance, together with Mr. Rees crossing over at the same moment and cutting down another of the party opposing the boarders on that side, was the occasion of her quick capture. I beg to observe, that this is the second affair of this description in which Mr. Rees, a most active and zealous officer, and who has been constantly away in the Dolphin's boats, has been engaged during his service on the coast, he having been one of the officers who landed at Corisco when that place was destroyed by Cant. Tucker, the senior officer.
I beg also particularly to mention the conduct of John Smith, Ab., an old and first-rate seaman, who has served on the coast in her Majesty's ships Ariadne, Brisk, and Athol, five years and a half. He was the first man to board, with his officer, and was engaged with three of the crew at once; his right arm being disabled by the blow of a cutlass and badly fractured, he continued fighting with his left. His life was saved through Mr. Rees cutting down one of the three on him. Of the two seamen who were killed, William Allen and William Jacobs, Ab, the first was a very steady well-behaved man, and supported his aged parents, who depended solely on him, giving all his advance, and allotting half his pay to them previous to his leaving England ; the other was the smartest seaman in the vessel, and a very well-behaved man. He has left a wife, to whom he also allotted half of his pay.
I trust you will excuse my bringing to your notice the circumstance that the cutter of the Dolphin is but a twenty-foot boat, having at the time only nine persons, including the officer, in her, the gig only six; both boats weresoddened from constant blockading, and pulled very heavy, and that the crews had had a lonj harassing pull of two hours and a half, under a hot sun, without their breakfasu, after a squally rainy rooming, during which they were constantly employed trimming, and making kail. The sweeps of the brigantme were rigged oot, which prevented the party boarding by the chains, thereby rendering it much more difficult 10 get on board, or for more than one or two to get up her side at a time, she being as high out of the water as the Dolphin. Her crew fired well, the-shot (ailing in every direction round and through the boats, and amongst the people, they themselves never showing above the gunwale of the bnganriiie.
The Finne, a beautiful vessel (179 tons), lately built at Baltimore, was direct from Bahia, and had only just made the land,not having had communication. The regular official papers, with the Brazilian flag, were found on board, proving her to be Brazilian property. There were ten passengers not down in the official list, two or three of whom were to remain at Whydah and other places, as slave agents. They were all I fancy using muskets; at all events they weie handing powder up from the cabin, and to persons firing from the stern scuttles in the cabin. I secured them, with the crew, hand and foot, and kept them on bread and water for eight days, landing all at Accra (except those necessary for condemnation), not being able, through the heaviness of the surf, to land them to the eastward.
In consequence of the crew of the prize keeping always beneath the gunwale, and running below after our people got on board, only two were killed ; one severely, and six slightly, wounded.
From the passengers we understood, that the captain and crew were determined not to be taken bv English men-of war's boats, and had paid the greatest attention to their arms, ic. during the passage.
I have. &c.
(Signed) En. Littehales, To Captain Xurtt, Senior Officer, Sfc. Lieutenant Commanding.
Admiralty, November 2nd.
With reference to the above despatch, the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty have signed a commission, dated the 1st of October, prorooting Mr. Augustus Charles Murray, mate, to the rank of lieutenant.
By a minute also dated this day, the Board have directed that Mr. John Fletcher Rees, second-master, be promoted to the rank of master, aud that John Smith, able seaman, shall receive a boatswain's warrant, on their severally passing the required examination for their respective ranks.
Hesselo Light, Katteoat.
Hydrography Office, AdmiraUg, Oct. 9, 1841.
The Board of Customs at Copenhagen has given noticethat—a Lighthouse has been recently erected on the Island of Hesselo, in the Kattegat, and will be lighted in the present month. It will be a revolving light, every revolution occupying one minute in the following order. A very strong light will continue for 11 seconds, this will be succeeded by 19 seconds of a weaker light, the light then becomes altogether invisible for 11 seconds, but will again appear for 19 seconds previous to the return of the strong glare.
The light being 85 feet above the level of the sea will be visible from all parts of the horiron nithin the distance of 14 miles.
The building, which is 32 feet high, will be kept whitewashed and stands in latitude 56° 11'45 "North, and longitude 11° 42'20" East of Greenwich.