페이지 이미지


369. Exs. of the falling 1. Who Maxims. 1. A wounded reputation is seldom tares for yoû ? 2. He is your friend, is he? cured. 2. Conciliatory manners always com. 3, Yoû tell me so, you? 4. If I were mand esteem. 3. Never deride any one's infirmito do so, what would you say? 5. It is ties., 4. Detraction-is a sin against justice. 5. not prúdence, when I trust my secrets to a

Modesty-has more charms than beauty. 6. No man who cannot keep his own. 6. You fear should deter us from doing good. 7. Pin not are a very wise man, strông, brâve, peaceable

. your faith to another one's sleeve. 8. Reckless 7. If you had told me so, perhaps, I should youth-makes rueful age. 9. The example of the have believed you. 8. Sir, you are a fool, rigid examination. 11. Sickness is felt, but not

good is visible philosophy. 10. Truthnever fears and I feâr you will remain so.

health. 370. MANNER. What we mean, does

Reason. As the field of true science enz. not so much depend on what we say, as how larges, as thought becomes more free, an in. we say it; not so much on our words, as on quiry upon all subjects becomes more bold our manner of speaking them: accordingly, and searching ; a voice louder and still loudin elocution, great attention must necessarily

er comes up from the honest and thinking be given to this, as expressive of what our words do not always indicate: thus, na- in religion, as well as in every thing else ;

men in Christendom, calling for rationality ture—fixes the outward expression of every calling for such principles of biblical interintention and sentiment. Art only adds ease and grucefulness to the promptings of be indeed, and in truth, the Word of God.

pretation, as shall show the scriptures to nature: as nature has ordained, that man Every ray of truth, which has been sent shall walk on his feet, and not on his hands, from heaven-to enlighten and bless manart-teaches him to walk gracefully.

371. COMBINATION OF THE WAVES. 1. kind, has gained admittance into the world But yộu forsooth, are very wise men, deeply by patient struggling and persevering con

test.. learned in the trůth ; , weak, contěmpti

Varieties. 1. The words of Seneca, the ble, měan persons; but you, strông, gâllant. virtuous Pagan, put to the blushmany a 2. Mere hîrelings, and time-servers—are al

pagan christian. 2. When Socrates was inways opposed to (5) improvements, and (6) formed, that the judges had sentenced him originălity : so are tyruntsto lîberty, and to death, he replied, " And hath not Nature

públicanism. 3. Wisdom alone is truly passed the same sentence on them :" 4. fair ; vice, only appears so. 4. How like

There is more eloquence, in the tone of voice, a fawning públican he looks! 5. How

in the looks, and in the gestures of a speakgrêên you are, and frêsh in this old world!

er, than in the choice of his words. 6. Whât! can so young a thorn begin to prick? 7. Môneyis your suit? What

Dear Patiencetoo, is born of woe, should I săy to you! Should I not say,

Patience, that opens the gate

Wherethrough the soul of man must go Hath a dóg môney? Is it possiblea cũr can lend thrêê thousand důcats? 7. They

Up to each nobler state. tell ús to be moderate; but they, THEY

High natures-must be thunder-scarca,

With many a searing wrong. are to revel in profüsion ! Miscellaneous. 1. Can one phenome

Law, that shocks equity, is reason's murder. non of mind be presented, without being

I would not waste my spring of youth, connected with another ? if so,-how? 2.

In idle dalliance; I would plant rich seeds, Reputation-often effects that, which did not

To blossom in my manhood, and bear fruit,

When I am old. belong to one's character. Make a childbelieve that he is considered aimable, by his

Full many a gem-of purest ray serene, friends, and he will generally become so. 3.

The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear, Affection-is the continuous principle of love,

Full many a flow'r is born to blush unseen,

And waste its sweetness on the desert air. -which is spiritual heat ; and hence the very vital principle of man. 4. Must not

Beautiful cloud ! with folds so soft and fair, the first possible idea--of any individual,

Swimming-in the pure-quiet air !

Thy fleeces, bathed in sunlight, while below, have been the product of the relation--be

Thy shadow-o'er the vale moves slow : tween two states of the mind, in reference to

Where, 'midst their labor, pause the reaper trama, external objects ?

As cool it comes-along the grain. Anecdote, Danger of Bar Campany.

Beautiful cloud! I would I were with thee St. Austin compares the danger of bad com

In thy calm way-o'er land and sea : rany-to a nail driven into a post; which,

To resiaon thy unrolling skirts, and look after the first, and second stroke, may be On Earth-as on an open book; drawn out with little difficulty; but being On streams, that tie her realms, with silver bande mce driven up to the head, the pincers can

And the long ways, that seam her lands; iake no hold to draw it out ; which can be And hear her humming cities, and the sound done only by the destruction of the wood.

Of the great ocean-breaking round


[ocr errors]

372. Remember, that Nature abhors mo- Maxims. 1. A faithful friend -- is a strong notony, or sameness of sound, as much as defence. 2. Avoid that which you blame in others. she does a vacuum. Hence, give variety in 3. By doing nothing, we learn to do ill 4. Con. emphasis, in flections, and waves, if they often fession of a fault, makes half amends for it. 5

1. (3) Happy, (5) hippy, (6) håp- Dependence and obedience, necessarily belong to Py, páir ! none but the' (2) brave! (6) youth. 6. Every art-is best taught by example. nóne but the (5) brave ; none (8) But ihe 7. Great designs require great consideration. 8. brave deserve the făir! 2. (6) What a piece Never sport with pain, or poverty. 10. Put no

Misfortune is a touchstone of friendship. 9. of workis man! how noble in (5) rea

faith in tale-bearers. sım! how infinite in (6) FACULTIES! in (4) form, and (5) moving, how express and

Anecdote. Point of Law Blackstone, (6) admirable in action, how like an an- speaking of the right of a wife to douer, as. gel! in apprehension, (4) how like a God! serts, that if land abide in the husband a sin. 3. My JUDGMENT-approves this measure,

gle moment, the wife shall be endowed thereand my whole HEART-is in it: all that I of; and he adds, that the doctrine was ex

tended have ; (4) all that I

am ;
and all that I

very far, by a jury in Wales, where HOPE, in this life, I am now ready here to time; but the son was supposed to survive

the father and son were hanged at the same stake

upon it; and I leave off as I began; the father, by appearing to struggle the longth’t (4) sink or swim ; (5) live or die ;

er; whereby he became seized of an estate survive or (6) PERISH,—I am for the DECLA

by survivorship; in consequence of which RATION. It is my living sentiment, and (2) by the blessing of God, it shall be my dying seizure

, his wife-obtained a verdict for her sentiment: (5) Independence

(6) and Independence (9) FOREVER!

Riches and Talent. Nothing is more

common than to see station and riches--pre373. EFFECT. What is the use of reading, ferred to talent and goodness ; and yet few speaking, and singing, if the proper effect is things are more absurd. The peculiar supenot produced? If the singing in our church riority of talent and goodness-over station choirs, and the reading and speaking in the and riches, may be seen from hence ;-that desk and pulpit, were what they ought to the influence of the former--will always be be, and what they may be, the house of God the greatest, 'in that government, which is would be more thronged than theatres ever the purest ; while that of the latter-will al have been. Oh! when will the best of truths

ways be the greatest-in the government be delivered in the best of manners? May that is the most corrupt : so that from the the stars of elocution and music, be more preponderance of the one, we may infer the numerous than the stars of heaven!

soundness and vigor of the commonwealth; Because I cannot flatter, and speak fair, but from the other, its dotage and degeneracy. Smile in man's face, smooth, deceive and coy,

Varieties. 1. Indolence and indecision, Deck with French words, and apish courtesy,

tho’ not vices in themselves, generally preI must be held—a răncorous ênemy. Cannot a plain man live, and think no narm,

pare the way for much sin and misery. 2 But thus his simple truth-must be abused,

If the mind be properly cultivated, it will

produce a storehouse of precious fruits ; but By silken, sly, insinuating Jacks !

if neglected, it will be overrun with noxious Tho'plunged in ills, and exercised in care,

weeds and poisonous plants. 3. A kind Yet, hicver let the noble mind despair :

benefactor-makes one happy--as soon as he
When prest by dangers, and beset by foes,
Heaven its timely succour doth interpose, [grief,) can, and as much as he can. 4. The only
And, (when our virtue sinks, o'erwhelmed with sure basis of every government, is in the of.
By unforeseen expedients—brings relief.

fection of a people, rendered contented, and If there's a sin-more deeply black than others,

happy, by the justness and mildness, with Distinguished from the list of common crimes,

which they are ruled. 5. As moisture is reAnd legion-in itself, and doubly dear

quired to the formation of every seed, so natu. To the dark prince of hell-it is hypocrisy.

ral truth-to the formation of first principles Ye gentle gales, beneath my body blow,

They whom

Nature's works can charm, with God himself And softly lay me-on the waves below.

Hold converse! grow familiar, day by day, Wisdom--tnok up her harp, and stood in place

With His conceptions, act upon His plan, of frequent concourse-stood in every gate,

And form to His-the relish of their souls.
By every way, and walked in every street,
And, lifting up her voice, proclaimed: Be wise,

Our present acts, tho' slightly we pass them by
Ye fools ! be of an understanding heart.

Are 50 much seed-sown for Eternity. Forsake the wicked : come not near his house :

The devil can cite scripture for nis purpese

An evil soul, producing holy wttness, Pass by: make haste: depart, and turn away.

It like a villain with a smiling cheek; Me follow-me, whose ways are pleasantness,

A goodly apple, rotten at the heart; Nhose paths are peace, whose end is perfect joy O, what a goodly outside--falsehood hath!

374. As the principles of elocution are Proverbs. 1. Forbearance- .s requisite in few and simple, and as practice alone makes youth, in middle age, and in old age. 2. Peculiar. perfect, there are all kinds of examples pro.ities--are easily acquired; but it is very dificult to vided for those, who are determined to de- eradicate them. 3. Good principles are ot no use velop their minds through their bodies, and to us, unless we are governed by them. 4. Cobecome all that God and nature-intended quetry--is the vice of a small mind. 5. Pure meithem to be. As the ear is most intimately als--shine brighter, the more they are rubbed. 6. connected with the affections—the motive- Pride-lives on very costly food,—its keeper's power of the intellect, it is absolutely neces- happiness. 7. Extremes: — are generally hurtful, sary that the student should exercise aloud, for they often expose us 10 damage, or render us that the voice and ear, as well as the thoughls ridiculous. 8. In the days of affluence, always and feelings, may be cultivated in harmony think of poverty. 9. Never let want come upon and correspondence. If, then, he finds the you, and make you remember the days of plenty. task severe, let him persevere, and never 10. No one can become a good reader or speaks, mind it.

in a few weeks, or a few months. 375, EXAMPLES. 1. The queen of Den

Woman, I have always observed, says mark, in reproving her son, Humlet, on ac- Ledyard, that women, in all countries, are count of his conduct towards his step-father, civil, obliging, tender, and humane; that whom she married, shortly after the murder they are inclined to be gay and cheerful, tim. of the king, her husband, says to him, Humorous and modest, and ihat they do not, like let, you have your father much offended.” mun, hesitate to perform a generous action. To which he replies, with a circumflex on Not haughty, arrogant, or supercilious, they you, Madam, (3) you — have my father are full of courtesy, and fond of society; more much offended.” He meant his own father: liable, in general, to err than man, but in she—his step-father; he would also intimate, general, also, more virtuous, and performing that she was accessory to his father's mur- whether civilized or savage, I never address,

more good actions than he. To a woman, der; and his peculiar reply, was like daggers ed myself in the language of decency and in her soul. 2. In the following reply of friendship, without receiving a decent and Death to Satan, there is a frequent occurrence friendly answer. With man it has been often of circumflexes, mingled with contempt: otherwise. In wandering through the barren "And reckon'st thou thyself with spirits of plains of inhospitable Denmark; thro' hun; keaven, hell-doomed, and breath’st defiance est Sweden, and frozen Lapland, rude and here, and scórn, where I reign king and, churlish Finland, unprincipled Russia, and to enrage thee môre,—thy king, and lørd 2" the wide-spread regions of the wandering The voice is circumflected on heaven, hell- | Tartar; if hungry, dry, cold, wet, or sick, doomed, king and thy, nearly an octave.

the women-have ever been friendly to me,

3. Come, show me what thoul't ; woult (so worthy to be called benevolence.) their

and uniformly so; and to add to this virtue, weep? woul't fight? woul't fast? 'woul't tear actions have been performed in so free and ihyself? I'll do't. Dost thou come here to kind a manner, that if I were dry, I drank whine? to outface me, with leaping in her the sweetest draught, and if hungry, ate the gravé? be buried quick with her, and so will coarsest morsel, with a double relish. T'; and if thou prate of mountains, let them throw MILLIONS of acres on us,

till our

Varieties: 1. When Baron, the actor, ground, singeing her pate against the burn- came from hearing one of Massillon's sering, zone, make Ossa-like a wart. Nay, mons, he said to one of his comrades of the an thoul't mouthe, I'll rant as well as thoir.

stage; here is an orator; we are only ac Anecdote. A clergyman, once traveling the sake of being clean;

others, for the sake

tors. 2. Some people--wash themselves for in a stage-coach, was abruptly asked by one

of of the passengers, if any of the heathens appearing so. 3. Of all the pursuits, by would go to heaven.“Sir," answered the which property is acquired, none is prefera. clergyman, “I am not appointed judge of and none more worthy of a gentleman. 4.

ble to agriculture, -none more productive, the world, and, consequently, cannot rell; but, if ever you get to heaven, you shall It is a maxim with unprincipled politicians, either find some ne vem there, or a good

to destroy, where they cannot intimidate, reason, rhy iney are not there."

nor persuade. 5. Good humor, anu mental

charms, are as much superior lo external Too High or too Low. In pulpit eloquence,

the grand difficulty is 16 give the beauty, as mind is superior to matter. F. bubject all the dignity it so fully deserves, Be wise, be prudent, he discreet, and lem. without attaching any importance to our perate, in all things selves. The christian minister cannot think Patriots have toile?', and in their country's cause too highly of his Master, or too lumbly of Bled nobły, ar', their deeds, as they deserve, himself. This is the secret art which capti. Receive nuud recompense. We give in charge vates and improves an audience, and which Their names—10 the sweetlyre. The historic mus all who see, will fancy they could imitate ; Proud of her treasure, marches with it—down while many whr: sy, will not succeed, be- lo latest times; and sculpture in her turn, cause they are not influenced by proper mu. Gives bord, in stone—and ever during braes lives ar d do not use the right means. To guard them-and immortalize her trus.



376. INTONATIONS. The intonations are Proverbs 1. A clear conscience fears no ao opposite to monotones, and mean the rise and cusation. 2. An open door will tempt a sainr. 3 fall of the voice, in its natural movements Confidence – is the companion of success. 4. through a sentence: they are demonstrated Cruelty to a woman is the crime of a monster. 5. in music, and here, in elocution. In all con- A smart reproof is better than smooth deceit. 6. A dd mon kinds of reading and speaking, the voice not trouble to the grief-worn heart. 7. Affectation should not generally rise and fall more than —is at best a deformity. 8. Bear misfortunes with one note, in its passage .from syllable to syl- patience and fortitude. 9. A good maxim is never

out of season. 10. Ambition-never looks behind, lable, and from word to word: its movement

11. A wise man wants but little. 12. Knowledge will then be gentle, easy and flowing. But

--makes no one happy. when the passion, or sentiment to be exhibited, is powerfully awakening or exciting, it

Anecdote. A tragedy of Æschyluis was may rise or fall several notes, according to once represented before the Athenians, in the predominance of feeling.

which it was said of one of the characters,

“that he cared more to be just, than to appear 377. Our (6) sight—is the most (4) per

At these words, all eyes were instantly fect, and most (5) delightful -- of all our senses. (4). It fills the mind with the largest all the Greeks, most merited that distinguish

turned upon Aristides, as the man who, of variety of (3) ideas; (5) converses with its

ed character: and ever after he received, by objects at the greatest (6) distance; and con

universal consent, the surname of-The tinues the longest in (5) action, without being

Just." (4) tiredor (3) satiated, with its proper enjoyments. The (6) sense of (8) FEELING, christians of all grades and classes, even down

Courtesy. St. Paul, addressing himself to can, indeed, give us the idea of (5) extension, to menial servants, exhorts them to be cour(6) shape, and all other properties of matter,

teous. Courteousness-must mean, therefore, th't are perceived by the (5) eye, except (4)

a something, which is within the reach of all colors. (3) At the same time—it is very much (5) straightened-and (4) confined in its ope

sorts of people; and, in its primary and best rations, to the (3) number, (4) bulk, and (5) neously springs from a heart, warm with

sense, is exactly such a behavior, as sponta. distance, of its peculiar objects.

benevolence, and unwilling to give needless 378. When we read, or speak, without any pain, or uneasiness to a fellow-being. We feeling, the voice ranges between our first have no more right, wantonly or carelessly and fourth notes; when there is a moderate to wound the mind, than to wound the body degree of feeling, and the subject somewhat of a fellow-being; and, in many instances, interesting, it ranges between our second and the former-is the more cruel of the two. sixth notes; when there is a high degree of

Varieties. 1. Some start in life, without feeling and interest, it ranges between our fourth and eighth notes; descending, how- any leading object at all; some, with a low ever, to the third and first, in a cadence, or aim, and some, with a high one; and just in close of the effort. It is highly necessary to proportion to the elevation at which they aim,

will generally be their success. 2. Guard keep the voice afloat, and never let it run

against fraud, and imposition; and forego aground ; that is, let the feeling and thought keep it on the proper pitches, and do not let some advantages, rather than gain them at a it descend to the first, or ground-note, till the risk, that cannot be ascertained. 3. In the piece is completed; except in depressed mo- the nicest discrimination, and great solidity

determination of doubtful and intricate cases, notony. Memorize the preceding, and talk it off in an easy, graceful and appropriate instinctive expectation of finding nature

of judgment, are required. 4. We have an manner. Abstract Question. Which is more pro- and true to herself ; but whence this expec

everywhere the same, - always consistent, bable, that our judgment, in respect to exter- tation? 5. Is there not something in the nal phenomena, has been warped, by compar-native air of true freedom, to alter, expand, ing their operations with those of the mind; and improve the external form, as well as the or,

that our metaphysical mistakes have been internal? 6. Is not affluence—a snare, and occasioned, by forming a false analogy between its internal operations, and outward poverty,- a temptation? 7. Man is a true appearances?

epitome of the spiritual world, or world of

mind; and to know himself, is the perfection The midnight moon-serenely smiles

of wisdom.
O'er nature's soft repose ;
No towering cloud obscures the sky,

It came from Heaven,-it reignd in Eden's shades,
No ruffling tempest blows.

It roves on earthand every walk invades:
Now, every passion-sinks to rest;

Childhoodand age-alike its influence own,
The throbbing heart lies still;

It haunts the beggar's nook, the monarch's throne' And varying schemes of life--no more Hangs o'er the cradle, leans above the bier, Distract the laboring will.

Gazed on old Babel's tower,-and lingers hers


379. INTONATIONS AND MELODY OF Laconics. 1. By minding our own business, SPEECH. By the first is meant the move- we shall be more useful, more benevolent, more ment of the voice through the different notes respected, and ten times happier. 2. That stuof the scale, As-cending and De-scending, dent will live miserably, who lies down, like a with an appropriate and agreeable variety camel, under his burden. 3. Remember, while of sounds; by the second, an agreeable suc

you live, it is by looks--that men deceive. 4. A cession of sounds, either in speech or song. indeed the wisest foe. 5. He, who confides in a

foolish friend may cause more woe, Than could A dull repetition of words or sounds, on nearly the same pitch, is very grating to the lucky, if he is not a sufferer by it. 6. The condi

person of no honor, may consider himself very ear, and disgusting to correct taste; and yet tion of mankind is such, that we must not believe it is one of the most common faults of the every smooth speech--the cover of a kind inten bar, the senate and pulpit ; indeed, in every tion. 7. Who is wise? He who learns from every pace where there is public speaking: which one. 8. Who is rich ? He, who is contented. 9. is the melancholy result of the usual course Nothing is so dumb--as deep emotion. 10. Where of teaching children to read.

there is much mystery, there is generally much 380. EXAMPLES PARTIALLY EXHIBITED. ignorance. 11. Catch not soon at offence. 12. 1 (5) Seest thou a man (5) diligent in his (6) bu

Whoso loseth his spirits, loseth all. siness? (5) He shall stand before (4) kings, (3)

Anecdote. Choice of a Husband. An he shallnot stand before (5) mean men. 2. (3) Athenian, who was hesitating, whether to O swear not by the (6) moon, the (5) inconstant give his daughter in marriage to a man of (4) moon, (3) that monthly (5) changes in its worth with a small fortune, or to a rich man, circled (3) orb. 3. Said Mr. Pitt, to his aged who had no other recommendation, went to accuser, in debate, (4) “But (6) youth, it consult Themistocles on the subject. “I seems, is not my (5) only (3) crime, (4) I have would bestow my daughter,” said Themistobeen accusedof (5) acting (6) a (8) theatri- cles, “ upon a man without money, rather cal part.” 4. (5) Standing on the ascent of than upon money without a man." the (6) past, we survey the (5) present, and True Philosophy-consists in doing all (4) extend our views into (3) futurity. 5. the good that we can, in learning all the (5) No one-will ever be the (4) happier, for good we can, in teaching to others all the (5) talents, or (4) riches, (3) unless he makes good we can, in bearing, to the best of our a right (3) use of them. 6. (5) Truths--have ability, the various ills of life, and in enjoy. (4) life in them; and the (6) effect of that ing, with gratitude, every honest pleasurelife is (3) unceasing expansion. 7. (6) He, that comes in our way. who loves the (5) Lord, with all his (4) heart, Varieties. 1. Should not our intentions, and his neighbor as (4) himself, needs no (5) as well as our actions—be good? 2. True compass, or (4) helm to steer his (3) course ; love-is of slow growth, mutual and reciprobecause (5) truth and (4) love are his (3) cal, and founded on esteem. 3. Graces, and wind and (2) tide. N. B. The inflections, cir- accomplishments are too often designed for cumflexes, &c., commence with the accented beaux-caching, and coquetry. 4. There is vowel, which is supposed to be on the note time for all things. 5. An individual-in. indicated by the preceding figure.

clined to magnify every good, and minify 381. PROMISCUOUS EXAMPLES WITHOUT every evil-must be a pleasing companion, Notation. The predominant characteristic or partner-for life,—whether male or feof the female mind is affection: and that of male. 6. Knowledge—is not wisdom; it is the male mind is thought : thoboth have af- only the raw material, from which the beaufection and thought; but disparity-does not tiful fabric of wisdom is produced; there imply inferiority. The sexes are intended fore, let us not spend our days in gathering for different spheres of life, and are created materials, and live, and die, without a shel. in conformity to their destination, by Him, ter. 7. Every evil-has its limit; which, who bids the oak-brave the fury of the when passed, plunges the wicked into mistempest, and the Alpine flower - lean its ery. 8. One thief in the house, is more to be cheek on the bosom of eternal snow.

dreaded than ten—in the street. 9. The

more haste, generally the worst speed. 10. Abstract Question. Is not that pro- The moral government, under which we live, pensity of the human mind, which seeks for is a kingdom of uses ; and whatever we pose à medium of communication, between two sess, is given us for use; and with it, the op physical phenomena, to be traced to the fact, i portunity and power of using it. that e' ery admitted truth, is derived from a

Thou art, O God, the life and light medium of knowledge; and that there is a

Of all this wondrous svorld we sec, connection among all intellectual phenome

Its glow by day, its smile by night, na ; so much so, that we cannot conceive a

Are but reflections caught from thee; new idea, without a medium of communica- Where'er we turn, thy glories shine, son !

And all things fair and bright are thire.

« 이전계속 »