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Chapter whether orders of the clay or notices of motion, as they s. o. 5, VIIL may think fit, a motion to give priority to a notice of Jfj j*ppen" motion over the orders of the day is now rarely needed on those sittings; though such a motion might he rendered necessary if, in case the occasion arose, the government desired to take the opinion of the house, whether priority should he given to an unofficial motion (see p. 268).

When priority has heen given by the order of the house to a notice of motion over the orders of the day, the Speaker calls on the member in whose name the notice stands, and when the motion has been considered, the house reverts to the orders of the day. .

The arrangements fixed by the standing orders for the Arrange

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twelve o'clock sittings on Fridays (prior to 1902 Wednes- Friday
days) are rarely disturbed. Still those standing orders s'tt,ng,'
have been wholly suspended,1 or suspended as regards the & o. I, 2,
interruption of business, and the rising of the house at six d\xi.1
o'clock, in the case of certain orders of the day, subject to
the immediate adjournment of the house when those orders
were disposed of.2 Government orders have also occa-
sionally been given precedence at these sittings.8 Sittings Saturday
on Saturdays are occasionally held subject to the standing
orders which regulate the Friday sittings, or to an order
that, as soon as government business is concluded, the
adjournment of the house shall take place without question
put.4

Precedence is occasionally given to certain orders of the Arrange-
ments for

day over all other orders of the day and notices of motion.6 the fur

therance of govern

1 4th July, 1865, the house sat on tion moved, 11th Feb. 1898, p. merit

the 5th, at a quarter before four, 244, n. 2. business, instead of twelve, 120 C. J. 449; 140 5 Protection of Persons, &c. (Iro

ib. 407. land) Bill, 1881, 136 C. J. 82 ; 258 H.

« 7th Aug. 1872, 127 ib. 426; 15th D. 3 s. 1744; Prevention of Crime

July, 1874, 129 ib. 803; 144 ib. 293. (Ireland) Bill, Arrears of Rent (Ire- Cloture

447. land) Bill, 1882, 137 C. J. 224. 289. resolutions

'147 ib. 325; 150 ib. 34; 157 491; Rules of Procedure, 142 ib. 72; TM bi'U^

ib. 26. See also order appropriating 151 ib. 57; 157 ib. 86; Criminal n 3''

Friday sittings to government busi- Law Amendment (Ireland) BUI, 142

ncss, 157 ib. 437. ib. 140; Consolidated Fund Bill,

4 143 ib. 427. 493; 144 ib. 484. 144 ib. 73; Customs, &c., Bill, 145 ib.

453; 145 ib. 531. 553; see resolu- 334; Tithe Rent-Charge Bill, 146 ib.

Amendments to motions (business of the house).

Facility given by

Proceedings on the reports of the resolutions of the com-
mittee of ways and means and of committees authorizing
public expenditure other than the committee of supply, are,
early in each session, exempted by a sessional order from
interruption under standing order No. 1;1 and as the day
for the prorogation draws nigh, all the government busi-
ness is set free, during the remainder of the session, from
every restriction on the transaction of business imposed
by the standing orders;2 and an objection taken to the
form of the motion on which these orders are obtained on
the ground that the provisions contained in those motions
include several, and, to a certain extent, distinct, proposi-
tions was overruled.8

Amendments to motions relating to the business of the
house must be strictly relevant to the terms and purpose
of the motion j and amendments stating, as an argument
against the motion, that the house had no confidence in the
government, or that motions giving precedence to govern-
ment business might be rendered unnecessary by altering
the procedure of the house, were therefore ruled to be out
of order.4

Except in the case of motions amounting to a distinct

Chap

81; Purchase of Land, &c. (Ireland)
Bill, 146 ib. 247; Financial Business,
147 ib. 114 ; 149 ib. 10; Government
business, 148 ib. 177. 588; Voluntary
Schools Bill, 152 ib. 63; Address in
answer to King's speech, 158 ib. 11.

1 160 C. J. 112. Tho reports of
the committee of supply were
formerly included in this motion,
144 ib. 145; 145 ib. 239; 147 ib.
95. The motion was not moved in
session 1902, and was negatived in
1904, 159 ib. 49.

3 16th July, 1891,146 ib. 449 ; 9th Juno, 1892, 147 ib. 325.

3 19th March, 1889, 384 H. D. 3 s. 142.

1 19th March, 30th April, 1889, Mr. Bradlaugh's and Mr. E. Robertson's notices of amendments; 16th July, 1891, 355 H. D. 3 s. 1433. Mr. Seton-Karr's notices of amendments,

31st May, 1894; Notices of Motions,
p. 1080, 25 Pari. Deb. 4 s. 49;
and 29th April, 1895; Notices of
Motions, p. 1215, 33 Pari. Deb. 4 s.
53; Mr. Elliott Lee's notice of
amendment, 28th February, 1895,
Notices of Motions, p. 385, 31 Pari.
Deb. 4 s. 78. Amendments, "gamb-
ling," &c, to motion (Derby day
adjournment), 30th May, 1892 and
1893, Notices, pp. 1593. 1980. See
also Mr. Chamberlain's notice of an
amendment to a motion prescrib-
ing procedure for the report stage
of the Government of Ireland Bill as
stated, 18th Aug. 1898, and as
movod, 21st Aug. 16 Pari. Deb. 4 s.
582. 654 ; 148 C. J. 513. An amend-
ment to the motion relating to the
sitting of committees on Ascension
day is out of order, 40 Pari. Deb.
4 s. 1263.

chapter vote of want of confidence in the government, proposed Or govcrnYI11, sanctioned by the leader of the opposition, the question TMne0nffici°al whether the government should concede priority to a notice motionsof motion, or to an order of the day in the charge of an unofficial member, is left entirely to their discretion.1

Incidental interruptions to proceedings.—Besides the interruption of business, at the moment prescribed by the standing orders (see p. 218), or by a member rising to move the closure of debate (see p. 211), proceedings in Parliament Orjer, may be interrupted by a matter of privilege, or order, weSp°323' ^idi calls for the immediate interposition of the house on a matter of recent occurrence (see p. 270); by occasions of sudden disorder in the house, and by the suspension of members, or other proceedings thereby occasioned (see p. 340); by a message from the sovereign or the lords commissioners, commanding or desiring the attendance of the house in the House of Peers;2 by the presentation of the answer to an address to the Crown8 (see p. 455); by a message from the other house, and by proceedings taken thereon4 (see p. 505); by a conference with the Lords;5 by a report of reasons for disagreeing to Lords' amendments6

1 217 H. D. 3 8.1256; 303 ib. 1374. Urgency Facilities were afforded, 1868, to Bhics, see Mr. Gladstone's resolutions upon p. 342. tho Irish church, 191 H. D. 3 s. 3135. 826. 1746; 24th April, 1872, Dublin University Tests Bill; Land Tenure (Ireland) Bill, 131 C. J. 295; Sale of Intoxicating Liquor on Sunday (Ireland) Bill, 133 ib. 156; 26th Feb. 1883, Kilmainham prisoners, 210 H. D. 3 8. 1754; 277 ib. 850; Contagious Diseases Acts Repeal (No. 2) Bill, 141 C. J. 118; Financial Relations (England and Ireland), 152 ib. 144; 155 ib. 112; British South Africa (Select Committee), 152 ib. 388; Public Accounts Committee (Reports), 160 ib. 359; Post-office Telephone Agreement, 160 ib. 408; eee also Mr. Gladstone's remarks, 24th March, 1893, in giving facilities for a motion relating to the conduct of the executive in Ireland, 10 Pari. Deb. 4 s. 1044.

* 93 C. J. 227; 106 ib. 443; 159 ib. 116. On the 20th April, 1863, the reading of a petition was so interrupted, and was resumed on the return of the Speaker from the Lords.

'108 C. J. 438; 125 ib. 377 ; 17th Dec. 1878. This rule, however, does not apply to a messago from the Crown. On the 5th June, 1866, a message relating to the marriage of Princess Mary of Cambridgo was brought up between one motion and another: but not so as to interrupt a debate.

* By the recent practice, a message brought by tho Clerk does not ordinarily interrupt tho business under discussion; but there aro occasions when such an interruption can arise, 126 C. J. 57.

• 98 ib. 347. 484.

• Ground Game Bill, 3rd Sept. 1880, 135 C. J. 431; 137 ib. 452.

Causes of interruption.

Privilege interruptions.

(see p. 508); by the clerk of the Crown attending by order
of the house to amend a return1 (see p. 658); and by a.
report from the Serjeant-at-arms regarding the execution
of the orders of the house.2

Examples occur of an interruption caused by a motion
for reading an Act of Parliament, an entry in the journal,
or other public document: but the practice by which such
documents have been permitted to be read, after the com-
mencement of the debate, though not absolutely without
recognition in modern times, may be regarded as obsolete.3

When the cause of interruption has ceased, or the proceeding thereon has been disposed of, the debate, or the business in hand which was interrupted, is resumed at the point where the interruption had occurred;4 though the resumption of a proceeding, subjected to an interruption, has been sometimes delayed by the occurrence of further interruptions.5

Consideration of matters of privilege.—The proceedings of the house may be interrupted at any moment,6 save during

Chapter
VIII.

'93 0. J. 276. 308.

• 135 ib. 236. The business of the house was in former times interrupted by a motion that candles bo brought in: but, by order 6th Feb. 1717, the Serjeant was charged with the duty of having the house lighted when " daylight be shut in," 18 ib, 718; and now the direction to that effect is given by the Speaker or the chairman.

> 2 Hatsell, 121. 164; 80 C. J. 537; 93 ib. 204; 97 ib. 129; 98 ib. 112; 123 ib. 148; 124 ib. 57. In one case certain Acts were directed to be read, by way of amendment to the original question, 19th March, 1854, 109 ib. 124.

4 When the consideration of private business had been interrupted or had not been commenced owing to a message requiring tho attendance of the house in the House of Peers, and the house had not returned until after the time after which such business could not

be taken, tho privato business that
could not be considered owing to
the attendance of the house in tho
House of Peers, was appointed for
the evening sitting, or for the fol-
lowing day, 158 C. J. 412; 20th and
21st June, 1905, Private Business,
pp. 567, 577.

5 103 ib. 551. 755.

"This ancient rule was thus expressed in debate by an eminent authority: "Nothing can be so regular, according to the practice of this house, as when any member brings under the consideration of the house a breach of its privileges, for the house to hear it—nay, to hear it with or without notice— whether any question is or is not before it; and oven in the midst of another discussion, if a member should rise to complain of a breach of the privileges of the house, they have always instantly heard him," Mr. Williams Wynn 11th Feb. 1836, 31 H. D. 3 s. 274.

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the progress of a division (see p. 846), by a motion based on a matter of privilege, when a matter has recently arisen which directly concerns the privileges of the house;1 and in that case, the house will entertain the motion forthwith.2 If complaint of a breach of privilege be made whilst the house is in committee, the committee reports progress thereon3 (see p. 80); or, upon an act of disorder committed in his presence, the chairman has quitted the chair and sent for the Speaker4 (see p. 387). Such an interruption may arise if a member be insulted or assaulted, or by a sudden act of disorder in the house8 (see p. 346).

A privilege matter may also be brought forward without notice, before the commencement of public business, and is considered immediately, on the assumption that the matter is brought forward without delay, and that its immediate consideration is essential to the dignity of the house; yet, though, in some respects, a matter of privilege properly does not admit of notice, if a member can give notice, and the matter is a question of privilege, precedence is conceded to it.6 The right of complaint is not restricted to

1 See the Speaker's ruling, 17th July, 1860,159 H. D. 3 s. 2035; 17th March, 1864,174 ib. 190; 21st June, 1880, 253 ib. 433; 17th May, 1881, 261 ib. 694; 16th Feb. 1882, 266 ib. 788.

* 12th May, 1848, interference of a peer with the election for Stamford, 98 ib. 931; 22nd May, 1848, Sligo election compromise, 98 ib. 1236; Peterborough election, appointment and nomination of committee, 18th and 21st July, 1853, 108 C. J. 691. 703; other election cases, see p. 654. Ameer Ali Moorad's claim, 22nd Feb. 1858,113 C.J.68; Lisburnelection, 21stApril, 1864,119 ib. 184; Azeem Jah (forged signatures to petitions), 8th May, 1865, 120 ib. 247; King's County election, 12th Feb. 1866, 121 ib. 55; complaint of Mr. Plimsoll's book, 20th Feb. 1873; complaint of Mr. Sullivan against Dr. Kenealy, 11th April, 1877; 132 ib. 144; forged sig

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