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and that the ship was waiting, the forecastle, “Heave her out, for them If so, they could lads,” for it is good holding not hope to slip on board un- ground there, good thick clingobserved, They were in for ing mud. And as they came it. There would be a row ! up quietly (for they had warned

But when they were half- their dusky boatmen to make way off they saw unmistak- no noise) to the port gangway, able signs of approaching de- they heard the first lieutenant, parture-lights moving about on the poop, say to the capon board, the anchor light tain, “Those two midshipmen lowered, and the steaming light are not back yet, sir. It will hoisted in its place. And as teach them a lesson to be left they got nearer they heard the behind here. I don't suppose reverberating tones of the boat- they have any money with swain's mate shouting, “ Hands them.” up anchor,' coming across the And the captain replied, perfectly smooth water.

"Serve them right, Bruce, serve Give way, you beauties,” them right.

them right. Teach them to urged Sartoris, “or we shall think another time." miss the ship. We have no The two midshipmen in quesmoney with us to pay you. tion stole up alongside noiseAll our money's on board. lessly without any one seeing They're getting up the anchor them just as the order was now. Give way.

given “ Avast heaving," and The boatmen responded the report from the topgallant nobly, and the boat flew across forecastle, “Anchor's up, sir. the oily muddy water, the Clear anchor,”was ringing along stroke oarsman merely grunt- the deck as the two boys ing out, “Dat’s all right, massa, climbed thankfully up the we's guineter cotch dat ship. chocks on the ship's side and

Could they do it? Could ran straight into the arms of these stout fellows get them the gunner. alongside before the anchor But their luck was not out was up

and the engines yet, for Sartoris and Mr Quoin, started ?

the gunner, were great cronies, The niggers were pulling for so the former had no hesitation their fare. They were now close in applying to him for a loan to the ship, and they could of five shillings wherewith to hear, in the stillness of the pay the boatmen, one of whom harbour, the fiddler playing, had followed them up the side. and could see with the mind's This sum was at once fortheye the little old man seated coming, and the boatman was on the capstan scraping away sent down into his boat with at his fiddle, and the men strict injunctions from Mr Quoin running round at the capstan to get away as quickly and as bars. Now they could hear quietly as possible. the voices of the officers on Meanwhile the two boys fled

down the main hatchway to “What time did you get on their chests, where they rapidly board?got into uniform and returned I really couldn't say, sir. on deck, the operation occupy. My watch had stopped.” ing something less than one Were you on

you on board to minute. There Sartoris, whose dinner?station was on the quarter- “No, sir. Having missed deck, made himself particularly the officers' boat, we knew we prominent in urging the men should be late for dinner on to greater exertions on the cat- board, so scratched up somefall. So much in evidence was thing ashore and came aloog he, indeed, that he could not directly after we had finished." al fail to attract the attention of “It is curious that no one the first lieutenant, who, as saw you come on board. In soon as the anchor was secured fact, there's something curious and he was at liberty to turn about the whole business. But his mind to other matters, sang anyhow, you only had leave out, “Mr Sartoris."

till sunset, and you acknowledge “Sir," replied that zealous that you didn't get off by that young officer, running up the time, so you needn't put your poop ladder and saluting. name in the book in a hurry.

“ How did you get on board?” Your leave is stopped, both of “In a shore boat, sir. We you.

I intended to let you missed the officers' boat, and stop behind here, just to teach came off later in a shore boat,” you a lesson.' was that always truthful lad's “We've had our lesson, sir," answer.

was the enigmatical reply.

JACATRA.

BY DAVID HANNAY.

THERE are three leading dates brought with him soldiers, in the early history of the preachers, officials, and a counEuropean powers in the Far cil of eight members. Taken East. They are : the seizures together, he and they appeared of Goa and Malacca by the to give the Dutch in the East Portuguese in 1510 ; the occu- a strong central government, pation of Swalley Hole by and, indeed, they did provide Sir Henry Middleton for the more in that way than was old East India Company ex- possessed by the servants of actly one century later; and the English company. Yet the foundation of the city of they were

far from being Batavia, on the ruins of the enough. If there was to be a Javan town, Jacatra, in 1619. In Governor-General to rule all that year “Portuguese India" men, it was clear that his was in its death agony. A subjects must know where to century and a quarter or so find him. A council was quite Fere to pass before Middleton's unable to discharge its function act was to produce its fruit; if its members were to be but the planting of the Dutch scattered on missions which headquarters was to be fol- took them hundreds of miles lowed well-nigh within a year away from one another. Now and a day by the soaring rise the three first Dutch governors of the domination which was had no house ashore. They to cover the Eastern sea all lived in their flagship, and through the seventeenth cen- cruised from Bantam to the tury.

Moluccas and back; so there The Dutch had been active was never any absolute cerin the Indian Archipelago and tainty where or when Pieter the Moluccas since their first Both, or Gerard Reinst, or voyage had been made by Laurens Reael was to be met. Houtman for the “Company Their council was rarely all tofor trade afar” of Amsterdam gether at hand. It soon began in 1595-97. They bad planted to be obvious to the governing factories in native ports, of Chamber of Seventeen at home, which the most important was and to all men of sense in the at Bantam, in Java. Their East, that this cruising governfirst Governor-General, Pieter ment, here to-day and gone Both of Amersfoort, had to-morrow, was a makeshift. reached that anchorage in A fixed headquarters must be December 1610 after a painful found. Agreement on the abvoyage of ten months. He stract point was easy, but the VOL. CCXVIII.-NO. MCCCXIX.

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choice of a place presented natives of the Banda Islands, difficulties. One authority when he instigated the hyswould have preferred Ceylon. terical Van Speult to massacre Another recommended a Spice the English factors in Amboyna, Island. There were some who and when with fire and sword would have chosen Singapore. he swept Jacatra off the face If the attempt made to capture of the earth to clear the ground Malacca had succeeded, that for the foundation of Batavia. town would have answered the The Dutch historian can only purpose ;

but the venture plead that politics are not failed. Therefore no decision work for saints, and that when was reached. One man said they are those of a monopolist one thing, and another said trading company, they are paranother, till the pressure of ticularly unsanctified. Mr de events and the resolute will Jonghe says sooth; and having of a certain leader combined noted this much for once and to settle the question, and it for all, we can apply ourselves turned out that the capital of to seeing what Coen actually Netherlands India was to rise did. where Jacatra had been, a When he attained the posilittle to the east of Bantam. tion which gave him the chance

The master whose word and to play a great game—that is, deed achieved what others had when Gerard Reinst put him only talked about was the at the head of the factory at Governor - General, Jan Piet. Bantam-he was still a young erszoon Coen—the great man man of twenty-seven. The of Dutch history in the East. place was a sink of iniquity. And if to be able to take Coen, who had done the Comsurvey of a vast field of action pany good service in the Molucand to see it whole, if to know cas, grappled with the prevailprecisely what you aim at, if ing evils which Reinst had to try for a well-chosen attain- vehemently denounced as being able goal, if to know to a not only scandalous but horrible nicety what measures will en- and abominable. He must have able you to achieve your pur- felt himself in his proper place, pose, and if to be prepared to for, body and soul, heart and do whatever is needful to the mind, he was the servant of utmost-if these virtues and the Company.” His merits as capacities amount to great- a reformer of inward corrupness, then great he was. Lov- tions are not our theme, but able he assuredly was not. Mr what he did by way of outward de Jonghe, in his 'Rise of the and visible conquest. There Netherland Rule in Java,' has is no need to say more of his to confess that Coen put career than that before he splashes of blood on the history became formally Governor-Genof his countrymen in the East. eral in March 1619, he had as He did when he butchered the President of Bantam and Jaca

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Java was

tra, and Comptroller of the Bantam, had made a treaty other factories, been the true for friendship and trade with directing force in the Nether- Jacatra. Pieter Both had tried land Indies

to extend this into a treaty The road he had to tread was right to build a strong factory. full of pitfalls. In the first The Raja was not so foolish place, he had in front of him as not to know with what the rival English factory. The rapidity a meek European house two could join to check the for factors and a godown native ruler, but the fight for goods had been found to going on in the Spice Islands turn itself into a stone fort naturally reacted on Bantam. armed with guns and garrisoned There were colli bet en by soldiers. It would not even the two nations, actual draw. have been necessary for the ings of the sword, maim and Dutch to employ their own manslaughter. But this rivalry countrymen. The Tokugawa was less trying than the rela- Shoquns had not yet stopped tions of the Dutch with the emigration from Japan. The natives. The whole island of Indian Archipelago and Gulf

one perpetual of Siam were swarming with turmoil, one unceasing writhe Japanese Dugald Dalgettys and heave, of chieftains known ready to fight on any side of by names exotic to us. On any question for their pay and one hand, were claims to superi- allowances. So leave to build orities and tributes, to be en- was at first refused. forced if possible. On the Nevertheless, and within a other, constant desire to evade very short time, a fort was these obligations if the vassal built--not because the Dutch prince only could. All were compelled the Raja to consent prepared to call in any outsider but as a consequence of rivalries who would serve an immediate with Bantam, The first use turn. All were utterly false. to which the Dutch put Jacatra To their minds a treaty was was to make play with it for a means of gaining an advan- the purpose of evading the tage for the time being, and a exactions of the Bantamese device for carrying out a fraud. ruler. When, seeing that the A promise was intended to foreign traders were prosperous, bamboozle, and as to keeping he drew the deduction — 80 it, that depended on one's obvious to an Asiatic princestrength. The part of the that if he only squeezed them whole confusion which most hard enough they would pay affected Coen was the twist higher dues, he demanded more. and twirl between Bantam, Coen was not unwilling to pay who was a great prince, and heavier import dues on one Jacatra, who was a small vassal condition. It was that the Raja. In 1610 Jacques l'Her- true ruler of Bantam, who was mite, then Dutch President at not the Sultan, who was very

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