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It has been decided by the several maritime powers that the following salutes to be salutes, only, will in future be returned gun for gun: returned. 1. The salute to a national flag on arrival in a foreign port. 2. To foreign flag-officers or commodores, when met at sea or in port. The following salutes will no longer be returned : Salutes not to 1. To royal personages, chiefs of states, or members of royal families, be returned. whether upon arrival or departure from a port, or upon visiting a vessel of the United States. 2. To diplomatic, naval, military, or Čonsular officers, or to governors or officers administering a government. 3. To foreigners of distinction on visiting a vessel of the United States. 4. Upon occasions of national festivals or anniversaries. This regulation will be observed from July 1, 1877.
APPENDIX No. 1.
ARTICLES FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES NAVY.
The Navy of the United States shall be governed by the following Articles:
The commanders of all fleets, squadrons, naval stations, and vessels belonging to the Navy are required to show in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism, and subordination; to be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all persons who are placed under their command ; to guard against and suppress all dissolute and immoral practices, and to correct, according to the laws and regulations of the Navy, all persons who are guilty of them ; and any such commander who offends against this article shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
The commanders of vessels and naval stations to which chaplains are attached shall cause divine service to be performed on Sunday, whenever the weather and other circumstances allow it to be done; and it is earnestly recommended to all officers, seamen, and others in the naval service diligently to attend at every performance of the worship of Almighty God. ARTICLE 3.
Any irreverent or unbecoming behavior during divine service shall be punished as a general or summary court-martial may direct.
The punishment of death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may adjudge, may be inflicted on any person in the naval service— 1. Who makes, or attempts to make, or unites with any mutiny or mutinous assembly, or, being witness to or present at any mutiny, does not do his utmost to suppress it; or, knowing of any mutinous assembly or of any intended mutiny, does not immediately communicate his knowledge to his superior or commanding officer; 2. Qr disobeys the lawful orders of his superior officer; 3. Or strikes or assaults, or attempts or threatens to strike or assault, his superior officer while in the execution of the duties of his office; 4. Or gives any intelligence to, or holds or entertains any intercourse with, an enemy or rebel, without leave from the President, the Secretary of the Navy, the commander-in-chief of the fleet, the commander of the squadron, or, in case of a vessel acting singly, from his commanding officer; 5. Or receives any message or letter from an enemy or rebel, or, being aware of the unlawful reception of such message or letter, fails to take the earliest opportunity to inform his superior or commanding officer thereof; 6. Or, in time of war, deserts or entices others to desert: 7. Or, in time of war, deserts or betrays his trust, or entices or aids others to desert or betray their trust; 3. Or sleeps upon his watch; 9. Or leaves his station before being regularly relieved ; 10. Or intentionally or willfully suffers any vessel of the Navy to be stranded, or run upon rocks or shoals, or improperly hazarded ; or maliciously or willfully injures any ves
sel of the Navy, or any part of her tackle, armament, or equipment, whereby the safety of the vessel is hazarded or the lives of the crew exposed to danger; 11. Or unlawfully sets on fire, or otherwise unlawfully destroys, any public property not at the time in possession of an enemy, pirate, or rebel; 12. Or strikes or attempts to strike the flag to an enemy or rebel, without proper authority, or, when engaged in battle, treacherously yields or pusillanimously cries for quarter; 13. Or, in time of battle, displays cowardice, negligence, or disaffection, or withdraws from or keeps out of danger to which he should expose himself; 14. Or, in time of battle, deserts his duty or station, or entices others to do so; 15. Or does not properly observe the orders of his commanding officer, and use his utmost exertions to carry them into execution, when ordered to prepare for or join in, or when actually engaged in, battle, or while in sight of an enemy; 16. Or, being in command of a fleet, squadron, or vessel acting singly, neglects, when an engagement is probable, or when an armed vessel of an enemy or rebel is in sight, to prepare and clear his ship or ships for action; 17. Or does not, upon signal for battle, use his utmost exertions to join in battle ; 18. Or fails to encourage, in his own person, his inferior officers and men to fight couraeously; g 19. Or does not do his utmost to overtake and capture or destroy any vessel which it is his duty to encounter; 20. Or does not afford all practicable relief and assistance to vessels belonging to the United States or their allies when engaged in battle.
All persons who, in time of war, or of rebellion against the supreme authority of the United States, come or are found in the capacity of spies, or who bring or deliver any seducing letter or message from an enemy or rebel, or endeavor to corrupt any person in the Navy to betray his trust, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may adjudge. ARTICLE 6.
If any person belonging to any public vessel of the United States commits the crime of murder without the territorial jurisdiction thereof, he may be tried by court-martial and punished with death. ARTICLE 7.
A naval court-martial may adjudge the punishment or imprisonment for life, or for a stated term, at hard labor, in any case where it is authorized to adjudge the punishment of death ; and such sentences of imprisonment and hard labor may be carried into execution in any prison or penitentiary under the control of the United States, or which the United States may be allowed, by the legislature of any State, to use; and persons so imprisoned in the prison or penitentiary of any State or Territory shall be subject, in all respects, to the same discipline and treatment as convicts sentenced by the courts of the State or Territory in which the same may be situated.
Such punishment as a court-martial may adjudge may be inflicted on any person in the Navy—
*who is guilty of profane swearing, falsehood, drunkenness, gambling, fraud, theft, or any other scandalous conduct tending to the destruction of good morals;
2. 3. is guilty of cruelty toward, or oppression or maltreatment of, any person subject to his orders ;
3. Or quarrels with, strikes, or assaults, or uses provoking or reproachful words, gestures, or menaces toward, any person in the Navy;
4. Or endeavors to foment quarrels between other persons in the Navy;
5. Or sends or accepts a challenge to fight a duel or acts as a second in a duel;
6. Or treats his superior officer with contempt, or is disrespectful to him in language or deportment, while in the execution of his office;
7. Or i. in or abets any combination to weaken the lawful authority of, or lessen the respect due to, his commanding officer;
8. Or utters any seditious or mutinous words;
* Or is negligent or careless in obeying orders, or culpably inefficient in the performance of duty; - 10. %. does not use his best exertions to prevent the unlawful destruction of public property by others; 11. Or, through inattention or negligence, suffers any vessel of the Navy to be stranded, or run upon a rock or shoal, or hazarded ; 12. Or, when attached to any vessel appointed as convoy to any merchant or other vessels, fails diligently to perform his duty, or demands or exacts any compensation for his services, or maltreats the officers or crews of such merchant or other vessels; 13. Or takes, receives, or permits to be received, on board the vessel to which he is attached, any goods or merchandise, for freight, sale, or traffic, except gold, silver, or jewels, for freight or safe-keeping; or demands or receives any compensation for the receipt or transportation of any other article than gold, silver, or jewels, without authority from the President or Secretary of the Navy: 14. Or knowingly makes or signs, or aids, abets, directs, or procures the making or signing of any false muster; 15. Or wastes any ammunition, provisions, or other public property, or, having power to prevent it, knowingly permits such waste ; 16. Or, when on shore, plunders, abuses, or maltreats any inhabitant, or injures his property in any way; 17. Or refuses, or fails to use, his utmost exertions to detect, apprehend, and bring to punishment all offenders, or to aid all persons appointed for that purpose; 18. Or, when rated or acting as master-at-arms, refuses to receive such prisoners as may be committed to his charge. or, having received them, suffers them to escape, or dismisses them without orders from the proper authority; 19. Or is absent from his station or duty without leave, or after his leave has expired; 20. Or violates or refuses obedience to any lawful general order or regulation issued by the Secretary of the Navy; 21. Or, in time of peace, deserts, or attempts to desert, or aids and entices others to desert; 22. Or receives or entertains any deserter from any other vessel of the Navy, knowing him to be such, and does not, with all convenient speed, give notice of such deserter to the commander of the vessel to which he belongs, or to the commander-in-chief, or to the commander of the squadron. ARTICLE 9.
Any officer who absents himself from his command without leave may, by the sentence of a court-martial, be reduced to the rating of an ordinary seaman.
Any commissioned officer of the Navy or Marine Corps who, having tendered his resignation, quits his post or proper duties without leave, and with intent to remain permanently absent therefrom, prior to due notice of the acceptance of such resignation, shall be deemed and punished as a deserter. ARTICLE 11.
No person in the naval service shall procure stores or other articles or supplies for, and dispose thereof to, the officers or enlisted men on vessels of the Navy, or at navy-yards or maval stations, for his own account or benefit.
No person connected with the Navy shall, under any pretense, import in a public vessel any article which is liable to the payment of duty.
Distilled spirits shall be admitted on board of vessels of war only upon the order and under the control of the medical officers of such vessels, and to be used only for medical purposes. ARTICLE I4. Fine and imprisonment, or such other punishment as a court-martial may adjudge, shall
be inflicted upon any person in the naval service of the United States— Who presents or causes to be presented to any person in the civil, military, or naval serv