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one; and as to my own, drawn up in the absence of any special instructions bearing on the case in point, I trust it will meet with yoar Lordship's approbation.

Having, as already Btated, agreed to suspend tho presentation of our respective demands until we could obtain more explicit instructions relative to them, we then determined to alter the tone of our joint note to the President, which was finally sent in as I have now the honour to transmit to your Lordship. We made it as conciliatory and pacific as possible, with a view to getting the moderate and rational members of the Government to accept our intervention in a friendly instead of a hostile spirit.

As the Mexicans have determined to abandon their ports, and concentrate their forces iu the interior, we lose all hold on them unless we follow them there, and by force dictate our own terms, which, with such a land force as the allies now have here, would be impossible, owing to the resistance we should meet with from the whole population against the Spanish portion of the expedition. To keep so large an agglomeration of European troops in this small town, with the sickly season rapidly approaching, would be worse than imprudent, and therefore it was determined to be absolutely necessary to move them into the interior, as far as the first tablelands, where are situated the towns of Jalapa, Cordova, and Orizaba. To arrive at these places, however, the troops would have to pass gome most formidable mountain-passes, which the Mexicans have already fortified, and are determined to defend.

These considerations convinced both General Prim and myself that we must endeavour to obtain what was required by persuasion, instead of by force; and hence the extremely conciliatory tone of our joint note to the Mexican Government, which was dispatched on the 4th instant by our three officers, as already stated. They were instructed verbally to demand a more healthy location for the allied troops, and to point out Jalapa and Orizaba as suitable places, should they not be objected to by the Government.

Having come to this resolution, the Commissioners determined to withhold the transmission of the joint note we had written about the expulsion of the Spaniards from Tampico until we received a reply to the one sent up by the three officers.

Although the French Commissioners finally adopted the line of conduct I have described, they evidently did so with reluctance, owing to the extreme hostility of M. de Saligny to the Juarez Government, which Admiral de la Graviere seems also anxious to get rid of, with the hope of establishing a monarchy in its place. Whether such a change would be beneficial or not remains to beproved; but if it does take place, it should proceed from the will of the nation itself, as any suggestion coming from us on such a subject could only be looked on by the Mexicans as an unwarrantable interference on our part.

If the present Government would frankly accept the sort of amicable protection we now offer them, an immense step will have been gained; for, in such a case, they could, relying on the support of our presence, use their own forces in putting down the formidable bands of robbers and malcontents who now infest all the great public thoroughfares, and, by restoring peace to the country, thereby enable the Government to collect its revenue, and offer the protection which it owes to foreigners resident in the Bepublic.

Earl Russell. C. LENNOX WTKE.

(Inclosure 1.)—Ultimatum proposed to be presented to the Mexican Government ly ike French Commissioners.

Vera Cruz,

Les Soussignés, Eeprésentants de la France, ont l'honneur, ainsi qu'il est dit dans la note collective adressée en date de ce jour au Gouvernement Mexicain par les Plénipotentiaires de la France, de l'Angleterre, et de l'Espagne, de formuler comme suit l'ultimatum dont ils ont ordre d'exiger au nom du Gouvernement de Sa Majesté l'Empereur l'acceptation pure et simple par le Mexique:

Aet. I. Le Mexique s'engage à payer à la France une somme de 12,000,000 piastres à laquelle est évalué l'ensemble des réclamations Françaises, en raison des faits accomplis jusqu'au 31 Juillet dernier, sauf les exceptions stipulées dans les Articles II et IV ci-dessous.

En ce qui touche les faits accomplis depuis le 31 Juillet dernier, et pour lesquels il est fait ici une réserve expresse, le chiffre des réclamations auxquelles ils pourront donner lieu contre le Mexique sera fixé ultérieurement par les Plénipotentiaires de la France.

II. Les sommes restant dues sur la Convention de 1853, qui ne sont pas comprises dans l'Article I ci-dessus, devront être payées aux ayants-droit dans la forme et en tenant compte des échéances stipulées dans la dite Convention de 1853.

III. Le Mexique sera tenu à l'exécution pleine, loyale, et immédiate du contrat conclu, au mois de Février, 1859, entre le Gouvernement Mexicain et la Maison Jecker.

IV. Le Mexique s'oblige au paiement immédiat des 11,000 piastres' formant le reliquat de l'indemnité qui a été stipulée en faveitr de la veuve et des enfants de M. Kicke, Vice-Consul do France à Tépic, assassiné en Octobre, 1859.

Le Gouvernement Mexicain devra en outre, et ainsi qu'il eu a déjà contracté l'obligation, destituer de ses grades et emplois, et punir d'une façon exemplaire, le Colonel Sojas, un des assassins de M. Ricke, avec la condition expresse que Sojas ne pourra plus être investi d'aucun emploi, commandement, ni fonctions publiques quelconques.

V. Le Gouvernement Mexicain s'engage également à rechercher et à punir les auteurs des nombreux assassinats commis contre des Français, notamment les meurtriers du Sieur Davesne.

VI. Les auteurs des attentats commis le 14 Août dernier, contre le Ministre de l'Empereur, et des outrages auxquels le Représentant de la France a été en butte dans les premiers jours du mois de Novembre, 1861, seront soumis à un châtiment exemplaire; et le Gouvernement Mexicain sera tenu d'accorder à la France et à son Représentant les réparations et satisfactions dues en raison de ces déplorables excès.

VII. Pour assurer l'exécution des Articles V et VI ci-dessus, et le châtiment de tous les attentats qui ont été ou qui seraient commis contre la personne de Français résidant dans la République, le Ministre de France aura toujours le droit d'assister, en tout état de cause, et par tel délégué qu'il désignera à cet effet, à toutes instructions ouverts par la justice criminelle du pays.

Il sera investi du même droit relativement à toutes poursuites criminelles intentées contre ses nationaux.

VIII. Les indemnités stipulées dans le présent ultimatum porteront de droit, à dater du 17 Juillet dernier et jusqu'à parfait paiement, un intérêt annuel de 6 pour cent.

IX. En garantie de l'accomplissement des conditions financières et autres posées par le présent ultimatum, la France aura le droit d'occuper les ports de Vera Cruz, de Tampico, et tels autres ports de la République qu'elle croira à propos, et d'y établir des Commissaires désignés par le Gouvernement Impérial, lesquels auront pour mission d'assurer la remise entre les mains des Puissances qui y auront droit des fonds qui doivent être prélevés à leur profit, en exécution des Conventions étrangères, sur le produit des douanes maritimes du Mexique, et la remise entre les mains des Agents Français des sommes dues à la France.

Les Commissaires dont il s'agit seront, en outre, investis du pouvoir de réduire, soit de moitié, soit dans une moindre proportion suivant qu'ils le jugeront convenable, les droits actuellement perçus dans les ports de la République.

Il est expressément entendu que les marchandises ayant déjà acquitté les droits d'importation ne pourront, en aucun cas ni sous aucun prétexte que ce soit, être soumis par le Gouvernement Suprême ni par les autorités des Etats à aucuns droits additionnels de douane intérieure ou autres, excédant la proportion de 15 pour veut des droits payés à l'importation.

X. Toutea les mesures qui seront jugees necessaires pour regler la repartition entrc les parties interessees des sommes prcleveea sur le produit des douanes, ainsi que le mode et les epoques do paiement des indemnites stipulees ci-dessus, commo pour garautir l'execution des conditions du present ultimatum, seront arretes do concert entre les Plenipotentiaires de la France, de l'Angleterre, et de l'Espagne.

[Neither date nor signature.]

{Inclosure 2.)—Proposed despatch from the Count de Reus to General Doblado.

Excellency, (Translation.) Vera Cruz, January 14, 1862.

The Government of Her Catholic Majesty, whom I have the honour to represent, has instructed me to demand from the Government of this Eepublic the satisfaction due for the outrages committed against the Spanish nation; the reparation of the injuries inflicted on the subjects of Her Majesty who reside in the Mexican territory; and the faithful observance of the solemn compacts which bind the Mexican Government towards that of Her Catholic Majesty. In fulfilment of these instructions, I have the honour to lay before your Excellency, in clear and definite terms, what the Spanish Government demands from the Government of Mexico:

lstly. The immediate nomination of a Representative of the Republic, who will have to leave in the shortest possible time for the Court of Madrid, with the express commission to give full satisfaction for the outrage committed on Her Majesty the Queen of Spain and the Spauish nation by the expulsion of the Ambassador Don Joaquin Francisco Pacheco.

2ndly. The immediate fulfilment of the Mon-Almonte Treaty, and the payment of the interest due from the date of the said Treaty.

3rdly. The granting of indemnities to the Spanish subjects to whom they may be due, for the injuries inflicted on them by the crimes committed in the Haciendas of San Vicente and Chiconcuaque, and in the mine of San Dimas; the recognition of the right which belongs to Spain to demand compensation for the injuries suffered by subjects of Her Majesty in consequence of the oppressive acts and outrages which have been committed, or may be committed, against them; the exemplary punishment of the perpetrators of these crimes, and of the authorities who, though able to do so, did not attempt to prevent them, and the solemn promise that for the future the repetition of such atrocious excesses will be avoided.

4thly. The payment of 40,000 hard dollars as value for the Spanish barque " Conception," unlawfully seized, for her cargo, and for the injury suffered by her owners and freighters.

Tour Excellency will be pleased to state, in reply, whether or no the Mexican Government is disposed to accede to these demands within the precise period of 4 days, counted from the moment in which this communication may be placed in the hands of your .Excellency.

General Dollado. EL CONDE DE REUS.

(Inclosure 3.)—Proposed despatch from Sir C. Wyhe to
General Doblado.

Sie, Vera Cruz, Janwry 12, 1862.

In the joint note this day addressed to His Excellency the President by the Representatives of France and Spain as well as by myself, we have pointed out the imperious necessity which has compelled the three Powers we have the honour to represent, to adopt a united action for obtaining redress for those grievances of which we have such just cause to complain in common, reserving to ourselves separately the faculty of addressing to you, each in his turn, an ultimatum which we have been instructed by our respective Governments to present for acceptation to the Government of the Mexican Republic.

That of Great Britain which I have now the honour to transmit to your Excellency is as follows:

1. That your Government will give to that of Her Majesty a positive or material guarantee for the due and punctual fulfilment of all the stipulations contained in the various Treaties, Conventions, and Agreements at present existing between England and Mexico.

2. That the 600,000 dollars forcibly taken from the British Legation, and the 279,000 and odd dollars still remaining due of the money abstracted from the "conducta" at Laguna Seca, shall be immediately repaid with 6 per cent, interest on the first-named sum, and 12 per cent, on the second, counting from the day on which the money was unlawfully appropriated by the respective authors of these outrages; and that all such sums of money owing to the London bondholders and the Convention bondholders, as were in the hands of the Custom-House authorities at the time all payments were suspended by the Law of the 17th of July last, and all such sums as in consequence of that law have been since withheld from them, shall be repaid to the owners thereof with an interest of 6 per cent, thereon.

3. That Interventors to be named by the British Government, invested with the power of reducing the import duties by one-half if they consider it necessary to do so, shall be placed at the different

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