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1871.-If no owner appears within six months after such finding or saving and offers reasonable proof of his ownership, and compensates, or in good faith offers to compensate, the finder or saver for the expense necessarily incurred by him, then such property vests in such finder or saver, unless it is of greater value than twenty dollars. If of such greater value, he must publish a copy of such verified list for three successive weeks in some newspaper of general circulation published in the county, and if the owner does not, within one year after the completion of such publication, prove the property and pay, or in good faith, offer to pay, all charges thereon, the title thereto vests in such finder or saver. If the finder or saver of property does not comply with the provisions of section eighteen hundred and sixty-five, or if, though he does so comply, he refuses to surrender the property to an owner who has made reasonable proof of ownership, and paid, or in good faith offered to pay, all legal charges thereon, he is liable to the owner for double the value of the property, and the owner may exonerate himself from all liability arising out of such property by surrendering, or offering to surrender, it in satisfaction thereof. 1905—614.
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1872. The provisions of this article have no application to things which have been intentionally abandoned by their owners.
Deposit for Exchange. Section
1878. Relations of parties.
1878. A deposit for exchange transfers to the depositary the title of the thing deposited, and creates between him and the depositor, the relation of debtor and creditor merely.
II. Loan for Exchange.
Loan for Use. Section
Section 1884. Loan, what.
1891. Relending forbidden. 1885. Title property lent.
1892. Borrower, bear expenses. 1886. Care required borrower. 1893. Lender liable defects. 1887. Same.
1894. Lender may require return. 1888. Degree of skill.
1895. Returnable without de1889. Borrower, repair injuries.
mand. 1890. Use of thing lent.
1896. Place of return.
1884. A loan for use is a contract by which one gives to another
temporary possession and use of personal property, and latter agrees to return the same thing to him at a future time, without reward for its use.
1185. A loan for use does not transfer the title to the thing; and all its increase during the period of the loan belongs to the lender.
1886. A borrower for use must use great care for the preservation in safety and in good condition of the thing lent.
1887. One who borrows a living animal for use, must treat it with great kindness, and provide everything necessary and suitable for it.
1888. A borrower for use is bound to have and to exercise such skill in the care of the thing lent as he causes the lender to believe him to possess.
1889. A borrower for use must repair all deteriorations or injuries to the thing lent, which are occasioned by his negligence, however slight.
1890. The borrower of a thing for use may use it for such purpose only as the lender might reasonably anticipate at the time of lending.
1891. The borrower of a thing for use must not part with it to a third person, without the consent of the lender.
1892. The borrower of a thing for use must bear all its expenses during the loan, except such as are necessarily incurred by him to preserve it from unexpected and unusual injury. For such expenses he is entitled to compensation from the lender, who may, however, exonerate himself my surrendering the thing to the borrower.
1893. The lender of a thing for use must indemnify the borrower for damage caused by defects or vices in it, which he knew at the time of lending, and concealed from the borrower.
1894. The lender of a thing for use may at any time require its return, even though he lent it for a specified time or purpose. But if, on the faith of such an agreement, the borrower has made such arrangements that a return of the thing before the period agreed upon would cause him loss, exceeding the benefit derived by him from the loan, the lender must indemnify him for such loss, if he compels such return, the borrower not having in any manner violated his duty.
1895. If a thing is lent for use for a specified time or purpose, it must be returned to the lender without demand, as soon as the time has expired, or the purpose has been accomplished. In other cases it need not be returned until demanded.
1896. The borrower of a thing for use must return it to the lender, at the place contemplated by the parties at the time of lending; or if no particular place was so contemplated by them, then at the place where it was at that time.
Loan for Exchange. Section
Section 1902. Loan for exchange.
1905. Contract not modified. 1903. Same.
1906. Certain sections applicable. 1904. Title to property lent.
1902. A loan for exchange is a contract by which one delivers personal property to another, and the latter agrees to return to the lender a similar thing at a future time, without reward for its use.
1903. A loan, which the borrower is allowed by the lender to treat as a loan for use, or for exchange, at his option, is subject to all the provisions of this chapter.
1904. By a loan for exchange the title to the thing lent is transferred to the borrower, and he must bear all its expenses, and is entitled to all its increase.
1905. A lender for exchange cannot require the borrower to fulfill his obligations, at a time, or in a manner, different, from that which was originally agreed upon.
1906. Sections eighteen hundred and ninety-three, eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and eighteen hundred and ninety-six, apply to a loan for exchange.
Loan of Money.
Section 1912. Loan of money.
1915. Interest, what. 1913. Loan repaid current money. 1916. Annual rate. 1914. Interest on Loan.
1912. A loan of money is a contract by which one delivers a sum of money to another, and the latter agrees to return at a future time a sum equivalent to that which be borrowed. A loan for mere use is governed by the chapter on loan for use.
1913. A borrower of money, unless there is an express contract to the contrary, must pay the amount due in such money as is current at the time when the loan becomes due, whether such money is worth more or less than the actual money lent.
1914. Whenever a loan of money is made, it is presumed to be made upon interest, unless it is otherwise expressly stipulated at the time in writing. 1873-244.
1915. Interest is the compensation allowed by law or fixed by the parties for the use, or forbearance, or detention of money. 1873-245.
1916. When a rate of interest is prescribed by a law or contract, without specifying the period of time by which such rate is to be calculated, it is to be deemed an annual rate.
II. Hiring of Real Property,
Hiring in General. Section
Section 1925. Hiring, what.
1931. Letter terminate hiring. 1926. Products of thing.
1932. Hirer may terminate, when. 1927. Quiet possession.
1933. When hiring terminates. 1928. Degree of care, hirer. 1934. Terminated by death, etc. 1929. Must repair injuries, etc. 1935. Apportionment of hire. 1930. Thing let particular pur
1925. Hiring is a contract by which one gives to another the temporary possession and use of property, other than money, for reward, and the latter agrees to return the same to the former at a future time.
1926. The products of a thing hired, during the hiring, belong to the hirer.
1927. An agreement to let upon hire binds the letter to secure to the hirer the quiet possession of the thing hired during the term of the hiring, against all persons lawfully claiming the same.
1928. The hirer of a thing must use ordinary care for its preservation in safety and in good condition.
1929. The hirer of a thing must repair all deteriorations or injuries thereto occasioned by his want of ordinary care. 1905—614.
1930. When a thing is let for a particular purpose the hirer must not use it for any other purpose; and if he does, he is liable to the letter for all · damages, resulting from such use, or the letter may treat the contract as thereby rescinded. 1905-614.
1931. The letter of a thing may terminate the hiring and reclaim the thing before the end of the term agreed upon:
1. When the hirer uses or permits a use of the thing hired in a manner contrary to the agreement of the parties; or,
2. When the hirer does not, within a reasonable time after request, make such repairs as he is bound to make.
1932. The hirer of a thing may terminate the hiring before the end of the term agreed upon:
1. When the letter does not, within a reasonable time after request, fulfiill his obligations, if any, as to placing and securing the hirer in the quiet possession of the thing hired, or putting it into good condition, or repairing; or,
2. When the greater part of the thing hired, or that part which was and which the letter had at the time of the hiring reason to believe was the material inducement to the hirer to enter into the contract, perishes from any other cause than the want of ordinary care of the hirer, 1905-614.
1933. The hiring of a thing terminates:
3. By the hirer acquiring a title to the thing hired superior to that of the letter; or,
4. By the destruction of the thing hired.
1934. If the hiring of a thing is terminable at the pleasure of one of the parties, it is terminated by notice to the other of his death or incapacity to contract. In other cases it is not terminated thereby.
1935. When the hiring of a thing is terminated before the time originally agreed upon, the hirer must pay the due proportion of the hire for such use as he has actually made of the thing, unless such use is merely nominal, and of no benefit to him.
Hiring of Real Property.
Section 1941. Lessor to make dwelling 1946. Notice to quit. habitable.
1947. Rent, when payable. 1942. Lessee, repairs, etc.
1948. Attornment to stranger. 1943. Hiring without time limit. 1949. Tenant to deliver notices. 1944. Hiring, indefinite term. 1950. Part room leasing forbid1945. Renewal, continued pos
1941. The lessor of a building intended for the occupation of human beings must, in the absence of an agreement to the contrary, put it into a condition fit for such occupation, and repair all subsequent dilapidations thereof, which render it untenantable, except such as are mentioned in section nineteen hundred and twentynine. 1873—245.
1942. If within a reasonable time after notice to the lessor, of dilapidations which he ought to repair, he neglects to do so, the lessee may repair the same himself, where the cost of such repairs do not require an expenditure greater than one month's rent of the premises, and deduct the expenses of such repairs from the rent, or the lessee may vacate the premises, in which case he shall be discharged from further payment of rent, or performance of other conditions. 1873–246.
1943. A hiring of real property, other than lodgings and dwellinghouses, in places where there is no usage on the subject, is presumed to be for one year from its commencement, unless otherwise expressed in the hiring.
1944. A hiring of lodgings or a dwelling-house for an unspecified term is presumed to have been made for such length of time as the