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in your face" at a shop which he describes, lively man is clear and quick. Endeavour and which was standing till the late improve therefore to put your blood in motion. Exments took place. The rest of the picture is ercise is the best way to do it; but you may still alive. (Trivia, b. 111.)

also help yourself, in moderation, with wine, or

other excitements. Only you must take care Where the fair columns of St. Clement stand, Whose straitened bounds encroach upon the Strand ;

so to proportion the use of any artificial Where the low pent-house bows the walker's head, stimulus, that it may not render the blood And the rough pavement wounds the yielding tread; languid by over-exciting it at first; and that Where not a post protects the narrow space,

you may be able to keep up, by the natural And strung in twines, combs dangle in thy face;

stimulus only, the help you have given your. Summon at once thy courage, rouse thy care ; Stand firm, look back, be resolute, beware!

self by the artificial. Forth issuing from steep lanes, the colliers' steeds

Regard the bad weather as somebody has Drag the black load; another cart succeeds;

advised us to handle the nettle. In proportion Team follows team, crowds heaped on crowds appear,

as you are delicate with it, it will make you And wait impatient till the road grow clear.

but There is a touch in the Winter Picture in

Grasp it like a man of inettle,

And the rogue obeys you well. the same poem, which everybody will recog

Do not the less, however, on that account, take

all reasonable precaution and arms against it, At White's the harnessed chairman idly stands,

- your boots, &c. against wet feet, and your And swings around his waist bis tingling hands.

great-coat or umbrella against the rain. It is The bewildered passenger in the Seven Dials timidity and flight, which are to be deprecated, is compared to Theseus in the Cretan labyrinth. not proper armour for the battle. The first And thus we come round to the point at which will lay you open to defeat, on the least attack. we began.

A proper use of the latter will only keep you Before we rest our wings, however, we must strong for it. Plato had such a high opinion take another dart over the city, as far as Strat- of exercise, that he said it was a cure even for ford at Bow, where, with all due tenderness a wounded conscience. Nor is this opinion a for boarding-school French, a joke of Chaucer's dangerous one. For there is no system, even has existed as a piece of local humour for of superstition, however severe or cruel in nearly four hundred and fifty years. Speaking other matters, that does not allow a wounded of the Prioress, who makes such a delicate conscience to be curable by some means. figure among his Canterbury Pilgrims, he tells Nature will work out its rights and its kindness us, in the list of her accomplishments, that some way or other, through the worst sophis

tications; and this is one of the instances in French she spake full faire and featously;

which she seems to raise herself above all conadding with great gravity

tingencies. The conscience may have been

wounded by artificial or by real guilt; but After the school of Stratforde atte Bowe;

then she will tell it in those extremities, that For French of Paris was to her unknowe.

even the real guilt may have been produced by circumstances. It is her kindness alone, which nothing can pull down from its pre

dominance. VII.--ADVICE TO THE MELANCHOLY.

See fair play between cares and pastimes.

Diminish your artificial wants as much as posIf you are melancholy for the first time, you sible, whether you are rich or poor; for the will find upon a little inquiry, that others have rich man's, increasing by indulgence, are apt been melancholy many times, and yet are to outweigh even the abundance of his means ; cheerful now. If you have been melancholy and the poor man's diminution of them renders many times, recollect that you have got over his means the greater. On the other hand, all those times; and try if you cannot find out increase all your natural and healthy enjoy. means of getting over them better.

ments. Cultivate your afternoon fire-side, the Do not imagine that mind alone is concerned society of your friends, the company of agreein your bad spirits. The body has a great | able children, music, theatres, amusing books, deal to do with these matters. The mind may an urbane and generous gallantry. He who undoubtedly affect the body; but the body thinks any innocent pastime foolish, has either also affects the mind. There is a re-action to grow wiser or is past the ability to do so. between them; and by lessening it on either In the one case, his notion of being childish is side, you diminish the pain on both.

itself a childish notion. In the other, his If you are melancholy, and know not why, importance is of so feeble and hollow a cast, be assured it must arise entirely from some that it dare not move for fear of tumbling to physical weakness; and do your best to pieces. strengthen yourself. The blood of a melan A friend of ours, who knows as well as any choly man is thick and slow; the blood of a man how to unite industry with enjoyinent,

Sir John Beaumont's Bosworth Field.

has set an excellent example to those who can afford the leisure, by taking two Sabbaths every

VIII.-CHARLES BRANDON, AND MARY week instead of one, - not Methodistical

QUEEN OF FRANCE. Sabbathis, but days of rest which pay true The fortune of Charles Brandon was rehomage to the Supreme Being by enjoying his markable. He was an honest man, yet the creation.

favourite of a despot. He was brave, handOne of the best pieces of advice for an ailing some, accomplished, possessed even delicacy spirit is to go to no sudden extremes—to adopt of sentiment; yet he retained the despot's no great and extreme changes in diet or other favour to the last. He even had the perilous habits. They may make a man look very honour of being beloved by his master's sister, great and philosophic to his own mind; but without having the least claim to it by birth; they are not fit for a being, to whom custom and yet instead of its destroying them both, he has been truly said to be a second nature. Dr. was allowed to be her husband. Cheyne may tell us that a drowning man cannot Charles Brandon was the son of Sir William too quickly get himself out of the water ; but Brandon, whose skull was cleaved at Bosworth the analogy is not good. If the water has by Richard the Third, while bearing the become a second habit, he might almost as well standard of the Duke of Richmond. Richard say that a fish could not get too quickly out dashed at the standard, and appears to have of it.

been thrown from his horse by Sir William, Upon this point, Bacon says that we should whose strength and courage however could not discontinue what we think hurtful by little and save him from the angry desperation of the little. And he quotes with admiration the king. advice of Celsus :—that " a man do vary and

But Time, whose wheeles with various motion runne, interchange contraries, but rather with an in- Repayes this service fully to his sonne, clination to the more benign extreme.” “Use Who marries Richmond's daughter, born betweene fasting,” he says, " and full eating, but rather

Two royal parents, and endowed a queene. full eating ; watching and sleep, but rather sleep ; sitting and exercise, but rather exercise, The father's fate must have had its effect in and the like; so shali nature be cherished, and securing the fortunes of the son. Young yet taught masteries."

Brandon grew up with Henry the Seventh's We cannot do better than conclude with children, and was the playmate of his future one or two other passages out of the same king and bride. The prince, as he increased in Essay, full of his usual calm wisdom.

years, seems to have carried the idea of Branfly physic in health altogether, it will be too don with him like that of a second self; and strange for your body when you need it.” (He the princess, whose affection was not hindered means that a general state of health should from becoming personal by anything sisterly, not make us over-confident and contemptuous

nor on the other hand allowed to waste itself of physic ; but that we should use it ‘mode-in too equal a familiarity, may have felt a rately if required, that it may not be too double impulse given to it by the improbability strange to us when required most.) “ If you of her ever being suffered to become his wife. make it too familiar, it will have no extraordi- Royal females in most countries have certainly nary effect when sickness cometh. I commend none of the advantages of their rank, whatever rather some diet for certain seasons, than the males may have. Mary was destined to frequent use of physic, except it be grown

taste the usual bitterness of their lot; but into a custom ; for those diets alter the body she was repaid. At the conclusion of the war more, and trouble it less."

with France, she was married to the old king “ As for the passions and studies of the Louis the Twelfth, who witnessed from a couch mind,” says he, “avoid envy, anxious fears, the exploits of her future husband at the anger fretting inwards, subtle and knotty in- tournaments. The doings of Charles Brandon quisitions, joys and exhilarations in excess, that time were long remembered. The love sadness not communicated ” (for as he says between him and the young queen was susfinely, somewhere else, they who keep their pected by the French court ; and he had just griets to themselves, are “cannibals of their seen her enter Paris in the midst of a gorgeous own hearts"). “ Entertain hopes ; mirth rather procession, like Aurora come to marry Tithothan joy ;” (that is to say, cheerfulness rather Brandon dealt his chivalry about him than boisterous merriment ;) " variety of de- accordingly with such irresistible vigour, that lights rather than surfeit of them ; 'wonder the dauphin, in a fit of jealousy, secretly in. and adıniration, and therefore novelties ; troduced into the contest a huge German, who studies that till the mind with splendid and

was thought to be of a strength incomparable. illustrious objects, as histories, fables, and But Brandon grappled with him, and with contemplations of nature.”

seeming disdain and detection so pummelled him about the head with the hilt of his sword, that the blood burst through the vizor. Imagine the feelings of the queen, when he came

“ If you

nus.

many doubts

And ofte of secret ills bids us beware:

and made her an offering of the German's
shield! Drayton, in his Heroical Epistles, we

IX.--ON THE HOUSEHOLD GODS OF know not on what authority, tells us, that on

THE ANCIENTS.
one occasion during the combats, perhaps this
particular one, she could not help crying out,

The Ancients had three kinds of Household “Hurt not my sweet Charles," or words to

Gods,—the Daimon (Dæmon) or Genius, the that effect. He then pleasantly represents her | Penates, and the Lares. The first was supas doing away suspicion by falling to commen

posed to be a spirit allotted to every man dations of the dauphin, and affecting not to

from his birth, some say with a companion ; know who the conquering knight was ;-an

and that one of them was a suggester of good ignorance not very probable ; but the knights thoughts, and the other of evil. It seems, sometimes disguised themselves purposely.

however, that the Genius was a personification The old king did not long survive his fes

of the conscience, or rather of the prevailing tivities. He died in less than three months, impulses of the mind, or the other self of a on the first day of the year 1515; and Brandon, man; and it was in this sense most likely that who had been created Duke of Suffolk the year Socrates condescended to speak of his wellbefore, re-appeared at the French court, with known Dæmon, Genius, or Familiar Spirit, letters of condolence, and more persuasive who, as he was a good man, always advised looks. The royal widow was young, beautiful, him to a good end. The Genius was thought and rich : and it was likely that her hand to paint ideas upon the mind in as lively a would be sought by many princely lovers ; but

manner as if in a looking-glass ; upon which she was now resolved to reward herself for her we chose which of them to adopt. Spenser, sacrifice, and in less than two months she a deeply-learned as well as imaginative poet, privately married her first love. The queen,

describes it in one of his most comprehensive
says a homely but not mean poet (Warner, in though not most poetical stanzas, as
his Albion's England) thought that to cast too -That celestial Powte, to whom the care

Of life, and generation of all
Were oft to erre no lesse

That lives, pertaine in charge particulare ;
Than to be rash : and thus no doubt

Who wondrous things concerning our welfare,
The gentle queen did guesse,

And straunge phantomes doth lett us ofte forusce,
That seeing this or that, at first
Or last, bad likelyhood,

That is our Selfe, whom though we do not soe,
A man so much a manly man

Yet each doth in himselfe it well perceive to boe.
Were dastardly withstood.

Therefore a God him sage antiquity
Then kisses revelled on their lips,

Did wisely make.–Faerie Queene, book il. st. 47.
To either's equal good.
Henry showed great anger at first, real or

Of the belief in an Evil Genius, a celebrated pretended ; but he had not then been pampered example is furnished in Plutarch's account of into unbearable self-will by a long reign of Brutus's vision, of which Shakspeare has tyranny. He forgave his sister and friend; given so fine a version (Julius Cæsar, Act 4, and they were publicly wedded at Greenwich Sc. 3). Beliefs of this kind seem traceable on the 13th of May.

from one superstition to another, and in some It was during the festivities on this occasion

instances are immediately so. But fear, and (at least we believe so, for we have not the ignorance, and even the humility of knowchivalrous Lord Herbert's Life of Henry the ledge, are at hand to furnish them, where proEighth by us, which is most probably the au

cedent is wanting. There is no doubt, howthority for the story ; and being a good thing, ever, that the Romans, who copied and in it is omitted, as usual, by the historians) that general vulgarized the Greek mythology, took Charles Brandon gave a proof of the fineness their Genius from the Greek Daimon : and of his nature, equally just towards himself,

as the Greek word has survived and taken and conciliating towards the jealous. He ap

shape in the common word Dæmon, which by peared, at a tournament, on a saddle-cloth,

scornful reference to the Heathen religion, made half of frize and half of cloth-of-gold,

came at last to signify a Devil, so the Latin and with a motto on each half. One of the word Genius, not having been used by the mottos ran thus :

translators of the Greek Testament, has sur

vived with a better meaning, and is employed Cloth of frize, be not too bold, Though thou art match'd with cloth of gold.

to express our most genial and intellectual

faculties. Such and such a man is said to inThe other :

dulge his genius :- he has a genius for this Cloth of gold, do not despise,

and that art :-he has a noble genius, a fine Though thou art matched with cloth of frize.

genius, an original and peculiar genius. And It is this beautiful piece of sentiment which as the Romans, from attributing a genius to puts a heart into his history, and makes it every man at his birth, came to attribute one worthy remembering.

to places and to soils, and other more comprehensive peculiarities, so we have adopted

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the same use of the term into our poetical Plainly I saw them, standing in the light phraseology. We speak also of the genius

Which the moon poured into the room that night. or idiomatic peculiarity of a language. One of And again, after they had addressed him— the most curious and edifying uses of the word Genius took place in the English trans- Nec sopor illud erat ; sed coram agnoscere vultus, lation of the French Arabian Nights, which

Velatasque comas, præsentiaque ora videbar :

Tumigelidus toto manabat corpore sudor. speaks of our old friends the Genie and the Genies. This is nothing more than the French It was no dream : I saw them face to face, word retained from the original translator,

Their hooded hair; and felt them so before who applied the Roman word Genius to the

My being, that I burst at every pore. Arabian Dive or Elf.

The Lares, or Lars, were the lesser and One of the stories with which Pausanias has most familiar Household Gods, and though their enlivened his description of Greece, is relative offices were afterwards extended a good deal, in to a Genius. He says, that one of the compa- the same way as those of the Penates, with whom nions of Ulysses having been killed by the they are often confounded, their principal people of Temesa, they were fated to sacrifice sphere was the fire-place. This was in the a beautiful virgin every year to his manes. middle of the room ; and the statues of the They were about to immolate one as usual, Lares generally stood about it in little niches. when Euthymus, a conqueror in the Olympic They are said to have been in the shape of Games, touched with pity at her fate and ad- monkeys; more likely mannikins, or rude miration of her beauty, fell in love with her, little human images. Some were made of wax, and resolved to try if he could not put an end some of stone, and others doubtless of any mato so terrible a custom. He accordingly got terial for sculpture. They were represented permission from the state to marry her, pro- | with good-natured grinning countenances, were vided he could rescue her from her dreadful clothed in skins, and had little dogs at their expectant. Fie armed himself, waited in the feet. Some writers make them the offspring temple, and the genius appeared. It was said of the goddess Mania, who presided over the to have been of an appalling presence. Its spirits of the dead ; and suppose that origishape was every way formidable, its colour of nally they were the same as those spirits ; an intense black, and it was girded about with which is a very probable as well as agreeable 3 wolf-skin. But Euthymus fought and con- superstition, the old nations of Italy having quered it ; upon which it fled madly, not only been accustomed to bury their dead in their beyond the walls, but the utmost bounds of houses. Upon this supposition, the good or Temesa, and rushed into the sea.

benevolent spirits were called Familiar Lares, The Penates were Gods of the house and

and the evil or malignant ones Larvæ and family. Collectively speaking, they also pre- | Lemures. Thus Milton, in his awful Hymn sided over cities, public roads, and at last over on the Nativity :all places with which men were conversant.

In consecrated earth, Their chief government however was sup- And on the holy hearth, posed to be over the most inner and secret The Lars and Lemures moan with midnight plaint. part of the house, and the subsistence and In urns and altars round, welfare of its inmates. They were chosen

A drear and dying sound at will out of the number of the gods, as the

Affrights the Flamens at their service quaint;

And the chill marble seems to sweat, Roman in modern times chose his favourite

While each Peculiar Power foregoes his wonted seat. saint. In fact they were only the higher gods themselves, descending into a kind of house- But Ovid tells a story of a gossiping nymph hold familiarity. They were the personifica- Lara, who having told Juno of her husband's tion of a particular Providence. The most amour with Juturna, was sent to Hell ” by striking mention of the Penates which we him, and courted by Mercury on the road; can call to mind is in one of Virgil's most the consequence of which was the birth of the poetical passages. It is where they appear

Lares. This seems to have a natural reference to Æneas, to warn him from Crete, and an- enough to the gossiping over fire-places. nounce his destined empire in Italy. (Lib. III. It is impossible not to be struck with the 147.)

resemblance between these lesser Household

Gods and some of the offices of our old Nox erat, et terris animalia somnus habebat: Fffigies sacre divům, Phrygiique Penates,

English elves and fairies. Dacier, in a note Quos mecum a Troja, medijsque ex ignibus urbis upon Horace (Lib. I., Od. 12) informs us, that Extuleram, visi ante ooulos adstare jacentis

in some parts of Languedoc, in his time, the In somnis, multo manifesti lumine, qua se

fire-place was still called the Lar; and that Plena per insertas fundebat luna fenestras,

the name was also given to houses. 'Twas night; and sleep was on all living things. Herrick, a poet of the Anacreontic order I lay, and saw before my very eyes

in the time of Elizabeth, who was visited, Dread slapes of gods, and Phrygian dcities, The great Penates; whom with reverent joy

perhaps more than any other, except Spenser, I bore from out the heart of burning Troy.

with a sense of the pleasantest parts of the

THE EPITAPH OF EROTION.

Lies little sweet Erotion ;

ancient mythology, has written some of his the painter tells us the story from Pope, who lively little odes upon the Lares. We have not had it from Betterton the actor, one of Davethem by us at this moment, but we remember nant's company), it may be carried at once one beginning,

from Dryden to Davenant, with whom he was It was, and still my care is

unquestionably intimate. Davenant then knew To worship you, the Lares.

Hobbes, who knew Bacon, who knew Ben We take the opportunity of the Lar's being Fletcher, Chapman, Donne, Drayton, Camden,

Jonson, who was intimate with Beaumont and mentioned in it, to indulge ourselves in a little poem of Martial's, very charming for its sim

Selden, Clarendon, Sydney, Raleigh, and perplicity. It is an Epitaph on a child of the haps all the great men of Elizabeth's and

James's time, the greatest of them all undoubtname of Erotion.

edly. Thus have we a link of“ beamy hands” Hic festinata requiescit Erotion umbra,

from our own times up to Shakspeare.
Crimine quam fati sexta peremit hiems.
Quisquis eris nostri post me regnator agelli,

In this friendly genealogy we have omitted
Manibus exiguis annua justa dato.

the numerous side-branches or common friendSic Lare perpetuo, sic turba sospite, solus

ships. It may be mentioned, however, in Flebilis in terra sit lapis iste tua.

order not to omit Spenser, that Davenant resided some time in the family of Lord Brooke,

the friend of Sir Philip Sidney. Spenser's Underneath this greedy stone

intimacy with Sidney is mentioned by himself Whom the fates, with hearts as cold,

in a letter, still extant, to Gabriel Harvey. Nipt away at six years old.

We will now give the authorities for our in. Thou, whoever thou may'st be,

tellectual pedigree. Sheridan is mentioned in That hast this small field after me, Let the yearly rites be paid

Boswell as being admitted to the celebrated To her little slender shade ;

club of which Johnson, Goldsmith, and others So shall no disease or jar

were members. He had just written the Ilurt thy house or chill thy Lar;

School for Scandal, which made him the more But this tomb here be alone,

welcome. Of Johnson's friendship with Savage The only melancholy stone.

(we cannot help beginning the sentence with his favourite leading preposition), the well

known Life is an interesting record. It is said X.-SOCIAL GENEALOGY.

that in the commencement of their friendship,

they sometimes wandered together about It is a curious and pleasant thing to con- London for want of a lodging more likely sider, that a link of personal acquaintance for Savage's want of it, and Johnson's fear of can be traced up from the authors of our own offending him by offering a share of his own. times to those of Shakspeare, and to Shak- But we do not remember how this circumstance speare himself. Ovid, in recording his inti- is related by Boswell. macy with Propertius and Horace, regrets that Savage's intimacy with Steele is recorded in he had only seen Virgil. (Trist. Lib. IV., v. 51.) a pleasant anecdote, which he told Johnson. But still he thinks the sight of him worth Sir Richard once desired him," with an air of remembering. And Pope, when a child, pre- the utmost importance,” says his biographer, vailed on some friends to take him to a coffee- “ to come very early to his house the next house which Dryden frequented, merely to morning. Mr. Savage came as he had prolook at him; which he did, with great satis- mised, found the chariot at the door, and Sir faction. Now such of us as have shaken Richard waiting for him and ready to go out. hands with a living poet, might be able to What was intended, and whither they were to reckon up a series of connecting shakes, to the go, Savage could not conjecture, and was not very hand that wrote of Hamlet, and of Fal- willing to inquire, but immediately seated staff, and of Desdemona.

himself with Sir Richard. The coachman was With some living poets, it is certain. There ordered to drive, and they hurried with the is Thomas Moore, for instance, who knew utmost expedition to Hyde-park Corner, where Sheridan. Sheridan knew Johnson, who was they stopped at a petty tavern, and retired to the friend of Savage, who new Steele, who a private room. Sir Richard then informed knew Pope. Pope was intimate with Con- him that he intended to publish a pamphlet, greve, and Congreve with Dryden. Dryden is and that he had desired him to come thither said to have visited Milton. Milton is said to that he might write for him. They soon sat have known Davenant; and to have been saved | down to the work. Sir Richard dictated, and by him from the revenge of the restored court, Savage wrote, till the dinner that had been in return for having saved Davenant from the ordered was put upon the table. Savage was revenge of the Commonwealth. But if the surprised at the meanness of the entertain. link between Dryden and Milton, and Miltonment, and after some hesitation, ventured to and Davenant, is somewhat apocryphal, or ask for wine, which Sir Richard, not without rather dependent on tradition (for Richardson reluctance, ordered to be brought. They then

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