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FRANCE. On the 19th August, a conspiracy was discovered in Paris, the object of which was the overthrow of the Bourbon dynasty, and to proclaim, as sovereign of France, some member of the Bonaparte family. Into this plot a part of the soldiers composing the garrison of Paris, together with several of their officers, had
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FOREIGN INTELLIGENC E.
been seduced. This project was discovered by means of some of the soldiers, who had been solicited to join in it. The conspirators were, in consequence, arrested at the time they were preparing to carry their plans into execution. It is stated that the plan of the conspirators was to call out the troops at midnight on the 19th ult. and to announce to them that the King was dead;
it was then hoped that they might be induced to proclaim the son of Bonaparte, and to attack the Thullieries and the Royal Family. Among the officers engaged in the plot, the French papers mention a Captain of the Legion of the North, named Dequevauvillers, who, it is said, served in the guard of Murat, when he occupied the throne of Naples; also a Captain of the Legion of La Meurthe, who has absconded. Some of these officers were arrested at their homes, in the city, by the gendarmerie; others were taken into custody at their barracks, by the orders of their Colonels, and by the soldiers even of their own corps. A commission of the peers was immediately appointed to examine those implicated in this conspiracy, 46 in number; upon being separately interrogated, eight of these were set at liberty. It appears, that the discovery of this plot had occasioned considerable agitation in the provinces, where, it is said, it had extensive ramifications; but the latest in telligence from France asserts that tranquil lity again reigns throughout the country.
The trial of the Abbe de Pradt, formerly Archbishop of Malines, and his bookseller Bechet, came on for hearing before the Assize Court of Paris on Monday the 28th August. The charges were for having written, printed, and published à work, entitled "Of the Affair of the Election Law," tending to excite disobedience to the laws; to attack formally the constitutional authority of the king and the chambers, and to stir up civil war in the king dom. After a long trial the jury acquitted the accused of all the charges, and they were discharged.
SPAIN. About the beginning of August, an attempt was made by some ecclesiastics of Galicia, assisted by deserters from the infamous regiment of the Guides, (who were concerned in the massacre at Cadiz,) to collect an armed force for the purpose of effecting a counter-revolution. The clergy formed themselves into a Junta, which they modestly called Apostolic; but being unable to maintain themselves in Spain, they retired within the frontiers of Portugal. It was believed that their proceedings were countenanced by the Archbishop of San Jago, and the Bishop of Orense. The insurgents having collected a small body of men, ventured to recross the Minho, for the purpose of seizing upon the heights of Pennizas, but they dispersed at the approach of some troops dispatched against them by the Junta of Galicia; and a subsequent dispatch from Arguelles announ ces the total dissolution of the Apostolic Junta,
The Cortes and Government of Spain labour incessantly to set things right, produce order, regulate the revenue, and reorganize the army and navy; and in their
labours they derive great encouragement from the good spirit evinced in the provinces. A decree has been issued, re-establishing several enactments of the former Cortes, by which certain prebends and other ecclesiastical sinecures were to be made applicable to the State, the use of the torture abolished, and containing a variety of other important regulations. In order that the Inquisition may be the more effectually abolished, the property of that establishment had been put up for sale, beginning with the sumptuous palace, formerly occupied by the Inquisitor-General in Madrid, the one used by the Tribunal, with secret cells, &c. together with several houses situated in the capital. The proceeds are to be applied to the liquidation of the national debt. The Cortes have also agreed to a proposition for rendering null and void the restoration of the Jesuits, who are to be subjected to the provisions of the former decree for the abolition of their order in Spain. A proposition is before the Cortes, for the introduction into Spain of Trial by Jury.
Another important state paper has emanated from the Russian Cabinet, on the affairs of Spain. It is addressed to all the ministers of Russia, and is intended to communicate to the great powers of Europe the sentiments of the Russian Monarch on the late revolution in Spain, which he highly disapproves of, and reprobates in the strongest terms. In this revolution he sees the germ of other revolutions, which are to spread over Europe; and, without recommending any active measures, it seems to be his Majesty's opinion that a military coalition should be formed, for the purpose of re-establishing the former government of Spain, and forcing the discontented Spaniards to submit to whatever terms the Emperor of Russia and his august allies may please to dictate. This, though it is not avowed, is the only practical inferenee which can be drawn from the sentiments expressed in the state paper. It does not appear, however, that it has met with the approbation of any of those powers to whom it was addressed.
SICILY. The proclaiming of the Neapolitan constitution in Sicily was attended by deplorable consequences, which are thus described in a letter, published in one of the journals of Naples :-"The first impulse of the people of Sicily, on hearing, on the 14th of July, the news of the revolution which had broken out at Naples, was to wear the tricoloured badge of the Constitution. But this lasted only a single day. On the 15th, the yellow or Sicilian ribband was displayed in conjunc tion with the other. An accident, or an indiscretion, exasperated the people against the Neapolitan authorities and troops: General Church, an English officer in the pay of Naples, zealous, perhaps, though
unfortunate in the application of his zeal, is said to have torn the badge of Sicilian independence from the breast of an unarmed citizen. Enraged at this act, the forts in possession of the Neapolitan soldiery were attacked and carried by the islanders. An association of distinguished individuals was formed for the maintenance of tranquillity, but in vain. On the night of the 16th, the garrison were concentrated in the public squares of Palermo. On the morning of the 17th, 700 prisoners were released from confinement by the populace. Then (says the writer) the work of death began. The Neapolitans were furiously attacked, and, we fear, indiscriminately butchered."
guns, and set fire to nearly 100 bamboo houses, which, floating down the current, carried destruction among the vessels. Strong symptoms of dissatisfaction were manifested in several other of the Dutch settlements in India. The treatment of the natives by the Dutch is said to be very barbarous; and it is thought that it is in consequence of such ill treatment the disaffection is so manifest, and that a large force is requisite to keep the natives in subjection.
HOUSE OF LORDS.-Aug. 15.-This evening the House of Lords met for the purpose of settling certain preliminary points, and regulating the course of proceeding previous to the approaching trial of the Queen. The Duke of LEINSTER intimated his intention of opposing the progress
Advices from the coast of Barbary, of the 10th July, contained in letters from Gibraltar of the 13th of the same month, state that an insurrection of a formidable nature had taken place in the army of the Emperor of Morocco. A regiment of the guards to the Emperor, being ordered to escort him from Rebolt, one of his summer residences, to Morocco, refused compliance, and, disregarding all attempts to restrain them, suddenly marched off towards Fez, which they entered tumultuously, where they committed the greatest excesses, plundering and ill treating all the inhabitants, but particularly Jews. They next directed their march towards Tetuan; but the inhabitants, aware of their approach, resisted their entrance, and compelled them to retire. The Emperor, with a portion of his guards that remained faithful, proceeded towards Morocco, but had taken no measures to bring back the rebellious troops to their duty. This state of things had spread great alarm through the country, and caused a complete interruption to the commerce by land.
Papers have been received from St Thomas's, confirming the important intelligence, that Morillo, with his army, and the whole of the Caraccas, had accepted the new Spanish Constitution. A complete amnesty was granted, the prisons were thrown open, and all those who had emigrated were invited to return home with the most solemn assurances of safety. Morillo had sent copies of his proclamation to this effect through the whole of the West Indies.
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
of the Bill of Pains and Penalties by every means in his power.
Aug. 16.-Lord HOLLAND gave notice of his intention of submitting several questions to Ministers concerning the relations at present subsisting between this country and Russia, in consequence of the note late
ly issued by the latter power in regard to the affairs of Spain. Lord LIVERPOOL, in reply, stated, that nothing existed between this country and Spain which was calculated to lead to any thing like hostility.
TRIAL OF THE QUEEN.
Aug. 17. This day the House met at 10 o'clock, to proceed to the trial of the Queen. Her Majesty went in state to the House, accompanied in her carriage by Lady Anne Hamilton; preceded in another carriage by Mr Alderman Wood, and followed by one containing Sir William Gell, and the Hon. Sir Keppel Craven. The streets were thronged by immense multitudes, who greeted her Majesty with loud acclamations; and the sentinels stationed at the various public offices in her route presented arms. She was met at the door of the House by Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt, Usher of the Black Rod, and on her entrance the Peers all rose to receive her.
After some preliminary proceedings, a motion was made by the Duke of LEINSTER for rescinding the Bill of Pains and Penalties, which was lost by a great majority, the numbers being 260 to 41.
Earl GREY recapitulated his former opinions, that a Bill of Pains and Penalties was not the proper mode of procedure for the offence charged against the Queen-that the prosecution should have been for high treason; and moved that the opinion of the Judges should be taken on this point. The Judges being accordingly consulted, gave their opinion, that the offence charged against her Majesty could not be reached by the present law. The Queen's Counsel were then called in, when Mr Brougham addressed the House against the principle
of the bill.
Aug. 18.-Mr Denman was heard against the bill, after which the Attorney and Solicitor-General severally addressed the House, and Mr Brougham was heard in reply. Some conversation then took place between Lords Liverpool, Lansdowne, and King, when the latter gave notice of his intention to move to-morrow a resolution, expressing the opinion of their Lordships, that it was not necessary for the public safety, or for the security of the Government, that the present bill of pains and penalties against her Majesty should be proceeded in.
numbers being, on the first, 181 to 65, and on the second, 179 to 64.Charges against her Majesty.
Aug. 19. The expediency of any farther proceedings in the case of the Queen was brought under the consideration of the House of Lords;-first, by a motion of Lord King, that it was not necessary for the public safety that the bill of pains and penalties should be farther proceeded in; second, by a motion of Lord Calthorpe, that the mode adopted does not afford the most advisable means of prosecuting the charges against her Majesty. Both these motions were lost by great majorities, the
The Attorney-General then proceeded to state the evidence to be adduced in support of the bill. He began by adverting to the painful and anxious duty cast upon him, and claimed their Lordships' indulgence whilst he attempted to discharge it. He professed his intention of abstaining from every remark that might tend to aggravate the charges against the Illustrious Party accused. He then proceeded to trace her Majesty's conduct from the time she left this country in 1814. She was then accompanied by Lady Charlotte Lindsay and Lady Elizabeth Forbes; by a Mr Fitzgerald as Chamberlain, and Sir William Gell and the Hon. Keppel Craven, in similar capacities. Captain Host as Equerry, Dr Holland as Physician, and other persons in various capacities, followed in her suite. Thus accompanied, she proceeded to Brunswick, her native place, and from thence to Milan. Her Majesty's intention was to visit other parts of Italy, and to proceed from Milan to Naples. Her Majesty remained at Milan three weeks, and during that time a person was received into her Majesty's service whose name was recorded in the preamble of this bill. Bartholomew Bergami was received into her service as a courier. This person was then in want of employment, but had been a servant in a similar capacity to a General Pino. With this suite, she set out from Milan to Rome, and from thence she proceeded to Naples, where she arrived on the 8th Nov. 1814. Their Lordships would perceive, from the dates which he had stated, that up to the period of her arrival at Naples, this person had not been in her service more than three weeks, and to this fact he begged their Lordships to attend, because it would be found material when the circumstances of the case came to be stated. He should have mentioned, that among the persons who accompanied her Majesty was an individual of the name of William Austin, a boy on whom she had bestowed particular attention. She appeared to be much attached to him, and being only six or seven years of age, he had been in the habit of sleeping in a bed in the same room with her Royal Highness. According to the domestic arrangements in her establishment, Bergami, among the other menial servants, had a bed-room at a distance from that in which her Majesty slept. This arrangement continued until the 8th November, but on the morning of the 9th, the servants learnt with surprise, because no reason was assigned for the change, that Bergami was not to sleep in his former bed-room, but that it was her pleasure to assign him a room near her own, and communicating with it by means of a corridor. This a