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Pleasure of seeing the huge Jack, he had caught, served

for the first Dilh in a moft sumptuous manner. Upon our sitting down to it he gave us a long Account how he

had hooked it, played with it, foiled it, and at length • drew it out upon the Bank, with several other Particulars

that lasted all the first Course. A Dish of Wild-fowl that came afterwards furnished Conversation for the rest of the Dinner, which concluded with a late Invention of Will's for improving the Quail-Pipe,

UPON withdrawing into my Room after Dinner, I was secretly touched with Compassion towards the honeft Gentleman that had dined with us; and could not buc consider with a great deal of Concern, how so good an Heart and such busy Hands were wholly employed in Trifles; that so much Humanity should be fo little beneficial to others, and so much Industry so little advantageous to himself. The same Temper of Mind and Application to Affairs might have recommended him to the publick Esteem, and have raised his Fortune in another Station of Life. What good to his Country or himself might not a Trader or Merchant have done with such use. ful tho' ordinary Qualifications ?

WILL. WIMBLE's is the Case of many a younger Brother of a great Family, who had rather see their Children starve like Gentlemen, than thrive in a Trade or Pro, fession that is beneath their Quality. This Humour fills fe. veral Parts of Europe with Pride and Beggary, It is the Happiness of a trading Nation, like ours, that the youngerSons, tho’uncapable of any liberal Art or Profession, may be placed in such a Way of Life, as may perhaps enable them to vie with the best of their Family: Accordingly we find several Citizens that were launched into the World with narrow Fortunes, rising by an honeft Industry to greater Efates than those of their elder Brothers. It is not improbable but will. was formerly tried at Divinity, Law, or Phyfick; and that finding his Genius did not lie that Way, his Parents gave him up at length to his own Inventions. But certainly, however improper he might have been for Studies of a higher Nature, he was perfectly well turned for the Occupations of Trade and Commerce. As I think this is a Point which cannot be too much inculcated, I shall desire my Reader to compare what I have here writ

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ten with what I have said in my Twenty first Speculaa tion.




Thursday, July 5.


Abnormis sapiens

Was this Morning walking in the Gallery, when Sir
ROGER entered at the End opposite to me, and ad-

vancing towards me, said he was glad to meet me among his Relations the D E COVER LEYS, and hoped I liked the Conversation of so much good Company, who were as silent as my self. I knew he alluded to the Pictures, and as he is a Gentleman' who does not a little value himself upon his ancient Descent, I expected he would give me lome Account of them. We were now arrived at the upper End of the Gallery, when the Knight faced towards one of the Pictures, and as we stood before it, he entered into the Matter, after his blunt way of say. ing Things, as they occur to his Imagination, without regular Introduction, or Care to preserve the Appearance of Chain of Thought.

' IT is, said he, worth while to consider the Force of Dress; and how the Persons of one Age differ from those of another, meerly by that only. One may ob

serve also that the general Fashion of one Age has been ' followed by one particular Set of People in another, and

by them preserved from one Generation to another. • Thus the vast jetting Coat and small Bonnet, which was

the Habit in Harry the Seventh's Time, is kept on in • the Yeomen of the Guard; not without a good and po

litick View, because they look a foot taller, and a Foot ' and an half broader : Besides that, the Cap leaves the • Face expanded, and consequently more Terrible, and ' fitter to stand at the Entrance of Palaces.

THIS Predecessor of ours, you see, is dressed after ' this manner, and his Cheeks would be no larger than

mine, were he in a Haras I am. He was the last Man that won a Prize in the Tilt-Yard (which is now a

• Common

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• Common Street before Whitehall) You see the broken • Lance that lies there by his right Foot; He shivered that • Lance of his Adversary all to Pieces; and bearing him· felf, look you Sir, in this manner, at the same time he

within the Target of the Gentleman who rode against him, and taking him with incredible Force before him on the Pummel of his Saddle, he in that man, ner rid the Turnament over, with an Air that shewed he did it rather to perform the Rule of the Lifts, than expose his Enemy; however, it appeared he knew how

to make use of a Victory, and with a gentle Trot he • marched up to a Gallery where their Mistress fat (for

they were Rivals) and let him down with laudable • Courtesy and pardonable Insolence. I don't know but it might be exa&tly where the Coffee-house is now.

YOU are to know this my Ancestor was not only of a military Genius, but fit also for the Arts of Peace, foc

he play'd on the Base-Viol as well as any Gentleman at • Court; you see where his Viol hangs by his Basket-hilt • Sword. The Action at the Tilt-yard you may be sure won the fair

Lady, who was a Maid of Honour, and the greatest Beauty of her Time; here she stands the next Picture. You see, Sir, my Great Great Great Grandmother has on the new-fashioned Petticoat, except

that the Modern is gathered at the Wafte; my Grand* mother appears as if she stood in a large Drum, whereas • the Ladies now walk as if they were in a Go-Cart.

For all this Lady was bred at Ceurt, she became an Ex

cellent Country-Wife, she brought ten Children, and ' when I shew you the Library, you shall fee in her own * Hand (allowing for the Difference of the Language,) " the best Receipt

now in England both for an Hafty-Pudding and a White-pot. • IF you please to fall back a little, because 'tis necesa sary to look at the three next Pi&ures at one View; these are three Sisters. She on the right Hand, who is so very beautiful, died a Maid; the next to her, still

handsomer, had the same Fate, against her Will; this 'homely thing in the middle had both their Portions ad'ded to her own, and was stolen by a neighbouring Gen

tleman, a Man of Stratagem' and Refolution, for he poisoned three Mastiffs to come at her, and knocked

• down


ther way,

down two Deer-stealers in carrying her off. Misfor. . tunes happen in all Families : The Theft of this Romp and so much Mony, was no great matter to our Estate, But the next Heir that poffeffed it was this foft Gentleman, whom you see there : Obferve the fmall Buttons, the little Boots, the Lacés, the Slashes about his Cloaths, and above all the Posture he is drawn in, (which to be sure was his own chusing;) you see he sits with one Hand on a Desk writing, and looking as it were ino

like an easy Writer, or a Sonneteer : He was one of those that had too much Wit to know how to live in the World; he was á Man of no Justice, but great good Manners; he ruined every Body that had any thing to do with him, but never faid a rude thing

in his Life; the most indolent Person in the World, he ' would sign a Deed that passed away half his Eft :te with

his Gloves on, but would not put on his Hat before a Lady if it were to save his Country. He is said to be. the first that made Love by squeezing the Hand. He left the Estate with ten thousand Pounds Debt upon

it, but however by all Hands I have been informed that ' he was every way the finest Gentleman in the World. " That Debt lay heavy on our House for one Generation,

but it was retrieved by a Gift from that honest Man

you see there, a Citizen of our Name, but nothing at. i all a-kin to us.

I know Sir ANDREW FREEPORT has said behind my Back, that this Man was defcended

from one of the ten Children of the Maid of Honour I • shewed you above; but it was never made out. We • winked at the thing indeed, because Money waswanting at that time.

Here I saw my Friend a little embarrassed, and turned my Face to the next Portraiture.

SIR ROGER went on with his Account of the Gallery in the following manner. This Man (pointing to I him I look'd at) I take to be the Honour of our House, • Sir HUMPHREY DE COVERLEY; he was in his Deal

ings as punctual as a Tradesman, and as generous as a · Gentleman. He would have thought himself as much “ undone by breaking his Word, as if it were to be follow• ed by Bankruptcy. He served his Country as Knight of

this Shire to his dying Day. He found it no easy mat



ter to maintain an Integrity in his Words and Adions, even in things that regarded the Offices which wereincumbent

upon him, in the Care of his own Affairs and ! Relations of Life, and therefore dreaded (tho' he had

great Talents) to go into Employments of State, where • he must be exposed to the Snares of Ambition. Inno

cence of Life and great Ability were the distinguishing ! Parts of his Character; the latter, he had often observed,

had led to the Destruction of the former, and used frequently to lament that Great and Good had not the same Signification. He was an excellent Husbandman, but had • resolved not to exceed such a Degree of Wealth; all a• bove it he bestowed in secret Bounties many Years after

the Sum he aimed at for his own Use was attained. Yet • he did not slacken his Industry, but to a decent old Age

spent the Life and Fortune which was superfluous to • himself, in the Service of his Friends and Neighbours.

HERE we were called to Dinner, and Sir ROGER ended the Discourse of this Gentleman, by telling me, as we followed the Servant, that this his Ancestor was a brave Man, and narrowly escaped being killed in the Civil Wars;

For, faid he, he was sent out of the Field upon a private • Meffage, the Day before the Battel of Worcester. The Whim of narrowly escaping, by having been within a Day of Danger, with other Matters above-mentioned, mixed with good Sense, left ine at a Loss whether I was inore delighted with my Friend's Wisdom or Simplicity, R

N° 110.

Friday, July 6.


Horror ubique animos, fimul ipsa filentia terrent. Virg,

T a little Distance from Sir ROGER's House co mong the Ruins of an old Abby, there is a long

Walk of aged Elms; which are shot up so very high, that when one passes under them, the Rooks and Crows that reft upon the Tops of them seem to be Cawing in another Region. I am very much delighted with shis Sort of Noise, which I consider as a kind of natural Prayer to that Being who supplies the Wants of his whole


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