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“ freedom on ship board, than in to discuss whether the


of “ virtual imprisonment .on shore, Mr. Hudleston may or may not " is as little doubtful, as that their have been as imperfect in this in“ removal, if then effected, must stance as in the declaration as“ have been an escape. The offi- cribed to him in the report of the

cers evinced, under all the mor- debate at the India-House on the I tifications of distrust, what their 18th March (see Asiatic Journal, “ conduct would have been, if a No. 28, p. 398), of " recollecting

confidential appeal had been some intention of effecting a “ made to their patriotism. Their “ communication with Gen. Mac“ fate, under the supposed circum “ leod on ship board; but he was stances, would certainly have sure, if that honorable person* “ been precarious, and like their were alive, he would have been “ actual situation, apparently des as much astonished as he (Mr. perate ;

but like that also, pro H.) was at " what he in common bably more serious in its aspect with some invisible

agents is “ than in its result. The addi- pleased to call “ the accusation, “ tion of a few military prisoners the official letter of Gen. Macleod " to many thousands would have affirming the existence of the in

weighed little with the tyrant, tention to escape, being one of " while the commissioners were the leading facts of the case as " themselves beyond his grasp ; stated in Col. W.'s book. “ and if our conjectures be in It is still less my province to “ fluenced by his conduct, in reconcile this denial of the stated “ other cases of diplomacy, where plan and conversation with the « his tone was uniformly lowered pretended indisposition and em

as that of his opponent rose, it barkation of Mr. Falconer, with “ will at least remain questionable, his unequivocal admission of the “ whether the safety of the com- purpose, and of the plan; with the 66 missioners would have encreased official declaration to the same ef. o the danger of the escort. If fect of Gen. Macleod, or with a « such were the opinion of the narrative exactly corresponding «« two commissioners, and if all with mme related many years af“considerations affecting indivi- terwards to Col. Bruce of this “ duals ought to yield to the pub- place, by the secretary of the em“ lic weal, then, however pain- bassy, Mr. Collins Jackson, who

ful their decision must have been, stated himself to have been en

we shall merely arrive at this trusted with the secret. conclusion, that an injudicious It is not my province, and I am “ distrust of the officer command- grieved to say that it is not in my “ing the escort, in its conse- power to reconcile these things;

quences, obliged them to aban- it is only necessary for the main« đon their plan. With their tenance of my own character to "* other colleague it is well known declare, that (with the obvious ex“ that they had no habits of con- ception above stated) I know every “ fidence, and these circum- fact contained in this statement to 6 stances combined, may also ac- be true, and that I can have no s count for the silence of the offi- hesitation in attesting the veracity 66 cial records."

of my own narrative of my own Mr. Hudleston has thought proceedings. proper to deny the existence of

Thos. DALLAS. any conversation with the other commissioner, of the nature stated; and this is the only fact in my

* The “honorable person" alluded to, in our

report of Mr. Hudleston's speech in the debate narrative that I do not myself on the 18th March last, was Sir George Staunton,

and not Gen. Macleod, as supposed by Sir Thomas know to be true. It is not for me


To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.

SIR, -The following specimen them to fly like deer ; the Fringy (Euroof Tippoo Sultan's poetical capa- peans) and Nizam ul Mulk pass day and cities will perhaps amuse some

night together, trembling with fear of our

king. persons, but as the writer was once a despotic monarch, swaying, “ The kingdom flourishes and the army with all the energy of bitterness increases daily through thy munificence and bigotry, a fearful influence and justice. against

the British, it may instruct “ The Hujjam's (nickname for the Niothers to contemplate His Majes- zam) army flees through dread of thee, as

the hunter does when he beholds the lion. ty listening to the music of 'his opinion of himself.

“The Nazarenes, on coutemplating from The following extracts from Kirkpa- forget their own schemes and counsels.

the sea shore the sagacity of our king, trick's Letters of Tippoo Sultan, are verses

“ When mankind behold the liberality. of encomiastic odes called Raikhtehs, or Bhát, supposed to be the composition of and munificence of our king, they exclaim,

with one accord, Hatim was an absolute the Sultan, which were set to music, and

miser in comparison to him. sung or recited at appointed seasons and hours of the day; the language of the ori

Socrates, Hippocrates, all the sages ginal is a mixture of Persian and Hinduvi: of the earth, appear before him like the here a verse of one, there a verse of the most ignorant children. other. Four intelligent children with

“ Mars dwindles before the valor of good voices were, by a special edict of the

our king to a mere infant. Sam NureeSultan, to be procured, and taught to sing man, and Rústum are of no account.” them on public occasions at the palace.

But perhaps none of the flights with

which this extraordinary performance " When the Rústum-hearted king rush

abounds are equal in extravagance to the ed forward (or charged) on the Ruksh of his anger, then did the hearts of the lions following, with which I will close these

extracts : of Europe (the English) quake with dread.

“ Owing to the justice of this king, the " The flash of his sabre struck the

deer of the forest make their pillow of the army of Bailey like lightning : it caused

lion and the tiger, and their mattrass of Munro to shed tears, resembling the drops the leopard and the panther.” distilled from spring clouds. On Lang's

These odes were ninety-six in number, heart was fixed a stain, like that of the

and the style is extremely unpolished : tulip: Coote was made by this calamity the cccli letter in the abovementioned to lament like a hyacinth.”.

work is to the Killádar of Putun (SeringThere follows here an allusion to Gen. apatam), on the subject of getting the Matthews, who is distinctly named, the four children instructed to sing them, nature of which I do not comprehend. and desiring copies of the collection to be Bussy and Lally are also mentioned, but

made from the set transmitted with the I am too doubtful regarding the sense of

letter. Another copy to be given to the passage, in which they are introduced

Uzeemuddeen, the Taaluhdár (or superinto offer a translation of it.

tendant) of the dancers there i.e. at. « When the Mahrattas behold this ar Seringapatam), in order that the latter, my of our king, the dread thereof causes may teach the same to the said dancers,

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal, SIR,-For the gratification of accompanying extract from a recent the advocates for å free trade to India newspaper with a corner in India, I beg you will favour the your journal. - Yours, &c. X. Y.

6 Our

“Our attention has been frequently cal- put into the first port after leaving India, led of late to the bad condition of the ves one of them not to be repaired, but to be sels employed in the free trade, and we broken up. This subject is a matter of are concerned to find that there is too such vital interest, and calculated to raise much cause of complaint. To such extent such serious alarm in the minds of all who is the spirit of adventure carried, that have relations, or connections in India, when the commanders of those vessels in that we shall deem it our duty to recur to India are disappointed of a home consign- it again as soon as we are favoured with ment they literally cram them with pas the particulars of the instances to which sengers of all descriptions, and almost at we allude ; in the mean time we think it any price; and in two instances which have right thus to caution our readers both in came to our knowledge, they have been Europe and India.” so far from seaworthy, as to be forced to

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal.

London, March 2, 1811. ed that he cannot complete the pe. Sir,-In your Journal of Fe- riod of twenty-two years actual bruary, I observed a letter from a service in India, the only provision Retired Subaltern of the East-India he has to look to against want is Company's Service, with some re- half-pay in his native country, marks on the difference between which by the bye is only granted the half-pay given to the officers on the certificate of a surgeon of that service and those of his that he is unable to

serve in Majesty's army. This is a subject India. which every Company's officer, Promotion has been for some who has the misfortune to be on time so slow, that many do not athalf-pay, has long expected that tain the rank of captain in less the Court of Directors would, with than seventeen or eighteen years, their usual liberality, have taken and if obliged to retire before gaininto consideration.

ing that step, the pay is half-aThe principle which made it ne crown per day, and even a captain cessary to increase this allowance has only five shillings; so that a to the officers of his Majesty's man who has devoted the best army, made an increase infinitely years of his life to the service of more necessary to those of the his country in India, retires with a Honorable Company's service, for debilitated constitution on a pithis Majesty's officers on half-pay tance scarcely sufficient to suphave still their profession open to port existence, far less to keep up them, and by paying the pres- the appearance of a gentleman. cribed difference, or negotiating Surely then it cannot be conan exchange, may at any time be- sidered unreasonable in the Indian come effective ; and whether they officer to expect that the Court of do so or not, their brevet rank Directors will grant the same rate goes on: whereas, the hopes and of half-pay to their officers as has prospects of a Company's officer been granted by his Majesty, par. are at an end, and he is without a ticularly as the number who will profession as soon as he is put on benefit by it is very small, for no half-pay; for by the regulations of officer will ever think of retiring that service, he is precluded from from the Indian army

whose health ever returning to it.

gives him the smallest chance of If the health of an officer bas, being able to serve in it. Trusting from arduous service in an un that this

meet the


of some genial climate, become so impaire member of ihe Court of Direc

tors, who will feel inclined, for the P.S. The following are the rates sake of humanity and justice, to of half-pay to captains and subbring the subject to the notice of alterns in his Majesty's service, per the court, I remain,

day, viz. captains 7s., lieutenants

4s. and ensigns 3s. Yours, &c.

Lieutenants above seven years A RETIRED CAPTAIN OF THE standing have an additional sixMADRAS Army.


To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. SIR, -As your very,

valuable character of the gent leman whose name miscellany is open to all subjects appears at the head of this article, a connected with our Indian em name which will be found to shine as a pire, I beg you will permit me to bright star in that constellation of talents trouble


with a sketch of the which lias been engaged in rendering the services and talents of a very me

most valuable services to the army and ritorious officer, as a tribute of to the nation at large, and to which he respect from his old friend, has been enabled greatly to contribute by


the possession of those rare endowments, April 6, 1818.

which, though attained by few, are al

most indispensible in the character of COLONEL CONWAY.

every military officer holding superior Since the conquest of the Mysore rank and authority in an army about to country, and the destruction of the ty- be called into actual service. fant Tippoo Sultan by the valour of the

In the year 1809 Colonel Conway, who British forces under General Harris, our

then held an inferior situation* on the staff military affairs in the East-Indies have

establishment in the Madras army, was senever been found to possess so high a de

lected to fill the high and important ap. gree of interest and importance as may pointment of Adjutant-General ; a post with propriety be attached to them at the of such high consideration and responsipresent moment.

The powerful army bility, in a military point of view, that it which has been assembled under the per- is very seldom bestowed on any one below sonal command of the Governor General the rank of a field officer. This honor the Marquis of Hastings, and the im

conferred on an officer who could not posing attitude which his Lordship has

boast a rank superior to that of a captain assumed in his recent military move

of cavalry served to mark in a most strik: ments, have excited an unusual degree of ing manner the opinion which was enter interest in the mind of every one con

tained of his character and talents by those nected with Asiatic affairs. Under cir.

who thought proper to place him in that cumstances so likely to produce the most

high and honorable situatiou. Every important results, it becomes an interesting speculation, and one of no trifling admit that he was perhaps, of all other

person that knows Colonel Conway, will moment either in a inilitary or a nation

men, the best calculated for the appointal point of view, tatake a glance at the

ment of Adjutant-General in an army in character and pretensions of those com

the East-Indies; a situation which remanders and officers who it is probable quires the possession of talents of a pewill be engaged in these hostile opera• culiar, yet varied description. The know

and who, it is to be hoped, will ledge which he had attained of military by their exertious add fresh laurels to the wreath already so deservedly ac

tactics, the operations of the field, and

particularly the duties pertaining to the quired by our brave soldiers in that ex

staff of an army, were perhaps alone suftensive and important portion of the British empire.

ficient to point him out as an officer higua A consideration of this subject leads

* Depuły Adjutant General of the subsidiary us immediately to a brief notice of the force with the Nizam.


ly qualified to fill this post with honor 10 tant requisites among the officers of the himself and advantage to the service. staff. But the talents of the AdjutantWhatever were the favourable presenti. General arc by no means confined to the ments which might have been formed by points already touched upon. His prohis friends on this occasion, they have all found and general knowledge of the mibeen fully realized by the active, ener- litary art, both theoretical and practical, getic, and shining qualities which have is such as to qualify him for the most high constantly marked his career.

and important command. It is therefore The happy talent which he possesses


a matter of regret with those who are acdiscovering the peculiar forte of officers, quainted with the service and the inerits and his practice of bringing them forward of the Adjutant-General, that, especially and giving that direction to their abilities at the present juncture, it is not compatimost likely to tend to the good of the ble with his official situation that he should service, are circumstances which not a be called to move in a sphere more exaltfew meritorious individuals are ready to ed, and still more commensurate with his testify, many of whom may be said to abilities. owe their advancement to the skilful and If in any one particular that man may discriminating judgment exercised by the be said to excel who is found excellent in Adjutant General. Such is the penetra- all, the writer might dilate upon the su tion which Colonel Conway so eminently perior knowledge which Cołonel Conway' possesses, that it is a fact too well known possesses in regard to 'every thing conto be dilated on, that there was not, at nected with that essential arm of our Inthe time the writer was in India, a single dian defence, the “ Light Cavalry;" nor officer in the Madras army, of whose cha could he omit to notice the great in)racter and talents the colonel had not provements introduced by him, not only formed a correct and judicious estimate. in the cavalry regiments, but in the horse Norought it to be omitted, that he never artillery, both of which branches of the failed to raise from subordinate situations

army at Madras are proud to acknow. young men whom he found to possess ledge the comforts which both officers and latent talent, which would have been men have derived, and the superior effect passed over unnoticed, from that modest which has been given to their operations demeanour which is so often its con in the field, by the judicious plans and comitant, had not his discriminating mind alterations suggested by the Adj. General. been ever ready to elicit and call it forth The improvements which have been ininto action. It is a fact well known to troduced by him in the arrangement of the writer, that it was his constant prác- the army details, and the regulations tice to take by the hand young men who which he has adopted in regard to the were perfectly unknown to him,' and to office which he so ably fills, are calculated put them forward into situations which to prove of the greatest advantage to the he had discovered they were qualified to service. But there is one circumstance fill; as it was his rule to select for par- above all others which will cause the ticular services officers whom he knew colonel to be long remembered in the to possess appropriate abilities, in oppo- ranks of our brave oriental defenders ; sition to the weight of that rank and in- and that is, the affability, kindness, and terest which is so often found to prepon attention which he ever exercised toderate, to the exclusion of men of skill wards the native troops, and the pains and enterprise, to the great injury of the which he constantly took to win their service, and the serious deterioration of affection and regard. Every one will acthe military character.

knowledge that, whether in a military Highly essential and important as these or a political point of view, this is a qualifications must be considered in a mi- quality of all other's most important to be litary point of view, and which Colouel possessed by every officer in the EastConway has the good fortune to possess India service, where the native auxiliary in an eminent degree, still there is too regiments necessarily form the greater part much reason to believe that the service of the military establishment. After the often suffers materially from a lament- observation just made, it will almost be able deficiency in regard to these impor- superfluous to add, that, warm and steady

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