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1. THIS SYSTEM unfolds the true Philoso-, in, where-on, where-with, &c. : also, in the corpny of Mind and Voice, in accordance with traction of ever and never,-as where-e'er I gea the nature of Man, and the structure of Lan- where-e'er I am, I ne'er shall see thee more. guage. The Elements are first presented; “How blest is he, who ne'er consents, By ill adthen, the common combinations, followed by vice to walk." the more difficult ones; all of which are to be Anecdote. Plato-defines man — “An practiced in concert, and individually, after animal, having two legs, and no feathers.” the Teacher. These exercises essentially aid This very imperfect description attracted the in cultivating the Voice and Eur, for all the ridicule of Di-og-e-nes; who, wittily, and in objects of Speech and Song : while the Prin- derision, introduced to his school-a fowl, ciples and Practice tend to develop and per- stripped of its feathers, and contemptuously fect both mind and body, agreeably to the asked, “Is this Plato's man ?"
Notes. 1. Don't caricature this sound of aand e buone Lau's, that should govern them. The Vowels
t, by giving it undue stress and quantity, in such words as-air must first be mastered, then the Consonants ; (ay-ur,) pa-rent, (pac-rent,) dare, (day-ur,) chair
, there, where, dicen and the exercises interspersed with reading, nor give it a flat sound, as some do to è in bicat, pronouncing # and rigid criticism on the Articulation and blast. To give this sound properly, separate the teeth an inch, Pronunciation.
project the lips, and bring forward the corners of the mouth, like
a funnel. 2. It would be just as proper in prose, to say, whereN. B. The words printed in italics and CAPITALS, are more or eever I go, where-eever I am, I neever shall see thee more; as to less emphatic; though other words may be made so, according to say in poetry, where-ear I am, I near shall see thee more. 3. E in the desired effect: the dash (-) indicates a pause for inhalation: weight, whry, (i, y, gh are silent,) and a in age, whale, &c., are connecting words are sometimes excepted.
just alike in sound; and as this sound of e does not occur among 2. A has four regular sounds : First, its natural, or regular sounds, as classed by our orthoepists, it is
called "irregular;" i. e. it borrows this name sound of a; or is Name sound, or long: ALE;
sourded like it. 4. Some try to make a distinction between a in ate, a-zure; rare a-pri-cots;
fate, and a in fair, calling it a medial sound: which error is ow. scarce pa-tri-ots; fair brace
ing tot being an abrupt element, and 7, a prolonged one: but no lets for la-tent mus-ta-ches;
one can make a good sound of it, either in speech or song, when
thus situated, by giving it a sound unlike the name sound of a; behai-ry ma-gi and sa-pi-ent lit
ware of unjust prejudices and prepossessions. I say na-shunal, er-a-ti for pa-trons; na-tion-al
ra-shun-al, &c., for the same reason that I say no-tional and de-poca-ter-er for ra-di-a-ted sta
[A iz ALE.) tional; because of analogy and effect. mens, and sa-li-ent pas-try with the ha-lo
Proverbs. 1. Accusing—is proving, when gra-tis; the ra-tion-al plain-tiff tears the cam
malice and power sit as judges. 2. Adversitybric, and dares the stairs for the sa-vor of may make one wise, but not rich. 3. Idle felks
-take the most pains. 4. Every one is architect rai-sins; they drain the cane-brakes and take of his own fortune. 5. Fine feathers make fine the bears by the nape of the neck; the may-or's birds. 6. Go into the country to hear the news pray-er to Mayn-ton Sayre is--to be-ware of of the town. 7. He is a good orator—who conhe snares pre-pard for the matron's shares: vinces himself. 8. If you cannot bite, never show v-men has both syllables accented; but it your teeth. 9. Lawyers' houses--are built on the should never be pronounced ah-men (2d a,) heads of fools. 10. Little, and often, fill the purse. aor aw-men.
11. Much, would have more, and lost all. 12. 3. Position. Sit, or stand erect, with the Practice-makes perfect. shoulders thrown back, so as to expand the
The Bible-requires, in its proper deiichest, prevent the body from bending, and ery, the most extensive practical knowledge facilitate full and deep breathing. Open the of the principles of elocution, and of all the mouth wide enough to admit two fingers, compositions in the world; a better impresride-wise, between the teeth, and keep the sion may be made, from its correct reading, lips free and limber, that the sounds may than from the most luminous commentary. tow with clearness and precision ; nor let
Varieties. 1. Love what you ought to do, there be too much, nor too little moisture in and you can easily do it ;-oiled wheels run the mouth. A piece of hard wood, or ivory, freely. 2. Cicero says, that Roscius, a Roan inch, or an inch and a half long, of the man orator, could express a sentence in as saze of a pipe-stem, with a notch in each end, many different ways by his gestures, as he if placed between the teeth, perpendicularly, himself could by his words. 3. Why is the while practicing, will be found very useful in letter A, like a honey-suckle ? Because a B acquiring the habit of opening wide the mouth. follows it. 4. Never speak unless you have 4. E has this sound in certain words ; among have done. 5. The most essential rule in de
something to say, and always stop when you which are the following ere, ere-long ; feint heirs ; the hei-nous Bey pur-reys a bo-quet; education should be adapted to the full de
livery isBe natural and in earnest 6. Our (bo-ka ;) they rein their prey in its ey-ry, and pay their freight by weight ; hey-dey! o-bey the velopment of body and mind. 7. Truth can eyre, and do o-bei-sancz to the Dey; they sit never contradict itself ; but is eternal and imlete-a-tate (ta-tah-tate,l at trey: also, there mutable--the same in all ages: the states of and where, in all their compounds,-there-at, men's reception of it-are as various as the there-by, there-fore, there-in, there-on, there principles and subjects of natural creation. with, whore-at, where-by, wherefore, where- As good have no time, as make bad use of it. BRONSON
5 Elocutin-is an Art, that teaches me how (within-out; not from withoutin. The to inanifest my feelings and thoughts to beautiful rose-does not grow by accretion, others, in such a way as to give them a true like the rocks, its life flows into it through ülea, and expression of how, and what, I feel the nutriment, imbibed from the earth, the and think; and, in so doing, to make them air, and the water, which are incorporated feel and think, as I do. Its object is, to enable with the very life-blood of the plant as a me. me to communicate to the hearers, the whole dium: it is a manifestation of the Lifz that truth, just as it is; in other words, to give me fills all things, and flows into all things. ao the ability, to do perfect justice to the subject, cording to their various forms. The analogy to them, and to myself : thus, involving the holds good as it respects the human mind; philosophy of end, cause, and effect, the cor- tho’ vegetables are matter, and mind-ix respondence of affection, thoughts and words. spirit ; the former is of course much more
6. The second sound of A is grave, confined than the latter. The powers of the or Italian. Au; alms, far; pa
mind-must be developed by a power from pa calms ma-ma, and com
within, and above itself; and that is the best mands Charles to craunch the
education, which will accomplish this most al-monds in the haun-ted paths;
rapidly, and effectually, in accordance with his ma-ster de-man-ded a
the laws of God, which always have referhaunch of par-tridge of fu-l
ence to the greatest good and the most truth. ther; aunt taun-ted the laun
[A in FAR.]
Anecdote. A clergyman, whose turn it dress for salve from the ba
was to preach in a certain church, happening na-na tree; Jar-vis farms sar-sa-pa-ril-la in to get wet, was standing before the session. A-mer-i-ca; ma-nil-la balm is a charm to room fire, to dry his clothes; and when his halve the qualms in Ra-ven-na; he a-bides in colleague came in, he asked him to preach for Chi-na, and vaunts to have saun-tered on him; as he was very wet. “No Sir, I thank the a-re-na, to guard the vil-la hearths from you;” was the prompt reply: “preach yourharm-ful ef-flı-vi-a; they flaun-ted on the 80- self; you will be dry enough in the pulpit.” fa, ar-gu-ing for Quarles' psalms, and for-mu
Proverbs. 1. A burden that one chooses, is la for jaun-dice in Mec-ca or Me-di-na; a not felt. 2. A guilty conscience needs no accucalf got the chol-e-ra in Cu-ba, and a-rose to ser. 3. After-wit is every body's wit. 4. Enough run the gaunt-let for the ayes and noes in A- -is as good as a feast. 5. All is but lip wisdom, cel-da-ma.
that wants experience. 6. Better bend, than break 17. In making the vowel sounds, by expel- 7. Children and fools often speak the truth. 8 ling them, great care must be taken, to con- Out of debt, out of danger. 9. Wade not in un. vert all the breath that is emitted, into pure known waters. 10. Do what you ought, and les sound, so as not to chafe the internal surface come what will. 11. Empty vessels make che of the throat, and produce a tickling, or greatest sound. 12. Pause, before you fulow as hoarseness. The happier and freer from re- example. straint, the better : in laughing, the lower Natural and Spiritual Sirce we aro muscles are used involuntarily; hence the possessed of both body and soul, it is of the adage, “laugh, and be fat.' In breathing, first importance that we make use of natural reading, speaking, and singing, there should and spiritual means fo, oltaining good; i.e. be no rising of the shoulders, or heaving of natural and spirituul truths. Our present the bosom; both tend to error and ill health. and eternal destinies--should ever be kept in Beware of using the lungs, as it is said; let niind; and that, which is of the greatest mothem act, as they are acted upon by the lower ment, receive the principal attention: and, muscles.
since dearh-is only a continuation of life, oui Notes. 1. This, strictly speaking, is the only natural educaison should be continuous : both states sound in all languages, and is the easiest made: it merely requires of weing will be best attended to, when seen the under jaw to be dropped, and a vocal sound to be produced: and attended to in connection, all other vowels are derived from it; or, rather, are modification nf it. 2. When a is an article, i. e. when used by itself, it always
Varietios. 1. Horses will often do muro has this sound, but must not be accented; as, “a man saw a hirse for a whistle, than a whip: as some youth aro and a sheep in a meadow;" except as contrasted with the; as, “I best governed by a rod of love. 2. Why is a mid the man, not a man.” 3. When a forms an unaccented sylsable, it has this sound : as, a-wake, a-bide, a-like, e-ware, a-tone, bankrupt like a clock? Because he must z-vosd, a-way, &c. 4. It has a similar sound at the end of words, either stop, or go on tick. 3. True reading sither with or without an h: as, No-ah, Han-bah, Sa-rah, Aforio is true exposition. 4. Conceive the intense, A-mer-i-ca, i-o-ta, dog-ma, &c. Beware of saying, Noer, Sa. tions of the author, and enter into the characry, &c. 6. It generally has this sound, when followed by a single in the same syllable: as, ar-son, ar-tist, &c.; also in star-ry, (full
ter. 5. The sciences and mechanical arts are stars,) and tar-ry, (besmeared with tar.)
the ministers of wiselom, not the end. 6. Do Education. The derivation of this word we love our friends more when present, or --will assist us in understanding its mean- absent? 7. All natural trutlıs, which respert ing; it being composed of the Latin word the works of God in creation, are not only real Endu-co, to lead or draw out. All develop- natural truths, but the glasses and containing ments, Jothi of matter and spirit, are from I principles of spiritual ones,
8. The means to be used, thus to make to describe them to others with as mucn do known my feelings and thoughts, are tones, curacy as we do any external objects, which words, looks, actions, expression, and silence: we have seen with our material eyes. whence it appears, that the body is the grand Anecdoto. Wild Oats. After the first medium of communication between myself speech, made by the younger Pitt, in the House and others; for by and through the body, are of Commons, an old member sarcastically retones, words, looks, and gestures produced. marked,-“I apprehend that the young gentle Thus I perceive, that the mind, is the active man has not yet sown all his wild oats.” To Agent, and the body, the passive agent; that which Mr. Pitt politely replied, in the course this is the instrument, and that the perfor- of an elaborate and eloquent rejoinder, “Age mer: here I see the elements of mental and has its privilege; and the gentleman him. vocal philosophy.
self-affords an ample illustration, that I ro
tain food enough for GEESE to pick." 9. The third sound of A is broad: ALL, wall, auc-tion, aus-pice;
Proverbs. 1. A calumny, tho' known to be his vaul-ting daugh-ter haul'd
such, generally leaves a stain on the reputation. the dau-phin in the sauce-pan;
2. A blow from a frying pan, tho' it does not the pal-try sauce-box waltz'd
hurt, sullies. 3. Fair and softly, go sure and far. in the tea-sau-cer; al-be-it, the
4. Keep your business and conscience well, and miwk-ish au-thor, dined
they will be sure to keep you well. 5. A man nau-se-ous sau-sa-ges; the au- [A in ALL.] knows no more, to any purpose, than he practices. burn pal-frey draws lau-rel plau-dits; his 6. Bells call others to church, hut enter not thema naugh-ty dwart got the groat through the selves. 7. Revenge a wrong by forgiving it. 8. fau-cit; he thwar-led the fal-chion and sal- Venture not all you have at once. 9. Examine ted the shawl in false wa-ter; the law-less your accounts and your conduct every night. 10. gaw-ky got in-stallid in the au-tumn, and Call me cousin, but don't cozen me. 11. Eaglesde frau-ded the green sward of its bal-dric fly alone, but sheep flock together. 12. It is good awn-ing.
to begin well, but better to ond well. 10. CURRAN, a celebrated Irish orator, pre- Theology-includes all religions, both sents us with a signal instance, of what can heathen and christian; and comprehende be accomplished by assiduity and persever- the study of the Divine Being, his laws ance: his enunciation was so precipitate and and revelations, and our duty towards Him confused, that he was called "stuttering Jack and our neighbor. It may be divided into Curran.” To overcome his numerous de- four grand divisions; viz. Paganism, Mahome fects, he devoted portion of every day to edanism, Judaism, and Christianity. The reading and reciting aloud, slowly, and dis study of Theology is the highest and noblest tinctly, some of the most eloquent extracts in in which we can be engaged: but a mere our language: and his success was so com- theoretical knowledge, like the sunbeam on olete, that among his excellencies as a speak- the mountain glacier, may only dazzle-to et, was the clearness of his articulation, and blind; for, unless the heart is warmed with an appropriate intonation, that melodized love to God, and love to man, the coldness every sentence.
and barrenness of eternal death will reign in Notes. 1. To make his sound, drop and project the jaw, the soul: hence, the all of Religion relates to and shape the mouth as in the engraving: and when you wish to life; and the life of Religion is—to do good produce a very grave sound, in speech or song, in addition to the above, swell the windpipe, (which will elongate and enlarge the
-for the sake of good. Focal chords,) and form the voice as loro as possible in the larynx; Varieties. He, who studies books alone, for the longer and larger these chords are, the graver will be the will know how things ought to be; and he voice : also, practice making sounds, while exhaling aud inhaling, who studies men, will know how things are. to deepen the tones. This sound is broader than the German a. 20 sometimes has this sound : I thought he caught the cough, 2. If you would relish your food, labor for it; when be bwaght the cloth; he wrought, fought, aud sought, but if you would enjoy your raiment, pay for it talked naught. 8. Beware of adding an r after w, as lawr, jawr, before you wear it; if you wonld sleep soundfawr, &c. 4. The italic a in the following, is broad. All were ap-palled at the thral-dom of Wal-ter Ra-leigh, who was al-most ly, take a clear conscience to bed with you. Kcald-ed in the cal-dron of boiling wa-ter,
3. The more we follow nature, and obey her Habits of thought. Thinking is to the laws, the longer shall we live; and the farmind what digestion is to the body. Wether we deviate from them, the sooner wo may heur, read, and talk, till we are gray; shall die. 4. Always carry a few proverbs but if we do not think, and analyze our sub- with you for constant use. 5. Let compul jects, and look at them in every aspect, and sion be used when necessary; but deception see the ends, causes, and effects, they will be --never. 6. In China, physicians are always of little use to us. In thinking, however, we under pay, except when their patrons are must think clearly and without confusion, as sick; then, their salaries are stopped till health we would examine objects of sight, in order is restored. 7. All things speak; note we! to get a perfect idea of them. Thinking is the language, and gather wisdom from i. spiritually seeing; and we should always Nature-is but a name for an effect, think of things so particularly as to be able Whose cause-- is God.
11. Words, I see, are among the principal | that one stove would save half the fuel means used for these important purposes; Mr. Y-being present, replied, “Sir, I wil and they are formed by the organs of voice : buy two of them, if you please, and then I these two things, then, demand my first and shall save the whole.” particular attention, words and voice ; words
Proverbs. 1. All truths must not be told at are composed of letters ; and the voice, is the all times. 2. A good servant makes a good maseffect of the proper actions of certain parts of ter. 3. A man in distress, or despair, does as the body, called vocal organs, converting air much as ten. 4. Before you make a friend, eat into sound; which two mighty instruments, a peck of salt with him. 5. Passion—will master words and voice, must be examined analytially, and synthetically; without which pro- —is good, but not formality. 7. Every tub must
you do not master your passion. 6. Form sess I cannot understand any thing.
stand on its own bottom. 8. First come, first sero'd 12. The fourth sound of A is short:
Friendship-cannot stand all on one side. 10. AT, aft, add; I had rath-er have a bar-rel of as-par-a-gus,
Idleness—is the hot-bed of vice and ignorancs than the en-am-el and ag-ate;
11. He that will steal a pin, will steal a better the ca-bal for-bade the mal-e.
thing. 12. If you lie upon roses when young, you fac-tor his ap-par-el-and jave
will lie upon thorns when old. lin; Char-i-ty danc'd in the
Qualifications of Teachers. Inas
[A in AT.) gran-a-ry with Cap-ri-corn;
much as the nature of no one thing can be the mal-con-tents ‘pass'd throAth-ens in understood, without a knowledge of its origina Feb-ru-ar-y; his cam-els quaff’d the As. and the history of its formation, the qualifiphal-tic can-al with fa-cil-i-ty; plas-ter the
cations of teachers are seen and felt to be so fal-low-ground af-ter Jan-u-ar-y; the adage an-swers on the com-rade's staff; the great, as to induce the truly conscientious to plaid tas-sel is man-u-fac-tur'd in France
; exclaim, in view of his duties, “Who is suffihe at-tack'd the tar-iff with rail-le-ry, af- cient for these things?” How can we eduter he had scath'd the block and tack-le with cate the child in a way appropriate to his state his ac-id pag-en-try.
and relations, without a knowledge of his 13. The more perfect the medium, the mental and physical structure? Is not a better will it subserve the uses of communi- knowledge of psychology and physiology as cation. Now, by analyzing the constituents necessary to the educator, as the knowledge of words and voice, I can ascertain whether of mechanics is to the maker or repairer of they are in a condition, to answer the varied watch? Who would permit a man even purposes for which they were given ; and to repair a watch, (much less hire a man to
fortunately for me, while I am thus analyz- make one,) who had only seen its externals? ing the sounds, of which words are com- Alas! how poorly qualified are nine-tenthe posed, I shall, at the same time, become acquainted with the organs of voice and of our teachers for the stations they occupy! hearing, and gradually accustom them to the almost totally ignorant of the nature and ori performance of their appropriate duties. gin of the human mind, and the science of
Notes. 1. To give the exact sounds of any of the physiology, which teaches us the structure vowels, take words, in which they are found at the beginning, and and uses of the body. But how little they proceed as if you were going to pronounce the whole worl, but understand their calling, when they supposa stop the instant you have produced the vowel sound; and that is the true one. 2. Beware of clipping this, or any other sound, or
it to be merely a teaching of book-knowledge; changing it: not, l’kn go, you’kn see, they'kn come; but, I can go; without any regard to the development of you can see; they can come. 3. A, in ate, in verbs, is generally mind and body. A teacher should possess a long; but in other parts of speech of more than one syllable, it is umlahy short ; unless under some accent : as-intimate that to my good moral character, and entire self-control intimate friend ; educate that delicate and obstinate child; he calcu- a fund of knowledge, and ability to commiu lates to aggravate the case of his affectionate and unfortunate wife; nicate it; a uniform temper, united with de"he compassionate son meditates how he may alleviate the condition cision and firmness; a mind to discriminate of his disconsolate mother; vindicate your consulate's honor; deprecate an unregenerate neart
, by importunate prayer; the pre-ate character, and tact to illustrate simply the and primate calculate to regulate the ultimates immediately. 4. studies of his pupils; he should be patient Observe-that often the sounds of vowels are sometimes modified, and forbearing; pleasant and affectionate, and » chuinged, by letters immediately preceding or succeeding; which may be seen, as it respects a, for instance, in ren-e-gade, mem-brane, be capable of overcoming all difficulties, and sep-ro-bate, can-did-ate, po-ten-tate, night-in-gale, &c. : some hav: showing the uses of knowledge. ing a slight accent on the last syllable; and others having the a Varieties. 1. If one were as eloquent as preceded, or followed by a vocal consonant: see previous Note 3.
an angel, he would please some folks, much & A letter is called short, when it cannot be prolonged in Speech, (though it can in Song,) without altering its form ; and long, when more by listening, than by speaking. 2. An It can be prolonged without such change: therefore, we call a upright politician asks—what recommends a
und long, or short, because it seen and felt to be so: an, cold, man; a corrupt one who recommends him. hot ; pale, mat: in making a long sound the glottis is kept open, in: 3. Is any law independent of its maker? 4 definitely; and in making a short one, it is closed suddenly, producubg an abrupt sound, like some of the consonants.
Kind words-cost no more than unkind ones Anecdoto. Saving Fuel. Some time ago, 5. Is it not better to be wise than rich? 6 when modern stoves were first introduced, The power of emphasis-depends on concen. and offered for sale in a certain city, the ven- tration. 7. Manifested wisdom-infers des der remarked, by way of recommending them, I sign.