« 이전계속 »
3. “Modesty',” said Joseph to Ralph', “should have led you', in a case like this', to suspend your judgment, untill you could make inquiry', inform yourself', make some experiments', and compare the results'; then you might hazard an opinion with means of your own to sustain it'; and not call on your neighbour to help you out'."
4. “ Here is a stick of timber'," says Moses', " that is more than sixty feet long'; now', Ralph', you place your ear at this end', while Joseph scratches the other with a pin'. Do you hear the sound'?” “I do', distinctly,” said Ralph', "and I am convinced now the thing is practicable'.
5. “We may learn from this!” said Joseph', " that there are objects which contribute to increase sound, and convey it with greater force'. In this case', the sound is conveyed through the little tubes of the wood', and is increased in loudness, the same as in a speaking trumpet', or the huntsman's horn'. SUBTRACTION OF COMPOUND TERMS.---LESSON 27.
Dry Measure. (1) b. 81 1 2 1
(2) p. 3 - 5.0
3. A, bought b. 366 - 1 4 of wheat, and sold b.278 - 2 · 4 - 1, what had he left?
Measure of Time. (1) y. 72 4 3 4
(2) d. 22
14 32 10 45 5 3 5
15 . 15 - 15 15
1 and play
3. A, lived y. 70 - 6 - 5; he slept y.
Measure of Circular Motion.
3. The moon goes round the earth, 360°, in 292 days, about; her daily motion is 13° 10 - 35; what is left of her journey after travelling four days?
Exercises in Parsing. Role. 7. Every adjective refers to some noun, expressed o implied, in qualification, as: Mary writes long letters.
Mary is a noun proper, third person, singular number, feminine gender, subject of the verb writes; writes is a transitive verb, third person, singular number, and agrees with its subject, rule 1, Long is an adjective, positive state, and refers to the noun letters in qualification, rule 7. Letters is a noun common, third person, plural number, no gender, and the object of the verb writes, rule 3. Good boys read large books. Faithful boys get good les
Small ships carry light burdens. Ann's apple is sweet, Mary's, sweeter, and Bell's, the sweetest.
OBS. 1. An adjective, with the definite article before it, and no noun after it, may always be used as a noun of the plural number, as: the rich help the poor.
In parsing this sentence, say, the rich, is a noun common, third person, plural number, of one or both genders, and the subject of the verb help; help is a transitive verb, third person, plural number, and agrees with its subject, rule 1. The poor, is a noun common, third person, plural number, of one or both genders, and the object of the verb help, rule 3.
Obs. 2. One, two, three, fc. are termed numeral adjectives, but first, second, and third, &c. are termed ordinal adjectives.
Obs. 3. Adjectives of one syllable are mostly compared by er and est, while those of two or more syllables are compared generally by more and most, less and least.
SPELLING.---LESSON 29. těr: rēne
un-bàr ūn-fēēd' ūn-like' tom-lit' ūn-běd ŭn-felt' ūn-link' tom-tit' ŭn-běnt' un-fit
ŭn-bid' ŭn-föld ũn-made' trăns-fòrm un-bind, ŭn-fòûnd' ūn-māke' trắns-lāte' un-blěst' ŭn-fürl' ũn-măn? trăns-müte' un-bõlt'
ún-măsk trăng-pire? ún-bòûnd' un-hôôp' ūn-mēēt trăns-plănt ŭn-brěd' un-horse' ŭn-moist trắns-pört ún-broke ūn-húrt' ūn-môôr trans-ūde' ūn-búrnt ũn-jūst' ūn-dil trăns-verse ūn-did' ũn-képt ūn-pin' un-apt' ũn-fé d' ŭn-lāde ũn-plūme
The Contented Shepherd. 1. Menalcus was a youthful shepherd'; temperance marked his life', and health, his face'. The morning lark cheered him
with her early note', and the nightingale lulled his evening slumbers'. By day', he attended his flock', which speckled the hill and the vale', and at night' he gathered them into their fold'.
2. As he was one day looking for a lamb that had strayed from his care', he saw', lying at the root of a tree', deep in the thick and bushy wood', a hunter', pale with hunger', and labour', and ready to faint'.
3. As Menalcus drew near', the hunter raised his head'. Alas'! shepherd', said he', three days since', I entered this wood in pursuit of game', and have lost my way. I have not been able to find the vestige of human foot steps', nor the least portion of food to answer the demands of nature'; and I lay down by this tree to die alone in this frightful solitude! I am faint with hunger', and my lips are parehed with thirst": give me relief', or I die!.
4. Menalcus raised the hunter in his arms', and fed him with bread from his scrip', and milk from his pewter canteen'. He afterwards led him through the intricate mazes of the forest', and placed his feet in safety on the high road that led to the city
5. The hunter's name was Justus'; as he saw Menalcus about to take his leave', he stopped him'. Shepherd', says he', you have saved my life, and I will make yours happy.' Go with me to the city. You shall no longer dwell in a cottage', but inhabit a palace'. The coarse bread in your scrip', shall be exchanged for the most costly viands on plates of silver, and the milk in the pewter canteen', for the richest wines in goblets of gold'.
ARITHMETIC.-LESSON 31. Exercises in Subtraction of Compound Terms. 1. A, bought b.368 3 5 of wheat for £125 13 6 2, and sold b.188 2 6 for £91 1 11 3, what has he left and what has it cost him? Ans. b.180 0 7, and £34 11 6 3.
2. B, had lb.34 9 10 of gold, and gave to his sons, lb.19 0 15 10, what had he left for his daughters?
Ans. lb.15 8 14 14 3. D, had y.134 3qr. of cloth, and sold y.95 3 2, how much had he left?
Ans. y.38 3 2. 4. E, had a.500 1 rood of land, and gave his oldest son, a. 150 r.3 po.25, what had he left? Ans. a.349 1 15.
5. F, went an apprentice for 7 years, and has served y,3 m.5, how long has he to stay?
Ans. y.3 m.7.
Of Adverbs. RULE 8. Adverbs refer to verbs, participles adjectives and other adverbs, in modification, as: Sophia writes daily.
1. Sophia is a noun proper, third person, singular number, feminine gender, and the subject of the verb writes; writes is an intransilive verb, third person, singular number, and agrees with its subject, rule 1. daily is an adverb of time, and refers to the verb writes in modification, rule 8.
2. Mary writes handsomely. James reads fluently. The river runs crookedly. The trees grow well. The house stood there. I heard the bell then. You listen now. Joseph makes a very handsome bow. Ralph saw the boys rowing the boat briskly.
Note. Adverbs are of various kinds. They refer to the time the place and the manner of actions. They modify qualities and properties. They affirm, deny, question, and answer; and some of them may be compared the same as adjectives.
SPELLING.-LESSON 33. in-rig' un-shörn' ūn-t'hrift' ŭn-yöke'
un-ring' ún-shot ūn-t'hrone' up-hěld' · ūn-rip ūn-shoût' un-til up-hill un-ripe un-sold' ŭn-tõld
up-hold un-rôôf ún-spěd' ún-trõd' ip-lift ún-rôôt un-spěnt ūn-tūne
up-root' un-safe ūn-state' un-twine věn-dēě ũn-sẽẽm ũn-sting, un-twist věn-dūe' un-sēēn' un-stop
ún-wěd' vēr-böse' ún-sént ũn-strũng” ũn-wěpt' wit'h-drâw' ūn-sět' ũn-sung ūn-wěť wit'h-hõld' ún-shěd' un-swörn' ŭn-wish' wit'h-in' in-ship un-těnt ũn-wit? wit'h-òût ūn-shod ūn-t'hink ùn-wòûnd' wit'h-stă nd ūn-shôôk'
READING-LESSON 34. 6. “Why should I go to the city?" says Menalcus'. “My little house shelters me from the rain and the wind! It has no marble pillars about it'; but it has a plenty of fruit trees'; and from these', I gather my repast. Nothing can be more pure than the brook of clear, cold water that runs by my
door'. 7. “From my garden', I cull roses', and from the valley', I gather Lillies to deck my table'; and these are more beautiful, and smell sweeter than plates of silver and goblets of gold'. I
brown bread and drink my new milk'; my flock supply me with clothes', and my life is not sustained by the sacrifice of the blood of any creature'.”
8. “O shepherd',” said Justus', “come with me to the city! I will lead you through gardens decl:ed with sweet flowers', and embellished with fountains' and statues'. You shall behold women whose dazzling beauty the rays of the sun have never tarnished', dressed in silks of the richest hues', and sparkling in diamonds"; and you shall hear music whose sweet notes shall enchant you'.” 9 “ Our sun burnt girls',” says Menalcus',
are very handsome'. How gay they look on holidays when they put on garlands of fresh flowers', and we dance to the pipe under the shade of our spreading oaks', or retire to the woods to hear the song of the birds'! Is your music better than the notes of the thrush', the linnet', the robin' or the nightingal.? No: 1 will never go to the city'.”
10. “ Then take this bag of golu'," says Justus', " and supply all your wants.l" Your gold is of no use to me!” says Menalcus'; “ my fruit trecs', my garden', my brook' and my flocks', supply all my wants'. What use have I for gold?""
11. “But you have saved my iifc'," said Justus', " and I desire to reward your kindness', happy shepherd'. What will you accept from me'?”
Give me the horn that hangs at your belt',” said Menalcus'; “ it will be more useful to me than my earthen pitcher', and not so easily broken'.”
12. Justus took the horn from his belt with a smile', and gave it to Menalcus', with the wish that he might ever be happy'. Menalcus took the horn', cast a kind look into the face of Justus', made a low bow', and returned to his cottage', the abode of simple content'.
ARITHMETIC,-LESSON 35. Exercises in Subtraction of Compound Terms. 6. G, had grain, b.283, cost £50 1 9, he sold b. 152 for £32 3 11, how much grain has he left and what has it cost him?
Ans. b.131, and £17 17 10. 7. H, Bought wine, gal. 154 2 of A, 161 1 1 of B, and sold g.39 2 1 to C, and g.100 3 0 to D; what had he left?
Ans. gal. 175 2. K, walked 2 days on the road from Utica to Albany, m.37 1 15 the first day, and m.38 3 31 the next; the whole distance is m.96 6, how far has he to walk?
Ans. m.21 0 34.