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Connected with this work, there are several circumstances which combine to ensure its extensive circulation. On its typographical accuracy it will be unnecessary for us to make any remarks, after having mentioned the publishers' names; and whoever is acquainted with the style and perspicuous manner in which Mr. Southey has been accustomed to convey his thoughts, will be prepared for that diversity of expression which a long and an active life, so full of incident as that of John Wesley, cannot fail to call forth.

shall now proceed to investigate the work.

It is somewhat singular, that Mr. Southey, who, in his title-page seems to have forgotten Mr. Wesley's titles, should be able with punctilious exactness to recollect his own. We are not even informed that this Wesley ever had a Christian name; but Mr. Southey appears before us with streamers flying, and all his canvass spread. This, however, may be according to the rules of etiquette. Perhaps Poet Laureates must never shew themselves in public, but in full dress. The paths through which men travel in the pursuit of fame, vary according to circumstances; both riches and po

by contrast, and all due distinctions ought always to be preserved; especially in those memorials where the biographer wishes to appear before the world as a greater character than his hero.

It is not improbable, that many persons, labouring under the same delusion with ourselves, will purchase these volumes from an expectation of find-verty, vice and virtue, frequently shine ing in them much original matter; and many others perhaps, on hearing that they contain none, will be glad to peruse them, to discover in what new manner Mr. Southey has arranged his old materials, and exhibited to the public, a character which has already been displayed in such variety of forms. Both the friends and foes of Mr. Wesley must be well aware, that the ground on which Mr. Southey has taken his stand is admirably chosen, as a commanding position, whence he can easily select from the complicated mass that is spread before him, such materials, as may either exalt Mr. Wesley into a saint, a divine, a philosopher of the highest order; of stigmatize him as an enthusiast, a fanatic, the dupe of superstition, a man destitute of all intellectual superiority, actuated by mean or ambitious motives, such as would become a mere hunter after popularity, whether a blockhead or a knave.

Let it not, however, be thought that Mr. Southey has any wish to depreciate the character of Mr. Wesley. Against all those who might be disposed to drop such insinuations, he has provided a powerful guard, by comparing him with Voltaire, whose celebrity is well known both to Infidels and Christians, in every nation throughout Europe. Of the mischiefs that have been done by his writings, France, during the last twenty years, has presented to the world a most dreadful exhibition; while the ultimate effects of those which may be expected to result from the mightier principles set at work by Mr. Wesley, nothing but futurity can fully unfold. But the whole paragraph shall appear in Mr. Southey's own language.

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Thus armed, the compiler comes before the public, who gather round him under the influence of very different hopes and fears, all desiring gratification, yet dreading a disap-say, having wisely appointed, that when so large pointment; the barometer of expectation rising or sinking, according to their knowledge or opinion of the biographer's views respecting Christianity, the religious establishment of our country, the tendencies of sectarianism, and the influence of Methodism upon the minds of the people.

But that we may form an accurate judgment, of the manner in which he proceeds in the delineation of Mr. Wesley's character, when connected with these interesting subjects, we

"It has been remarked, with much complacency, by the Jesuits, that in the year of Luther's birth, Loyola was born also: Providence, they a portion of Christendom was to be separated from the Catholic Church by means of the great German heresiarch, the great Spanish saint should establish an order by which the Catholic faith would be strenuously supported in Europe, and disseminated widely in the other parts of the world. Voltaire and Wesley were not indeed in like manner children of the same year, but they were contemporaries through a longer course of time; and the influences which they exercised upon their age, and upon posterity, have been not less remarkably opposed. While the one was scattering, with pestilent activity, the seeds of immorality and unbelief; the other, with equally unweariable zeal, laboured in the cause of religious enthusiasm.

The works

Voltaire have found their way wherever the French language is read; the disciples of Wesley, wherever the English is spoken. The principles of the arch-infidel were more rapid in their operation: he who aimed at no such evil as that which he contributed so greatly to bring about, was himself startled at their progress: in his latter days he trembled at the consequences which he then foresaw ; and indeed his remains had scarcely mouldered in the grave, before those consequences brought down the whole fabric of government in France, overturned her altars, subverted her throne, carried guilt, devastation, and misery into every part of his own country, and shook the rest of Europe like an earthquake. Wesley's doctrines, meantime, were slowly and gradually winning their way; but they advanced every succeeding year with accelerated force, and their effect must ultimately be more extensive, more powerful, and more permanent, for he has set mightier principles at work. Let it not, however, be supposed that I would represent these eminent men, like agents of the good and evil principles, in all things contrasted: the one was not all darkness, neither was the other all light.”— Preface.

From this paragraph, the opinion of the biographer respecting Mr. Wesley, may be gathered with a tolerable degree of accuracy. It commences with the triumphs of the Jesuits. Loyola, it seems, who was born in the same year with Luther, was raised up by Providence to extend the influence of that church which was shaken by the great German heresiarch; but, lest this representation should leave an impression too much in favour of Wesley, when compared to Voltaire, or contrasted with him; he disavows his belief, that he thought these eminent men like agents of the good and evil principles. The one was not all darkness, neither was the other all light.

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shire. In the year 1782, your Correspondent visited this pious memorial, and having taken a drawing of it, has inclosed you an outline, with an English transla

tion he has at

tempted of the inscription.

Inscription on the Monument in Maes Garmon,* translated from the Latin. This victory is as signed to A.D. 420.

THE Saxons with the Picts, a fierce Ally,
The now enfeebl'd Britons to destroy,
March forth their armies to this valley, fam'd
For this event, and since Maes Garmon nam'd.
Garmon and Lupus, then the Britons' guide,
From Pagan darkness to the Crucified,
By Faith beheld in majesty and power,
Instead of arms, bid Hallelujahs rise,
A present God in the distressing hour:
And echoing mountains aid the solemn noise;
Till panic-struck, their foes all quit the field,
And bloodless conquest to the Britons yield:
Who shout triumphant now a victory gain'd,
Not by the force of Arms, but Faith obtain'd.

N. G.

In memory of the Hallelujah Victory, erected this Monument.

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"N. G." are the initials of Nathaniel | calling upon God, like the thief on the Griffiths, a lineal descendant of whom cross, found, in his dying hours, that I have visited at the family mansion, salvation which he had spurned from near Maes Garmon. The Monument him with contempt through life. What is about 24 feet high. It was, I be- has been said of the crucified malefaclieve, erected near the middle of the tor, may be almost said of him: there 17th century, in the days of Philip or was one saved while in the pangs of Matthew Henry, by one or both of death, that none might despair; and but whom the gospel was preached in this one, that none might presume. mansion. This Monument stands in a very unfrequented spot, on which account it is but little known.

Liverpool, April 9, 1820.

J. FERNELL.

Maes Garmon. Garmon was the name of one of the mon's Field.

But what magnitude soever may attach to these offences, they dwindle into comparative insignificance, when placed by the side of the diabolical Cato-street conspiracy. The details of this horrible transaction having been

Christian Missionaries; and the above, in English, is Gar- already laid before the public, we

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It is painful to reflect, that the more
prominent events which have lately oc-
cupied the public attention, have
nearly all belonged to one common
family, though related to each other
by different degrees of consanguinity.
Disaffection, conspiracy, treason, and
assassination, have followed each
other in regular succession, if they
have not walked hand in hand.

Mr. Hunt, having been tried at York
Assizes, for "
assembling with unlaw-
ful banners, an unlawful meeting,"
has been found guilty. He has ap-
plied for a new trial, but has been dis-
appointed, and received a sentence of
imprisonment for two years and half
in Ilchester gaol. Messrs. Johnson,
Healy, and Bamford, are to be impri-
soned one year in Lincoln gaol. Each
is then to provide sureties for his good
behaviour during five years.

At Chester, Sir Charles Wolseley,
and the celebrated Mr. Harrison of
Stockport, have been tried, and found
guilty of sedition, and sentenced to
eighteen months' imprisonment.

have no design to do more than merely register the atrocious fact, the circumstances which led to the detection of the plot, and the condign punishment to which the perpetrators were SO justly brought.

To

It appears from the evidence of Adams and Edwards, who belonged to the gang, that the conspirators, among whom the notorious Arthur Thistlewood took the lead, had formed a resolution to murder his Majesty's Ministers, whenever a favourable opportunity should present itself. make their arrangements, they hired a loft in Cato-street, London, where they occasionally met to the number of between twenty and thirty, being provided with all those implements of destruction which they deemed necessary to accomplish their infernal purpose. Having waited until their impatience for blood was nearly exhausted, and spent much time in forming plans which they could hardly hope to execute, it was announced by one of the party, on Tuesday, Feb. 24, that, on the following day, there was to be a Cabinet dinner at Lord Harrowby's in the evening. On receiving this intelligence, it was determined among them, that two should go to Lord Harrowby's with a pretended message, and that having thus got the doors open, others of the gang should rush in, overpower the servants, make their way to the company, and accomplish the work of death. The number allotted for this desperate and diabolical undertaking was twenty; of whom, six were to secure or murder the servants, and fourteen to attack and murder the company.

For an attempt to murder Mr. Birch, the constable of Stockport, M'Innis and Bruce have been tried and capitally convicted at Chester Assizes. The former has been executed; but the sentence of Bruce has been mitigated to a transportation for life. To M'Innis, while under sentence of death, we have well-attested evidence, that Divine mercy was extended by the King of kings. This man, who had defied all law and authority, both human and divine, became alarmed for Happily, on the Wednesday mornthe state of his soul just before he ing some information of this intended was about to launch into eternity; and | assassination was communicated to

Lord Harrowby, who immediately concerted measures for arresting the conspirators, and preventing the massacre they had meditated. On the evening of Wednesday, the police-officers, assisted by some military, went to Catostreet, and found them armed, and just preparing to sally forth. A desperate conflict ensued, in which one of the police officers was killed, but several of the conspirators were taken. Thistlewood at this time escaped, but was secured on the following day.

When brought to their trial, the history of evidence that was given, disclosed such a scene of iniquitous ferocity, as was scarcely ever before displayed in a court of judicature, and such as no language can adequately express. Of the facts themselves, even the most sceptical could entertain no doubt, and the jury without any hesitation found them guilty. They were sentenced to be hanged, beheaded, and quartered.

On Monday, May 1st, Thistlewood, Tidd, Ings, Brunt, and Davidson, ascended the scaffold, and suffered the dreadful sentence of the law. After hanging half an hour, they were cut down and decapitated; but the remaining part of the sentence being remitted, their bodies were buried near a subterraneous passage leading to the cells in Newgate, the coffins having been previously filled with lime.

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Mathematical Question by Academicus,
Pickering.

Suppose the Earth to be a sphere, and that a ship set sail from Philadelphia, and sailed S. S. E. until she crossed the equator, where she spoke another ship from the Cape of Good Hope; it is required to determine the

course she must steer from thence to reach the latter place, and also the direct course and distance from the

Cape, to the place where the two ships met?

Mathematical Question by G. D. (R.N.)

Porchester, March 27, 1820.

Quest. What five numbers are those, which, if the product of the two first be added to the product of the three last, their sum will be 6060, and if the product of the first and third be added to the product of the other three, their sum will be 2620; again, if the product of the first and fourth be added to the product of the other three, their sum will be 1560; again, if the product of the first and fifth be added to the product of the other three, their sum will be 2052; and lastly, if the five numbers are multiplied into one another, their product will be 72576?

Mathematical Question by Supersedeas.

Jan. 31, 1820.

Throughout the whole course of Suppose London lies in latitude their trials, while under sentence of 51°. 31. N. Manchester in that of 53° death, and when brought on the scaf-28'. N. and longitude 2o. 22. W. from fold, where their mortal career was to terminate, these unhappy men, with the exception of Davidson, who seemed penitent, exhibited the most unfeeling brutality. No compunction, no remorse, no signs of repentance, were manifested. Hardened in infidelity, glorying in their crimes, and bidding defiance to the laws both of God

and man, they treated every thing

sacred either with sullenness or contempt, and in that awful state were hurried into eternity; leaving behind them a dreadful example of hardened iniquity, and bequeathing an awfully instructive lesson to posterity.

On Tuesday, Cooper, Harrison, Bradburn, Shaw, Strange, and Wilson, their companions in treason, but whose sentences had been mitigated, were removed under a strong escort to Portsmouth, to be transported to New South Wales for life.

London. What length of a curve would a nail in the circumference of a coach wheel, whose radius is three feet, describe, in going from one place to the other; supposing the coach to travel exactly in the arc of a great circle, the earth's radius being 3979 miles?

On Heathens.

in requesting some of our intelligent W. X. and Y. Z. of Woolmer, unite correspondents to inform them whether they think it possible that Heathens, considered as such, can be eternally ther the Gospel read or preached, is saved or not? or, in other words, wheor is not indispensably necessary to their salvation?

On Travels.

J. H. E. would be thankful to any correspondent, who would inform him through the medium of this Magazine, what Books of Travels are most likely

to be useful to a society engaged in | years, have a different translation from the moral and religious instruction of youth?

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the former editions, and also the English editions. They have we instead of they, thus:-" Then fearing lest we should have fallen," instead of "Then, fearing lest they should have fallen." The common edition of the Greek has EKTEOWOLY, they should fall. Montanus, Griesbach, and Valpy, have EKπεOWμEV, we should fall.

It would appear from the context, as well as from the numerous manuscripts and versions, that we is the preferable reading.

Is it proper for the Edinburgh Editors to make even so trifling an alteration? Remarks by any of your correspondents will much oblige, Sir, your humble servant, Aberdeen, 11th Feb. 1820.

COMMERCIAL REPORT, MAY 22, 1820.

Z.

THE present crisis will form a very interesting epoch in the annals of Commerce. At no former period were the principles of Trade and Manufactures so much discussed; and we may anticipate, that much good will arise from the candid and impartial manner in which these subjects are likely to be taken up in Parliament. We trust, that such an enlightened policy will be pursued, that our manufactures may be encouraged, and the merchant find many of the restrictions removed, which hitherto have cramped his best exertions. With this hope, we proceed to notice the principal features of the transactions of the past month: the most important operations have taken place in Cotton Wool, the sales amount to 42,128 bales; and the weekly sales and imports, since our last, are as under:

From April 22, to April 29,---Sales 14,462 bales.---Imported 8500 bales.

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The total Import this year to May 20, amounts to 219,983 packages Cotton.

We never recollect sales to have been made upon so large a scale, and this even in the face of very large imports. That the market maintains its currency so well against such heavy supplies, is sufficient evidence of the prodigious consumption of the article; and appearances indicate the prospect of higher prices, when the pressure of supply ceases. This article is closely watched by capitalists, willing to avail themselves of the first opportunity of coming in. The accounts from Manchester are upon the whole rather favourable, and must serve to explain the reasons of such unprecedented large sales.

The holders of British Plantation Sugars bring their Sugars freely to market; the prices of most descriptions have rather given way; we have few Sugars now left in first hands, and the Stock in London is reduced to 8000 casks, yet the demand continues languid, notwithstanding prices and stock are both so low.-Molasses are higher.-Coffee sells freely at the present advanced

rates.

The sales of Rum are wholly retail, and the article is rather drooping.

In Rice, there has been much business done, both for home trade and shipment.
Tobaccos are rather lower, the present stock this day, amounts to 5,910 hogsheads.

Naval Stores do not improve in value. Tar is rather lower. Turpentine without demand. The Timber Market is very inactive, and cargoes of Mirimachi Pine, may be purchased at 18d. per cubic foot.

Tallow is lower.-Fish Oils more inquired after.-Forty tuns of Sperm Oil have been sold at £68 per tun.-Olive Oil and Brimstone neglected.

Hides are in demand,-and Dry Hides are scarce and saleable.

Irish Provisions.-Good Beef is in considerable demand. In consequence of the bare state of the Market for Butter, scarcely any thing has been done, but the few small parcels which arrive are taken with avidity. No sales have yet been effected in New Butters, but prices are expected to open high.

During the last week more firmness has been evinced in our Corn Market, and there is some partial improvement; the holders of good Irish Wheat, are now looking for 10s. 3d. to 10s. 6d. per 70lb.; prime English brings 10s. 9d. to 11s. 3d. per 70lb. There is some disposition to sell Foreign Wheat in Bond, from 6s. to 6s. 6d. per 70lb. as in quality. Oats and Barley are improved in value. Beans are in steady demand. American Flour in Bond, sells at 28s. to 29s. per barrel, weighing 196lb. net. Sour American Flour fetches 35s. a 38s. per barrel.

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