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Pt. II.

191.

Provisions for
maintenance
and relief of
distressed
seamen.
[1854, s. 211;
18 & 19 Vict,
c. 91, s. 16.]

be relieved, maintained, or sent home except in the cases and to the

extent and on the conditions provided by those regulations.

This section is repealed by the M. S. A. 1906, s. 84, Sched. II., and the subject is now dealt with in B. 40 of that Act.

40. The Board of Trade shall make regulations with respect to the relief, maintenance, and return to a proper return port of shipwrecked seamen and of seamen found otherwise in distress in any place out of the United Kingdom, and may, by those regulations (in this Act referred to as the distressed seamen regulations), make such conditions as they think fit with regard to that relief, maintenance, and sending to a proper return port, and a seaman shall not have any right to be relieved, maintained, or sent to a proper return port, except in the cases and to the extent and on the conditions provided by those regulations.

For notes on this section, see post, p. 493.

191.—(1.) The following authorities, that is to say, governors of British possessions, British consular officers, and other officers of Iter Majesty in foreign countries shall, and, in places where there are no such officers, any two resident British merchants, or if there is only one British merchant so resident that merchant, may in accordance with and on the conditions prescribed by the distressed seamen regulations, provide for the maintenance, until a passage home can be procured, of the following seamen and apprentices (who are in this Act included in the term distressed seamen), namely,(a.) seamen and apprentices to the sea service, whether subjects of Her Majesty or not, who by reason of having been discharged or left behind abroad or shipwrecked from any British ship, or any of Her Majesty's ships, are in distress in any place abroad, and (b.) seamen and apprentices to the sea service, being subjects of Her Majesty, who have been engaged by any person acting either as principal or agent to serve in a ship belonging to the Government or to a subject or citizen of a foreign country, and are in distress in any place abroad. (2.) For the purpose of providing a distressed seaman with a passage home, the authority shall put him on board a British ship bound either to the United Kingdom or to the British possession to which the seaman belongs (as the case requires), tchich is in want of men to make up its complement; or if there is no such ship, then the authority shall provide the seaman with a passage home as soon as possible in any ship, British or foreign, bound as aforesaid.

(-3.) The authority shall endorse on the agreement with the crew of the ship, if a British ship, on board of which a distressed seaman is placed, the name of every person so placed on board with any particulars directed by the distressed seamen regulations to be endorsed.

Pt. II.

(4.) The authority shall be paid in respect of the expenses of the 192. maintenance and conveyance of distressed seamen such sums as the Board of Trade may allow, and those sums shall, on the production of the bills of disbursements, with the proper vouchers, be paid as herein-after provided.

Sect. 191 is repealed by the M. S. A. 1006, s. 85, Sched. II., and the subject of the repealed section is now dealt with by the following s. 41 of the M. S. A. 1906.

41.—(1.) Where either—

(a.) any seamen, whether subjects of His Majesty or not, are found in any place out of the United Kingdom, and have been shipwrecked from any British ship or any of His Majesty's ships, or by reason of having been discharged or left behind from any such ship in any place out of the United Kingdom, are in distress in that place, or (b.) any seamen, being subjects of His Majesty, who have been engaged by any person acting either as principal or agent to serve in a ship belonging to the government or to a subject or citizen of a foreign country, are in distress in any plaoe out of the United Kingdom, the proper authority as defined for the purpose in this Part of this Act may, and, if not a merchant, shall, in accordance with and on the conditions prescribed by the distressed seamen regulations, provide in accordance with this Act for the return of those seamen (who are in this Act included in the term distressed seamen) to a proper return port, and also provide for their necessary clothing and their maintenance until their departure for such a port, and, in addition, in the case of shipwrecked seamen for the repayment of any expenses incurred in their conveyance to port after their shipwreck, and their maintenance while being so conveyed.

(2.) The authority shall be paid in respect of the expenses incurred under this section on behalf of distressed seamen such sums as the Board of Trade may allow, and those sums shall, on the production of the bills of disbursements, with the proper vouchers, be paid as provided by this Part of this Act. For notes on this section, see post, p. 493.

192.—(1.) The master of every British ship so bound as afore- Masters of said shall receive on board his ship, and afford a passage and ships commaintenance to all distressed seamen whom he is required under this Pf^ed to take Act to take on board his ship, not exceeding one for every fifty tons geamcu. burden, and shall during the passage provide every such distressed [1854, s. 212.] seaman with a proper berth or sleeping place, effectually protected against sea and weather.

(2.) On the production of a certificate, signed by the authority by ichose directions any such distressed seaman was received on board, specifying the number and names of the distressed seamen and the time when each of them was received on board, and on a declaration made by the master before a justice o f the peace, and verified by the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen, stating the number of days during which each distressed seaman has received maintenance, and stating the full complement of his crew and the actual number of seamen and apprentices employed on board his ship, and every variation in that number, whilst the distressed seamen received maintenance, the master shall be entitled to be paid, in respect of the maintenance and passage of every seaman or apprentice so conveyed, maintained, and provided for by him, exceeding the number (if any) wanted to make up the complement of his crew, such sum per diem as the Board of Trade allow.

(3.) If any master of a British ship fails trithottt reasonable cause to comply with this section in the case of any seaman or apprentice, he shall for each offence be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds.

Sect. 192 iB repealed by M. S. A. 1906, s. 85, Sched. II., and the subject of the repealed section is now dealt with by the following s. 48 of the M. S. A. 1906.

48.—(1.) Where a distressed seaman is, for the purpose of his return to a proper return port, placed on board a British ship, the authority by whom the seaman is so placed shall endorse on the agreement with the crew of the ship the name of the seaman so placed on board, together with any particulars directed to be endorsed by the distressed seamen regulations.

(2.) The master of every British ship shall receive on board his ship, and afford a passage and maintenance to, all distressed seamen whom he is required under this Act to take on board his ship, not exceeding one for every fifty tons burden, and shall during the passage provide every such distressed seaman with a proper berth or sleeping place, effectually protected against sea and weather.

(3.) On the production of a certificate, signed by the authority by whose directions any such distressed seaman was received on board, specifying the number and names of the distressed seamen and the time when each of them was received on board, and on a declaration made by the master before a justice of the peace, or any officer authorised to administer an oath, stating the number of days during which each distressed seaman has received maintenance, and stating the full complement of his crew and the actual number of seamen employed on board his ship, and every variation in that number, whilst the distressed seamen received maintenance, the master shall be entitled to be paid, in respect to the maintenance and passage of every seaman so conveyed, maintained, and provided for by him, exceeding the number (if any) wanted to make up the complement of his crew, such sum per diem as the Board of Pt. II.

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(4.) If any master of a British ship fails without reasonable 193. cause to comply with this section in the case of any distressed" seaman, he shall for each offence be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds. For notes on this section, see post, p. 499.

193.—(1.) Where any expenses on account of any such distressed Recovery of seaman or apprentice asfollons, namely:— relaefoi8 °f

(a.) Any seaman or apprentice belonging to a British ship, who distressed has been discharged or left behind abroad, without fullseamencompliance on the part of the master with the provisions ig^lg'vi't' in that behalf in this Act contained; c. 91, s. 16.]'

(b.) A subject of Her Majesty, who has been engaged to serve in a ship belonging to the Government or to a subject or citizen of a foreign country,

either for his maintenance, necessary clothing, conveyance home, or, in case of death, for his burial, or otherwise in accordance irith this Act are incurred by or on behalf of the Crown, or are incurred by the Government of a foreign country, and repaid to that Government by or on behalf of the Crown, those expenses, together with the wages, if any, due to the seaman or apprentice, shall be a charge upon the ship, whether British or foreign, to which such distressed seaman or apprentice belonged, and shall be a debt to the Crown from the master of the ship, or from the owner of the ship for the time being, and also, if the ship be a foreign ship, from the pierson, whether principal or agent, who engaged the seaman or apprentice for service in the ship.

(2.) The debt, in addition to any fines which may have been incurred, may be recovered by the Board of Trade on behalf of the Crown cither by ordinary process of law, or in the court and manner in which wages may be recovered by seamen.

(3.) In any proceedings for such recovery the production of the account (if any) of the expenses furnished in accordance with this Act or the distressed seamen regulations, and proof of payment of the expenses by or on behalf of the Board of Trade, shall be siifficient evidence that the expenses were incurred or repaid under this Act by or on behalf of the Crown.

Sect. 193 was amended by the Merchant Shipping (Mercantile Marine Fund) Act, 1898, s. 4, Sched. II., and repealed by the M. S. A. 1906, c. 85, Sched. II., and the subject of the repealed section is now dealt with by the following s. 42 of the M. S. A. 1906.

42.—(1.) Where any expenses (other than excepted expenses as defined by this section) are incurred by or on behalf of the Crown, or are incurred by the Government of a foreign country, and repaid to that Government by or on behalf of the Crown, on account of a distressed seaman, either for his maintenance, necessary clothing, conveyance to a proper return port, or in case of death for his burial, or otherwise in accordance with this Act, those expenses (together with the wages, if any, due to the

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seaman) shall be a charge upon the ship, whether British or foreign, to which the distressed seaman belonged, and shall be a debt to the Crown from the master of the ship, or from the owner of the ship for the time being, or, where the ship has been lost, from the person who was owner of the ship at the time of the loss or, where the ship has been transferred to some person not being a British subject, either from the owner for the time being or from the person who was the owner of the ship at the time of the transfer, and also, if the ship be a foreign ship, from the person, whether principal or agent, who engaged the seaman for service in the ship.

(2.) The debt, in addition to any fines which may have been incurred, may be recovered by the Board of Trade, on behalf of the Crown, either by ordinary process of law or in the court and manner in which wages may be recovered by seamen.

(3.) In any proceeding for such recovery the production of the account (if any) of the expenses furnished in accordance with this Act or the distressed seamen regulations, and proof of payment of the expenses by or on behalf of the Board of Trade, shall be prima facie evidence that the expenses were incurred or repaid under this Act by or on behalf of the Crown.

(4.) For the purpose of this section, excepted expenses are expenses incurred in cases where the certificate of the proper authority obtained on leaving a seaman behind states, or the Board of Trade are otherwise satisfied, that the cause of the seaman being left behind is desertion, or disappearance, or imprisonment for misconduct, or discharge from his ship by a naval court on the ground of misconduct, and expenses incurred on account of the return to a proper return port of a distressed seaman who has been discharged at the port at which he was shipped, or at some neighbouring port.

For notes en thia section, see post, p. 495.

Payment of 194. All expenses paid under this Act by or on behalf of the

of Mercantile Crown for the relief of distressed seamen, shall be paid out of the

Marine Fund. Mercantile Marine Fund, and all sums received or recovered toicards

[45 & 46 Vict, those expenses shall be carried to that fund.

'• > "J This section is repealed by M. S. (Mercantile Marine Fund) Act, 1898, Sched. IV.

Volunteering into the Nncy.

Sfiam^ Vdb.—(1.) A seaman may leave his ship for the purpose of

leave their forthwith entering the naval service of Her Majesty, and in that ships in order case shall not by reason of so leaving his ship be deemed to have to enter the deserted therefrom, or otherwise be liable to any punishment or forfeiture whatever (a).

(2.) A stipulation introduced into any agreement whereby a seaman is declared to incur a forfeiture or be exposed to a loss in case ho enters the naval service of Her Majesty shall be void,

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