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Yet lo! in me what authors have to brag on!
Reduc'd at last to hiss in my own dragon.
Avert it, Heav'n! that thou, my Cibber, e'er
Should'st wag a serpent-tail in Smithfield fair!
Like the vile straw that's blown about the streets,
The needy Poet sticks to all he meets,
Coach'd, carted, trod upon, now loose, now fast,
And carry'd off in some Dog's tail at last.
Happier thy fortunes! like a rolling stone,
Thy giddy dulness still shall lumber on,
Safe in its heaviness, shall never stray,
But lick up ev'ry blockhead in the way.
Thee shall the Patriot, thee the Courtier taste,
And ev'ry year be duller than the last.
Till rais'd from booths, to Theatre, to Court,
Her seat imperial Dulness shall transport.
Already Opera prepares the way,
The sure fore-runner of her gentle sway:
Let her thy heart, next Drabs and Dice, engage,
The third mad passion of_thy doting age.
Teach thou the warbling Polyphemeto roar,
And scream thyself as none e'er scream'd before!
To aid our cause, if Heav'n thou can'st not bend,
Hell thou shalt move; for Faustus is our friend :
Pluto 3 with Cato thou for this shalt join,
And link the Mourning Bride4 to Proserpine.
Grubstreet! thy fall should men and Gods conspire,
Thy stage shall stand, ensure it but from Fire 5.
Another Æschylus appears 6! prepare
For new abortions, all ye pregnant fair!
In flames, like Semele's?, be brought to bed,
While op'ning Hell spouts wild-fire at your head.

“Now, Bavius, take the poppy from thy brow,
And place it here! here all ye Heroes bow!
This, this is he, foretold by ancient rhymes:
Th’ Augustus born to bring Saturnian times.
Signs following signs lead on the mighty year!
See! the dull stars roll round and re-appear.
See, see, our own true Phoebus wears the bays 8!





1 Thee shall the Patriot, thee the Courtier 4 (Congreve's tragedy.] taste,] It stood in the first edition with blanks * * 5 ensure it but from Fire.] In Tibbald's and **

Concanen was sure “they must needs farce of Proserpine, a corn-field was set on fire: mean no body but King, GEORGE and Queen whereupon the other play-house had a barn burnt CAROLINE; and said he would insist it was down for the recreation of the spectators. They so, till the Poet cleared himself by filling up the also rivald each other in showing the burnings of blanks otherwise, agreeably to the context, and hell-fire, in Dr Faustus. P. consistent with his allegiance." P.

6 Another Æschylus appears!! It is reported 2 Polypheme] He translated the Italian Opera of Æschylus, that when his Tragedy of the Furies of Polifemo; but unfortunately lost the whole was acted, the audience were so terrified that the jest of the story. P. [Part om.)

children fell into fits. P. 3 Faustus, Pluto, &c.) Names of miserable 7 like Semele's,] See Ovid, Met. III. P. Farces, which it was the custom to act at the end 8 Ver. 323. See, see, our own &c.] In the of the best Tragedies, to spoil the digestion of former Edd. : the audience. P.

‘Beneath his reign shall Eusden wear the bays,


Our Midas sits Lord Chancellor of Plays!
On Poets Tombs see Benson's titles writ?!
Lo! Ambrose Philips 2 is preferr'd for Wit!
See under Ripley rise a new White-hall,
While Jones' and Boyle's united Labours fall 3 ;
While Wren with sorrow to the grave descends 4;
Gay dies unpension'dó with a hundred friends;



Cibber preside Lord Chancellor of plays, [As to Ripley, Sir Robert Walpole's architect Benson sole Judge of Architecture sit, who, according to Wakefield, was employed in And Namby Pamby be preferr'd for Wit! repairing Whitehall, cf. Moral Essays, Ep. iv. I see th' unfinish'd Dormitory wall,

v. 18 and note.] I see the Savoy totter to her fall;

4 (Sir Christopher Wren died in 1723, at the Hibernian Politics, O Swift! thy doom, age of 91. The length of his life enriched the And Pope's, Aranslating three whole years with reigns of several princes, and disgraced the last Broome :

of them.' Horace Walpole, Anecdotes of PrintProceed great days, &c.' Warburton. ing, quoted by Warton.)

On Poets' Tombs see Benson's Titles writ!] Gay dies unpension'd &c.] See Mr Gay's W-m Benson (Surveyor of the Buildings to his fable of the Hare and many Friends. This Majesty King George I.) gave in a report to the gentleman was early in the friendship of our Lords, that their House and the Painted-chamber Author, which continued to his death. He wrote adjoining were in immediate danger of falling several works of humour with great success, the Whereupon the Lords met in a committee to ap- Shepherd's Week, Trivia, the What-d'ye-call-it, point some other place to sit in, while the House Fables; and, lastly, the celebrated 'Beggar's should be taken down. But it being proposed to Opera; a piece of satire which hits all tastes and cause some other builders first to inspect it, they degrees of men, from those of the highest quality found it in very good condition. In favour of to the very rabble. That verse of Horace, this man, the famous Sir Christopher Wren, who Primores populi arripuit, populumque tributim, had been Architect to the Crown for above fifty could never be so justly applied as to this. The years, who built most of the churches in London, vast success of it was unprecedented, and almost laid the first stone of St Paul's, and lived to incredible: What is related of the wonderful effinish it, had been displaced from his employ- fects of the ancient music or tragedy hardly came ment at the age of near ninety years. P. (Part up to it: Sophocles and Euripides were less folom.)

lowed and famous. It was acted in London sixty? Ambrose Philips) “He was (saith Mr Ja- three days, uninterrupted; and renewed the next COB) one of the wits at Button's and a justice of season with equal applauses. It spread into all the peace;”. But he hath since met with higher the great towns of England, was played in many preferment in Ireland. He endeavoured to create places to the thirtieth and fortieth time, at Bath some misunderstanding between our Author and and Bristol fifty, &c. It made its progress into Mr Addison, whom also soon after he abused as Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, where it was permuch. His constant cry was, that Mr P. was formed twenty-four days together : It was last an Enemy to the government; and in particular acted in Minorca. The fame of it was not conhe was the avowed author of a report very indus fined to the Author only; the ladies carried about triously spread, that he had a hand in a Party- with them the favourite songs of it in fans; and paper called the Examiner: A falsehood well- houses were furnished with it in screens. The known to those yet living, who had the direction person who acted Polly, till then obscure, became and publication of it. P. [As to the reasons for all at once the favourite of the town; her pictures Pope's aversion from A. P. see Introa’uctory were engraved, and sold in great numbers; her Mémoir, pp. xv, xxviii.]

life written, books of letters and verses to her 3 While Fones' and Boyle's united Labours published; and pamphlets made even of her sayfall;] At the time when this poem was written, ings and jests. the banqueting-house at White-hall, the church Furthermore, it drove out of England, for and piazza of Covent-garden, and the palace and that season, the Opera, which had carried chapel of Somerset-house, the works of the fa- all before it for ten years. That idol of the Nomous Inigo Jones, had been for many years so bility and people, which the great Critic Mr neglected, as to be in danger of ruin. The por Dennis by the labours and outcries of a whole tico of Covent-garden church had been just then life could not overthrow, was demolished by a restored and beautified at the expense of the earl single stroke of this gentleman's pen. This hapof Burlington and [Richard Boyle); who, at the pened in the year 1728. Yet so great was his same time, by his publication of the designs of modesty, that he constantly prefixed to all the that great Master and Palladio, as well as by editions of it this motto, Nos hac novimus esse many noble buildings of his own, revived the nihil. P. (See Epitaph No. xii. and Introductrue taste of Architecture in this kingdoin. P. tory Memoir, p. xxvi.]

Hibernian Politics, O Swift! thy fate?;
And Pope's, ten years to comment and translate ?

“Proceed, great days! till Learning fly the shore,
Till Birch shall blush with noble blood no more,
Till Thames see Eton's sons for ever play,
Till Westminster's whole year be holiday,
Till Isis' Elders reel, their pupils' sport,
And Alma Mater lie dissolv'd in Port 3!

Enough! enough!' the raptur'd Monarch cries;
And thro' the Iv'ry Gate the Vision flies.


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The Poet being, in this Book, to declare the Completion of the Prophecies mentioned at the end of the former, makes a new Invocation; as the greater Poets are wont, when some high and worthy matter is to be sung. He shews the Goddess coming in her Majesty, to destroy Order and Science, and to substitute the Kingdom of the Dull upon earth. How she leads captive the Sciences, and silenceth the Muses, and what they be who succeed in their stead. All her Children, by a wonderful attraction, are drawn about her; and bear along with them divers others, who promote her Empire by connivance, weak resistance, or discouragement of Arts; such as Half-wits, tasteless Admirers, vain Pretenders, the Flatterers of Dunces, or the Patrons of them. All these crowd round her; one of them offering to approach her is driven back by a Rival ; but she commends and encourages both. The first who speak in form are the Geniuses of the Schools, who assure her of their care to advance her Cause, by confining Youth to Words, and keeping them out of the way of real Knowledge. Their Address, and her gracious Answer; with her Charge to

1 Ver. 3317

in the former Editions thus: the value of One hundred more. The Author -O Swift ! thy doom,

only seems to lament, that he was employed in And Pope's, translating ten whole years with Translation at all.” P. Broome.'

Hibernian Politics, 0 Swift! thy fate;] On which was the following Note, “He con See Book 1. ver 26. P. cludes his irony with a stroke upon himself; for 2 And Pope's, ten years to comment and whoever imagines this a sarcasm on the other in- translate.] The Author here plainly laments that genious person is surely mistaken. The opinion he was so long employed in translating and comour Author had of him was sufficiently shewn by menting. He began the Iliad in 1713, and finishhis joining him in the undertaking of the Odyssey; ed it in 1719. The edition of Shakespear (which in which Mr Broome, having engaged without he undertook merely because no body else would) any previous agreement, discharged his part so took up near two years more in the drudgery of much to Mr Pope's satisfaction, that he gratified comparing impressions, rectifying the Scenery, him with the full sum of Five hundred pounds, &c., and the translation of half the Odyssey emand a present of all those books for which his ployed him from that time to 1725. P. own interest could procure him subscribers, to 3 [Cf. Book iv. v. 202.]

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them and the Universities. The Universities appear by their proper Deputies, and assure her that the same method is observed in the progress of Education. The speech of Aristarchus on this subject. They are drawn off by a banil of young Gentlemen returned from Travel with their Tutors; one of whom delivers to the Goddess, in a polite oration, an account of the whole Conduct and Fruits of their Travels : presenting to her at the same time a young Nobleman perfectly accomplished. She receives him graciously, and endues him with the happy quality of Want of Shame. She sees loitering about her a number of Indolent Persons abandoning all business and duty, and dying with laziness: To these approaches the Antiquary Annius, intreating her to make them Virtuoso's, and assign them over to him. But Mummius, another Antiquary, complaining of his fraudulent proceeding, she finds a method to reconcile their difference. Then enter a troop of people fantastically adorned, offering her strange and exotic presents: Amongst them one stands forth and demands justice on another, who had deprived him of one of the greatest Curiosities in nature; but he justifies himself so well, that the Goddess gives them both her approbation. She recommends to them to find proper employment for the Indolents before-mentioned, in the study of Butterflies, Shells, Birdsnests, Moss, &c. but with particular caution, not to proceed beyond Trifles, to any useful or extensive views Nature, or of the Author of Nature. Against the last of these apprehensions, she is secured by a hearty address from the Minute Philosophers and Freethinkers, one of whom speaks in the name of the rest. The Youth, thus instructed and principled, are delivered to her in a body, by the hands of Silenus, and then admitted to taste the cup of the Magus her High Priest, which causes a total oblivion of all Obligations, divine, civil, moral, or rational. To these her Adepts she sends Priests, Attendants, and Comforters, of various kinds; confers on them Orders and Degrees; and then dismissing them with a speech, confirming to each his Privileges, and telling what she expects from each, concludes with a Yawn of extraordinary virtue: The Progress and Effects whereof on all Orders of men, and the Consummation of all, in the restoration of Night and Chaos, conclude the Poema

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1 This Book may properly be distinguished certain than that the Iliad itself was the work of from the former, by the Name of the GREATER Solomon, or the Batrachomuomachia of Homer, DUNCIAD, not so indeed in Size, but in Subject; as Barnes hath affirmed. BENTLEY.' P. and so far contrary to the distinction anciently ? Force inertly strong;) Alluding to the Vis made of the Greater and Lesser Iliad. But inertiæ of Matter, which, tho' it really be no much are they mistaken who imagine this Work Power, is yet the Foundation of all the qualities in any wise inferior to the former, or of any other and Attributes of that sluggish Substance. P. hand than of our Poet; of which I am much more and Warburton.


Then rose the Seed of Chaos, and of Night,
To blot out Order, and extinguish Light,
Of dull and venal a new World? to mould,

15 And bring Saturnian days of Lead and Gold.

She mounts the Throne: her head a Cloud conceal'da
In broad Effulgence all below reveal'd;
('Tis thus aspiring Dulness ever shines)
Soft on her lap her Laureate son reclines.

Beneath her footstool", Science groans in Chains,
And Wit dreads Exile, Penalties, and Pains.
There foam'd rebellious. Logic, gagg’d and bound,
There, stript, fair Rhet'ric languish'd on the ground;
His blunted Arms by Sophistry are born,

And shameless Billingsgate her Robes adorn.
Morality', by her false Guardians drawn,
Chicane in Furs, and Casuistry in Lawn,
Gasps, as they straiten at each end the cord,
And dies, when Dulness gives her Page the word 3.
Mad Máthesi alone was unconfin'd,
Too mad for mere material chains to bind,
Now to pure Space lifts her ecstatic stare,
Now running round the Circle finds it square5.
But held in ten-fold bonds the Muses lie,

Watch'd both by Envy's and by Flatt'ry's eye6:
There to her heart sad Tragedy addrest
The dagger wont to pierce the Tyrant's breast;
But sober History restrain’d her rage,
And promis'd Vengeance on a barb'rous age.
There sunk Thalia, nerveless, cold, and dead,

Had not her Sister Satire held her head : a new World) In allusion to the Epicurean tity of Matter, the Reality of Spače, &c. P. opinion, that from the Dissolution of the natural and Varburton. World into Night and Chaos a new one should 5 running round the Circle finds it square.] arise; this the Poet alluding to, in the Produc- Regards the wild and fruitless attempts of squartion of a new. moral World, makes it partake of ing the Circle. P. and Warburton. its original Principles. P. and Warburton. 6 Watch'd both by Envy's and by Flatt'ry's

? Beneath her footstool, &c.! We are next eye.) One of the misfortunes falling on Authors presented with the pictures of those whom the from the Act for subjecting Plays to the power Goddess leads in captivity. Science is only de- of a Licenser, being the false representations to pressed and confined so as to be rendered use- which they were exposed, from such as either less; but Wit or Genius, as a more dangerous gratify'd their Envy to Merit, or made their and active enemy, punished, or driven away: Court to Greatness, by perverting general ReDulness being often reconciled in some degree flections against Vice into Libels on particular with Learning, but never upon any terms with Persons. P. and Warburton. _[A licensing Act Wit. And accordingly it will be seen that she had been introduced by Sir John Barnard in admits something like each Science, as Casuistry, 1735, but immediately abandoned; the Act of Sophistry, &c. but nothing like Wit, Opera alone 1737 was occasioned by the political strokes in siipplying its place. P. and Warburton. Fielding's Pasquin and the scurrilities of other

gives her Page the word.) There was a plays. The bill was carried by Walpole, notwithJudge of this name, always ready to hang any standing the vigorous opposition of Lord ChesMan that came before him, of which he was terfield, who treated it as a first step towards a suffered to give a hundred miserable examples, censorship of the press. Though the powers conduring a long life, even to his dotage. P. and ferred by this Act are still retained by the Lord Warburton. [Cf. Epilogue to Satires, Dial. 11. Chamberlain, they are used so sparingly and V. 159.)

temperately (in 14 years, from 1852 to 1865, only * Mad Máthesis) Alluding to the strange 19 plays were rejected out of 2,816) that the Conclusions some Mathematicians have deduced restriction is practically little felt by managers, from their principles, concerning the real Quan- authors or public.)



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