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belonging “to a peculiarly poetical chapter in the nized at once. He was the leader in all sports, life of a woman studying Art.” The author is a from his great bodily strength, as well as his enthudaughter of the celebrated Howitts, and writes with siasm for pleasure of that kind; and he gained the an enthusiasm and naivete that are quite fascina- Newdegate prize for an English poem of sixty lines. ting. Her notices of art and artists in Munich are On leaving college he bought the Elleray estate, en not only spirited, but full of information. (Pub-Windermere, and cultivated the acquaintance of lished by Ticknor, Reed, and Fields.)
the “Great Lake Poet,” becoming himself, in latter The Dodd Family Abroad, the latest production days, the “ Admiral of the Lakes," and acting as of CHARLES LEVER (published by Harper and Broth such when Bolton entertained Canning and Scott ers), is one of the finest and funniest specimens of with a splendid water féte on Windermere. In these his inimitable humor and satire. It relates the ad-days Wilson played many wild feats. He attended ventures of an Irish family, who leave their kindred all the fairs, fights, running matches, races, and so bog-trotters at home, and go in search of “the gen- forth, in the country. He was a capital boxer, sinteel" on an European tour. They fall into all sorts glestick man, and wrestler; no great sportsman, exof scrapes, constantly suffer from their own absurd. cept as an angler, and now and then in pursuit of ities, but learn no wisdom from the experience. the red deer. For some time he took up his abode The characters of the ambitious and most foolish among the gipsies, learned a great deal of their slang, mamma, the long-suffering papa, the graceless and adopted their costume and their habits. Afterwretch of a son, and the deluded beauty of a daugh- ward he partially settled down, and went to study ter, are sustained with infinite spirit, and afford an law in Edinburgh. As might be expected, little endless fund of amusement.
| profit resulted from this experiment, but he took to Farm Implements, and the Principles of their Con- literature, and produced several isolated works, struction and Use, by John J. THOMAS (published such as the “Lights and Shadows of Scottish Life," by Harper and Brothers), is a volume for the farm- which attained great popularity; the “Trials of er's library, the like of which is not to be found in Margaret Lindsay," a pathetic Scottish story; the the extensive range of agricultural literature. It “Isle of Palms ;" and the “City of the Plague." originally appeared in the Transactions of the New But two things occurred in Edinburgh about 1818 York State Agricultural Society, under the title of the Professorship of Moral Philosophy in the “Agricultural Dynamics; or, the Science of Farm University became vacant, and Maga was estabForces.” The edition now published is based on lished. Wilson immediately became a candidate that essay, which has been revised and enlarged, for office in the one, and contributor to the other. and the number of illustrations more than doubled. Sir Walter Scott's patronage mainly contributed to In applying the principles of Natural Philosophy, in his success in the first, his own abilities won the their different branches, to the practices of modern second. Before this time he had commenced that farming, it avoids the use of technical phraseology, connection with Blackwood's Magazine which, for and presents the subject in a form adapted to the years after, identified him with all the brilliant comprehension of every reader. The practical fancy and exquisite taste with which its pages were farmer will find in it a description of the tools in adorned. The productions of his eloquent pen were, daily use, with an exposition of the scientific prin in 1842, published in a collected form, under the ciples of their construction, and numerous valuable title of “Recreations of Christopher North." A hints for the improvement of their convenience and singularly vigorous and healthy physique, animated utility. The work is adapted to recitation in by an impulsive and restless spirit, drew him on in schools as well as to private reading. Speaking of youth to undertake feats-generally displays of aththe original edition, the late accomplished horti-letic strength-out of the ordinary course; and the culturist Downing remarked: “We should like to alternations of indolence, so often remarked in temsee this work printed, bound, and hung up in every peraments like his, led him in more advanced life work-shop, tool-room, and farmer's book-shelf in to indulge in an unusual disregard of external apthe country."
pearances; and upon those slight grounds the most
adventurous tales of his eccentricity were circulatDEATH OF PROFESSOR WILSON. ed: but even at the most extravagant period of his In recording the death of this distinguished man, youth, John Wilson was always restrained by a which took place on the 3d of April, we are re- high and pure sense of morality. The drinking minded of the disruption of another link, which con- feats attributed to him are either gross inventions, nected the rich, imaginative, and picturesque poet- or literal acceptations of the humorous caricatures ical movement of the last half century with the of the “Noctes Ambrosianæ :" they who were inintellectual development of the present day. Under timate with Wilson know that he neither required the pseudonym of Christopher North, the deceased nor used to excess the stimulus of strong drink. was known to every cultivated reader in our own He enjoyed the most extravagant hilarity of the country; in spite of strong political differences, he social board, but could work himself up to the highwas cherished with enthusiastic and loving admi-est pitch by the sheer effort of talking. His literary ration; and his death, though at a ripe old age, has genius was so entirely akin to his physical tempersent a pang to many American hearts like that felt ament, as to appear simply an emanation from it. on the loss of a personal friend. The subjoined Looking at his productions with the cool critical notice, which embodies the language of several of eye with which one is accustomed to examine the the leading British literary journals, presents the works of a past time, we can not but perceive that character of the departed poet in a favorable light, they are characterized by a want of condensation and will not be thought to do more than justice to -by an absence of exact, subtle, or deep analytichis memory.
| al or critical power-that their style is sometimes Professor Wilson was born at Paisley in 1788, inflated, and verging on the tawdry; and yet, with his father being a wealthy manufacturer there. He all these defects, they are informed with a vitality entered Glasgow University at the age of 13, and which entitles them to be numbered in the class of in four years more went to Magdalen College, Ox. works which men will not willingly let die. There ford, where his extraordinary quality was recog. is a bewitching combination of vague, dreamy wild
ness, pathos, and ethereal fancy, in his “ Isle of lasting affection. As for friends and others not Palms” and “Unimore ;" while in his "City of the belonging to his own family circle, there perhaps Plague" there is an irregular splendor and vigor never was a man gifted with such an universality that sometimes reminds one of the old English dra. of sympathy with all that is intellectual. He had matists. His prose writings are the outpourings of points in common with all with the elegant fasan improvisatore; unequal, but fascinating, full of tidiousness of Lockhart, the broad humor and inpower and variety-ranging from pictures of ideal spired idiotcy of the Ettrick Shepherd, the polished beauty to defiant humor, now throwing out sugges-coterieism of Moore, the masculine benevolence of tions pregnant with materials for thought, and again Chalmers, the disputatious logic of De Quincey, dashing off graphic descriptions that place their the playful humor of Lamb, the enjoué and often subjects visibly before the eye. If the marvel of felicitous criticism of Hunt, and the honest aspirabis eloquence is not lessened, it is at least account- tions of less gifted individuals. In the society of ed for to those who have seen him. One writer the northern capital he will be long and sadly misssays—"Such a presence is rarely seen; and more ed. The accounts of his eccentricity of manners than one person has said that he reminded them of and appearance have been much exaggerated. He the first man, Adam; so full was that large frame had no great respect for the commonplace convenof vitality, force, and sentience. His tread seemed tionalities of artificial life, nor had he any reveralmost to shake the streets, his eye almost saw ence for tailors and masters of ceremonies; but the through stone walls; and as for his voice, there was statements about his buttonless shirts, his threadno heart that could stand before it. He swept away bare coats, and tattered academical robes, are picall hearts whithersoever he would. No less strik- torial fictions. With all his apparent eccentricity, ing was it to see him in a mood of repose, as when he had sound judgment and a genial kindly heart; he steered the old packet boat that used to pass be- and in his warm love, especially in his latter years, tween Bowness and Ambleside, before the steam- of all that was generous and good and sacred, and ers were put upon the lake. Sitting motionless, his sincere affection for Dr. Chalmers and others with his hand upon the rudder, in the presence of of his colleagues most eminent for piety and active journeymen and market-women, with his eye ap- philanthropy, he gave proof of a religious principle parently looking beyond every thing into nothing, far deeper than any mere sentimental feeling or and his mouth closed under his beard, as if he philosophical persuasion could have inspired. He meant never to speak again, he was quite as im- was much beloved in the neighborhood of Elleray. pressive and immortal an image as he could have Every old boatman and young angler, every hoary been to the students of his class or the comrades shepherd and primitive dame among the hills of the of his jovial hours." Another describes him as "a district, knew him and enjoyed his presence. He stout, tall, athletic man, with broad shoulders and was a steady and genial friend to Hartley Colechest, and prodigiously muscular limbs. His face ridge for a long course of years. He made others was magnificent; his hair, which he wore long and happy by being so intensely happy himself when flowing, fell round his massive features like a lion's his brighter moods were on him. He felt, and enmane, to which, indeed, it was often compared, be joyed too, intensely, and paid the penalty in the ing much of the same hue. His lips were always deep melancholy of the close of his life. He could working, while his gray flashing eyes had a weird not chasten the exuberance of his love of nature sort of a look which was highly characteristic." and of genial human intercourse; and he was cut As Professor of Moral Philosophy, he possessed a off from both long before his death. The sad specrare power of winning the affections and confidence tacle was witnessed with respectful sorrow. for all of his pupils, and instigating them by a certain con- who had ever known him felt deeply in debt to tagion of eloquence to self-exertion. Properly him. He underwent an attack of pressure on the speaking, he founded no school; for his discursive brain some years before his death; and an access turn of mind was unfavorable to the maturing of of paralysis closed the scene. In his death, those systematic, precise opinions : but he set his hear- who knew him best will feel that one of the great ers to think, and inspired them with ambition to and good men of our time has passed away. distinguish themselves as thinkers, and not a few able and successful inquirers were thus launched The Author of Mary Powell has commenced a upon their philosophical career. He also imparted series of The Chronicles of Merry England, a history a new character to the Moral Philosophy chair of written in chronicle style, and affecting some of its Edinburgh. Stewart and Brown had each con quaintnesses, to which we object, as to all affectafined his instructions almost exclusively to intel- tions and imitations. This first volume advances lectual analysis-had made his class as it were a no further than the reign of Stephen. It is pictoridouble of the Logic class: the genial and imagina-ally written, and therefore well calculated for school tive Wilson naturally applied himself more to the and family reading. analysis of the fancy and the passions, and the illustration of their influence on the will—the most The Edinburgh Review is just 50 years old; the essential branch of ethical inquiry. But it was in Quarterly, 44; the New Monthly Magazine, 33; his own family, and among the wide and varied cir- Blackwood, 38; and Fraser, 24. cle of friends and acquaintances he loved to bring around him, that Wilson was seen in all the most Punch was concocted in the dark back-parlor of engaging features of his character. His domestic a public-house behind Drury-lane Theatre. The affections were intense: we believe he never en paper was started; it struggled on for about a year, tirely recovered from the blow infliated by the death and was then sold for £100 to Messrs. Bradbury of Mrs. Wilson-and if ever there was a woman to and Evans, the printers. In their hands it rose to be sorrowed for throughout a widowed life, it was eminence. All the wit in England hastened to she; so opposite to the dazzling impetuous spirit their standard. It has had the honor of being exof her mate, in the beautiful gentleness and equa- pelled from several kingdoms on the continent of nimity of her temper, yet adapting herself so en Europe. “One night, at Lady Blessington's," Lirely to his tastes, and repaid by such a deep and said a certain literary gentleman, “Lord Brougham
told me that he would rather stand a six weeks'odical, containing reports and papers of scientific roasting in the House of Peers than a single scari. and literary societies, accounts of missions, &c., fying joke in Punch.”
shall henceforth be published, under the title of
“ Bulletin des Sociétés Savants." Among the recent English publications the following are worth noting : Volumes one to three of An unpublished Latin treatise by Leibnitz, in the Rev. H. H. Miluan's History of Latin Chris-refutation of Spinoza, has lately been discovered tianity, including that of the Popes to the Pontif- and translated into French by M. Foucher de Careil. cate of Nicholas V.; STEPHENS' Central America, revised by Mr. CATHERWOOD, in one volume; A Florence correspondent of a London journal
The Life and Times of John Perry, the Pilgrim | writes: ") met at a soirée the other evening, the Martyr; Working Women of the last Half Century, lady who, about thirty years since, wrote Rome in the Lesson of their Lives, by C. L. BALFOUR; Re- the Nineteenth Century, and the poet, Mr. Browning mains of the late Bishop Copleston, with an Introduc--the former a talkative and bustling, the latter a tion containing Reminiscences of his Life, by Arch- silent and thoughtful guest. His gifted lady is bishop WHATELY; Mr. HARDMAN's Translation hardly to be met with in such circles, for Mrs. of Weiss' History of the French Protestant Refugees ; Browning dedicates herself here, as I understand, Atherton, a new work by Miss MITFORD, author of to the retired, studious life conformable with her Our Village.
habits in earlier years, as with the inclinations of
her gentle and elevated nature." Among the most recent publications of interest in Paris we may cite the first volumes of the works The publishing house of Messrs. J. W. Parker of ARAGO, with a charming introductory memoir by and Son, who have just given to the public Mr. his early and constant friend and brother in science, FREDERICK TENNYSON's Poems and the Poetical ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT. The political and Remains of PRAED, will shortly issue a volume of economical papers of ARMAND CARREL have also new Poetry from the pen of the Rev. CHARLES been collected and arranged, judiciously annotated KINGSLEY, which it may be hoped will consist by M. CHARLES ROMEY, and preceded by a biogra- rather of many short pieces than two or three long phical notice from the pen of M. LITTRE. These ones, remembering the touching and picturesque papers throw a new light on the high qualities of that ballad of Call the cattle home, in his novel of Alton chivalrous individual.
The Paris correspondent of the Literary Gazette The late recall of Chevalier Bunsen by the Pruswrites, “ About once a month or so, a new work by sian Government produces much excitement among Lamartine is talked of; at this moment it is said his English friends. A London journal says: that he is writing a volume of Turkish tales, which “Literary men as well as politicians will be sorry he intends shall form a sort of companion volume to learn the removal of the Chevalier Bunsen from to the Arabian Nights.' But of all the many new the office of Prussian minister at the English court. works of his that have been promised during the The Chevalier had so long been connected with this last year, not one-his soi-disant History of the country, had made himself so deeply acquainted Constituent Assembly' excepted (it is being pub- with our language, literature, and science, that he lished piecemeal in a newspaper, but excites little may be said to have been of us, as well as among attention)-not one has seen the light. Neverthe- us; some of his best works are written in the En. less, it is quite certain that he labors hard with his glish language ; and it may be said more truly of pen, even to the injury of his health. This is most him than of most students, nihil tetigit quod non honorable to him, as his political career has made ornavit.' At any period the removal of such a man him poor and embarrassed, and as he is anxious to would be a matter of regret, and now more espeleave, on going to his last home, no debts behind cially, when it is clearly the consequence of politi. him. In one respect he is very fortunate : an emi. cal intrigues at the court of Prussia, unworthy in nent stockjobber, named Mirès, who is the proprie- themselves, and arising from parties openly and tor of three or four newspapers and periodicals, avowedly hostile to this country." feels such warm admiration of his genius and personal character, that he insists on purchasing all Southey, Moore, Wordsworth, Campbell, Cole. the manuscript works he writes or plans, and on ridge, Scott, Wilson-never did a brighter galaxy giving him, in ready money, a higher sum than, if of poets adorn any age. It is curious and sad to left to himself, he would venture to ask. It is not remark that in the case of almost all of these illus. often that the Stock Exchange produces a Mecænas; trious men-certainly of all of them who reached old and it is much to the credit of M. Mirès to be the age-the overtasked brain more or less gave way. præsidium et dulce decus meum of such a man as Lamartine, the greatest living poet of France, and, A lately-published decree of the Index includes, in spite of his political errors, one of the noblest of among other prohibited works, in French and Ital. her citizens."
ian, the Theological Essays of Mr. F. DENISON MAU
RICE. It is not frequently that English publications A new work of Michelet's is announced, “The appear in this list; and though the theory of ecclesias. Women of the Revolution.” The illustrious histo tical censorship is severe, its enforcement in Rome rian is still at Nice; his health is improved. is tempered by modifications. Permission to read
prohibited books, which is necessary for those deA work is published in Paris bearing this singu- siring freely to avail themselves of public libraries, lar title, “ Eternity Unveiled; or, the future life of is easily obtained by application to proper authority souls after death." The author is M. H. Delaage, and statement of a legitimate object in view, the the grandson of Chantal.
petitioner receiving a formula in Latin, in the name
of the Pontiff and the Inquisition, at the expense, The French Government has decided that a peri- for expedition fees, of about tenpence.