« 이전계속 »
Boswell's Thesis.- Study of the Law.—Rash Vows.
Streatham. - Oxford. — London Improvements. Dedications. - Mrs. Williams's Miscellanies.- Mr. William Drummond. - Translation of the Bible into the Gaelic — Case of Heely. Dr. Robertson.- Cuthbert Shaw._' Tom Hervey.' - Johnson's Interview with King George III. -Warburton and Lowth. — Lord Lyttleton's History. — Dr. Hill. — Literary
Journals. — Visit to Lichfield. Death of Catherine · Chambers.--Lexiphanes.-Mrs. Aston.
AFTER I had been some time in Scotland, I mentioned to him in a letter that “On my first return to my native country, after some years of absence, I was told of a vast number of my acquaintance who were all gone to the land of forgetfulness, and I found myself like a man stalking over a field of battle, who every moment perceives some one lying dead.” I complained of irresolution, and mentioned my having made a vow as a security for good
conduct. I wrote to him again without being able to move his indolence: nor did I hear from him till he had received a copy of my inaugural Exercise, or Thesis in Civil Law, which I published at my admission as an Advocate, as is the custom in Scotland. He then wrote to me as follows:
LETTER 100. TO JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ.
“ London, August 10. 1766. “ DEAR SIR, — The reception of your Thesis put me in mind of my debt to you. Why did you . ...(1). I will punish you for it, by telling you that your Latin wants correction. (2) In the beginning, Spei altera, not to urge that it should be primæ, is not grammatical ; alteræ should be alteri. In the next line you seem to use genus absolutely, for what we call family, that is, for illustrious extraction, I doubt without authority. Homines nullius originis, for nullis orti majoribus, or nullo loco nati, is, as I am afraid, barbarous. — Ruddiman is dead. (3)
(1) The passage omitted alluded to a private transaction.
(2) This censure of my Latin relates to the dedication, which was as follows:-“ Viro nobilissimo, ornatissimo, Joanni, Vicecomiti Mountstuart, atavis edito regibus, excelsæ familiæ de Bute spei alteræ ; labente seculo, quum homines nullius originis genus æquare opibus aggrediuntur, sanguinis antiqui et illustris semper memori, natalium splendorem virtutibus augenti: ad publica populi comitia jam legato; in optimatium vero Magnæ Britanniæ senatu, jure hæreditario, olim consessuro: vim insitam variâ doctrinâ promovente, nec tamen se venditante, prædito: priscâ fide, animo liberrimo, et morum elegantiâ insigni: in Italiæ visitandæ itinere socio suo honoratissimo: hasce jurisprudentiæ primitias, devinctissimæ amicitiæ et observantiæ, monumentum, D. D. C. Q. Jacobus Boswell.”
(3) He says Ruddiman (a great grammarian) is dead -as in former days it was said that Priscian's head was broken. Ruddiman, who was born in 1674, had died in 1757. See antè, Vol. I. p. 246. — CROKER.
“I have now vexed you enough, and will try to please you. Your resolution to obey your father I sin. cerely approve ; but do not accustom yourself to enchain your volatility by vows; they will sometime leave a thorn in your mind, which you will, perhaps, never be able to extract or eject. Take this warning; it is of great importance.
“ The study of the law is what you very justly term it, copious and generous (1); and in adding your name to its professors, you have done exactly what I always wished, when I wished you best. I hope that you will continue to pursue it vigorously and constantly. You gain, at least, what is no small advantage, security from those troublesome and wearisome discontents, which are always obtruding themselves upon a mind vacant, unemployed, and undetermined.
“You ought to think it no small inducement to diligence and perseverance, that they will please your father. We all live upon the hope of pleasing somebody, and the pleasure of pleasing ought to be greatest, and at last always will be greatest, when our endeavours are exerted in consequence of our duty.
“ Life is not long, and too much of it must not pass in idle deliberation how it shall be spent : deliberation which those who begin it by prudence, and continue it with subtilty, must, after long expense of thought, conclude by chance.' To prefer one future mode of life to another, upon just reasons, requires faculties which it has not pleased our Creator to give us.
“ If, therefore, the profession you have chosen has some unexpected inconveniences, console yourself by reflecting that no profession is without them ; and that
(1) This alludes to the first sentence of the Proæmium of my Thesis. “ Jurisprudentiæ studio nullum uberius, nullum gem nerosius : in legibus enim agitandis, populorum mores, variasque fortunæ vices ex quibus leges oriuntur, contemplari simul solemus."