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of such answer as is herein provided for, the parties plaintiff or other parties and defendant shall be entitled to a jury trial upon the issues as to damages so raised, as provided in title seven, part three of this code, applying to actions in eminent domain. [New section added May 19, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 744.]
$ 540. Writ of attachment. If more than one defendant. The writ must be directed to the sheriff of any county in which property of such defendant may be, and must require him to attach and safely keep all the property of such defendant within his county not exempt from execution, or so much thereof as may be sufficient to satisfy the plaintiff's demand against such defendant, the amount of which must be stated in conformity with the complaint, unless such defendant give him security by the undertaking of at least two sufficient sureties in an amount sufficient to satisfy such demand against such defendant, besides costs, or in an amount equal to the value of the property of such defendant which has been or is about to be attached; in which case to take such undertaking.
In the event that the action is against more than one defendant, any defendant whose property has been or is about to be attached in such action may give the sheriff such undertaking, and the sheriff shall take the same, and such undertaking shall not subject such defendant to or be answerable for any demand against any other defendant, nor shall the sheriff thereby be prevented from attaching or be obliged to release from attachment, any property of any other defendant; provided, however, that such defendant, at the time of giving such undertaking to the sheriff, shall file with the sheriff, a statement, duly verified under oath, wherein such defendant shall aver and declare that the other defendant or defendants in the action in which said undertaking was given has or have not any interest or claim of any nature whatsoever in or to said property. Such statement must further contain the character of such defendant's title and the manner in which he acquired title to such attached property; provided, further, that before said attachment shall be released, the undertaking required by this section must be approved by the judge of the court issuing same or if said writ of attachment is from another county, then by a judge of a court of similar jurisdiction in the county where the levy shall have been made.
Several writs may be issued at the same time to the sheriffs of different counties. (Amendment approved May 26, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 938.)
$ 554. Proceedings to release attachments. Whenever any defendant has appeared in the action, such defendant may upon reasonable notice to the plaintiff, apply to the court in which the action is pending, or to the judge thereof, for an order to discharge the attachment wholly, or in part; and upon the execution of the undertaking mentioned in the next section, an order may be made releasing from the operation of the attachment, any or all of the property of such defendant attached; and all of the property so released and all of the proceeds of the sales thereof, must be delivered to such defendant upon the justification of the sureties on the undertaking, if required by the plaintiff. Such justification must take place within five days after the notice of the filing of such undertaking. (Amendment approved May 26, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 939.]
$ 555. Requirements by court for release from attachment. Before making such order, the court or judge must require an undertaking on behalf of such defendant, by at least two sureties, residents and freeholders, or householders in the state to the effect that in case the plaintiff recovers judgment in the action against the defendant, by whom, or in whose behalf such undertaking shall be given, such defendant will, on demand, redeliver the attached property so released to the proper officer, to be applied to the payment of any judgment in such action against said defendant, or in default thereof, that such defendant and sureties will, on demand, pay to the plaintiff the full value of the property released not exceeding the amount of such judgment against such defendant. The court or judge making such order may fix the sum for which the undertaking must be executed, and if necessary in fixing such sum to know the value of the property released, the same may be appraised by one or more disinterested persons, to be appointed for that purpose. The sureties may be required to justify before the court or judge and the property attached cannot be released from the attachment without their justification if the same is required. [Amendment approved May 26, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 939.) $ 570.
Notice of unclaimed funds in receiver's hands. A receiver having any funds in his hands belonging to a person whose whereabouts are unknown to him, shall, before receiving his discharge as such receiver, publish a notice, in one or more newspapers published in the county, at least once a week for four consecutive weeks, setting forth the name of the
owner of any unclaimed funds, the last known place of residence or postoffice address of such owner and the amount of such unclaimed funds. Any funds remaining in his hands unclaimed for thirty days after the date of the last publication of such notice, shall be reported to the court, and upon order of the court, all such funds must be paid into the state treasury accompanied with a copy of the order, which must set forth the facts required in the notice herein provided. Such funds shall be paid out by the state treasurer to the owner thereof or his order in such manner and upon such terms as are now or may hereafter be provided by law.
All costs and expenses connected with such advertising shall be paid out of the funds the whereabouts of whose owners are unknown. [Amendment approved April 25, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 203.]
§ 660. Time of hearing motion for new trial. New trial hearing has precedence. The motion for a new trial must be heard at the earliest practicable time after the filing of affidavits and counteraffidavits, in case the motion is made on affidavits, in other cases after the filing of the notice. On such hearing reference may be had in all cases to the pleadings and orders of the court on file, and when the motion is made on the minutes, reference may also be had to any depositions and documentary evidence offered at the trial and to the report of the proceedings on the trial taken by the phonographic reporter, or to any certified transcript of such report, or if there be no such report or certified transcipt, to such proceedings occurring at the trial as are within the recollection of the judge; when the proceedings at the trial have been phonographically reported, but the reporter's notes have not been transcribed, the reporter must, upon request of the court, or either party, attend the hearing of the motion, and shall read his notes, or such parts thereof as the court, or either party, may require. The hearing and disposition of the motion for a new trial shall have precedence over all other matters except criminal cases, probate matters and cases actually on trial, and it shall be the duty of the court to determine the same at the earliest possible moment. The power of the court to pass on motion for new trial shall expire within three months after the verdict of the jury or service on the moving party of notice of the entry of the judgment. If such motion is not determined within said three months, the effect shall be a denial of the motion without further order of the court. (Amendment approved May 5, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 240.]
$ 671. Judgment liens. Continues five years. Immediately after filing the judgment-roll, the clerk must make the proper entries of the judgment under appropriate heads, in the docket kept by him, noting thereon the hour and minute of the day of such entry; and from the time the judgment is docketed it becomes a lien upon all the real property of the judgment debtor not exempt from execution in the county, owned by him at the time, or which he may afterward acquire, until the lien ceases. The lien continues for five years unless the enforcement of the judgment be stayed on appeal by the execution of a sufficient undertaking as provided in this code, in which case the lien of the judgment and any lien by virtue of an attachment that has been issued and levied in the action ceases. (Amendment approved April 19, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 141.)
$ 671a. Filing judgments of United States courts. Transcripts of judgments and copies of judgments rendered in the district or other courts of the United States within the state of California, when certified by the clerk of said courts under the seal thereof, may be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk of any county in this state, and when so filed the clerk shall immediately enter the same in the judgment docket in the same manner as judgments rendered in the superior court are entered and such transcripts of judgments and copies of judgments, when so certified, may be filed for record in the office of any county recorder of this state and when so filed for record the county recorder shall record and index the same in the same manner as transcripts of judgments and copies of judgments of the courts of this state are recorded and indexed; and from such recording the judgment becomes a lien upon all the real property of the judgment debtor not exempt from execution in such county, owned by him at the time, or which he may afterward, and before the lien expires, acquire. (New section approved April 19, 1917; Stats. 1917, p. 142.]
§ 850. Notice of hearing in justices' courts. Docket entries. When all the parties served with process shall have appeared, or some of them have appeared, and the remaining defendants have made default, the justice must fix the day for the trial of said cause, whether the issue is one of law or fact, and give notice thereof to the parties to the action who have appeared, but in case any of the parties are represented by an attorney, then to such attorney; provided, however, that
where a party has appeared in person, such party shall leave with the justice or justice's clerk, and the same shall be entered upon the register in the action, an address where service of the notice of hearing of such matter may be made; provided, further, that such notice shall be personally served on said person if he can be found at said address, but in case said person cannot, after due diligence, be found at said address and such fact appears by affidavit to the satisfaction of the court or a judge thereof, then the service of such notice may be by registered mail and in the manner hereinafter provided for service of notice by mail. Such notice shall be in writing, signed by the justice, and substantially in the following form, filling blanks according to the facts: In the justice court, township (or city, or city and county),
county, or city and county of State of California. plaintiff, vs.
defendant. Το - plaintiff, or attorney for plaintiff, and to defend
ant, or attorney for defendant. You and each of you will please take notice that the undersigned justice of the peace before whom the above-entitled cause is pending, has set for hearing the demurrer of
filed in said cause (or has set the said cause for trial, as the case may be), before me at my office in said township (or city, or city and county), at o'clock
m., on the
day 19— Dated this
Justice of the peace. Said notice shall be served by mail or personally. When served by mail the justice of the peace shall deposit copies thereof in a sealed envelope in the postoffice at least ten days before the trial or hearing addressed to each of the persons on whom it is to be served at their place of residence and the postage prepaid thereon; provided, that such notice shall be served by mail only when the person on whom service is to be made resides out of the county in which said justice's court is situated, or is absent therefrom or has appeared in person. When personally served said notice shall be served at least five days before the trial or hearing on the persons on whom it is to be served by any person competent and qualified to serve a summons in a justice's court, and when personally served it shall be served, returned and filed in like manner as a summons. When a party has appeared by attorney the notice may be served in the manner prescribed by subdivision one of