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is the factional strife which prevailed in Wisconsin at that time. Each faction of the Republican party feared that the other faction, if successful, would fortify itself with patronage. The result was that many men of each faction supported the bill to prevent the "other fellows" from getting the offices, and I dare say that each faction thinks that it gave us the law. We are deeply indebted to all who helped in securing legislation, of the value of which many voters were not and are not yet, aware. The La Follette administration naturally has the credit for its passage. The Governor appointed the present commission, and I am glad to say that the law is being admirably administered, and, while the State Association was urged, almost frantically, in the first instance, to come out and help the Commission, I think the Commission stands pretty solidly on its own feet now, and is certainty administering the law earnestly and ably. There is not much more to say about the general Wisconsin situation, except as to Mr. Dana's statement that all Wisconsin cities of over 10,000 population have Fire and Police Boards on the Merit basis. All cities of 10,000 and over have such boards, nineteen or twenty in all. Our Association, made up in large part, especially in the list of officers, of some of the ablest and most distinguished men of the State, including the President of the State University, is now awaiting the time when the local fire and police boards in such cities shall be enabled, by the necessary legislation, to include within their control the whole appointive force of their respective cities; and I think the report of the State Commission, admirably prepared by President Sparling, will also present the same idea. The time is coming when we shall be almost "civil service ridden,” as I once heard an opponent of the Merit System in Wisconsin, say that New York State now is. We shall certainly bend every energy to secure that desirable result.

There never was a time, ladies and gentlemen, when the Merit System was so necessary and important as it is to-day. Judicial minded and disinterested men are needed in the Legislature of each State, at Washington and in our large cities, to solve delicate and difficult

problems now before the people, the proper solution of which is vital to the safety of our national institutions and our social existence. It is easy for corrupt men, representing everything and anything, except the general good, to secure elective positions in our Legislatures by promising offices to those who aid in their "campaigns.” With the Merit System universally applied this great evil would be remedied, and it is not possible to overestimate the salutary and inevitable result.

Mr. W. J. Trembath submitted the following report from the Civil Service Reform Association of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania:

Our Association in its limited field now numbers seventy members of whom fully one-half have been added within the past thirty days. Among our members is one of the State Senators from our County, two of the Representatives elect and the Mayor of the City of WilkesBarre. It may be remembered that there was an earlier · association formed in Luzerne County in 1899 thru the efforts of Mr. Herbert Welsh. It existed a year and died in a chilly atmosphere. The present association owes its existence to the efforts of Mr. Edgar Dudley Faries in the early part of the summer and the later efforts of Messrs. Robert D. Jenks and Samuel B. Scott. We are very much astonished at the change in the temperature since 1899. We now find that things are spontaneously coming our way.

The next delegation to the Legislature will be more than one-half of it composed of men pledged to vote for an adequate measure of civil service reform of the State. We need it not so much in our City of Wilkes-Barre, which is, we pride ourselves, a fairly well governed city, but in the County where there is a degree of frank rascality.

One of my friends, a candidate for the Legislature, was approached by a politician recently with the remark: “I am free to say two years ago I helped to count you out but this time I am with you.” We have precincts where they are capable of returning a vote of nine hundred for one candidate to one for his opponent, a vote that exceeds by three times all the men, women, children

and domestic animals in the precinct. It will not surprise you when I say that recently I observed a Court House Clerk writing down "Missouri" M-a-s-u-r-i-e and in so doing he was not acting under the influence of any reform association, spelling or otherwise.

I think there is nothing more I need say now. We are full of hope and full of activity and expect to show some results in supporting our parent association in Philadelphia.

Mrs. Albert Sioussat submitted the following report from the Women's Auxiliary to the Civil Service Reform Association of Maryland:

The Women's Auxiliary of the Maryland Civil Service Reform Association reports a general interest in the work of the National League. We have two hundred and fifty members, of whom over one hundred were present at the Annual Meeting at Mrs. Bonaparte's, where Dr. Gilman and Mr. Bonaparte kindly addressed us, and we found we were able to contribute one hundred dollars instead of fifty, as usual, to the Civil Service Reform League. A report covering the last two years has been printed and distributed, and in sending it to our members we enclosed a copy of the excellent “Primer of the Civil Service and the Merit System,” published by the New York and Massachusetts Auxiliaries, which contains in a compact form so much valuable information. Copies have also been sent to all the Presidents of the Federated Clubs in Maryland. Since the dissolution of the Arundel Good Government Club in Baltimore the Maryland Auxiliary feels there is a special opportunity, of which it hopes to take advantage, in lines suitably associated with the work of civil service reform. Delegates went to Annapolis with those of other bodies, in regard to the important Child Labor bill, greatly needed and finally passed at the last session of the legislature. The Hon. William II. Taft gave the annual address, May 21, before the Maryland Civil Service Reform Association, and the Auxiliary had the gratification of entertaining him at dinner at the Belvedere, with a few friends especially interested in the cause.

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At the first meeting of the Auxiliary in October the following minute was adopted:

"The Women's Auxiliary to the Maryland Civil Service Reform Association, at this meeting, the first since the death of Hon. Carl Schurz, the former President of the National Association, desire to place permanently upon its records its appreciation of the valuable constructive work performed by him in the infancy of the effort to reform the civil service of the United States.

"By voice and pen he labored unselfishly and unweariedly to rouse the public mind to a just appreciation of the evils of the spoils system and to establish a higher standard of civil service.

“He possessed high ideals of the duty of every citizen; unswerving courage in his contest with wrongdoing, absolute devotion to the principles of Civil Service Reform, and a firm faith in their final triumph.

“It is a peculiar gratification to this Auxiliary to feel that his life was prolonged until he saw the partial accomplishment of the reform for which he had labored so assiduously and was given a vision of the victory of the good cause.”

The Auxiliary has made arrangements for several house meetings this winter where the whole society will be addressed by speakers of distinction on subjects relating to the work. The first of these will take place the 10th of December.

Work among the schools of the city will be again undertaken but here Baltimore labors under special difficulties, a rule of the School Board forbidding any competition for prizes, and this rule can only be changed by vote of the City Council. A personal letter enclosing the Primer and other matter is being sent to teachers of the 8th grade grammar schools, asking if they will read them and incorporate the contents informally in their lessons in American History and Civics. We hope also by personal interviews to increase their knowledge and interest and so reach the large body of foreign-born as well as American citizens so soon to be voters.

It is hoped that some work in the counties and also in

young men's clubs and associations may be undertaken later through the agency of the Maryland State Federation.

Miss Marian C. Nichols submitted the following report from the Women's Auxiliary to the Civil Service Reform Association of Massachusetts:

The Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association takes pleasure in reporting a year of continued inward strength and outward growth. Since our last report to the League 104 members have joined the Auxiliary which now numbers over 1100 and represents 50 cities and towns in Massachusetts. All but 180 members belong to one or another of our 9 branches.

These branches, offshoots of the same tree, have many common family traits; they are, however, such important factors in our work that we wish to present brief records of their chief activities during the past year.

The Boston Branch has obtained the permission o! the Boston School Board for the use of Miss Cary's Primer as supplementary reading in the grammar schools and of our pamphlet by Mr. Cary for similar use in the high schools. Our pamphlets have now been adopted by all 12 high schools while 3876 copies of the Primer have been sent to 47 grammar schools in the city. This branch, on behalf of the Auxiliary, raised $265 by arranging a very successful entertainment for the Bazaar of the Massachusetts Federation of Women's Clubs. Our participation in a fair which sounds at first like a far cry from the merit system was only a fitting recognition of the invaluable support given us by the Federation Civil Service Reform Committee and the extensive hold on public opinion secured us by the Federated Clubs of Massachusetts.

The Brookline Branch held a large and well-attended study class last winter and this season has started two classes. Mrs. Richard C. Cabot spoke at the annual meeting, and Mr. Arthur H. Brooks addressed a meeting arranged for the Brookline teachers. Many of the publications of the League as well as a set of the Auxiliary's pamphlets have been placed and listed in the Public Li

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