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known that her notions of government at war, and just upon the point of giring are still the same. This unlucky mole, battle, the women, who were allied to however, has mitled several coxcombs; both of them, interposed with so many and, like the hanging out of falfe co tears and intreaties, that they prevented lours, made some of them converse with the mutual flaughter which threatened Rosalinda in what they thought the fpi both parties, and united them in a firm rit of her party, when on a sudden she and lasting peace. has given them an unexpected fre, that I would recommend this noble examhas funk them all at once. if Rosa ple to our British ladies, at a time linda is unfortunate in her mole, Nigra when their country is torn with fo many milla is as unhappy in a pimple, which unnatural divisions, that if they conti

forces her, against her inclinations, to nue, it will be a misfortune to be born . patch on the Whig side.

in it. The Greeks thought it so imI am told that many virtuous ma proper for women to interest themselves trons, who formerly have been taught in competitions and contentions, that to believe that this artificial spotting of for this reason among others, they forthe face was unlawful, are now recon bad them, under pain of death, to be ciled hy a zeal for their cause, to what present at the Olympic games, notwiththey could not be prompted by a con standing these were the public diversions cem for their beauty. This way of de- of all Greece. claring war upon one another, puts me As our English women excel those of jn mind of what is reported of the tigrefs, all other nations in beauty, they should that several spots rise in her skin when endeavour to outline them in all other the is angry, or as Mr. Cowley has accomplithments proper to the sex, and imitated the verses that itand as the to distinguish themselves as tender mo. motto of this paper,

thers, and faithful wives, rather than as She swells with angry pride,

furious partisans. Female virtues are And calls forth all her ipots or every fide.

of a domestic turn. The family is the

proper province for private women to When I was in the theatre the time thine in. If they mult be sewing their above-mentioned, I had the curiosity to zeal for the public, let it not be against count the patches on both sides, and those who are perhaps of the fame fafound the Tory patches to be about mily, or at least of the same religion or twenty stronger than the Whig; but to nation, but against those who are the make amends for this small incquality, open, professed, undoubted enemies of I the next morning found the whole their faith, liberty, and country. When puppet-show filled with faces spotted the Romans were preffed with a foreign after the Whiggish manner. Whether enemy, the ladies voluntarily contri. or no the ladies had retreated hither in huted all their rings and jewels to affitt order to rally their forces, I cannot tell; the government under a public exigence, but the next night they came in fo great which appear:d fo laudable an action in a body to the opera, that they out the eyes of their countrymen, that from punbered the enemy.

thenceforth it was permitted by a law This account of party patches will, I

blic orations, at the fu. am afraid, appear improbable to ofe 1 KM'?), in praise of the dewho live at a distance from the fashion. Cont. 19")}1, wnich until that time was able world: but as it is a distin&tion of pesto al' to men. Woull our Englith a very singular nature, and what per lanes, initeid of sticking on a patch haps may never meet with a parallel, I against those of their own country, thew think I thould not have discharged the themselves to fuly public-spirited as to office of a faithful Spectator, haid not I facrifice every one her necklace againit recorded it.

the common enemy, what decrees ought I have, in former papers, endeavoured not to be made in favour of thein? to expose this party-rage in women, as Since I am recollecting upon this fubit only ferves to aggravate the hatreds je&t such pallages as occur to my meand animosities that reign among men, wory out of ancient authors, I cannot and in a great measure deprives the fair. omit a sentence in the celebrated funeral fex of those peculiar charms with which oration of Pericles, which he matte in Bature bus endowed thein.

honour of those brave Athenians that When the Romans and Sabines were were sain in a fight with the Lacede


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nonians. After having addressed him. says he, ' I fall advise you in very felf to the several ranks and orders of • few words: aspire only to those vir his countrymen, and thewn them how • tues that are peculiar to your sex; folthey should behave themselves in the low your natural modelty, and think public caufe, he turns to the female part ' it your greatest commendation not to of bis audience; · And as for you,' • be talked of one way or other."




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Juv. Sat. 111. v. 33:
ASSING under Ludgate the other signing; and I have a pretty implement

day, I heard a voice bawling for with the respective names of thirts, , charity which I thought I had some cravats, handkerchiefs, and stockings, where heard before. Coming near to with proper numbers to know how to the grate, the prisoner called me by my reckon with my laundress. This being Dame, and desired I would throw some almost all the business I have in the thing into the box: I was out of coun world for the care of my own affairs, I tenance for him, and did as he bid me,

am at full leisure to observe upon what by putting in half a crown. I went others do, with relation to their equipage away, reflecting upon the strange con- and economy. ititution of some men, and how meanly When I walk the street, and observe they behave themselves in all sorts of the hurry about me in this town, conditions. The person who begged of

Where with like hafte, through diff'rent was me is now, as I take it, fitty: I was

they run; well acquainted with him until about

Some to undo, and some to be undone. tre age of twenty-five; at which time a good cftate fell to him by the death of I say, when I behold this vast variety of a relation. Upon coming to this un persons and humours, with the pains expected good fortune, he ran into all they both take for the accomplishment the extravagancies imaginable; was fie of the ends mentioned in the above quently in drunken disputes, broke verses of Denham, I cannot much won. drawers heads, talked and swore loud, der at the endeavour after gain, but am was namannerly to those above him, extremely astonished that men can be so and infolent to those below him. I insensible of the danger of running into could not but remark, that it was the debt. One waild think it imposible a fame baseness of spirit which worked in man who is given to contract debts should his behaviour in both fortunes: the know, that his creditor has, from that fine litile mind was insolent in riches, moment in which he transgreffes payand shameless in poverty. This acci ment, so much as that demand comes dent made me mufe upon the circum. to in his debtor's honour, liberty, and ttance of being in debt in general, anil fortune. One would think he did not solve in my mind what temper's were know that his creditor can say the worst most apt to fall into this error of life, thing imaginable on him, to wit, that as well as the misfortune it muit needs • he is unjust, 'without defamaticn; and be to languish under such pressures. As can seize bis person without being guilty for myself, my natural aversion to that of an assault. Yet such is the loote and fort of conversation which makes a abandoned turn of some men's minds, figure with the generality of mankind, that they can live under these constant exempts me from any temptations to apprehensions, and ftill go on to increase expence; and all my businefs lies within the cause of them. Can there be a more a very narrow compass, which is only low and servile condition, than to be to give an honest man, who takes care alhamed or afraid to see any one man of my estate, proper vouchers for his breathing? - Yet he thae is much in debt, quarterly payments to me, and observe is in that condition with relation to what linen my laundress brings and twenty different people. There are intakes away with her once a week: my deed circumitances wherein men of holevard brings his receipt ready for ny best natures may become liable to debts,


by foine unadvised behaviour in any portion as laudable in a citizen, as it is great point of their life, or mortgaging in a general never to have suffered a difa man's honesty as a fecurity for that of advantage in fight. How different from another, and the like; but there inftances this gentleman is Jack Truepenny, who are so particular and circumstantiated, has been an old acquaintance of Sir that they cannot conie within general Andrew and myself from boys, but confiderations: for one such case as one could never learn our caution. Jack of these, there are ten, where a man, to has a whorish unrefifted good-nature, keep up a farce of retinue and grandeur which makes him incapable of having within his own house, thall Arink at the a property in any thing. His fortune, expectation of furly demands at his his reputation, his time and his capadoors. The debtor is the creditor's city, are at any man's service that comes criminal, and all the officers of power firit. When he was at school, he was and state, whom we behold make so whipped thrice a week for faults he great a figure, are no other than so many took upon hiin to excuse in others; since persons in authority to make good his he came into the business of the world, charge against him.' Human society de- he has been arrested twice or thrice a pends upon his having the vengeance year for debts he had nothing to do law allots him; and the debtor owes his withi, but as surety for others; and I liberty to his neighbour, as much as the remember when a friend of his had sufmurderer does his life to his prince. fered in the vice of the town, all the

Our gentry are, generally speaking, physic his friend took was conveyed to in debt; and inany families have put it him by Jack, and inscribed A bolus into a kind of method of being so from or an electuary for Mr Truepenny. generation to generation. The father Jack had a good estate left him, which mortgages when his son is very young; came to nothing; because he believed and the boy is to marry as soon as he is all who pretended to demands upon it. at age to redeem it, and find portions This easiness and credulity destroy all for his sisters. This forfooth is no great the other merit he has; and he has all inconvenience to him; for he may wench, his life been a sacrifice to o hers, withkeep a public table, or feed dogs like a out ever receiving thanks, or doing one worthy English gentleman, until he has good action. outrun half his eltate, and leave the I will end this discourse with a speech same incumbrance upon his first-born, which I heard Jack make to one of his and so on, until one man of more vigour creditors, of whom he deserved gentler than ordinary goes quite through the usage, after lying a whole night in cuf. estate, or some man of sense comes into tody at his suit. it, and scorns to have an eltate in partnership, that is to say, liable to the de

SIR, mand or insult of any manliving. There "YOUR ingratitude for the many is my friend Sir. Andrew, though for • kindnesles I have done you, shall not many years a great and general trader, I make me unthankful for the good you was never the defendant in a law-suit, ' have done me; in letting me see there in all the perplexity of business, and the s is such a man as you in the world, iniquity of mankind at present: no one · I am obliged to you for the diffidence had any colour for the least complaint i I Mall have all the rest of my life: “ ! against his dealings with him. This is " thall hereafter trust no man so far as certainly as uncommon, and in it's pro to be in his debt."



VIRG. Æn, I. v. 468.




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THEN the weather hinders me visit-any thing curious that may be seer

from taking my diversiços with. under covert. My principal entertain out doors, I frequently make a little ments of this nature are pictures, info: party with two or three iele&t friends, to much that when I have found the weai


ther set in to be very bad, I have taken him. He was dressed like a German, a whole day's journey to see a gallery and had a very hard name that founded that is furnished by the hands of great something like Stupidity. matters. By this means, when the hea The third artist that I looked over vens are filled with clouds, when the was Fantasque, dresled like a Veneearth swims in rain, and all nature wears tian scaramouch. He had an excellent a louring countenance, I withdraw my- hand at a Chimera, and dealt very much self from these uncomfortable scenes in distortions and grimaces. He would into the visionary worlds of art; where sometimes affright himself with the I meet with shining landskips, gilded phantoms that flowed from his pencil. triumphs, beautiful faces, and all those In short, the most elaborate of his pieces other objects that fill the mind with gay was at best but a terrifying dream; and ideas, and disperse that gloominess which one could say nothing more of his finest is apt to hang upon it in tho!e dark dil figures, than that they were agreeable concolate reasons.

monsters. I was some weeks ago in a course of 'The fourth person I examined, was these diverfions; which had taken such very remarkable for his halty hand, an intire poffesfion of my imagination, which left his pictures so unfinished, that that they formed in it a short morning's the beauty in the picture, which was dedream, which I shall communicate to figned to continue as a monument of it to my reader, rather as the first sketch and posterity, faded sooner than in the peroutlines of a vision, than as a finihed fon after whom it was drawn.

He piece.

made so much haste to dispatch his buI dreamed that I was admitted into a finess, that he neither gave himself time long spacious gallery, which had one to clean his pencils, nor mix his colours. side covered with pieces of all the fa- The name of this expeditious workman mous painters who are now living, and was Avarice. the other with the works of the greatest Not far from this artist I saw another masters that are dead.

of a quite different nature, who was On the side of the living, I saw several dressed in the habit of a Dutchman, and perfons busy in drawing, colouring, known by the name of Industry. His

and designing; on the side of the dead figures were wonderfully laboured: if I painters, I could not discover more than he drew the portraiture of a man, he

one person at work, who was exceeding did not omit a single hair in his face; if flow in his motions, and wonderfully the figure of a thip, there was not a nice in his touches.

rope among the tackle that escaped him. I was resolved to examine the several He had likewise hung a great part of the artists that stood before me, and accord. wall with night-pieces, that seemed to ingly applied myself to the fide of the thew themselves by the candles which living." The first I observed at work were lighted up in several parts of them; in this part of the gallery was Vanity, and were so inflamed by the fun-thine with his hair tied behind him in a rib- which accidentally fell upon them, that bon, and dressed like a Frenchman. at first light I could scarce forbear cryAll the faces he drew were very remark. ing out-Fire. able for their smiles, and a certain smirk The five foregoing artists were the ing air which he bestowed indifferently most considerable on this side the galon every age and degree of either sex. Jery; there were indeed several other's The toujours gai appeared even in his whom I had not time to look into. judges, bishops, and privy-counsellors: One of them, however, I could not forin a word, all his men were Petits Mai- bear observing, who was very busy in tres, and all his women Coquets. The retouching the finest pieces, though he drapery of his figures was extremely produced no originals of his own. His well suited to his faces, and was made pencil aggravated every feature that was up of all the glaring colours that could before overcharged, loaded every defect, be mixed together; every part of the and poisoned every colour it touched. dress was in a futter, and endeavoured T gh this workman did so much to distinguish itself above the rest. mischief on the side of the living, he

On the left-hand of Vanity stood a never turned his eye towards that of the laborious workman, who I found was dead. His name was Envy. his humble admirer, and copied after Having taken a cursory view of one


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fide of the gallery, I turned myself to of the gallery, creeping up and down that which was filled by the works of from one picture to another, and rethose great masters that were dead: when touching all the fine pieces that stood immediately I fancied myself ttanding before me, I could not but be very atbefore a multitude of spectators, and tentive to all his motions. I found his thousands of eyes looking upon me pencil was so very light, that it worked at once; for all before me appeared to inperceptibly, and after a thousand like men and women, that I almoft for touches, scarce produced any vilible efgot they were pictures. Raphael's feet in the picture on which he was emfigures stood in one row, Titian's in ployed. However, as he buried hiin. another, Guido Rheni's in a third. One felf incessantly, and repeated touch afpart of the wall was peopled by Han ter touch without rett or intermission, nibal Carrache, another by Corregio, he wore off insensibly every little dirand another by Rubens. To be short, agreeable glofs that hung upon a figure. there was not a great master among the He also added such a beautiful brown dead who had not contributed to the to the shades, and mellowness to the co. embellishment of this tide of the gallery. lours, that he made every picture appear The perfors that owed their being to more perfect than when it came fresh these feveral maiters, appeared all of from the master's pencil. I could not them to be real and alive, and differed forbear looking upon the face of this among one another only in the variety ancient workman, and immediately, by of their hapes, complexions, and cloaths; the long lock of hair upon his forehead, fo that they looked like different nations discovered him to be Time. of the same fpecies.

Whether it were because the thread of Observing an old man, who was the my dream was at an end I cannot tell, fame person I before mentioned, as the but upon my taking a survey of this Only artist that was at work on this fide imaginary old man, my deep left me.




Virg. Æn, II. V, 6.


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OOKING over the old manu

Script wherein the private actions of Pharamond are let down by way of table-book, I found many things which gave me great delight; and as human life turns upon the lame principles and passions in all ages, I thought it very pro. per to take minutes of what pafied in that age, for the instruction of this. The antiquary, who lent me these papers, gave me a character of Eucrate, the favourite of Pharamond, extracted from an author who lived in that court. The account he gives both of the prince and this his faithful friend, will not be improper to infert here, because I may have occation to mention many of their conversations, into which these memorials of them may give light.

· Pbaramond, when he had a mind to "retire for an hour or two from the hurry

of business and fatigue of ceremony, • made a signal to Eucrate, by putting • his hand to his face, placing his arm

negligently on a window, or lome such ' action as appeared indifferent to all the ' rest of the company. Upon fuch no

tice, unobserved by others, for their 'intire intimacy was always a secret, ' Eucrate repaired to his

own apartment to receive the king. There was a se.

cret accels to this part of the court, at ' which Eucrate used to admit many • whole mean appearance in the eyes of • the ordinary waiters and door-keepers

made them to be repulsed from other parts of the palace. Such as these were let in here by order of Eucrate,

and had audiences of Pharamond. · This entrance Pharamond called “ The Gate of the Unhappy," and the

tears of the afflicted who came before

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