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of Code to
the law of this State, subject to such alterations as the Legislature shall make concerning the same. But all such parts of the common law, and such of the said acts, or parts thereof, as are repugnant to this Constitution, are hereby abrogated; and the Legislature, at its first session after the adoption of this Constitution, shall appoint three commissioners whose duty it shall Commissioners be to reduce into a written and systematic code the whole body be appointed. of the law of this State, or so much and such parts thereof as to the said commissioners shall seem practicable and expedient. And the said commissioners shall specify such alterations and amendments therein as they shall deem proper, and they shall Their duties. at all times make reports of their proceedings to the Legislature, when called upon to do so; and the Legislature shall pass laws regulating the tenure of office, the filling of vacancies therein, and the compensation of the said commissioners, and shall also provide for the publication of the said code, prior to its being presented to the Legislature for adoption
Sec. 18. All grants of land within this State, made by the Grants of land King of Great Britain, or persons acting under his authority, after the fourteenth day of October, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, shall be null and void; but nothing contained in this Constitution shall affect any grants of land within this State, made by the authority of the said king or his predecessors, Grants prior to or shall annul any charters to bodies politic and corporate, by him or them made, before that day; or shall affect any such grants or charters, since made by this State, or by persons acting under its authority; or shall impair the obligation of any debts contracted by this State, or individuals, or bodies corporate, or any other rights of property, or any suits, actions, rights of action, or other proceedings in courts of justice.
Sec. 16. No purchase or contract for the sale of lands in this Sale of Indian State, made since the fourteenth day of October, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five; or which may hereafter be made, of, or with the Indians, shall be valid, unless made under the authority and with the consent of the Legislature.
lands since 1775.
(See Art. I., Sec. 10, Present Constitution.)
county four months.
years, who shall have been a citizen for ten days, and a resident Citizen ten days of the State for one year next preceding an election, and for State one year. the last four months a resident of the county where he may offer
his vote, shall be entitled to vote at such election, in the election district of which he shall be at the time a resident, and not elsewhere, for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be elective by the people, and upon all questions which may be submitted
to the vote of the people of the State; provided that such citizen Resident of town shall have been for thirty days next preceding the election a
resident of the town or ward, and for ten days of the election tion district ten district in which he offers his vote.
or ward thirty days. Resident of elec
No person contributing money
or valuable thing for a vote
Sec. 2. No person who shall receive, expect or offer to receive, or pay, offer or promise to pay, contribute, offer or promise to contribute to another, to be paid or used, any money or other valuable thing, or who shall make any promise to influence, or as a compensation or reward for the giving or withholding a vote at
an election, shall vote at such election; and upon challenge for Challenge and such cause, the person so challenged, before the inspectors or
other officers authorized for that purpose, receive his vote, shall swear or affirm before such inspectors or other officers, that he has not received nor offered, does not expect to receive, has not paid, offered or promised to pay, contributed, offered or promised to contribute to another to be paid or used, any money or other valuable thing, nor made any promise to influence, or as a compensation or reward for the giving or withholding a vote at such election. The Legislature, at the session thereof next after the
adoption of this Constitution, shall, and from time to time thereLawes tehaimassed after may, enact laws excluding from the right of suffrage all
persons convicted of bribery or of any infamous crime, and for depriving every person who shall make, or become directly or inindirectly interested in, any bet or wager depending upon the result of any election, of the right to vote at such election.
from right of suffrage.
ARTICLE II. SECTION 1. Every male citizen of the age of twenty-one years Qualification of who shall have been a citizen for ten days, and an inhabitant of this State one year next preceding an election, and for the last Citizen ten days. four months a resident of the county where he may offer his vote, State one year. shall be entitled to vote at such election, in the election district of which he shall at the time be a resident, and not elsewhere, for all officers that now are or hereafter may be elective by the
county four months.
trict thirty days.
Freehold required for man
people; but such citizen shall have been for thirty days next pre- Resident of disceding the election, a resident of the district from which the officer is to be chosen for whom he offers his vote. But no man of color, unless he shall have been for three years a citizen of this State, and for one year next preceding any election, shall have been seized and possessed of a freehold estate of the value of two hundred and fifty dollars over and above all debts and incumbrances charged thereon, and shall have been actually rated and paid a tax thereon, shall be entitled to vote at such election. And Taxation of man no person of color shall be subject to direct taxation unless he shall be seized and possessed of such real estate as aforesaid.
Sec. 2. Laws may be passed excluding from the right of suff- Laws to be passed rage all persons who have been or may be convicted of bribery, certain persons larceny, or of any infamous crime; and for depriving every person who shall make or become directly or indirectly interested in any bet or wager, depending upon the result of any election, from the right to vote at such election.
What not to affect residence
in time of war.
SEC. 3. For the purpose of voting, no person shall be deemed to have gained a residence by reason of his presence, or lost it by reason of his absence, while employed in the service of the State or of the United States; nor while engaged in the navigation of waters of the State or of the United States, or on the high seas; nor while a student of any seminary of learning; nor while kept in any almshouse or other asylum; nor while confined in any
public prison. The Legislature shall prescribe the manner in Electors absent which electors absent from their homes in time of
in the actual military or naval service of the State, or of the United States, may vote; and shall provide for the canvass and return of their votes.
Sec: 4. Laws shall be made for ascertaining, by proper proofs,
the citizens who are entitled to the right of suffrage hereby esRegistry to be tablished. The Legislature shall provide for a registry of cit
izens entitled to vote in each election district, to be completed
four days before each general and special State election, and vote unless reg. charter elections in cities. No person shall vote at such elections
who is not registered according to law, and the mode of regregistry in cities. istration shall be uniform in all cities.
SEC. 5. All elections shall be by ballot, except for such town officers as may by law be directed to be otherwise chosen.
Saffrage laws to
No person to
Election to be by
powers. Who eligible to
ARTICLE III. SECTION 1. The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and assembly. Any elector shall be eligible to the office of senator and member of assembly.
SEC. 2. The State shall be divided into thirty-two senate dis
tricts, each of which shall choose one senator; and the term of Term, four years. office shall be four
Senate, thirtytwo members.
The senate districts shall be as follows:
State divided into thirty-two
First District—The counties of Suffolk, Queens and Richmond.
Second District-The First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Seventh, Eleventh, Thirteenth, Fifteenth, Nineteenth and Twentieth wards of the city of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings.
What not to affect residence
Sec. 3. For the purpose of voting, no person shall be deemed to have gained or lost a residence, by reason of his presence or absence, while employed in the service of the United States; nor while engaged in the navigation of the waters of this State, or of the United States, or of the high seas; nor while a student of any seminary of learning ; nor while kept at any almshouse, or other asylum, at public expense; nor while confined in any public prison.
Sec. 4. Laws shall be made for ascertaining by proper proofs Suffrage laws to the citizens who shall be entitled to the right of suffrage hereby established.
Sec. 5. All elections by the citizens shall be by ballot, except Election to be by for such town officers as may by law be directed to be otherwise chosen.
ARTICLE III. SECTION. 1. The legislative power of this State shall be vested in a senate and assembly.
SEC. 2. The Senate shall consist of thirty-two members, and Senate, thirtythe senators shall be chosen for two years. The Assembly shall Term, two years.
ber and term of.
State divided into thirty-two
consist of one hundred and twenty-eight members, who shall be Assembly, num annually elected.
Sec. 3. The State shall be divided into thirty-two districts, to be called senate districts, each of which shall choose one senator. The districts shall be numbered from one to thirty-two inclusive.
District number One (1) shall consist of the counties of Suffolk, Richmond and Queens.
District number Two (2) shall consist of the county of Kings.