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but more rarely, at least + in full and explicit terms, concerning entire sanctification.

Q. What then is the point where we divide?

A. It is this: Should we expect to be saved from all sin before the article of death?

Q. Is there any clear Scripture promise of this, That God will save us from all sin?

A. There is, Psalm cxxx. 8, "He shall redeem Israel from all his sins."

This is more largely expressed in the prophecy of Ezekiel; "Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean; from all your filthiness, and from all your idols will I cleanse you.-1 will also save you from all your unclearnesses," chap. xxxvi. ver. 25, 29. No promise can be more clear. And to this the Apostle plainly refers in that exhortation, "Having these promises, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God," 2 Cor. vii. 1. Equally clear and express is that ancient promise, "The Lord thy God will circumcise thy heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul," Deut. xxx. 6.

Q. But does any assertion answerable to this, occur in the New Testament ?

A. There does, and that laid down in the plainest terms. So 1 John iii. 8, "For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil :" the works of the devil, without any limitation or restriction; but all sin is the work of the devil. Parallel to which is the assertion of St. Paul, Eph. v. 25, 27, "Christ loved the Church and gave himself for it, that he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing, but that it might be holy and without blemish."

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And to the same effect is his assertion in the eighth of the

+ More rarely I allow; but yet in some places very frequently, strongly, and explicitly

Romans, ver. 3, 4, ❝ God sent his Son—that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh but after the Spirit."

Q. Does the New Testament afford any farther ground for expecting to be saved from all sin?

A. Undoubtedly it does, both in those prayers and commands, which are equivalent to the strongest assertions.

Q. What prayers do you mean?

A. Prayers for entire sanctification, which, were there no such thing, would be mere mockery of God. Such in particular are, 1. "Deliver us from evil." Now when this is done, when we are delivered from all evil, there can be no sin remaining. 2. “Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also who shall believe on me through their word; that they all may be one, as thou, Father, art in me and I in thee, that they also may be one in us; I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one,” John xvii. 20, 21, 23. 3. “I bow my knees unto the God and Father of our Lord Jesus-that he would grant you—that ye being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints, what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height, and to know the love of Christ which passeth knowledge. That ye may be filled with all the fulness of God," Eph. iii. 14, &c. 4. "The very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God, your whole spirit, soul, and body, may be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ," 1 Thes. v. 23.

Q. What command is there to the same effect?

A. 1. “ Be ye perfect, as your Father who is in heaven is perfect," Matt. v. 48. 2. “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind,” Matt. xxii. 37. But if the love of God fill all the heart, there can be no sin there.

Q. But how does it appear, that this is to be done before the article of death?

A. 1. From the very nature of a command, which is not given to the dead, but to the living. Therefore, "Thou

shalt love God with all thy heart," cannot mean, Thou shalt do this when thou diest, but while thou livest.

2. From express texts of Scripture. 1. "The grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men; teaching, that having renounced ungodly and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world looking for the glorious appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works," Tit. ii. 11–14. 2. "He hath raised up an horn of salvation for us; to perform the mercy promised to our Fathers; the oath which he sware to our father Abraham, that he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, should serve him without fear, in holiness and righteousness, before him, all the days of our life," Luke i. 62, &c. Q. Is there any example in Scripture of persons who have attained to this?

A. Yes, St. John, and all those of whom he says, "Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment, because as he is, so are we in this world," 1 John iv. 17.

Q. Can you shew one such example now? Where is he that is thus perfect ?

A. To some that make this inquiry, one might answer, If I knew one here, I would not tell you: for you do not inquire out of love. You are like Herod. You only seek the young child to slay it.

But more directly we answer. There are many reasons, why there should be few, if any, indisputable examples. What inconveniences would this bring on the person himself, set as a mark for all to shoot at! And how unprofitable would it be to gainsayers! "For if they hear not Moses and the Prophets," Christ and his Apostles, "neither would they be persuaded though one rose from the dead.” Q. Are we not apt to have a secret distaste to any who say they are saved from all sin?

A. It is very possible we may, and that upon several


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grounds: partly from a concern for the good of souls, who may be hurt, if these are not what they profess; partly from a kind of implicit envy at those who speak of higher attainments than our own; and partly from our natural slowness and unreadiness of heart, to believe the works of God.

Q. Why may we not continue in the joy of faith till we are perfected in love?

A. Why indeed! Since even holy grief does not quench this joy since even while we are under the cross, while we deeply partake of the sufferings of Christ, we may rejoice with joy unspeakable.

From these extracts it undeniably appears, not only what was mine and my brother's judgment, but what was the judgment of all the Preachers in connexion with us, in the years 44, 45, 46, and 47. Nor do I remember, that in any of these Conferences we had one dissenting voice: but whatever doubts any one had when we met, they were all removed before we parted.

18. In the year 1749, my brother printed two volumes of Hymns and Sacred Poems. As I did not see these before they were published, there were some things in them which I did not approve of. But I quite approved of the main of the hymns on this head; a few verses of which are subjoined:

Come, Lord, be manifested here,

And all the devil's works destroy;
Now, without sin, in me appear,
And fill with everlasting joy:
Thy beatific face display:
Thy presence is the perfect day.

Swift to my rescue come,

Thy own this moment seize !
Gather my wandering spirit home,
And keep in perfect peace.
Suffer'd no more to rove
O'er all the earth abroad,

Arrest the prisoner of thy love,

And shut me up in God!

Vol. I. p. 202.

p. 247.

Thy pris'ners release, vouchsafe us thy peace:
And our sorrows and sins in a moment shall cease.

That moment be now! our petition allow,

Our present Redeemer and Comforter thou! Vol. II. p. 124. From this inbred sin deliver

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Come, thou dear Lamb, for sinners slain,

Bring in the cleansing flood;

Rooting out the seeds of sin.

Apply to wash out every stain,

Thine efficacious blood.

O let it sink into our soul,

Deep as the inbred sin;

Make every wounded spirit whole,

And every leper clean!

Pris'ners of hope, arise;

And see your Lord appear,

Lo! on the wings of love he flies,
And brings redemption near.
Redemption through his blood
He calls you to receive:

"Come unto me, the pard'ning God:
"Believe," he cries, "believe!"

p. 171.

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