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tre ; , who on his return reported, that he discovered an encampment sufficient for 1500 men, but that he believed their whole force to be between 4 and 50oo (as they were regulars who were encamped on the Beach, and he supposed the irregujars to be concealed in the woods;) this account we afterwards found to be pretty exact, as the enemy had 1750 regulars, and 3,500 Canadians and Indians. Two sloops of 6 and 4 pounders, were upon this report ordered out to annoy the encampment of the enemy, but were foon obliged to bear away as they were smartly fired upon from a battery of twelve pounders, and most of their shot took place. The after
noon of the same day, the Canadians
and Indians began to fire on Ontario Fort with their small arms; which they continued till dark, which was briskly returned from the Fort. "That night the enemy open'd their
trenches and began their parallel to
the northward of the Fort, at the distance of about 250 yards, under the cover of a rising ground. On the 12th at day break, about 200 of the enemies Battoes were discovered coming round a point about four miles to the eastward of Ontario: Their fire from the musquetry was warmer than the day before. On the 13th at day break the fire from the musquetry re-commenced, and the enemy were plainly discoyered at work, their cannon bringing up, and a battery ready to open upon the Fort, without a posfibility of disturbing them ; which was attempted by a few Recochet Shot, and throwing all our shells, but without effect as their works were greatly elevated above ours. The garrison was pent up in a piquetted Fort, too weak to admit of making a sortic, and but one en
trance to the Fort, with a ditch be- :
yards, on which their battery was raised, so that we could not bring one gun to bear upon the enemy: This was immediately reported to Col. Mercer, with the opinion of the officers thereupon ; which was, that they could not hold out above an hour or two after the opening of the enemies battery. Col. Mercer, agreeable to this opinion, made a disposition, and sent orders for the evacuation of that Fort, which was performed in good order about four o'clock in the afternoon without the loss of a man. The same night the enemy took possession of the Fort, and began a battery to the westward of it, which they had in forwardness, and j with eleven pieces of cannon at day break the 14th instant, at which time the cannonading began and continued very hot for some hours. About eighto clock we discovered the enemy fording the river about a mile above us, in three columns, and have reason to believe they had passed over five or fix hundred the night before. About 7 o'clock our men were ob
liged to quit our works (except the
About ten o'clock we discover'd
the enemy to the amount, as we afterwards learned, of 3,500 filing off and surrounding us, and the Marquis de Montcalm, with the re
gulars on the east side of the river, ready to pass over to make a general assault. Col. Littlehales, upon whom the command devolved upon Col. Mercer's being killed, then called a council of war, and demanded the opinion of the engineers as to the state of the garrison, which they declared was not tenable, upon which the chamade was beat, and an officer was sent over with a flag of truce.
province alone is not able to supply all.
Loudon. We have also suffered another considerable loss in fort Granville, in Cumberland county, the particulars of which have been thus related. in a letter from Philadelphia, dated August 19. , That on the 30th of July, Captain Ward marched from the fort, with his ensign, and all the men belonging to it, except 24 under the command of Lieut. Armstrong, to guard some reapers in Shearman's valley: That soon after he left the fort it was attacked by about 1oo French and Indians, who took Juniatta creek, and creeping under its banks to a gut about 12 feet deep, came within 30 or 4o feet of the fort, where the shot from our men could not hurt them, and there by gathering together pine knots, and other combustible matter, they made a pile and set fire to the fort. The enemy called to the befieged, offering them quarter, if they would surrender ; on which one John Turner immediately opened the gates. and gave them possession ; twentytwo soldiers, three women and five or six children were made prisoners, of which the French took the young men and women, and the Indians the older men and children ; and having loaded them with flour. &c. they set off in triumph ; but when they had marched a little way, the French commander ordered Capt. Jacobs back to burn the fort, which
he did. Since the loss of Oswego, we have had various accounts from America. We were once flattered with hopes that the regular troops under Lord - Loudon
Loudon, would have been immediately employed in retaking it, or in possessing our posts to the westward of Albany; and by that means preserving the friendship of the Six Nations, and keeping in our power a communication with lake Ontario. e were rather induced to hope this would be the case, from the demand lord Loudon immediately made upon the several governments to the eastward, of an aid of as considerable a number of men as they possibly could send for the reinforcement of the provincial troops under the command of Gen. Winslow, which were then about 7ooo men. But instead of any attempt that way, upon the first information that Oswego was taken, our only communication from the Mohawks river to the Oneida lake was stopped up, by o the Wood Creek with great logs an trees for many miles together. A few days afterwards, the forts at the Great Carrying Place, which was then become our most advanced post into the country of the Six Nations (and where there was at that time above 3ooo men, including 12oo batthemen, and which still gave the Six Nations some hopes that we would defend their country against the French) were abandoned and destroyed; and the troops which were under the command of Gen. Webb, retreated to Burnet's field, and left the country and the Six Nations te the mercy of the enemy. The French immediately after the taking of Oswego, demolished all the works there, and returned with their prisoners and booty to their army at Trinonderage, to oppose our provincial army under general Winslow, who has been kept from attacking Crown Point, while the enemy were weak and in our power to have beat them.—The consequences of the destruction of our forts at the Great Carrying Place, and general Webb's retreating to Burnet's field, is apparent to every one acquainted with American af