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• will think so difrespectfully of their Great Grand-Mo
thers, that they made themselves Monstrous to appear • Amiable.
* WHEN I survey this new-fashioned Rotonda in al} • its Parts, I cannot but think of the old Philosopher, who
after having entered into an Egyptian Temple, and look
ed about for the Idol of the Place, at length discovered a • little Black Monkey enshrined in the midst of it, upon • which he could not forbear crying out, (to the great « Scandal of the Worshippers) What a magnificent Palace is here for such a ridiculous Inhabitant? · THOUGH you have taken a Resolution, in one of your Papers, to avoid descending to Particularities
of Dress, I believe you will not think it below you, on • fo extraordinary an occasion, to Unhoop the fair Sex, • and cure this fashionable Tympany that is got among • them. I am apt to think the Petticoat will shrink of its I own Accord at your first coming to Town; at least a
Touch of your Pen will make it contract it self, like the • Sensitive Plant, and by that Means oblige several who
either terrified or astonished at this portentous No? velty, and among the rest, с
Your humble Servant, &c.
Luc. OMEN in their Nature are much more gay and joyous than Men; whether it be that their Blood
is more refined, their Fibres more delicate, and their animal Spirits more light and volatile; or whether, as some have imagined, there may not be a kind of Sex in the very Soul, 1 Thall not pretend to determine. As Vi. vacity is the Gift of Women, Gravity is that of Men. They Thould each of them therefore keep a Watch upon the particular Biass which Nature has fixed in their minds, that it may not draw too much, and lead them out of the
Paths of Reason. This will certainly happen, it the one In every Word and A&tion affects the Character of being tigid and severe, and the other of being brisk and airy. Men should beware of being captivated by a kind of savage Philosophy, Women by a thoughtless Gallantry. Where these Precautions are not observed, the Man often dege. nerates into a Cynick, the Woman into a Coquet, the Man grows fullen and morose, the Woman impertinent And fantastical,
B Y what I have said, we may conclude, Men and Wo. men mere made as Counterparts to one another, that the Pains and Anxieties of the Husband might be relieved by the Sprightliness and good Humour of the Wife. When there are rightly tempered, Care and Chearfulness go Hand in Hand, and the Family, like a Ship that is duly triimined, wants neither Sail nor Ballast.
NATURAL Historians observe, (for whilft I am in the Country, I must fetch my Allusions from thence) That only the Male Birds havc Voices, That their Songs begin a little before Breeding time, and end a little after : That whilst the Hen is covering her Eggs, the Male generally takes his Stand upon a neighbouring Bough within her Hearing, and by that means amuses and diverts her with his Songs during the whole Time of her Sitting,
THIS Contract among Birds lasts no longer than till a Brood of young ones arises from it ; so that in the fea. ther'd Kind, the Cares and Fatigues of the married State, if I may so call it,lie principally upon the female. On the contrary, as in our Species the Man and the Woman are join. ed together for Life, and the main Burthen rests upon the former, Nature has given all the little Arts of Soothing and Blandishment to the Female, that she may chear and animate her Companion in a constant and affiduous Application to the making a Provision for his family, and the educating of their common Children. This however is not to be taken so strictly, as if the same Duties were not of ten reciprocal, and incumbent on both Parties; but only to set forth what seems to have been the general Intention of Nature, in the different Inclinations and Endowments which are bestowed on the different Sexes,
BUT whatever was the Reason that Man and Woman were made with this Variety of Temper, if we observe
the Conduct of the fair Sex, we find that they chuse ra-
Our thoughtless Sex is caught by outward Form
Thoughts are as fine Creatures as themselves; or if they
THE same female Levity is no less fatal to them after Marriage than before : It represents to their Imaginations the faithful prudent Husband as an honest, tractable and domestic Animal ; and turns their Thoughts upon the fine gay Gentleman that laughs, fings, and dresies so much more agreeably.
A S.this irregular Vivacity of Temper leads astray the Hearts of ordinary Women in the Choice of their Lovers and the Treatment of their Husbands, it operates with the same pernicious Influence towards their Children, who are taught to accomplish themselves in all those fúblime Perfections that appear captivating in the Eye of their Mother. She admires in her Son what she loved in her Gal. lant; and by that means contributes all she can to perpetuate her self in a worthless Progeny.
The younger Faustina was a lively Instance of this fort of Women. Notwithstanding she was married to Marcus Aurelius, one of the greatest, wisest, and best of the Roman H
Emperors, she thought a common Gladiator much the prettier Gentleman ; and had taken such Care to accomplish her Son Commodus according to her own Notions of a finc Man, that when he ascended the Throne of his father, he became the moft foolish and abandoned Tyrant that was ever placed at the Head of the Roman Empire, signalizing himself in nothing but the fighting of Prizes, and knocking out Mens Brains. As he had no Tafte of true Glory, we see him in several Medals and Statues which are still ex. tant of him, equipped like an Hercules with a Club and a Lion's Skin.
I have been led into this Speculation by the Characters I have heard of a Country-Gentleman and his Lady, who do not live many Miles from Sir ROGER. The Wife is an old Coquet, that is always hankering after the Diversions of the Town; the Husband a morole Rustick, that frowns and frets at the Name of it. The Wife is over-run with Affectation, the Husband sunk into Brutality: The Lady cannot bear the Noise of the Larks and Nightingales, hates your tedious Summer-Days, and is Sick at the sight of shady Woods and purling Streams; the Husband wonders how any one can be pleased with the Fooleries of Plays and Operas, and rails from Morning to Night at effenced Fops and tawdry Courtiers. The Children are educated in these different Notions of their Parents. The Sons follow the Father about his Grounds, while the Daughters read Volumes of Love-Letters and Romances to their Mother. By this means it comes to pass, that the Girls look upon their Father as a Clown, and the Boys think their Mother no better than the should be.
HOW different are the Lives of Aristus and Afparia? the innocent Vivacity of the one is tempered and composed by the chearful Gravity of the other. The Wife grows wife by the Discourses of the Husband, and the Husband good-humour'd by the Conversations of the Wife. Aristus would not be so amiable were it not for his Afpatia, nor
Aspatia so much efteemed were it not for her Aristus. Their Virtues are blended in their Children, and diffuse through the whole family a perpetual Spirit of Benevo. lence, Complacency, and satisfaction.
Vertentem fefe frustra sečtabere canthum
the Head-dress, or Perriwig, that now prevails, and gives a Grace to their Portraitures at present, will make a very odd Figure, and perhaps look monstrous in the Eyes of Pofterity. For this Reason they often represent an illustrious Person in a Roman Habit, or in some other Dress that never varies. I could wish, for the sake of my Country Friends, that there was such a kind of everlasting Drapery to be made use of by all who live at a certain dia stance from the Town, and that they would agree upon. such Fashions as should never be liable to Changes and Innovations. For want of this Standing Dress, a Man who takes a Journey into the Country is as much surprized, as one who walks in a Gallery of old Family Pictures; and finds as great a Variety of Garbs and Habits in the Persons he converses with. Did they keep to one conftant Dress they would sometimes be in the Fashion, which they never are as Matters are managed at present. If instead of running after the Mode, they would continue fixed in one certain
Habit, the Mode would some time or other overtake them, as a Clock that stands still is sure to point right once in twelve Hours: In this case therefore I would ad. vise them, as a Gentleman did his friend who was hunta ing about the whole Town after a rambling Fellow, If you follow him you will never find him, but if you plant your self at the Corner of any one Street, I'll engage it will not be long before you see him.
I have already touched upon this Subject, in a Speculation which shews how cruelly the Country are led astray in following the Town; and equipped in a ridiculous Habit, when they fancy themselves in the height of the Mode, Since that Speculation I have received a Letter (which I