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2.

Persons, firms, socie- Date of reply. Whether the time has

ties, etc., applied to
for observations.

arrived for establish-
ing a system whereby
the signals in the In-
ternational Code
Book may be made by
night as well as by
day?

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3.

If there is a general de-
mand for such a sys-
tem, what system
should be adopted?

No..

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[Inclosure G.]

Note showing proposed alteration at pages xv and xvi of the signal book. [Extract from the report of a committee of 1855.]

*

"First, its comprehensiveness and distinctness, the combination of the signs expressing the nature of the signal made-[two flags or symbols. in a hoist always meaning either danger or urgency]-and the signals throughout being arranged in a consecutive series, so that any individual signal, whether a word or a sentence, may readily be found; secondly, that the flags and pennants are so arranged as by their position to characterize the signals made; thus,

*["In signals with two signs

"The burgee uppermost represents

"A pennant uppermost .......

"And a square flag uppermost represents .....
"In signals composed of four signs-

"The burgee uppermost represents...
"A pennant uppermost ....

"And a square flag uppermost represents

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A two-sign signal with

"Geographical."
"Vocabulary."
"Ships' names."

“and thirdly, that the arrangement of the code is such as to hold out to foreigners the same advantages that it affords to our own marine."

......

"Attention signals."
"Compass signals."
"Danger signals."]

This committee [of 1888] have slightly departed from the recommendations contained in the last part of the above report as follows, viz:

Instead of the words in brackets, as above, this committee have adopted the following words:

[Two flags in one hoist mean attention and demand, compass, and urgent or important signals, which are now classed into three groups, according to the sign which is uppermost, as follows, viz:

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SUPPLEMENTARY INCLOSURE TO INTERIM REPORT.

Since the publication of Parliamentary Paper, No. C. 5695, the following additional replies to the letter dated January 20, 1888 (Inclosure F), have been received.

2.

Persons, firms, socie- Date of reply. Whether the time has
ties, etc., applied to
for observations.

arrived for establish.
ing a system whereby
the signals in the In-
ternational Code book
may be made by night
as well as by day?

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3.

If there is a general de-
mand for such a sys-
tem, what system
should be adopted?

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4.

Night signals should be Flash signals best as adopted. colored lights are easily mistaken.

If such a system were established, whether any danger is likely to arise therefrom owing to the inducement it might afford to ships to approach one another too closely at night for the purpose of signaling?

Submit the opinious of their marine superintendents and commanders.

Knows of no special de- | No serious danger, as
sire for such a system. they would not be
The only safe system much used.
would be the Morse.

If the system adopted
was Morse flashing
signals there need not
be any restriction.

Apprehends no danger on this score.

5.

Great danger may arise through inducement to ships to close with each other.

To report whether there ought to be any, and if so what, restrictions on the use of night signals, especially in crowded waters?

Pronounced signals, as rockets, blue and red lights, now used as private signals, should be set apart for pilot and danger signals, and arrangements of colored lights substituted. Should be prohibited in English and Irish channelsand in pilot waters generally.

It is possible that ves. Can give no answer.. sels might close with

one another through several reasons.

6.

Is it desirable to establish some
special warning signals to
indicate danger to passing
vessels. If so, what should
they be, and by what means
should they be made?

Very difficult to make special night danger signals. Experts alone would understand the Morse system, and colored lights are generally objectionable through risk of confusion with side lights, but a small number of danger signals might be made with red and white lights.

Night signals should be adopt. ed. Morso telegraph might be used. Steam whistles by steamers and flashing lanterns by sailing ships with guns.

Does not know what system should be adopted. It is desirable that special warning signals be instituted.

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Considers night signal. ing impracticable and unnecessary.

There is a general demand for such a system, especially in urgent cases; recommends Colomb's flashing signals.

Without great prudence there would be danger of vessels closing.

No danger would arise from properly estab lished system.

Thinks demand is not great.

Danger might arise from

signals being misread; no necessity forvessels approaching closely.

No general demand for Night signaling would any system. add to danger.

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Answer in the negative. Answer in the negative. Sees no danger from this Restrictions would be repoint of view. quired in narrow waters.

Every restriction should be put on bright light signaling.

Might prove dangerous in narrow waters.

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2.

Persons, firms, socie- Date of reply. Whether the time has

ties, etc., applied to
for observations.

arrived for establish-
ing a system whereby
the signals in the In-
ternational Code book
may be made by night
as well as by day?

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SUPPLEMENTARY INCLOSURE TO INTERIM REPORT-Continued.

Inclosure No. 19 (A.A. Fyfe, master mariner).

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3.

If there is a general demand for such a system, what system should be adopted?

This system could not be used on board ships, only from the shore or light vessels.

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Time has not yet come.. No

No general system is Short system, by means advisable.

of red, green, and
white lights, would
be of use in cases of
emergency.

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