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ESSAYS AND DISSERTATIONS
N UM BER IV.
1. An Hikorical Account of the Oaths and Vows exact
ed by the Popes from the Bishops subject to them. Forms of the Oaths taken by Archbishops Chichley and Cranmer, &c.
p. 187 II. Remarks on. History, by Mr Addison ; with the Characters of fome eminent Historians.
194 III. Animadversions on Mr Pope's Universal Prayer. 196 IV. Instance of a notorious Falfhood in Salmon's Review of the
History of England. V. The INCONSTANT; or, GENERAL LOVER. ib. VI. A Letter to the Archdeacon of _, exposing the Frauds
practised in obtaining Briefs for charitable Collections ;' InItances of the fame.
208 VII. A Plan for the Reformation of the Stage ; from the French
of Lewis Riccoboni. VIII. Of Annihilation and Restauration, being a Continuation
of the Supplement to Cyclopædia; by Cosmopolita. IX. Of Practical Phlebotomy, in the same Manner ; by Mr Je
rome Norman, of Bristol, Surgeon. X. Letters concerning the Plan and Specimen of a Supplement
to Cyclopædia, in NIII. antwer'd, and the Systein and Diétionary Form compared ; by Cosmopolita.
Pr. 64. Number I. contains, I. The Defence of Gulliver. VIII. Againft Tythes, by Rufticas. II. A Letter on Revelation. IX.On the Repeal of the Test Aa. III. Pieces for and against the Me- X, Mr Facio's Answer to the Obthodists.
jection taken from the Motion IV. Arguments on God's Presci- of Comets ; their Bigness, Num.
bers, and how greatly their V. Obfervations on peopling the Shocks are to be fear'd. Earth.
XI. M. Maupertuis on Comets, and VI. On the Magistrate's Right to that they are not to be fear'a, punish capitally
XII. M. Voltaire on Suicide. VII. Serious Address to Clergy XIII. His Ode to the Queen of and Laity.
Number II. contains, 1. BAPTISM by Dipping. VII. Account of 7. Smith, the II. A View of the Levant, by C. firft English Baptift. Perry, M, D.
VIII. Buchanan's and Jobson's III. The Power of the Civil Ma. Latin Psalms compared. gistrate, by R. Yate.
IX. A Translation of the Dialogue IVThe Story of W. Longbeard. between Hiero and Simonides V. Extračts of Letiers about the from the Greek of Xenophon, by
New-light People in New Eng- Queen Elisabeth. land; and a Preachment by one X. The Form of the laft Page of of them.
her Writing exactly engraved ; VI. A Vindication of MrJon Fox. with her Effigies,
Number III. contains, I. An Account of the Production IV. Remarks on some Expressions
and Modification of Sound in used by Dr Tp. the German Flute, with the V. MrWarburton's Opinion on the Mechanism of an Image which
Case of Abraham's offering up plays several Tunes on that In- Ifaac defended against Mr Rus Itrument, and of another Image therfortb. which plays on the Tabor and VI. The Curve which the Moon, Pipe ; also the Description of a &c. describes about the Sun. mechanical Duck which eats, VII. An easy Cure for an Ulcer drinks, evacuates, &c. invented in the Lungs, by Mr Facio. by M. Vaucanlon.
VIII. On a Paslage in Salmon's II. On Mr Warburton's Sermon at Review, &c. Bath.
IX. On Hell Torments, with a III. Dr Defaguliers, on the Ascent Specimen of a Supplement to of Vapours, defended.
Miscellaneous Correspondence, &c.
To SILVA NUS URBAN, Gent.
HE following fittle History, its hoped, will be of some use to
Popery, and to make them see what they must expect, notwith standing all their fair Pretences of their being against Persecution, if that Sect should ever be established in this Kingdom, I have fome reason to think, that the Roman Pontifical is a Book but little known to either the English Clergy or Laity. The few Copies of it. which are in England, are either locked up in Libraries, or are in the Hands of a very few curious and inquisitive Men: And the Roman Missionaries are fo hardy, as obstinately to deny the Contents of it, believing the Book itself can't be produced.
I have here given an Instance of one, who, tho' not a Papift, was Favourer of their Notions of Sacerdotal Powers, and absolutely de: nied, in Contradiction to Eye-light, that the Word Perfequar is in the Oath taken by their Bishops ; tho' every one who understands Latin knows, that there is none; or but little Difference betwixt that and Prefequar.
J. L, Á brief History of the Oath fworn to the Pope of Rome, by all
who were consecrated Bishops of that Church. FANY hundred Years, after Chrif, had passed be- Vindicato of fore the Bishops of Rome could acquire any
the Ordinat. of Primacy above other Bishops, When they at firit
England. fet themselves up to be Patriarchs of the Western Charch, and, in consequence of their dreaming, that they were the Successors of St Peter, the pretended Prince of the Apostles, to be the Chiefs or Heads of the Holy Catholick and Apoftolick Church, they exacted nothing of the Bishops of the feveral Dioceses, but a Promise of Obedience to them, such as all Inferiors at that time made to the is Superiors. But afterwards the Council of Lateran under Pope Paschal H. 1079. appointed the following Profeflion to be made by all Archbishops to whom the Pall was sent.
1 anathematize every Heresy, and, in particular, that which disturbs the State of the present Church which teaches and asserts, That 'an ANATHEMA is to be contemned, and, the Cenfures of the Church or
Pope to be despised. And I promise Obedience to the apoftolick See, * and to our Lord Pope Paschal and his Succeffors under the Testimony
• of Christ and the Church, affirming all that the Holy Universal • Church of Rome affirms, and condemning all that she condemns.
This Promise (if the References which Labbe and Coffartius make to the 5th and 6th Epistles of Pope Pafchal be well grounded) was all that was imposed by that Pope: And that not on all Bishops, but only on all Archbishops to whom he sent the Pall; and yet from
the first Words of these Epifles it appears, that the Princes and States of Chriftendom looked on it with Amazement, as a new and unheard of Thing. • You have signified to me, said that Pope to the Archbishops of Pas-lermo and Guesna, that the King and the Chief of the Kingdom are • amazed, that the Pall was offered to you by our Legats on this Con* dition, that you thould swear the Oath which they brought to you « written by us.
Then there was a particular Vow made by such as the Popes fent in Missions. The first Instance of this is a Promise which Boniface Bishop of Mentz (who is called the Apostle of the Germans) made to St Peter and his Vicar, Pope Gregory II, and his Succeffors, about
He died the beginning of the eighth Century which follows, as it is Anno 755. among his Epifles, In the Name of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ, in the fixth Year of
Leo the Great, crowned by God Emperor, the fixth year after his Confulate, and the fourth Year of Conftantine the Greal, Emperor, bis Son, the fixth Indi&tion. 'I Boniface by the Grace of God Bishop, promise to Thee St Peter, Prince of the Apostles, and to thy blessed Vicar Pope Gregory, and his Successors, by the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghoft, the insepa'rable Trinity, and by thy most facred Body, that I shall shew forth all
the Faith and Purity of the Holy Catholick Faith, and, that, God aflisting me, I shall persist in the Unity of the fame Faith in which • the Salvation of all Christians does without all doubt confift ; and, that I shall in no Sort, and upon no Persuasion, concur against the
Unity of the common and universal Church ; but, that, as I have • said, I will shew forth my Faith and Purity, and give my Concur
rence in all Things to Thee, and the Advantages of thy Church (to whom the Power of Binding and Lofing is given by the LORD God) and to thy Vicar and his Successors. And if I ħall know that the Bishops • carry themselves contrary to the antient Appointments of the Holy Fathers, I shall have no Communion nor Conjunction with them ; but rather, if I can, I shall hinder it ; and, if I cannot, I shall presently
give Notice of it faithfully to my apoftolical Lord. And if (which * God forbid) I shall endeavour to do any thing against the Contents of
this my Promise, any manner of way, either on Design, or by Accident, let me be found guilty in the eternal Judgment, and let me incur the Punishment of Ananias and Sapphira, who presumed to lye • and deal fraudulently (even about their own Property) unto Thee. * This breviate of an Oath, I Boniface, a small Bishop, have written
with my own Hand, and having laid it on thy most blessed Body, as * is before mentioned, I have, God being Witness and Judge, made • an Oath which I also promise to keep.'
But it appears by another Letter written in the 26th Year of the Reign of Constantine the Emperor, that he had taken Epift. 135. ? another Oath eight Years before that; for he begins that Letter, written to Pope Zacharias, with these Words : • Almost thirty • Years ago I bound myself by a former Vow under the Service and • Observance of the apostolical See, by the Consent and Command of the apostolical Prelate Gregory, &c.'
Pope Gregory VII. about 1236, pretending to a higher Title over Bishops, ordered the following Oath to be taken to him by them, which ' is inserted in the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX. Tit. xxiv. de J ureju. rando Cap. 4: The Rubric observes, that here is put the form of an • Oath containing seven Heads, according to which Bishops swear to * the Pope : But, that at this Time all who receive any Dignity from the Pope are sworn to him.' To which is added this Superscription.'
GREGORY III. ro Peter Subdeacon. 1. N. Bishop will be faithful from this Hour as before, to Saint * Peter and to the Holy Roman Church, and to my Lord Pope C. and
his Successors canonically entering. I will not be neither in Counsel, ‘nor in Deed, that he may lose his Life or Limb, or be taken with an • evil Caption. The Counsel which he shall manifest [impart] to me • either by himself, or by Letters, or by a Nuncio, I will not betray
to any one to his Damage : The Papacy of the Holy Roman Church, • and the Rules of the Holy Fathers, I will be assisting to defend and • retain (saving my Order) against all Men: When I am called to a • Synod I will come, unless I shall be hindered by a canonical Hin• drance. An apoftolical Legate, but whom I certainly know, I will • treat honourably in going and returning, and will help in his Necessi• ties. The Thresholds of the Apostles I will visit every Year, either • by myself or a special Nuncio, unless their Licence absolves me. So * God me help, and these Holy Gospels.'
It does not appear to me, whether this Oath was ever inserted in any of the Roman Pontificals; but the learned Morinus has alfured us, That 'some Things are added in the later Pon. De Sacris Or*tificals which are not in all the antient ones: And, that dinat. Part the later the Pontificals are this more appears in them.'
iii. p. 10. Evident Proofs of this, are the following Instances. The Oath taken by Archbishop Chicheley, 1414. was conceived in the following Terms :
* I Henry *Archbishop of Canterbury will be faithful and obedient to *blessed Peter, and to the Holy apoftolical Roman Church; and to my • Lord Jobn xxii. and to his Successors canonically entring. I will * not be in Counsel or Consent, that they lose Life or Limb, or be • taken with an evil Caption : The Counsel which they shall entrust me * with by themselves or Nuncios, or Letters. I will not knowingly • discover to any one, to their Damage. The Roman Papacy, and the • Royalties of St Peter I will be aflisting to them to retain and defend, • saving my Order, against every Man. The Legate of the apostoli* cal See I will honourably accompany in his going and returning; and • will help in his Necessities. Being called to a Synod I will come, unless I shall be hindred by a canonical Hindrance. The Thresholds Yis per Duck en