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The estimated yield per acre at Geneva was very high, namely, 19 tons. The reported percentage of sugar in the beet is quite low when compared with the reported percentage of the sugar in the juice. There appears to be a discrepancy here which is not explained. The mean temperature for May to October, 62.8° F., is divided into that for May to July, 66°, and August to October, 59.5°, while that for the three growing months of June, July, and August was 68.7o. The temperature was not very high at any time, July having the highest average, namely, 70°, while August had a markedly lower temperature, 68.20. The precipitation was excessive in May and July, and conducive to growth during the other months. There was a greater amount of rainfall in September and October than was desirable for the proper maturity of the beets, and it appears that the growth must have been checked by the cool weather of October rather than by lack of moisture. The other meteorological data not obtainable for Geneva were taken from Rochester and Lyons. In general, the meteorological data appear favorable to the production of a beet of high quality, and in fact the purity of the beet is represented by the coefficient of 83.7.
THE NEW YORK STATION (ITHACA).
Under date of September 13, when sending the first sample, the following comments on the year's experiment were made:
These beets were not sown until the middle of June. This was the second sowing, the first having been a failure, which may account for the small yield -7.6 tons per acre. As half the plat was in sugar beet last year and the other half was not, I should like to send two samples for sugar determinations, for comparison. Leaf spot was present last y ar and made its appearance this year about the last of August on the half of the plat which was in sugar beets before, spreading gradually in about two weeks to the other end of the plat. This may affect the quality of the roots.
31050-Bull. 96-05- 3
The two sets of samples were received and analyzed, the average only being given in the table in case of that part of the plat which was newly planted in beets. It will be noted that the beets from the latter were superior in every respect, there being a difference of 1.6 tons in yield, 1.9 per cent in sugar in the beet, and 4.3 in the purity coefficient.
Agricultural and analytical data on beets grown at Ithaca, N. Y., and forwarded to
The yield per acre at the Ithaca Station was remarkably low, being only 7.6 tons on that portion of the plat which had been used for beet cultivation throughout the experiment, and 9.2 tons on the newly planted portion, both figures having been determined at the station. The percentage of sugar in the beet was satisfactory, being 12.4, but the purity of 76.2 is considerably below the standard, and combined with the low tonnage would not yield a very profitable return. The data for the portion of the plat used throughout the experiment are platted, and it is to be noted that the use of the data from the newly planted portion would have placed Ithaca above Geneva in the comparative charts; the inferiority in purity and tonnage, however, would make the crop as a whole still inferior to that produced at Geneva.
The average temperature from May to July was 64.5° F.; from June to August, 67.8°; from August to October, 58.7°; and for the six months, 61.6o. The precipitation was rather irregular, being greatest in May, when it was least needed, and smallest in August, when it was most needed. The beets must have suffered considerably in their development by the excessively dry weather of August and September. There was in general a predominance of cloudy days over the number of clear days. The conditions of temperature as indicated are favorable to the production of a beet of high character, but the
precipitation was not so distributed as to favor the production of a large crop.
Meteorological data for Ithaca, N. Y., 1904.
The experiment conducted by the North Carolina Station was practically a failure, owing to the very unfavorable weather conditions, a long drought following the sowing on May 25 and 30, preventing germination for about three weeks, and another one of eight weeks' duration occurring in September and October. The beets were thinned on June 27 and July 9 and harvested on December 20, one sample being sent then and one on January 11, after the beets had been held in storage. The beets were grown at the test farm at Statesville, about 138 miles due west of Raleigh, the western part of the State being more favorable to this crop. In August there was considerable rain, and the plant made a start, only to be checked by the drought of September and October, most of the growth being made still later in the fall. The high quality of the crop, as shown by the analyses of the two samples sent, is to be attributed to the small size of the beets.
Agricultural and analytical data on beets grown at Raleigh, N.C., and forwarded to
a Estimate reported by station. b Harvested December 20, on same date as the first sample, stored, and shipped January 11, 1905.
The failure to obtain a crop at the North Carolina Station renders the discussion of the fragmentary data unnecessary. Although the germination of the crop was prevented by a severe drought in May, an inspection of the data for the precipitation will not indicate the severity of the disaster. The precipitation for May was sufficient, had it been properly distributed, to have secured germination, and for June it was very abundant. There was an abundant rainfall, as far as quantity is concerned, also in July and August September was quite dry, and during October only twelve-hundredths of an inch of rain fell. An inspection of the data for temperature shows high temperatures for June, July, and August, averaging 73.7° F.considerably above the limit suitable for the production of a beet rich in sugar. The high content of sugar in the beets, as before stated, must be attributed to their stunted growth, the beets being extremely small, and the yield only about 1} tons per acre.
It is a common experience that beets of this character always contain abnormal percentages of sugar.
THE VIRGINIA STATION.
The seed was planted at the Virginia Station on April 14, and the plants were cultivated at frequent intervals throughout the growing season, being thinned on June 16 and sampled on September 14 and 26 and October 8 and 21. The germination was reported as being
8 almost perfect and the plants made a rapid growth, reaching full size about August 1, when the outer leaves began to turn dark and become dry. Later the beets made a second growth, which was checked by two weeks of dry weather the first part of September. The season, as a whole, is reported as being favorable, with much rain.