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389. DYNAMICS. This, in mechanical phi- Maxims. 1. The credit that is gilby lie, losophy, means the science of moving-powers; -only lasts till the truth comes out. 2. Zeal, in elocution and singing, it relates to the mixed with love, is harmless-as the doce. 3. force, loudness, hurshness, strength, rough. A covetous man is, as he always fancies, in want. ness, softness, swell, diminish, smoothness, 4. Hypocrites—first cheat the world, and at last, itbruptness, gentleness of voice: that is, its themselves. 5. The borrower is slate to the lender, qualities, which are as various as those of the and the securityto both. 6. Some are too stis human mind; of which, indeed, they are the to bend, and too old to mend. 7. Truth has al

8. He, who draws representatives. Observe—that the names of ways a sure foundation. these qualities, when spoken naturally, ex

others into evil courses-is the devil's agent. 9. press, or echo, their natures. The Loud, A spur in the head—is worth two in the hecl. 11.

To do good, is the right way to find good. 10. Rough, Soft, Smooth, Harsh, Forcible, Full, Better spared, tban ill spent. 12. Years teach Strong, Treinulous, Slender, &c. all of which

more than books. are comprehen,led in force, pitch, time, quantily, and abruptness of voice.

Anecdote. Love and Liberty. When an 390. Let the following examples be ren- with his princess, by Cyrus, and was asked,

Armenian prince-had been taken captire dered perfectly familiar—the feelings, tho’ts, words and appropriate voice: nothing, how. what he would give to be restored to his kinge ever, can be done, as it should be, without dom and liberty, he replied: “As for my having the niost important examples memo

kingdom and liberty, I value them not; but rized, here and elsewhere. (Loud) “ But

if my bloodwould redeem my princess, I when loud surges-lash the sounding shore;

would cheerfully give it for her.” When (Rough) The hourse rough voice, should like Cyrus had liberated them both, the princess the torrent roar.” (Soft) Soft is the strain, was asked, what she thought of Cyrus ? To when Zeplıyr gently blows; (Smooth) And which she replied, “I did not observe him; the smooth streani, in smoother numbers my whole attention was fixed upon the geneAwa." (Harsh) “On a sudden, open fly,

rous man, who would have purchased my with-impetuous recoil and jarring sound, the liberty with his life.infernal doors, and on their hinges grate harsh

Prejudice-may be considered as a c011thunder." (Soft) “Heaven opened wide tinual false medium of viewing things; for her ever-during gates (harmonious sound) prejudiced persons not only never speak on golden hinges turning.' (Soft) “How

well, but also, never think well, of those charming—is divine philosophy? (Harsh) whom they dislike, and the whole character Not harsh, and crabbed, as dull fools sur

and conduct is considered—with an eye to pose. (Soft) But musical—as is Apollo's that particular thing which offends them. lute.” (Harsh, Strong and Forcible.)

Variettes. 1. Every thing that is an obwind, and crack your cheeks! rage! blow ject of taste, sculpture, painting, architecture, your cataracts, and hurricane spout, till you gardening, husbandry, poetry, and music have drenched our steeples. You sulphuri- come within the scope of the orator. 2. In a ous and thought-executing fires, vaunt couri-government, maintained by the arm of powers to ouk-cleaving thunderbolts ; and thou, er, there is no certainty of duration ; but one all shaking thunder, strike Mat the thick ro- cemented by mutual kindness, all the best tundity of the world.”

feelings of the heart are enlisted in its sup. (Soft and Smooth.)

port. 3. Who was the greater tyrant, Diony. How sweet the moon-light sleeps upon this bank; sius or the bloody Mary? 4. Berruty, unac Here will we sit, and let the sounds of music, companied by virtue, is like a flower, with Creep in our ears; soit stillness, and the night, out perfume; its brilliancy may remain, but Become the touches of sweet harmony.

its siveetness is gone; all that was precious (Quick and Joyous.)

in it, has evaporated. 5. We might as well Let the merry bells ring round,

throw oil on a burning house to put out the And the jocund rebeck sound,

fire, as to take ardent spirits into the stomach, To many a youth--and many a maid,

to lessen the effects of a hot sun, or severe Dancing-in the checkered shade. p.xercise. 6. The understanding must be A want of occupation--is not rest, elevated above the will, to control its desires; A mind quite vacant-is a mind distressed. but it must be enlightened by the truth, that As rolls the ocean's changing tide.

it may not err. So-human feelings-cbb--and flow :-- The pathway-to the grave-may be the same, And who could in a breast confide,

And the proud man-shall tread it,--and the tow, Where stormy passions-ever glow! With his bowed head, shall bear him company. Remote from cities-lived a swain,

But the temper-of the invisible mind, Ünvexed-with all the cares of gain; The god-like-and undying intellect, His head-was silvered o'er with age, These are distinctions, that will live in heaven, And long er,periencemade him sage. When timo,--is a forgotten circumstane.

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891. DINAMICS CONTINUED. These con Maxims. 1. Al is soon realy ir an onlerly trasts produce great effects, when properly house. 2. Bacchus l'as crowned more than Nepexhibited, both in elocution and music. The tune. 3. Despair-has ruined some, but presumprushing loud, indicates dread, alarm, warn- tionmultitudes. 4. Flattery-sits in the parlor, ing, &c.; the soft, their opposites : the tend- while plain-lealing is kicked out of doors. 5. He ency of indistinctness is, to remove objects to is not drunk for nothing, who pays lus reckoning a distance, throwing them into the back with his reason. 6. If tne world knew whar passe: ground of the picture; and of fullness, to in my mind, what would it think of me. 7. Give bring them into the fore-ground, making neither counsel nor salt

, till you are asked for

Close not a letter-without reading it, nor drink them very prominent; thus — the polyph

water-without seeing it. 9. A fool, and his money, onist deceives, or imposes upon the ear, making his sounds correspond to those he would

are soon parled. 10. If fero words-will not mako

you wise, many will not. represent, near by, and at a distance.

Anecdote. Charity Sermon. Dean Svrijt 392. Forcible. Now storming fury rose, -was requested to preach a charity sermon; and clamor; such as heard in heaven, till but was cautioned about having it too long: now, was never: arms on armor, clashing, he replied, that they should have nothing to brayed horrible discord; and the maddening fear on that score. He chose for his text wheels of brazen chariots raged. Full: high these words—“ He that hath pity on the poor, on a throne-of royal state, which far out- lendeth unto the Lord; and that which he shone the wealth of Ormus, and of Inde; hath given—will he pay him again.” The or where the gorgeous East, with richest Dean, after looking around, and repeating hand, showers on her kings barbaric, pearl his text in a still more emphatic manner, and gold, Satan, EXALTED), sat. Strong: him, the Almighty Power hurled headlong, terms of the loan; and now, if you like the

added—“My beloved friends, you hear the flaming from the ethereal skies with hideous ruin and combustion, down to bottomless

security,—down with your dust.The re

sult was, as might be expected,-a very lurge perdition — there to dwell in adamantine

collection, chains, and penal fire,—who durst defy the

Precept and Example. Example Omnipotent to arms.

works more cures than precept ; for words, So MILLIONS—are smil-with the glare of a toy:

without practice, are but councils without efl'hey grasp at a pebble—and call it--a gem,

fect. When we do as we say, it is a contir. And tinsel-is gold, (if it glitters,) to them;

mation of the rule ; but when our lives and Hence, dazzled with beauty, the lorer is smit, The hero—with honor, the pock-with wit ;

doctrines do not agree, it looks as if the lesson The fop-with his fenther, his snuff-box and cane,

were either too hard for us, or the advice not The nymph with her novel, the merchant with gain! worth following. If a priest—design to edify Fach finical priest, and polite pudpileer,

by his sermons, concerning the punishment Who dazzles the fancy, and tickles the ear,

of the other world, let him renounce his lust, With exquisite tropes, and musical style,

pride, avarice, and contentiousness; for whoAs gay as a tulip-as polished as oil,

ever would make another believe a danger, Sell trulh-at the shrine of polite eloquence, must first show that he is apprehensive of it To please the soft taste, and allure the gay sense. himself.

Miscellaneous. 1. Fair sir, you spit on Variottes. 1. The first book read, and me-on Wednesday last; you spurned methe last one laid aside, in the child's library, Euch a day; another time — you called me is the mother: every look, word, tone, and dog; and for these courtesies, I'll lend thee gesture, nay, even dress itself - makes an• thus much moneys. 2. I stand—in the pre- everlasting impression. 2. One who is consence-of Almighty God, and of the world; scious of qualities, deserving of respect, and and I declare to you, that if you lose this attention, is seldom solicitous about them; charter, never, no NEVER—will you get an- but a contemptible spirit-wishes to hide itother. We are now, perhaps, arrived at the self from its own view, and that of others, by parting point. Here, even HERE, we stand- show, bluster and arrogant prelensions. 3. on the brink of fate! Pause! for HEAVEN'S The blood of a coward, would stain the chursake, pause. 3. Can you raise the dead? acter of an honorable man; hence, when we Pursue and overtake the wings of time? And chastise such wretches, we should do it with can you bring about again, the hours, the the utmost calmness of temper. 4. Cultivate Days, the YEARS, that made me happy? the habit—of directing the mind, intenlly, to 4. But grant- that others can, with equal whatever is presented to it; this is the foun. glory, look down on pleasure, and the bait of dation of a sound intellectual character. 6. sense, where—shall we find a man, that bears We are too apt, when a jest is turned upon afflictions, great and majestic in his ills, like ourselves, to think that insufferahle, in anCato?

other, which we looked upon as very pretty On then, how blind—10 all thnt truth requires, and facetious, when the humor was our own. Who think it freedom, where a part-aspire.

Never purchase friendship by gifts.

393. Worusmare paints, the voice -- the imitation! Anxiety about the spinions of brush, the mindthe painter ; but science, others--fetters the freedom of nature, and practice, genius, taste, judgment and emo- tends to awkwardness ; all would appear tion-are necessary--in order to paint well: well, if they never tried to assumewhat and there is as much difference between a they do not possess. Every one is respectable good and bad reader, as there is between a and pleasing, so long as he or she, is perfectly good painter and a mere dauber. What natural and truthful, and speaks and acts gives expression to painting? Emphasis. from the impulses of an honest and affectionWe look upon some pictures and remark, ate heart, without any anxiety as to what "that is a strong outline ;" "a very express others think. ive countenance :” this is emphasis : again, Laconics. 1. Modesty-in your discourse, welook upon others, and there is a softness, will give a lustre—10 truth,—and excuse—to your delicacy, and tenderness, that melts the soul, errors. 2. Some—are silent, for want of mater, or as she contemplates them; this is emotion. assurance; others — are talkative, for want of 394. Throw the following lines on the sense. 3. To judge of men—by their actions, one


suppose that a great proportion was mad canvas of your imagination; i. e. picture

and that the worid-was one immense mad-house. them out there.

4. Prodigals--are rich, for a moment-economists, BEAUTY, WIT AND GOLD.

forever. 5. To do unto others, as we would they In her bower-a widow dwelt;

should do to us, is a golden maxim, that cannou be At her feet-three suitors knelt:

too deeply impressed on our minds. 6. Continue Each--udored the widow much,

to add a little-to what was originally a little, and Each--essayed her heart to touch;

you will make it a great deal. 7. The value of One-had uit, and one-liad gold,

sound, correct principles, early implanted in the And one-was cast in beauty's mould;

human mind, is incalculable. Guess—which was it-won the prize,

Those who are talentless, themselves, are Purse, or tongue, or handsome eyes?

the first to talk about the conceit of others; Firsi, appeared the handsome man,

for mediocrity — bears but one flower Proudly peeping o'er her fan;

Red his lips, and white his skin;
Could such beauty-fail to win?

Anecdote. Too Hard. About one hunThen-stepped forth-lhe man of gold,

dred years ago, Mahogany-was introduced Cash he counted, coin he told,

in England as ballast for a ship, that sailed Wealth-the burden of his tale ;

from the West Indies; and one Dr. Gibbons Could such golden projects fail ?

wished some furniture made of it: but the Then, the man of tit, and sense,

workmen, finding it too hard for their tools, Moved her--with his eloquence ;

laid it aside. Another effort was made; but Now, she heard him with a sigh;

the cabinet-maker said it was too hard for hig Now-she blushed, she knew not why: tools. The Doctor told him, he must get Then, she smiled-10 hear him speak,

stronger tools then: he did so, and his effort Then, the rear-was on her cheek :

was crowned with success. Remember this, Beauty, ranish! gold, depart !

ye who think the subject of elocution, as here Wit, has won the widow's heart.

treated, too difficult : and if you cannot find IN POLITENESS, as in everything else,con- a way, make one. Press on! nected with the formation of character, we

Varieties. 1. A good reader may become are too apt to begin on the outside, instead of the inside: instead of beginning with the for there is nothing in any of these arts, that

a good speaker, singer, painter and sculptor: heart, and trusting to that to form the man- may not be seen in true delivery. 2. Old ners, many begin with the manners, and Parr, who died at the advanced age of 152, leave the heart to chance and influences. gave this advice to his friends; “Keep your The golden rule-contains the very life and head cool by temperance, your feet warm by soul of politeness : “ Do unto others--as you exercise: rise early, and go early to bed ; would they should do unto you." Unless and if you are inclined to grow fat, keep children and youth are taught—by precept and example, to abhor what is selfish, and your eyes open, and your mouth shut.Are preser another's pleasure and comfort to their sings at the dawn of day, and the nightin

not these excellent life-pills? 3. As the lark own, their politeness will be entirely artifi- gale at even, so, should we show forth the cial, and used only when interest and policy loving kindness of the Lordevery morndictate. True politeness is perfect freedom ing, and his faithfulness--every night. 4. and ease, treating others—just as you love to is not the science of salvation--the greatest be treated. Nature—is always graceful: af- of all the sciences ? fectation, with all her art, can never produce Without a star, or angel for their guide, anything half so pleasing. The very perfec- Who worship God, shall find him: humble Love tion of elegance-is to imitate nature; how (And not proud Reason,) keeps the door of heaven auch better--to have the reality, than the Love-finds admission, where Science-fails.

395. MODULATION-signifies the accom- Marims. 1. The follies of youth-are fool for modation of the voice, (in its diversifications repentance—in old age. 2. Truth-may languis i of all these principles,) to every variety and but it can never die. 3. When a vain man hearı shade of thought and feeling. The upper

another praised. he thinks himself injured. 4. An pitches of voice, we know, are used in calling tiquity—is not always a mark of truth. 5. Tha persons at a distance, for impassioned em

trial is not fair-where affection is judge. t phasis of certain kinds, and for very earnest Business-is the salt of life. 7. Dependence—is : arguments; the middle pitches-for general poor trade, S. He, who lives upon hope, bas bu

a slender diet. 9. Always taking out of the mea conversation, and easy familiar speaking, of

tub, and never putting in, soon comes to the bot a descriptive and didactic character; and the com. 10. He, who thinks to deceive God, deccives Lower ones, for cadences, and the exhibition himself of emphasis in grave and solemn reading and

Anecdote. An ill thing. Xenophanus speaking.

an old sage, was far from letting a false mu 396. Who can describe, who delineatem desty lead him into crime and indiscretion, the cheering, the enlivening ray? who--the when he was upbraided, and called timorous, looks of love? who--the soft benignant vi- because he would not venture his money at brations of the benevolent eye? who—the any of the games. “I confess,” said ne, twilight, the day of hope? who—the internal that I am exceedingly timorous, for I dare efforts of the mind, wrapt in gentleness and not do an ill thing.' humility, to effect good, to diminish evil, and

Education. It is the duty of the instrucincrease present and eternal happiness? who tors of youth to be patient with the dull, and --all the secret impulses and powers, collect- steady with the frouard ---to encourage the ed in the aspect of the defender, or energy of timid, and repress the insolent,-fully to emtruth? of the bold friend, or subtle foe-of ploy the minds of their pupils, without orer. wisdom? who--the poet's eye, in a fine burdening them, -- to awaken their fear, phrenzy rolling, glancing from heaven--to without exciting their dislike,--to communiearth, from earth--to heaven, while imagina-cate the stores of knowledge, according to the tion -- bodies forth the form of things un- capacity of the learner, and to enforce obedi. known.

ence by the strictness of discipline. Above Notes. The pitch of the voice is exceedingly important in all, it is their bounden duty, to be ever on the every branch of our subject, and particularly, in the higher parts; uutch, and to check the first beginnings of and the among the rest. You must not often raise your voice to the eighth note ; for it will be harsh and unpleasant to the car, and vice. For, valuable as knowledge may be, very apt to break: nor drop it to the first note; for then your ar virtue is infinitely more valuable; and worse ticulation will be difficult and indistinct

, and you cannot impare than useless are these mental accomplishany life and spirit to your manner and matter; as there is little or ments, which are accompanied by depravity Ro compass below this pitch: both these extremes must be carerully avoided.

of heart. Patrick Henry's Treason. When this Varieties. 1. Can charcoal-paint fire; worthy patriot, (who gave the first impulse to chalk-light, or colors-live and breathe the ball of the revolution,) introduced his ce- | 2. Talllers-are among the most despicable lebrated resolution on the stamp act, in the of bad things; yet even they-have their use; Virginia House of Burgesses, in 1765, as he for they serve to check the licentiousnessdescanted on the tyranny of that obnoxious of the tongues of those, who, without the fear act, exclaimed—“Cesar--had his Brutus; of being called to account, through the instru Charles the First, his Cromwell; and George mentality of these babbling knaves, would the Third--" Treason!" cried the speaker; run rint in backbiting and slander. treason; treuson; TREASON;" re-echoed

'Tis the mind, that makes the body rich; from every part of the house. It was one of

And, as the sun-breaks the darkest cloud, those trying moments, which are decisive of

So, honor-peareth-in the meanest habit. churucler ; but Henry faltered not for an in

No: let the eagle-change his plume, stant; and rising to a loflier attitude, and

The leaf-its hue, the fioro'r—its bloom ;

But ties-around the heart were spun, áxing on the speaker--an eye, flashing with

That could not, would not be undone. fire, continued --“may PROFIT--by these exumples: if this be treason, make the most Oh, who-the exquisite delights can tell,

The joy, which mutual confidence imparis? of it."

Or who-can paint the charm unspeakable,
The hills,

Which links. in tender bands. two faithful heara!
Rock-ribbd-and ancient as the sun; the vales-
Stretching in pensive quietness-between;

6. Many things — are easier felt, than told. The venerable woods ; rivers, that move

7. It is no proof of a man's understanding, In majesty, and the complaining brooks, (all,

to be able to affirm-whatever he pleases ; That make the meadows green ; and, pour'd rourd but, to be able to discern, that what is true, Old ocean's gray and melancholy waste :

is true, and that what is false, is false—is the Are but the solemn decorations alle

mark and character of intelligence. Of the great tomb of man.

Nature-sells everything for labor.

397. MODULATION CONTINUED. The Maxims. 1. A broad hal-docs not altpay situation of the public reader and speaker, cover a wise head. 2. Burn not your housecalls for the employment of the most refined frighten away the mice. 3. Drinking water, ner art in the management of his voice: he ther makes a man sick, nor his wife a widow. 4 snould address a whole assembly with as

He has riches enough, who need neither borror much apparent ease and pleasure to himself or flatter. 5. True wisdom—is to know what is and audience, as tho' there were but a single best worth knowing, and to do what is best worth

doing. 6. Many things appear too bad to keep, and person present. In addressing an auditory, which meets for information, or amuse

too good to throw away. 7. Keep a thing seven

years, and you will find use for it. 8. We cannot ment, or both, the judicious speaker-will pluck thorns from another's bosom, without plaadopt his ordinary and most familiar voice;cing roses in our own. 9. Better a half loaf than to show that he rises without bias, or preju-no bread. 10. Draw not thy bow before the arrox dice, that he wishesreason, not passion, should be fixed. guide them all. He will endeavor to be Experience. By what strange fatality heard by the most distant hearers, without is it, that having examples before our eyes, we offending the ear of the nearest one, by mak- do not profit by them? Why is our experi. ing all nis tones audible, distinct and na- ence, with regard to the misfortunes of others, tural.

of so little use? In a word, why is it, that Friendship! thou soft, propitious power, we are to learn wisdom and prudence at our Sweet regent of the social hour,

own expense ? Yet such is the fate of man! Sublime thy joys, nor understood,

Surrounded by misfortunes, we are supplied But by the virtuous, and the good.

with means to escape them; but, blinded by Ambition is, at a distance,

caprice, prejudice and pride, we neglect the A goodly prospeci, tempting to the riew;

proffered aid, and it is only by the tears we The height delighis us, and the mountain-top

shed, in consequence of our own errors, that Looks beautiful, because 'tis near to heaven; But we never think how sandy's the foundation;[it.

we learn to detest them. What storms will batter, and what tempests shake

Varieties. 1. Give to all persons, whom () be a man; and let proud reason-tread

you respect, (with whom you walk, or whom In triumph, on each rebel passion's head.

you may meet,) especially ladies, the wall

side of the walk or street. 2. If we think At thirty, man suspects himself a fool ;

our evil allowable, tho' we do it not, it is apKnows it at forty, and reforms his plan;

propriated to us. 3. Why does the penduAt fifty, chides his infamous delay,

lum of a clock-continue to move! Because Pushes his pruder: purpose-10 resolve, In all the magnanimity of thought,

of the uniform operation of gravitation. Resolves and re-resolves—then, dies the same.

What is gravitation? 4. Humility is the 398. Some tell us, that when commencing

child of wisdoin: therefore, beware of selfan address, the voice should be directed to conceit, and an unteachable disposition, 5. those most distant; but this is evidently Psychology-is the science, that treats of the urong. At the beginning, the mind is natu- essence—and nature of the human soul, and rally clear and serene, the passions unaua

of the mode--by which it flows into the achened; if the speaker adopt this high pitch, tions of the body. 6. The true way to store how can it be elevated, afterwards, agreeably 7. The only way to shun evils, or sins, is to

the memory is to develop the affections. io those emotions and sentiments, which require still higher pitches? To strain the fight against them. 8. Reading and obser. voice thus, destroys all solemnity, weight and indispensable to its growth. 9. Is it pos

vatim-are the food of the young intellect, and dignily, and gives, to what one says, a sible, that heart-friends will ever separate? squeaking effeminacy, unbecoming a manly 10. All effects are produced by life, and naand impressive speaker; it makes the voice harsh and unmusical, and also produces Now vivid stars shine oui, in brightening files,

turca hoarseness.

And boundless ather glows, iill the fair moon Anecdote. Speculation. A capitalist, Shows her broad visage-in the crimson'd east : and shrewd observer of men and things, be- Now, stooping, seems to kiss the passing cloud, ing asked, what he thought of the specula- Now, o'er the pure cerulean-rides sublime. tums now afioat, replied—“They are like a Nature, great parent! whose directing hand cold bath,—to derive any benefit from which, Rolls round the seasons-of the changing year, it is necessary to be very quick in, and very How mighty, how majestic, are thy works ! soon out."

With whai a pleasant dread--they swell the sout Noi lo the ensanguin'd field of death alone That sees, astonish'd, and astonish'd, sings ! Is ralor limited: she siis-serene

You 100, se kinds, that now begin 10 blow, In the deliberate council; sagely scans

With boist'rons sweep, I raise my voice to yota The source of action; weighs, prerents, provides, Where are your Hores, you viewless beings, say, And scorus to count her glories, from the feats Where your aerial magazines-rese ved ni hnutal force alone,

Against the day of lemp si perilous ?

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