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The Investigation of Thought. While 482. SNEER

investigating the nature of thought, we forgei is ironical

that we are thinking : we propose to understand pprobation;

that, which, in the very effort to do so, necessawith a voice

rily becomes the more unintelligible; for while and countenance of

we think that we appreciate the desired end, the mirth, some

power that enables us to do so, is a part of the what exagge

thing sought, which must remain inerplicable. Tated,we cast

Since it is impossible to understand the nature the severest censure ; it is

of thought by thinking, it is manifest, that every laypocritical

modification of thought, must be quite obscure in mirth and

its nature; and, for the same reason, in judging food humor,

of what we call ideas, we must use ideas derived and differs from the real

from the same original, while every judgment :S by the sly,

only a new modification. Therefore, the only arch, satyri

true philosophy of mind, must, as to its princical tones of voice, iook and gesture, that accom- ples, be revealed. Has there been such a revela. puny it; the nose is sometimes turned up, to

tion? manifest our contempt, disdain. SCORN—is the extreme of contempt ; that disdain, which Anecdote. Brotherly Love. A little boy, springs from a person's opinions of the mean. seeing two nestling birds peck at each other, ness of an object, and a consciousness, or belief of his own worth and superiority.


inquired of his elder brother, what they were Satan beheld their flight,

doing. “They are quarreling," was the And to his mates—thus, in derision callid : reply. "No," replied the other, " that canO friends! why come not on those victors proud? not be, for they are brothers.” Ere while, they fierce were coming, and when we, To entertain them fair, with open front, [terms But seven wise men the ancient world did know; And breast, (what could we more ?) propounded We scarce know sev'n, who think thems'le's not so. Of composition--strai't they changed tbeir minds, Flew off, and into strange vagaries fell,

If a better system's thine, As they would dance; yet for a dance, they rais'd

Impart it freely; or make use of mine. somewhat extravagant and wild, perhaps for 3. He, who knows the world, will not be too Joy of offer'd peace; but I suppose,

bashful; and he, who knows himself, will If our proposals once again were heard, never be impudent. 4. To speak all that is We should compel them to a quick result. true, is the part of fools; to speak more than

483. You pretend to reason? you don't is true, is the folly of too many. 5. Does a go much as know the first elements of the art candle give as much light in the day time, as of reasoning: you don't know the difference at night? 6. I am not worthy of a friend, between a category and a predicament, nor if I do not advise him when he is going between a major and a minor. Are you a astray. 7. A bad great man, is a great had rector, and don't know that there is a com- man; for the greatness of an evil, makes a nianication between the brain and the legs? man's evil greater. 8. All public vices, are 2 Sreer. He has been an author these twen- not only crimes, but rules of error; for they ty years, to his bookseller's knowledge, if to are precedents of evil. 9. Toyish airs, please no one's else. 3. Chafe not thyself about the trivial ears; they kiss the fancy, and then bera'ble’s censure: they blame, or praise, but tray it. 10. Oh! what bitter pills men swalas one leads the other.

low, to purchase one false good. O what a rogue and peasant slave am I!

Aside the devil turn'd, Is it not monstrous, that this player here,

For envy, yet with jealous leer malign, But in a fiction, in a dream of passion,

Ey'd them askance, and to himself thus plaind: Could force his soul so to bjs own conceit, Sight hateful, sight tormenting! thus these two That from her working, all his visage warm'd, Iparadis'd in one another's arms, Toars in his eyes, distraction in his aspect,

The happier Eden shall enjoy their fill A broken voice, and his whole function suiting, of bliss on bliss : while I to hell am thrust, With forms to his conceit! and all for nothing; Where neither joy nor love, but ñerce desire, FJ: Hecuba!

Among our other torments, not the least, What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba,

Still unfulfilled, with pain of longing pines. That he should weep for her ?

Learning is an addition beyond Thou look'st a very statue of surprise,

Nobility of birth : honor of blood, As if a lightning blast had dried thee up, Without the ornament of knowledge, is And had not left thee moisture for a tear.

A glorious ignorance. w, like a broken instrument, beneath

Self-love never yet could look on Truth, The skillful touch, my joyless heart lies dead!

But with hlear'd beams; sleck Flattery and she Vor answers to the master's hand divine.

Are twin-born sisters, and so mix their eyes, What can ennoble sots, or sludes, or cowards ? As if you sever one, the other dies.



of silver, which the boy conceivir.g was to be 484. FEAR

changed, went for that purpose; but, on his is a powerful

return, not finding his benefactor, he watched emotion, excited by expectation of

several days; at length the gentleman passed some evil, or ap

that way; when the boy accosted him, and prehension of inn

gave him all the change, counting it with pending danger;

great exactness. The nobleman was so it expresses less apprehension

pleased with the boy's honesty, that he placed than dread, and

him at school, with the assurance of provide this less than ter

ing for him afterwards; which he did, and ror or fright: it excites us to pro

that boy became an ornament to humanity. vide for our secu

Etiquetto of Stairs. In showing a vis rity on the approach of evil;

itor-up or down stairs, always precede him, sometimes settles

or her: there is a common error upon this into deep anxie

subject, which ought to be corrected. Some ly, or solicitude:

i may be either filial in the good, or slavish in persons will suffer you to precede them; even the wicked. See the engraving for its external when they hold the light. Gentlemen should appearance, and also Terror or Fright. always precede ladies, up and down stairs. Now, all is hush'd-and still, as death!

Etiquette of Riding. The gentleman How reverend is this tall pile,

should keep the lady on the right hand, that Whose ancient pillars rear their marble heads, she may the more conveniently converse with To bear aloft its arch'd and ponderous roof, him, and he may the more readily assist her, By its own weight made steadfast and immorable, in case of accident. Looking-tranquillity! it strikes an awe,

Varieties. 1. When you have bought And terror on my aching sight.

[cold, The tombs, and monumental caves of death, look one fine thing, you must buy ten more; so And shoot a chillness to my trembling heart.

that your appearance may all be of a piece. Give me thy hand, and let me hear thy voice ;

2. Miraculous evidence, is inefficacious for Nay, quickly speak to me, and let me hear

producing any real, or permanent change in Thy voice—my own af-frights me with its echoes.

one's confirmed religious sentiments; and Tis night! the season when the happy-ake

this is the reason, that no more of the Scribes Repose, and only witches are awake;

and Pharisees of old, embraced the christian Now, discontented ghosts begin their rounds,

religion. 3. The great secret, by which hapHaunt ruin'd buildings and unwholesome grounds. piness is to be realized, is to be contented First, Fear--his hand its skill to try,

with our lot, and yet strive to make it better, Amid the chords bewilder'd laid;

by abstaining from everything that is evil. 4. And back recoil'd, he knew not why,

Every one is responsible for bis own acts: all Evin at the sound himself had made.

must be judged according to their deeds. 5. A sudden trembling-seized on all his limbs,

Is it not much easier to blame, than to avoid His eyes distorted grew, his visage-pale;

blame? 6. What is the difference between His speech forsook him!

good and evil? 7. What makes us so dis. Full fast he flies, and dares not look behind him;

contented with our condition, is the false and Till, out of breath, he overtakes his fellows,

exaggerated estimate, we form of the happiWho gaiher round, and wonder at the lots of ness of others. 8. It is much easier to plunge horrid apparitions.

into extravagance, than to reduce our cxCome, old sir,-here's the place-stand still ; penses ; this is pre-eminently true of nations, llow fearful 'tis to cast one's eyes so low!

as well as individuals. 9. Be decisive, or The crows and choughs, th't wing the midway air, mild, according to circumstances. 10. Sux Show scarce so gross as beetles. Half way down, your conduct to the occasion. llangs one that gathers samphire, dreadful trade!

As flame ascends, Methinks he seems no bigger than one's head; As bodies to their proper centre more, The fishermen th't walk upon the beach,

As the pois'd ocean to the attracting moc: Appear like mice, and yon tall anchoring bark, Obedient swells, and every headlong streani Seems lessen'd to a skiff ;-her skiff a buoy, Devolves its winding waters to the main, Almost too small for sight. The murmuring surge, So all things which have life aspire to God, That on unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes,

The sun of being, boundless, unimpair'd, Cannot be heard so high. I'll look no more,

Centre of souls. Lest my brain turn, and the disorder make me

Nature Tumble down headlong.

Never did bring forth a man without a mun;

Nor could the first man, being but
Anecdoto. A nobleman, traveling in
Scotland, was asked for alms, in Edinburgh,

The passive subject, not the active mover,

Be the maker of himself; so of necessity, by a little ragged boy. He told him he had no

There must be a power superior to nature. change; upon which the boy offered to pro

Spare not, nor spend too much; be this your aithe cure it. His lordsbip finally gave him a piece Spare-but to spend, and only spend to spars


the track of its agency shall exceed buman 485. RAIL

sight and calculation. ERY-may sig

Anecdote. The duke of Orleans, on be nify a bantertig, a prompt

ing appointed regent of France, insisted on ing to the use

the power of purdoning: “I have no objecof jesting lan

tion,” said he, "to have my hands tied from guage; good humored please

doing harm ; but I will have them free to do antry, or slight

good." satire; satirical

Truth. Truth will ever be unpolatablet merriment, wit, irony, bura

those, who are determined not to relinquish lesque.' It is

error, but can never give offence to the hone very difficult

est and well-meaning : for the plain-dealing indeed, in mark the precise

remonstrances of a friend-differ as widely boundaries of

from the rancor of an enemy, as the friendly the different

probe of a surgeonfrom the dagger of an passions, as

assassin. some of them are so slightly touch'd, and often melt into each Varieties. 1. Envy is blind to all good; other; but because we cannot perfectly delineate and the ruling passion of the envious is, to every shade of sound and passion, is no reason detract from the virtues of others. 2. A good why we should not attempi approaches to it.

486. RAILLERY, without animosity, puts on the person will have no desire to influence oth. aspect of cheerfulness; the countenance smiling, ers, any farther than they can see that his and the tone of voice sprightly.

course is right. 3. Good fortune, however Let me play the fool

long continued, is no pledge of future secu. Wnh mirth and laughter; so let the wrinkles come, rity. 4. Cases often occur, when a prudent And let my liver rather heat with wine,

and dignified confession, or acknowledgment Than my heart cool with mortifying groans. of error, gives to the person making it, a deWhy should a man, whose blood is warm within, cided advantage over his adversary. 5. AgiSit like his grandsire cut in alabaster?

tation is to the moral and mental world, Sleep when he wakes, and creep into the jaundice, what storms are to the physical world; what By being peevish? I tell thee what, Antonio,

winds are to the ocean, what exercise is to (I love thee, and it is my love that speaks,)

the body. 6. Truth can never die; she is There are a sort of men, whose visages

immortal, like her Author. 7. There are a Do cream and mantle like a standing pond, And do a willful stillness entertain,

great many fools in the world: he who would

avoid seeing one, must lock himself up alone, With purpose 10 be drest in opinion Of wisdom, gravity, profound conceit,

and break his looking glass. 8. What we As, who should say, I am Sir Oracle,

do ourselves—is generally more satisfactori. And when I ope my lips, let no dog bark !

ly done, than what is done by others. 9. Such I'll tell thee more of this another time;

is the state of the world, at present, that But fisd not with this melancholy bait,

whoever wishes to purchase anything, must For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.

beware. 10. The opposite of the heavenly virCome, good Lorer.zo, fare-ye-well a while, tues and principles, are the principles of hell. l'il end my exhortation after dinner.

A fool, a fool, I met a fool i'th'forest, 487. Miscellaneous. 1. It is impossi- A motley fool, a miserable varlet; ble, to estimate, even an inconsiderable As I do live by food, I met a fool, effort to promote right education. 2. It is Who laid him down, and bask'd him in the sun, said, that a stone, thrown into the sea, agia And rail'd on lady Fortune in good terms; tates every drop of water in that vast ex- In good se terms, and yet a mouley fool; panse ; so it may be, in regard to the influ- Good morrow, fool, quoth I; No, sir, quoth he, once we exert on the minds of the young. 3. Call me not fool, ul. heav'n hath sent me fortuna, Who can tell, what may be the effect of a sin- | And then he drew a dial from his poak, gle good principle, deeply fixed in the mind; and looking on it, with lack-lustre eye, à single pure and virtuous association strong- Suys, very wisely, It is ten o'clock; iy riveted, or a single happy turn given to the Thus may we see, quoth he, how the wor.d waça Thoughts and affections of youth? It may Tis but an hour ago since it was nine, spread a salutary and sacred influence over

And after one hour more 'twill be eleven, the whole life, and thro’ the whole mass of the And then from hour 10 hour we rot and rot,

And so from hour to hour we ripe and ripe,
child's character. Nay more ; as the charac- And thereby hangs a rale. When I did hear
ier of others, who are to come after him, may, The motley fool thus moral on the time,
and probably will depend much on his, the im- My lungs began to crow like chanticler,
pulse we give cannot cease in him, who first Thai fools should be so deep contemplative

creived it, it will go down from one generation and I did laugh sans intermission
to another, widening and deepening, and an hour by his dial. O noble fool!
buching forth with various modifications, till A worthy fool! motley's the only wear

ROR-is an ex


Woman's Love. As the dove wil. clasp its 488. HOR

wings to its side, and cover and conceal the arrow, cessive degree

that is preying on its vitals, so is the nature of wo. of fear, or a

man, to hide from the world the pangs of wounded painful emo

affection. iron, which

Anecdote. Swearing nobly Reproved makes a per

Prince Henry, son of James II., had a partio son tremble: it 18 generally

ular aversion to the vice of swearing, and composed of

profanation of the name of God. When at Sear and ha.

play, he was never known to use bad words; tred, or disgust; the recital of a

and on being asked the reason, why he did bloody deed

not swear, as well as others, answered, that fills one with

he knew no game worthy of an oath. The horror; there are the horrors

same answer he gave at a hunting match, of war, and the

when the almost spent stag was killed by a horrors of famine, horrible places and horrible butcher's dog, that was passing along the dreams; the ascension seems to be as follows, the road; the huntsmen tried to irritate the prince fearful and dreadful, (affecting the mind more than the body,) the frightful, the tremendous, terrible against the butcher, but without succeeding, and horrible: the fearful wave; the dreadful day; His highness answered coolly, “True, tho frightful convulsions ; tremendous storms; terrific glare of the eyes; a horrid murder.

dog killed the stag, but the butcher could not

help it.” They replied, that if his father had Hark!-the death-denouncing trumpet-sounds been served so, he would have sworn so, as The fatal charge, and shouts proclaim the onset.

no one could have endured it. “Away,” said Destruction-rushes dreadful to the field, And bathes itself in blood. Havoc let loose,

the prince, "all the pleasure in the world is Now undistinguished—rages all around;

not worth an oath.” While ruix, seated on her dreary throne,

Varieties. 1. A selfish person is never Sees the plain strew'd with subjects, truly hers,

contented, unless he have every thing his own Breathless and cold!

way, and have the best place, and be put first 489. PLOTTING CRUELTY AND HORROR! Mac- in every thing; of course, he is generally unbeth's soliloquy before murdering Duncan. (Start- happy. 2. The mind of man is, of itself, ing.) “Is this a dagger, which I see before me ?» opaque; the Divine mind alone, is luminous. (Courage.) “The handle toward my hand! Come, He is the light of both worlds, the natural and let me clutch thee :" (Wonder.) “I have thee not; spiritual. 3. Is it not better to remain in a and yet I see thee still.(Horror.) "Art thou not, state of error, than to understand something falai vision, sensible to feeling—as to sight? or art of a truth, and then reject it, because we do thou but a dagger of the mind ? a false creation, not understand it fully? 4. Guilt was never proceeding from the heal-oppress'd brain ?" (Eyes a rational thing; it disturbs and perverts the taring, and find no one point.) “I see thee yet, faculties of the mind, and leaves one no long. in form as palpabie as that which now I draw.” er the use of his reason. 5. All evils, in their ( Here draws his own, and compares them.) “ Thou marshallst me the way that I was going; and because of the propensity to evil, into which

very nature, are contagious, like the plague ; such an instrument I was to use. Mine eyes are made the fools of the other senses, or else worth all every one is born; therefore, keep out of the the rest : I see thee still; and on thy blade and dud- infected sphere as much as possible. 6. Is goon, gouts of blood, which was not so before." the eye tired with beautiful objects, or the ear (Doubting.) “There's no such thing." (Horror.) with melodious sounds ? Love duty, then. " It is the bloody business, which informs thus to and performance will be delightful. 7. Seek m ne eyes. Now, o'er one-half the world, nature only good; thus, pleasure comes unsought. geems dead, and wicked dreams abuse the cur- When twiligit dews are falling fast, lain'd sleep; now witchurafl-celebrates pale He

Upon the rosy sea; cate's offerings; and withered murder, alarmed by I watch that atar whose beam so oft nis sentine, the wolf, whose howl's his watch, thus Has lighted me to thee; with his stealthy pace, towards his design-moves And thou, too, on that orb so dear, lik a ghost. Thou sound and firm-set earth, lear

Ah! dost thou gaze at ev'n, nou my steps, which way they walk, for fear the And think, tho' lost forever here, very stones prate of my whereabout, and take the Thou'lt yet be mine in heav'n! present horror from the time, which now suits There's not a garden walk I tread, with it. While I threat, he lives I go, and it is There's not a flower I see; done; the bel! invites me. (A bell rings.) Hear it But brings to mind some hope that's fled, not, Duncan; for it is a knell, that summons thee Some joy I've lost with thee; I heaven, or to hdl.

And still I wish that hour was near, Music! oh! how faint, how weak!

When, friends and foes forgiven, LANGUA E-fades before thy spell;

The pains, the ills we've wept thro' here, Why should feeling-ever speak,

May turn to smiles in heaven! When thou canst brenthe her soul-80 well. He help'd to bury, whom he help d o starus,



Historians. We find but feu historians o. 490. WEEP

all ages, who have been dilgent en sugh in their ING-is the ex

search for truth; it is their common method, to pression, or mant

take on trust, what they distribute to the public, festation, of sor

by which means, a falsehood, once received from row, grief, anguish or joy, by

a famed writer, becomes traditional to posterity. out-cry, or by

Anecdote. Washington and his mother. shedding tears;

Young George was about to go to sea, as a a lamentation, be

midshipman ; every thing was arranged, the wailing, bemoaning: we may weep

vessel lay out opposite his father's house, thu each other's woe,

little boat had come on shore to take him ott, or weep tears of

and his whole heart was bent on going. Afjoy; so may the rich groves weep

ter his trunk had been carried down to the odorous gum and

boat, he went to bid his mother farewell, and balm; there is

he saw the tear bursting from her eye. How. weeping amber, and weeping grounds: crying—is an audible ex-lever, she said nothing to him; but he saw that pression, accompanied, or not, with tears; but his mother would be distressed if he went, weeping always indicates the shedding

of tears; and perhaps never be happy again He just and, when called forth by the sorrows of others, turned round to the servant and said, “Go especially, it is an infirmity of which no man and tell them to fetch my trunk back; I will would be destitute.

491. Whither shall I return? Wretch not go away, to break my mother's heart.that I am! to what place shall I betake my: she said to him, “George, God has promised

His mother was struck with his decision, and self? Shall I go to the capital? Alas! it is overflow'd with my brother's blood! or, shall to bless the children, that honor their parents, I return to my house ? yet there, I behold my and I believe he will bless you. mother-plunged in misery, weeping and de

Varieties. 1. Timotheus — an ancient spairing. 2. I am robbed! I am ruined ! teacher of oratory, always demanded a double O my money! my guineas! my support : fee from those pupils, who had been taught my all is gone! Oh! who has robbed me? by others; for, in this case, he had not only who has got my money? where is the thief? to plant, but to root out. 2. He, that shortA thousand guineas of gold! hoo, hoo, hoo, ens the road to knowledge, lengthens life. 3. hoo! 3. I cannot speak—and I could wish Never buy, or read bad books; for they are you would not oblige me,—it is the only ser- the worst of thieves; because they rob you vice I ever refused you : and tho' I cannot of your money, your time, and your princt give a reason why I could not speak, yet

ples. 4. Theocracy—is a government by God hope you will excuse me without reason.

himself ; as, the government of the Jews; Had it pleased heaven

democracyis a government of the people. To try me with affliction; had it rained

5. Without the intenseness and passion of All kinds of sores and shares on my bare head; study, nothing great ever was, or ever will Steeped me in poverty to the very lips ;

be nccomplished. 6. Who can tell where Given to captivity, me and my utmost hopes;

each of the natural families begins, or where I should have found in some part of my soul it ends? 7. To overcome a bad habit, one A drop of patience; but, alas ! to make me must be conscious of it; as well as know how A fixed figure, for the hand of scorn

to accomplish the object. 8. The best defen. To point his slow unmoving finger at

ders of liberty do not generally vociferate Oh

loudly in its praise. 9. Domestic feuds can I am not prone to weeping, as our sex

be appeased only by mutual kindness and Commonly are; the want of which vain dew,

forbearance. 10. Volumes of arguments Perchance shall dry your pities; but I have avail nothing against resolute determinations That honorable grief lodged here, which burns

for convince a man against his will, and he is Worse than tears drown.

of the same opinion still. Why tell you me of moderation ?

When William wrote his lady, to declare, The grief is fine, full, perfect, that I taste,

That he was wedded to a faire fair, And violenteth in a sense as strong

Poor Lucy shrieked, " to life, to all adieu ;"> As that which causeth it: How can I moderate

She tore the letter,-and her raven kair, If I could temporize with my affection,

She beat her bosom, and the post-boy too; Or brew it to a weak and colder palate, The like allayment could I give my grief;

Then wildly, to the rindor few,

And threr herself-into a chair.
My bove admits no qualifying dross :
No inore my grief, in such a precious loss.

All is silent-'twas my fancy!

Still as the breathless interval between
When our souls shall leave this dwelling,

The flash and thunder.
The glory of one fair and virtuous action
Is above all the scutcheons on our tomb,

Who never fasts, no banquet e'er enjoye. Or sllken banners orer us.

Who never toils or watches, hever sleepe.

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