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FORMS OF REPORTS.
18. Form of discharge.
GOVERNMENT OF THE NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES.
CLASSIFICATION OF VESSELS,
1. The vessels of the Navy of the United States will be classed as follows:
First rates will comprise steamships of 4,000 tons displacement and upward ; iron-clad steamers of 3,000 tons measurement and upward ; ships-ofthe-line, comnissioned for sea-service.
Second rates will comprise steamships of 2,000 to 4,000 tons displacement; Second rates. iron-clad steamers of 2,000 to 3,000 tons measurement; frigates, (sailing,) commissioned for sea-service.
Third rates will comprise steamships of 900 to 2,000 tons displacement; Third rates. iron-clad steamers of 1,200 to 2,000 tons measurement; sluops of war, (sailing,) commissioned for sea-service.
Fourth rates will comprise steamships below 800 tons displacement, dispatcb-vessels and store-ships.
2. Whenever & vessel is commissioned as a receiving-ship, her rate will be Receiving-ships. decided by the Navy Department.
DETAIL OF COMMAND.
Detail of com
mand. Officers of the United States Navy will be assigned to command as follows:
1. An Admiral may command a fleet or fleets.
Admiral, 2. A Vice-Admiral may command a fleet, or a division of a fleet under the
Vice-Admiral. Admiral; be Commander-in-Chief of a squadron ; or may command a naval station.
3. A Rear-Admiral may command a fleet or squadron, a squadron or division Rear Admiral. under an Admiral or Vice-Admiral ; be Chief of Staff of a naval force under an Admiral or Vice-Admiral; or may command a naval station.
4. A Commodore may command a division or a squadron, or be Chief of Staff Commodore. of a naval force commanded by an Admiral, a Vice or Rear Admiral; or may command ships of the first class, naval stations, or the vessel of an Admiral, Vice-Admiral, or Rear-Admiral commanding a fleet.
5. A Captain commands a vessel of the second class, or a vessel of the first class under an Admiral, Vice or Rear Admiral, or a Commodore ; may be employed as aid to any grade of admiral ; as Chief of Staff to a naval force or detached division, commanded by a Rear-Admiral or Commodore; on duty under a Bureau; act as second in command of shore-stations, and may command small practice or flying squadrons.
6. A Commander commands vessels of the third and fourth classes ; may be employed as Chief of Staff to a Commodore; on duty under a Bureau ; or as aid to a Flag-Officer of either grade on shore-stations.
7. A Lieutenant.Commander may act as aid to an Admiral, Vice-Admiral, Rear Admiral, or Commodore commanding afloat; as aid or Executive of a Commanding Officer, Navigating, or Watch-Officer in first, second, and third rates; and performs duty at shore-stations or under a Bureau, and may be ordered to command a vessel of the fourth class.
8. A Lieutenant may perform duty on board vessels of all classes ; he may perform duty in the engine-room should such be necessary, and will perform such duty on shore-stations as may be assigned him.
9, A Master may be attached to all classes of vessels, performing such duties as may be assigned by the Commanding Officer, including duty in the engine-room, if necessary.
10. Ensigns will be ordered to the different classes of vessels; will perform duty in the engine-room if required; the duties of Master's Mate on decks, hold, and forecastle, and such other duties as may be assigned by the Commanding Officer.
11. Midshipmen and Mates are to perform such duties as may be assigned them by their Commanding Officer, including duties on the several decks, in the hold, and in the engine-room.
RANK AND COMMAND.
SECTION 1.- Decisions of the Navy Department.
]. CommandingOf Commanding Officers of vessels of war and of naval stations shall take ficers to take pre- precedence over all officers placed under their command; and the Secretary
of the Navy may, in bis discretion, detail a Line-Officer to act as Aid or Executive of the Commanding Officer of a vessel of war or naval station, which officer shall, when not impracticable, be next in rank to said Commanding Officer, and who, as such Âid or Executive, shall, while executing the orders of the Commanding Officer on board such ship or at such station, take precedence over all officers attached to such vessel or station; and all orders of such Aid or Executive shall be regarded as proceeding from the Commanding Officer, and such Aid or Executive shall have no independent authority in con. sequence of such detail.