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xxvii. 7:

nezzar's Pofterity, that should succeed him, till the Destruction of that Monarchy, are foretold, Jer.


The Destruction of Babylon, with the manner of Taking the City, as it was foretold and de scribed by the Prophet, agrees punctually with the Account of it by s Herodotus. One post Mall rün to meet another, and one mesenger to meet another, to hew the king of Babylon that his City is taken at one end, and that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted. And this was declared in a memorable and solemn manner, by writing it down, and by casting the Book into Euphrates, Jer. li. 31, 32, 62, 63. The Historian informs us, that the City of Babylon being provided with all Necessaries to endure a Siege for many Years, Cyrus order'd the Banks of the River to be cut, and the Waters to be drained, till it became fordable, and then furprised the City by the Channel, both at the entrance of the River into the City, and at its Pafsage out again. And this Stratagem he contrived to execute on a Festival, when the People, without any apprehension of Danger, were entertaining themselves with Dancings and other Diversions. And his Soldiers at the same time entring the most distant Places of so great a City; both Ends were taken, before they that dwelt in the midst of the City, knew of it. So that Messengers were sent from both Parts of the City, in great haste and confusion, to inform the King, that his City was taken at the end, that is, by a common Hebraism, at each end, or from end to end; for one is not in the Hebrew, but is added by our Translators in a different Character: or, which is the same thing, each Messenger should tell the King, that his

City was taken at one end. That they should run from each

s Herodot. Clio, c. 191.
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end, the Prophet plainly foretels, in saying, that they
Thould meet one another. u Aristotle says, it was re-
ported, that the City had been taken three days be-
fore the People in all parts of the City knew of it.

Jeremiah also prophesied, That the Seed of Israel
should never cease from being a Nation to the End of
the World ; which we fee fulfill'd, in their continuing
a diftin& Nation, tho' difpers’d in all Parts of the
World, Jer. xxxi. 35.
*The Destruction of Tyre and Zidon, and of Ægypt,
was foretold by the Prophet Ezekiel; and the Resto-
ration of the Ægyptians, after forty Years, Ezek.
xxviii. 19. and xxix, 12, 13. As Isaiah had foretold
the Destruction of the latter Tyre by Alexander, long
before it had any Being; fo Ezekiel prophesied, that
Nebuchadnezzar should destroy Palatyrus, or Tyre, on
the Continent, but situate at the entry of the sea, Ezek.
xxvii. 3. which was never to be rebuilt, chap. xxvi.
14, 21. xxvii

. 36. But Tyrus in the Isle had its Rise
from the Ruins of this. The Prophet says, that this
Tyre was strong in the sea, chap. xxvi. 17. that its bor-
ders, were in the midt of the Seas, chap. xxvii. 4: which
a w learned Author understands of its Maritime Power.
And whereas the Prophet afterwards adds, that this
Tyre was made very glorious in the midst of the leas,
ver. 25. that the east-wind had broken her in the midst
of the feas, ver. 26. and that this Lamentation should
be made over her, What city is like Tyrus, like the de-
stroyed in the midst of the sea ? ver. 32. The fame Au-
thor underftands thefe, and other Expressions of the
like nature, to be spoken allegorically: But they seem
rather to imply, that the City, thoʻ standing on the
Continent, 'was in great meafure encompassed by the
Sea, being fituare on a Rock, (as the Name Tzor fig-
nifies) or a large Promontory, reaching into the Sea.
Alexander the Great's Vi&ory at the River Granicus,

u Ariftot. Polit. 1. 3. C. 2.

w Marsham. Can. Chron. § 18.




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of the Christian Religion. at they his Vanquishing Darius, and his Conquest of the

Medes and Persians, and the Division of his Empire, ays be

after his Death, between Ptolemæus Lagi, Philip or fit. Arideus the Brother of Alexander, Seleucus Nicanor, and f Ifrael Antigenus, are first allegorically describ’d, and then End of explain’d, by the Angel Gabriel. tinuing The Prophanation of the Temple, and of the Sanof the Auary, by Antiochus Epiphanes, with the Death of An

tiochus, and a Description of his Temper, and of his Egypt, very Countenance, was clearly delivered by Daniel, Resto- four hundred and eight years before the AccomplishEzek. ment, Dan. viii. Daniel likewise described the Faté etold

of the foar Monarchies, the Restoration of the Jews, long

and the Rebuilding of their City, and the Birth and that Death of the Messias, with the precife Time of both,

and of the Destruction of the City and the Sanctuary Ezek.

And Alexander the Great is said y to have been en
courag'd by Daniel's Prophecy, in his Expedition.

Indeed, his Prophecy, and the History of the four - this Monarchies, are fo exactly parallel, that ? Porphyrý

could find no other Evafion, but to say, That the Thrich

Book of Daniel was written after the Events : Which, Dwer.

as Grotius obferves, is as absirrd, as if a Man fhould

maintain, that the Works of Virgil were not written Jeas,

under Augustus, but after his time: For the Book of

Daniel'was as publick, and as much dispers’d, and as ould

universally reccived, as ever any Book could be.? ***

Lastly, Haggai and Malachi prophesied, Thar Chrift Au- should come before the Destru&ion of the fecond f the

Temple, Hag. ii. 7, 9: Mal. lii. i. Hofea foretold

the present State of the People of Israel, in thofe te the

markable Words, They shall be wanderers among the nation the tions, Hof. ix. 17 And Amos in a more particular fig

manner declar'd, That the finful Kingdom fhould be Sea.

destroyed, but that the House of Jacob should be preEcus,

xxvi. Rise

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* Jofeph. Antiq. '1. 12. Ĉ. řI. y Ibid. I. II. c. 3.
2-Hieron. in Dän. Procem. Viù. Hieroni ad Dan. viii


18. his

served : I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob; faith the Lord ; for lo, I will command, and I will fift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is hifted in a fieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth, Amos ix. 8,9. After the Destruction of their Kingdom and Government, and the Dispersion of the People into all Parts of the Earth, they were still to remain a separate People, distinguished from those among whom

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they lived.

Not to insist therefore upon other Miracles and Prophecies, which were concerning things of lesser moment, or less remarkable in the eyes of the World ; these may suffice, which were of that publick nature, that there could be no Deceit or Mistake in them : Multitudes of Men, whom Prejudice or Malice had prepared to make the utmost Discoveries, were Witnesses to the Miracles; and both the Prophecies themselves, and the Fulfilling of them, were notorious to other Nations, as well as to the Jews, to whom they were deliver’d, and in whose hands they have ever since been, being read in the Synagogues every Sabbath-day. The Jews had as good Evidence, for Instance, that Elijah wrought his Miracles, as they could have, that there was such a Man in the World. And when the Publick Transactions and Councils of Princes, the Fate and Revolution of Empires, with the prefix'd Time and Place, and the very Names of the Persons, were so particularly foretold, two or three hundred Years before the Things came to pass; we may as well question the Truth of all History, as the Certainty of these Revelations: For indeed, they are the History of Things that were to come, fet down in the very Circumstances in which they afterwards were brought to pass. And yet if a Man should dispute whether there ever were such a Man as Elijah, or such a Prince as Fofiah, or Cyrus, he would but make himself ridiculous; but if he deny that Elijah wrought such Miracles, or that Ifaiah spoke of


Cyrus, and añother Prophet of Fofiah, by Inspiration, perhaps he may be thought to have made some great Discovery, and to know something above the rest of Mankind, and shall be likely to meet with Applause, instead of that Contempt which such Pretences deserve : so strangely partial are Men for any thing which is but against the Authority of the Scriptures. For I think it will be hard for Men to bring better Proof, that there were such Men as Elijah, and Josiah, and Cyrus, than may be brought to thew, that the latter were by Name prophesied of long before their Birth, and that the first wrought all the Miracles related of him; or to produce clearer Evidence, that there was such a City as Jerusalem before the Reign of Cyrus, than we have, that the Destruction of the City and Temple, and the Captivity of the People, with their Restoration after seventy Years, was foretold by Jeremiah.

The Prophets did their Miracles in the most publick manner; and their Prophecies were deliver'd, not in Corners, but openly, before all the People ; not in obscure and ambiguous Words, but in plain Terms, with a particular Account of Persons, and Time, and Place : They were kept, they were read and studied by that very People who, at first as little regarded them, as any Man now amongst us can do, but few the Prophets themselves, and rejected their Prophecies with Rage and Indignation; but were afterwards, by the Event of Things, so fully convinced (which was likewise foretold, Ezek. xxxiii

. 33.) of their Divine Inspiration and Authority, that they wholly depended and rely'd upon them, and liv'd in an uncomfortable Exile, upon the sole Hope and Expectation of seeing the rest of their Prophecies fulfill'd. And therefore, the Posterity of those who had flain the Prophets, had the highest Veneration for the Memory of these Prophets whòm their Fore-fathers had kill'd; they built and adorn'd their Sepulchres, when it was fo



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