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Chapter This analogy between a royal speech, and a message should be
under the sign manual, is supported by several circum-
Another form of communication from the Crown to either Verbal
The other modes of communicating with Parliament are by the royal“ pleasure," " recommendation," or "consent," being signified.
The King's pleasure is signified at the commencement King's of each Parliament, by the lord chancellor, that the signified. Commons should elect a Speaker; and when a vacancy in the office of Speaker occurs in the middle of a Parliament, a communication of the same nature is made by a minister, in the house (see p. 157). His Majesty's pleasure is also signified for the attendance of the Commons in the House of Peers ; in regard to the times at which he appoints to be attended with addresses; and concerning matters personally affecting the interests of the royal family. At the end of a session, also, the royal pleasure is signified, by the lord chancellor, that Parliament should be prorogued. Under this head may likewise be included the approbation
of the Speaker elect, signified by the lord chancellor. For pro The King's recommendation is siguified to the Commons King's recedure
on the by a minister of the Crown, on receiving petitions, on til
1 2 Hatsell, 866, n.; 66 L. J.958: 89 C. J. 575; 82 L. J. 368; 105 C. J.
? 86 ib. 460.
motions for the introduction of bills, or on the offer of Chapter
commenda. grant is to be made in the committee of supply, or any tion, see p. other committee; or which would have the effect of re
leasing or compounding any sum of money owing to the
councillor, to motions for leave to bring in bills ; 1 or to
bills, see p. be read a third time and passed, the proceedings have 460.
been declared null and void. Amend. In June, 1874, notice having been given of an amendments in committee ment in committee on the Valuation of Property Bill, render
og ing Crown property rateable, doubts arose whether, as the the Crown.
consent of the Crown had not been signified, the question
1 106 C. J. 232; 107 ib. 142; 117 ib. 79. In 1853, the Queen's consent and recommendation were signified to the Land Revenues Bill, 108 ib. 625.
2 101 ib. 843; 107 ib. 321; 124 ib. 222.
3 Second reading, 108 ib. 375; 110 ib. 290; third reading, ib. 115, &c.
Civil List Bill, 1837, 93 ib. 204.
5 101 ib. 892; 103 ib. 729 ; 126 ib. 355.
677 ib. 408; 86 ib. 485. 550; 91 ib. 548; 105 ib. 492.
; 118 ib. 310; 119 ib. 368.
& 98 ib. 287; 99 ib. 309; 104 ib. 192; 105 ib. 338; 23 H. D. 1 s. 474. 551. 9107 C. J. 157.
Chapter Several precedents were found, in the previous century, in
which amendments affecting the interests of the Crown had
w places its the last, is when the Crown “places its interest at the Interes disposal of Parliament,” which is signified in the same the dis
posal of manner, by a minister of the Crown. In 1833, the King Parlia
ment. i Offences against Customs and 121 C. J. 423. Excise Laws Bill, 12th May, 1736, 5191 H. D. 3 s. 1564. 22 C. J. 714; Murder of Captain * Church Temporalities (Ireland) Porteous Bill, 15th June, 1737, 22 ib. Bill, 1833, 88 C. J. 381; Church of 899; Westminster Bridge Bill, 23rd Ireland Bill, 1835, 90 ib. 447; 91 ib. March, 1740, 23 ib. 693; Tenure of 427; 95 ib. 385; and Established Ward-bolding (Scotland) Bill, 22nd Church (Wales) Bill, 1895, 150 ib. May, 1747, 25 ib. 392.
182; Benefices (No. 2) Bill, 1898, : 220 H. D. 3 s. 641.
153 ib. 285; Osborne Estate Bill, 3 1st & 2nd Rep. 76 ib. 122. 294. 1902, 157 ib. 461; Irish Land Bill, 422, 591.
1903, 158 ib. 340.
had referred, in his speech from the throne, to a measure Chapter
in 1875, in regard to Irish peerages.3
* as constitutional declarations of the Crown, suggested by these com- the advice of its responsible ministers, by whom they are tions. announced to Parliament, in compliance with established
usage. They cannot be misconstrued into any interference with the proceedings of Parliament, as some of them are rendered necessary by resolutions of the House of Commons, and all are founded upon parliamentary usage, which both houses have agreed to observe. This usage is not binding upon Parliament: but if, without the consent of the Crown, previously signified, Parliament should dispose of the interests or affect the prerogative of the Crown, the Crown could still protect itself, in a constitutional manner, by the refusal of the royal assent to the bill. And it is one of the advantages of this usage, that it obviates the necessity of resorting to the exercise of that prerogative.
3 225 H. D. 3 s. 1210.
1 17 H. D. 3 s. 966.
Chapter Having enumerated all the accustomed forms in which How XVIII.
the royal will is made known to Parliament, it may now be ledger shown, in the same order, in what manner they are severally acknowledged by each house.
The forms observed on the meeting and prorogation of Addresses Parliament, and the proceedings connected with the address to wri in answer to the royal speech, were described in the seventh messages. chapter (see p. 171), and the royal assent to bills will be treated of hereafter (see p. 510). Messages under the royal sign manual are generally acknowledged by addresses in both houses, which are presented from one house by the. “ lords with white staves," i.e. the lord steward and the lord chamberlain; or sometimes by other lords specially named; and from the other by privy councillors, or members of the royal household, in the same manner as addresses in answer to royal speeches, when Parliament has been opened
by commission (see p. 173).
prompt provision, made by that house (see p. 588), is
address. Examples When the house is informed, by command of the Crown, To verbal of such
messages. communi- of the arrest of a member to be tried by a military court p. 117.
see martial, it immediately resolves upon an address of thanks
to his Majesty," for his tender regard to the privileges of