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SHIPS UNIDER STEAM TO SLACKEN SPEED,
ART. 16. Every steamship when approaching another ship so as to involve risk of collision, shall slacken her speed, or, if necessary, stop and reverse; and every steamship shall, when in a fog, go at a moderate speed.
vessels overtAKING other WESSELS.
ART. 17. Every vessel overtaking any other vessel shall keep out of the way of the said last-mentioned vessel.
construcTION OF ARTICLES 12, 14, 15, AND 17.
ART, 18. Where, by the above rules, one of two ships is to keep out of the way, the other shall keep her course, subject to the qualifications contained in the following article:
PROVISO TO SAVE SPECIAL CASES.
ART. 19. In obeying and construing these rules due regard must be had to all dangers of navigation, and due regard must also be had to any special circumstances which may exist in any particular case rendering a departure from the above rules necessary in order to avoid immediate danger.
NO SHIP UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES TO NEGLECT PROPER PRECAUTIONS.
ART. 20. Nothing in these rules shall exonerate any ship, or the owner or master, or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to carry lights or signals, or of any neglect to keep a proper lookout, or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the case. Approved April 29, 1864.
Should a collision unfortunately take place, each commanding officer is required to furnish the Department with the following information: 1st. His own report, that of the pilot, the officer of the deck, and other officers who witnessed the occurrence. These reports and statements are to be exemplified by a diagram, and must contain the courses steered, the point at which the vessel was first seen, the o; the time when the engine was slowed, when the vessel was stopped, whether in motion, and, if so, at what speed at the moment of collision, the direction of the wind, the condition of the weather and atmosphere, what lookouts were placed, what lights were exhibited by both vessels, whether either vessel deviated from the above rules and regulations, whether any blame can attach to any one, and, if so, to whom, and any and all other facts bearing upon the subject. . Written statements and estimate of damage from officers of the vessel with which the vessel of the United States Navy collided, if they can be obtained. 3d. Survey of the injury to both vessels by United States officers. 4th. If the vessel is in charge of a pilot, and the collision has occurred from his acting in violation of the above rules and regulations, the fact must be established in the report, and no pilotage paid to him. The following diagrams are designed to illustrate the use of the lights carried by vessels at sea as prescribed in the foregoing order, and the manner in which they indicate to each vessel the position and course of the other : 1. FIRST. When the Red and Green lights are both seen.—A sees a red and green light ahead; A knows that a vessel is approaching him on a course directly opposite to the one he is steering, as B:
2. If A sees a White mast-head light above the Red and Green lights, he knows that the vessel B is a steamer. A should put his helm to port, and B, seeing the same lights on board of A, should, by the same rule, put his helm to port also.
3. SECOND. When the Red light only is seen.—A, sees a Red light ahead, or on the port bow; A knows that either, first, a vessel is approaching him on his port bow, as B,
or, second, a vessel is crossing his bows to port in some direction, as D D'D'".
4. If A sees a White mast-head light above the Red light, he knows that the vessel is a steamer, and is either approaching in the same direction as B, or is crossing to port in the Same direction as D D'I)'''.
5. In the first position A sees B a little on the port bow ; B's red light exposed, and, by the diagrams, B should see A's red light as well, in which case both vessels should put their helms to port.
6. In the second positions A sees D on his starboard bow, and from the fact that he only sees D's red light, he knows that D must be steering in some direction, as at D D' D’’; at the same time D D'D' will see A's green light on his port bow. In this case A having D clearly on his starboard bow, should put his helm to starboard to turn from D, and D having A clearly on his port bow, should put his helm to port to turn to starboard from A.
7. THIRD. When the Green light is seen, and the Red light is not seen.—A sees a green light ahead or on his bow; A knows that either, first, a vessel is approaching him on his starboard bow, as B,
or, second, a vessel is crossing his bow in some direction to starboard, as D D, D1'.
8. If A sees a White mast-head light above the Green light, A knows that the vessel is a steamer, and is either approaching him in the same direction as B, or is crossing to starboard in some direction as D D' D". 9. In the first position, A sees B on his starboard bow; B's green light exposed, and, by the diagram, B should see A's green light as well, in which case both vessels should put their helms to starboard. 10. In the second position, A sees D on his port bow, and from the fact that he only sees D's green light, he knows that D must be steering in some direction as D D'D"; at the same time D will see A's red light on his starboard bow. In this case, A having D clearly on his port bow, should put his helm to port to turn from D, and D having A clearly on his starboard bow, should put his helm to starboard to turn to port from A. 11. Steam-vessels discovering other vessels near them at night, should slow down, and if need be, stop the engines until the exact position of both vessels is ascertained.
APPENDIX NO. 3.
UNIFORM FOR THE UNITED STATES NAVY.
Full-dress uniform, to be worn on occasions of special ceremony.—Body-coat as prescribed, epaulets, cocked hat, sword with sword-knot, and blue-cloth pantaloons, as per regulations. Undress-uniform for official visits.—Frock-coat as prescribed, epaulets, cocked hat, sword with knot, and blue cloth or white drilling pantaloons to suit the season, weather, or climate, as may be directed by the senior officer present. Service-dress uniform.—Frock-coat as prescribed, with shoulder-straps, cap, and with or without sword and sword-knot; pantaloons, blue or white, to suit the season of the year, Weather, or climate, as may be directed by the senior officer present. Officers making special official visits of ceremony to the President of the United States, the Secretary of the Navy, or to foreign authorities and vessels of war, will wear the fulldress uniform. When making an official visit to the President of the United States, the Secretary of the Navy, or to the heads of other Departments of the Government, and to foreign authorities and vessels of war, officers will wear the undress-uniform or the service-dress, as occasion may require. Officers serving on courts-martial, courts of inquiry, boards of examination or special boards, or when attending as witnesses before courts-martial or courts of inquiry, or in any other capacity, will wear the service-dress uniform, without swords, unless otherwise Specially directed by competent authority. Officers, in their social intercourse, when it is requisite for them to appear in evening-dress, may wear a body-coat of blue cloth, after the prevailing style of a civilian's dress-coat, with rolling collar, five navy buttons on each side, two at the waist behind, and two at the bottom of the skirt. The lace and corps distinctions on the cuff, same as on full-dress coats. This coat may be worn with or without epaulets, but not with shoulder-straps or sword; it is to be worn open, with a vest of white Marseilles, with a rolling collar, cut to open low in front, with four small navy-buttons set close together. It is optional with officers to wear their uniform while on duty in the Navy Department, at the Observatory, Hydrographic Office, or on Light-House duty ashore. Service-dress uniform is to be worn by all officers when attached to any vessel of the Navy or Coast Survey, to any navy-yard or station, or to any hospital or other Daval establishment, for duty, unless when absent on leave. Swords are always to be worn at quarters, and on leaving a vessel, navy-yard, or station on military duty. Officers on furlough will not wear their uniform, and officers are strictly prohibited from wearing any part of it while suspended from duty by sentence of a court-martial. Chaplains, when performing divine service, may wear either the vestments of the church to which they belong or the uniform prescribed in the regulations. On all occasions of ceremony or duty, abroad or in the United States, when a Commanding Officer may deem it necessary to order the attendance of the officers under his command, he will be careful in such order to prescribe the particular dress to be worn. Officers attached to vessels in foreign ports will not visit the shore without being in uniform, except by permission of Commanding Officer. The uniform coat, with the exception of the service-dress uniform, without the sword, is always to be worn buttoned, the lower edge of the sword-belt resting over the two buttons at the small of the back. Gloves worn with uniform are always to be white.
Officers are forbidden to wear any part of their uniform with citizens dress. They must wear the whole of their uniform or mone. Before a vessel proceeds to sea there will be a general muster for the purpose of ascertain ing whether the officers and crew are provided with the uniform, full and undress, as prescribed by the regulations, and the Commanding Officer of the vessel will see that all deficiencies are supplied. * FULL DIRESS.
The full-dress body-coat for the Admiral, Vice-Admiral, Rear-Admirals, Commodores, Captains, Commanders, Lieutenant-Commanders, Lieutenants, Masters, Ensigns, and all Staff-Officers of relative rank, respectively, shall be of navy-blue cloth, double-breasted, lined with white silk serge ; the waist of the coat to descend to the top of the hip-bone; the skirts to begin about one-fifth of the circumference from the front edge and descend fourfifths from the hip-bone toward the knee, with one button behind on each hip, and one near the bottom of the pocket in each fold; two rows of large navy buttons on the breast, nine in each row, placed four inches and a half apart from eye to eye at top, and two inches and a half at bottom ; the cuffs of the coat to be closed, without buttons, and to be from two and a half to three inches deep ; standing collar, to hook in front at bottom, and to slope thence upward and backward at an angle of twenty-five degrees on each side, and to rise no higher than will permit a free movement of the chin over it; to have one strip of gold-embroidered white-oak leaves (as per pattern) for the Admiral and Vice-Admiral; to have a strip of navy old-lace one inch wide around the top and down the front for Rear-Admirals, Commodores, aptains, and Commanders, and one-half inch wide for Lieutenant-Commanders, Lieutenants, Masters, and Ensigns. All Staff-Officers will wear the same widths of gold lace around the top and down the front of the collars of their full-dress body-coats as prescribed for Line-Officers with whom they have relative rank, respectively. Midshipmen, after graduation, will be allowed a full-dress double-breasted coat, nine but tons in each row, with a gold cord one-eighth of an inch wide around the sleeve, and an anchor in gold embroidery on each side of the collar, one inch in length, (as per pattern.) The full-dress coat is to be worn only with epaulets, cocked hat, sword and sword-knot. Midshipmen at the Naval Academy will wear a strip of lace one-eighth of an inch wide around the outer edge of the collar of their parade-jackets. Parade-jackets will only be worn on Sundays, dress-parades, or other occasions of ceremony.
THE UNDREss AND SERVICE FROCK-COAT.
The undress and service frock-coat for all commissioned officers will be of navy-blue cloth, faced with the same, and lined with black silk serge; double-breasted, with two rows of large navy buttons on the breast, nine in each row, placed four inches and a half apart, from eye to eye at top, and two inches and a half at bottom; rolling collar; skirts to be full, commencing at the hip-bone and descending four-fifths thence toward the knee, with one button behind on each hip and one near the bottom of the pocket in each fold; cuffs to be closed, without buttons, and from two and a half to three inches deep.
Frock-coats for Midshipmen will be the same as for commissioned officers, except that the buttons will be of medium size only.
The uniform coat for Boatswains, Gunners, Carpenters, and Sailmakers will be a frock-coat similar in every respect to the frock-coat of the line and staff commissioned officers.
Clerks and Mates will wear a double-breasted frock-coat, with mine navy-buttons of medium size on each side.
Sack-coats of navy-blue flannel or blue cloth may be worn off duty by all officers on board ship and in the United States; but never on shore, nor on board ship on duty in a foreign port. Sack-coats shall be single-breasted, with a row of five medium-size buttons on the right breast. Shoulder-straps and lace on the sleeves will be dispensed with on sack-coatsretaining the star for Line-Officers. The designations of rank and corps will be worn on the ends of the collar, as follows: Admiral.-Four silver stars, with gold foul anchors under the two outer ones. Vice-Admiral.—Three silver stars, with a gold foul anchor under the center one. Rear-Admirals.—Two silver stars, with a silver foul anchor between them. Commodores.—One silver star, with a silver anchor back of it.