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self on this side Jordan, in that portion, which, upon his suit, was allotted him by the ruler and lawgiver of Israel.

XXXIII. 22 Dan is a lion's whelp: he shall leap from Bashan. Dan shall fly upon his enemies, like some fell and fierce young lion, that is bred in the mountain of Bashan.

XXXIII. 24 Let him dip his foot in oil.

He shall dwell in a rich soil, and shall abound with the plenty of all earthly blessings.

XXXIII. 25 Thy shoes shall be iron and brass.

The earth, whereon thou shalt tread, shall be stored with all useful metals, as iron and brass, and the like of those kinds.

XXXIV. 6 And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab. God did this honour to his servant Moses, that he did, without the aid of any mortal hand, provide a grave for him, and there interred him accordingly.

XXXIV. 10 Face to face. See Numb. xii. 8.


V. 9 I have this day rolled away the reproach of Egypt off you. I have taken away from you that your uncircumcision, which you have kept all this while, out of that irreligious carelessness which your fathers brought with them out of Egypt.

V. 14 Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now


It is far from me, to be for thine adversaries; no, I am that angel of the covenant, who am come to lead and protect the troops of Israel.

V. 15 Loose thy shoe, &c. See Exod. iii. 5.

VI. 17 The city shall be accursed, even it, and all that are therein, to the LORD.

The city shall be devoted to an absolutè destruction, and all the living creatures that are in it; and sequestered to a revenge and extirpation, from the Lord.

VI. 26 He shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it.

When he lays the first stone in the foundation, let his eldest son die; and when he hath finished it, and set up the gates, let his youngest son die: so let him be left utterly childless, that will go about to re-edify that city, which God would have lie waste.

See 1 Kings xvi. 34.

VII. 5 The hearts of the people melted, and became as water. They began to be disheartened, and their courage and spirit began to fail them.

VII. 19 My son, I pray thee give glory to the LORD, &c.

As thou hast offended and dishonoured God, by thy sin, so now

give honour to his omniscience and justice, who hath found thee out in thy sin, by acknowledging this heinous offence, whereby thou hast provoked God's anger against his people.

IX. 14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

And the men took their relation upon trust, at the sight of their mouldy victuals; and did not consult with the high priest, who, in all doubtful cases, was to return them the answers of the Lord.

IX. 23 Now therefore ye are cursed.

Ye are of that nation, whom God, amongst the rest, hath cursed and appointed to be rooted out; and, besides, you have deserved a just punishment of this your guile.

X. 12 Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, moon, in the valley of Ajalon.

O God, let it please thee to command the sun to stand still, while we are fighting in and for Gibeon; that we may have light to do full execution upon thine enemies: and let the moon forbear to bring on the night upon us.

X. 40 So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs.

So Joshua smote all that part of the country, which lay to the south; both those cities which were built on the hills, and those which were seated in the plains.

XI. 13 But as for the cities that stood still in their strength, Israel burnt none of them.

As for those cities, which yielded themselves up to Joshua, ere they were defaced by a violence of a siege, Israel burnt none of them.

XI. 20 For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle.

It was the wise counsel and just decree of the Almighty, that the inhabitants, being left to their own thoughts, should take up stub. born resolutions to stand out in battle against Israel.

XV. 19 Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water.

Out of the bounty of a parent, give me this addition to my child's part thou hast already bestowed upon me a parcel of mountainous and dry land, give me also some other ground that lies low and well watered.

XVII. 18 And the outgoings of it shall be thine.

Thou shalt take all the passages to, and from, and about it; and the bordering places adjoining to it.

XXII. 17 Is the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed until this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of the LORD,

XXII. 18 But that ye must turn away this day from following the LORD, &c.

Was it not enough wickedness in us, that heretofore, through the enticements of the Moabitish women, we were joined to Baal-Peor, and were drawn into horrible idolatry, (the remainders of which sin and judgment do still stick by us, although God sent a grievous plague amongst us, in regard thereof) but that ye must now again this day, sin against God, in a new point of will-worship, and idolatry?

XXII. 19 If the land of your possession be unclean, then pass ye over unto the land of the possession of the LORD, &c. If there be any taint of idolatry in the very place, whereby it is made unholy and infectious; then leave that your possession beyond Jordan, which is separated from the rest of the inheritance of God's people, and pass over hither to us.

XXIV. 12 And I sent the hornet before you. See Deut. vii. 20. XXIV. 19 He will not forgive your transgressions, nor your sins. He will not suffer your willing and presumptuous sins to go unpunished.

XXIV. 27 Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD, &c.

This stone shall be a monument of this day's covenant, which you have renewed with the Lord; forasmuch as, in the view and presence thereof, ye have spoken the words of this covenant, mutually agreed upon betwixt God and us,


III. 8 He sold them into the hand of Chushan-Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia.

God gave them into the hands of the king of Mesopotamia, that they might be his tributaries and slaves.

III. 10 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him.

And God enabled him with the gifts of wisdom and power, to rescue and govern his people.

IV. 4 Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

And Deborah was moved with the spirit of prophecy, and was extraordinarily raised up by God, to give answers from God to Israel, and to give counsels and directions to his people.

V. 4 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, &c.

O Lord, thou shewdest thyself marvellous in all the passages of Israel out of Egypt; when thou wentest up before them from the land of the Edomites, both the heavens and the earth did both feel

and declare thy power; in all these were seen the wonderful signs of thine Almighty protection of thy people.

V. 5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.

The very foundations of the mountains were moved at thy presence; insomuch as mount Sinai itself, which had formerly shaken at the delivery of thy Law given upon it, did now again, though far distant, quake at the awful manifestation of thy power.

V. 6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, &c.

In the days of the late tyrants that enthralled and oppressed Israel, even froin the time of Shamgar's deliverance till this of Jael, the ways were unfrequented: no man durst stir out, for fear of their cruelty.

V. 8 They chose new gods; then was war in the gates.

It was for their idolatry, that God stirred up enemies against them, and brought this desolation to their cities.

V. 9 My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people.

I cannot but applaud, and bless God, for the forwardness and cheerful courage of the chief rulers of Israel, in undertaking this war. V. 10 Speak; ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way.

O ye, that are the chief leaders and governors of the people, do ye help me to praise our God, for our deliverance; and ye, that are travellers and traders abroad, join with me in this thanksgiving.

V. 11 They that are delivered from the noise of archers in the places of drawing water, there shall they rehearse the righteous acts of the LORD, &c. towards the villages of Israel: then shall the people of the LORD go down to the gates.

And ye, the meanest of the people, even the drawers of water, in Israel, who, for the danger of the enemy, durst not stir forth of your doors, do you, being delivered from this fear, magnify the great works of God, who hath so freed all the villages of Israel, that now they may safely resort to their cities, whether for justice or traffic.

V. 12 Lead thy captivity captive.

Bring forth thy captives in a triumphant manner.

V. 14 Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek ; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer. Most of the several tribes did their parts in this conflict: some came from Ephraim; others, from the borders of the Amalekites; and thou, Benjamin, who art but a small tribe, wert not behind the rest of Israel: some from Manasseh (of whom Machir descended) who were chief rulers among the people, came forth; and the scribes of the tribe of Zebulun were not wanting to this valiant service.

V. 15 And also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart.

Also Barak, with his tribe of Naphtali, came readily, and with all the speed that his feet could make, into the field. As for those tribes of Reuben and Gad, who were by the lot of their inheritance divided from the rest, there were great exceptions taken at their absence.

V. 16 Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart.

O ye of the tribes beyond Jordan, how could any of you sit still quiet among your flocks and herds, when these great businesses were in hand? For the absence of Reuben, great exceptions were taken, and diverse censures passed.

V. 17 Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships, &c.?

Gilead came not forth, but abode still at home beyond Jordan; and those of Dan were attending their merchandize, &c.

V. 19 The kings came and fought.

The neighbour kings came forth to aid Jabin.

V. Ibid. They took no gain of money.

They gained nothing by the war.

V. 20 They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.

The very clouds and winds fought for us, against our enemies; and the stars of heaven, whose influence works upon these creatures, took part with us against Sisera.

V. 21 O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength.

O my soul, thou hast triumphed over all the strength of thine enemies.

V. 23 Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye utterly the inhabitants of Meroz; because they came not to the help of the LORD, &c.

The angel of God, whose prophetess I am, hath bidden me to call for your curses against Meroz, and the inhabitants thereof; who, dwelling near to the place where this battle was fought, and, as it were, within the noise of our trumpets, yet came not forth to our aid.

VI. 10 Fear not the gods of the Amorites.

Do not worship or serve the gods of the Amorites.

VI. 22 For because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.t For, because I have seen an angel of the Lord face to face, in tha visible form which he assumed, I shall surely die.

VI. 26 Upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place.

In the top of this rock, whereon I gave order unto thee before, to offer that thy sacrifice (which my fire consumed) in that place, which is already predisposed for this work, offer thy burnt-sacrifice, &c.


VI. 34 But the Spirit of the LORD came upon God raised up the heart of Gideon, with courage, to undertake this war; and, with prudence, to manage it.

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