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It is not criminal, though it is not what one should do, who is anxious
Ætat. 66. for the preservation and increase of piety, to which a peculiar observance of

Sunday is a great help. The distinction is clear between what is of moral and
what is of ritual obligation.”

On Saturday, May 13, I breakfasted with him by invitation, accompanied
by Mr. Andrew Crosbie, a Scotch Advocate, whom he had seen at Edinburgh,
and the Hon. Colonel (now General) Edward Stopford, brother to Lord
Courtown, who was desirous of being introduced to him. His tea and rolls
and butter, and whole breakfast apparatus were all in such decorum, and his
behaviour was so courteous, that Colonel Stopford was quite surprized, and
wondered at his having heard so much said of Johnson's Novenliness and rough-
ness. I have preserved nothing of what passed, except that Crofbie pleased him
much by talking learnedly of alchymy, as to which Johnson was not a positive
unbeliever, but rather delighted in considering what progress had actually been
made in the transmutation of metals, what near approaches there had been to
the making of gold; and told us that it was affirmed, that a person in the
Ruslian dominions had discovered the secret, but died without revealing it, as
imagining it would be prejudicial to fociety. He added, that it was not
impossible but it might in time be generally known.

It being asked whether it was realonable for a man to be angry at another whom a woman had preferred to him ;-Johnson. “ I do not see, Sir, that it is reasonable for a man to be angry at another, whom a woman has preferred to him: but angry he is, no doubt; and he is loath to be angry at himfelf.”

Before setting out for Scotland on the 23d, I was frequently in his company at different places, but during this period have recorded only two remarks: one concerning Garrick: “He has not Latin enough. He finds out the Latin by the meaning, rather than the meaning by the Latin.” And another concerning writers of travels, who, he observed, “ were more defective than any other writers.”

I passed many hours with him on the 17th, of which I find all my memorial is, “ much laughing.” It would seem he had that day been in a humour for jocularity and merriment, and upon such occasions I never knew a man laugh more heartily. We may suppose, that the high relish of a state fo different from his habitual gloom, produced more than ordinary exertions of that distinguishing faculty of man, which has puzzled philosophers so much to explain. Johnson's laugh was as remarkable as any circumstance in his man

It was a kind of good humoured growl. Tom Davies described it drolly enough: “ He laughs like a rhinoceros.”





grown well.


“ I MAKE no doubt but you are now safely lodged in your own habitation, and have told all your adventures to Mrs. Bofwell and Miss Veronica. Pray teach Veronica to love me. Bid her not mind mamma.

“ Mrs. Thrale has taken cold, and been very much disordered, but I hope is

Mr. Langton went yesterday to Lincolnshire, and has invited Nicolaida+ to follow him. Beauclerk talks of going to Bath. I am to set out on Monday; so there is nothing but dispersion.

“ I have returned Lord Hailes's entertaining sheets, but must stay till I come back for more, because it will be inconvenient to send them after me in my vagrant ftate.

“ I promised Mrs. Macaulays that I would try to serve her son at Oxford. I have not forgotten it, nor am unwilling to perform it. If they desire to give him an English education, it should be considered whether they cannot send him for a year or two to an English school. If he comes immediately from Scotland, he can make no figure in our Universities. The schools in the north, I believe, are cheap; and, when I was a young man, were eminently good.

“ There are two little books published by the Foulis, Telemachus and Collins's Poems, each a shilling; I would be glad to have them.

“ Make my compliments to Mrs. Boswell, though she does not love me. You see what perverse things ladies are, and how little fit to be trusted with feudal estates. When she mends and loves me, there may be more hope of her daughters.

“ I will not send compliments to my friends by name, because I would be
loath to leave any out in the enumeration. Tell them, as you see them, how
well I speak, of Scotch politeness, and Scotch hospitality, and Scotch beauty,
and of every thing Scotch, but Scotch oat-cakes and Scotch prejudices.

“Let me know the answer of Rafay, and the decision relating to Sic
Allan'. I am, my dearest Sir, with great affection,
“ Your most obliged and most humble servant,


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“ May 27, 1775.


4 A learned Greek.
5 Wife of the Reverend Mr. Kenneth Macaulay, authour of “ The History of St. Kilda.”

A law-fuit carried on by Sir Allan Maclean, Chief of his Clan, to recover certain parts of
bis family estate from the Duke of Argyle.


1775. After my return to Scotland, I wrote three letters to him, from which I Ærat. 66. extract the following passages :

« I have seen Lord Hailes since I came down. He thinks it wonderful that you are pleased to take so much pains in revising his · Annals. I told him that


you were well rewarded by the entertainment which you had in reading them.”

“ There has been a numerous flight of Hebrideans in Edinburgh this summer, whom I have been happy to entertain at my house. Mr. Donald Macqueen’ and Lord Monboddo supped with me one evening. They joined in controverting your proposition, that the Gaelick of the Highlands and Ines of Scotland was not written till of late.”

“ My mind has been somewhat dark this summer. I have need of your warming and vivifying rays; and I hope I shall have them frequently. I am going to pass some time with my father at Auchinleck.”

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“ I AM now returned from the annual ramble into the middle counties. Having seen nothing that I had not seen before, I have nothing to relate. Time has left that part of the inand few antiquities; and commerce has left the people no singularities. I was glad to go abroad, and, perhaps, glad to come home; which is, in other words, I was, I am afraid, weary of being at home, and weary of being abroad. Is not this the state of life? But, if we confess this weariness, let us not lament it; for all the wise and all the good say, that we may cure it.

« For the black fumes which rise in your mind, I can prescribe nothing but that you disperse them by honest business or innocent pleasure, and by reading sometimes easy and fometimes serious. Change of place is useful; and I hope that your residence at Auchinleck will have many good effects.

“ That I should have given pain to Rafay, I am sincerely sorry; and am therefore very much pleased that he is no longer uneasy. He still thinks that I have represented him as personally giving up the Chieftainship. I meant only that it was no longe rcontested between the two houses, and supposed it

? A very learned minister in the Ife of Sky, whom both Dr. Johnson and I have mentioned with regard.


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settled, perhaps, by the cession of some remote generation, in the house of

1775. Dunvegan. I am sorry the advertisement was not continued for three or four Ætat. 66. times in the papers.

ts That Lord Monboddo and Mr. Macqueen should controvert a position contrary to the imaginary interest of literary or national prejudice, might be easily imagined; but of a standing fact there ought to be no controversy: If there are men with tails, catch an bomo caudatus; if there was writing of old in the Highlands or Hebrides, in the Erse language, produce the manuscripts. Where men write, they will write to one another, and some of their letters, in families studious of their ancestry, will be kept. In Wales there are many manuscripts.

“ I have now three parcels of Lord Hailes's history, which I purpose to return all the next week: that his respect for my little observations should keep his work in suspense, makes one of the evils of my journey. It is in our language, I think, a new mode of history,

new mode of history, which tells all that is wanted, and, I suppose, all that is known, without laboured splendour of language, or affected subtilty of conjecture. The exactness of his dates raises my wonder.

wonder. He seems to have the closeness of Henault without his constraint.

Mrs. Thrale was so entertained with your · Journal";' chat she almost read herself blind. She has a great regard for you.

« Of Mrs. Boswell, though she knows in her heart that she does not love me, I am always glad to hear any good, and hope that she and the little dear ladies will have neither sickness nor any other affliction. But she knows that she does not care what becomes of me, and for that she may be sure that I think her very much to blame.

“ Never, my dear Sir, do you take it into your head to think that I do not love you; you may settle yourself in full confidence both of my love and my esteem; I love you as a kind man, I value you as a worthy man, and hope in time to reverence you as a man of exemplary piety. I hold you as Hamlet has it, in my heart of heart, and, therefore, it is little to say, that I am, Sir,

“ Your affectionate humble servant, London, August, 27, 1775


My “ Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides," which that lady read in the original manuscript."

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IF in these papers’, there is little alteration attempted, do not suppose me negligent. I have read them perhaps more closely than the rest; but I find nothing worthy of an objection. Write to me foon, and write often, and tell me all your honest heart.

“ I am, Sir,

“ Your's affectionately, “ August 30, 1775.

SAM. Johnson."

To the same. « MY DEAR SIR,

“I now write to you, lest in some of your freaks and humours you fhould fancy yourself neglected. Such fancies I must entreat you never to admit, at least never to indulge, for my regard for you is fo radicated and fixed, that it is become part of my mind, and cannot be effaced but by some cause uncommonly violent; therefore, whether I write or not, fet your thoughts at rest. I now write to tell you that I shall not very soon write again, for I am to set out to-morrow on another journey.

“ Your friends are all well at Streatham, and in Leicester-fields. Make my compliments to Mrs. Bofwell, if she is in good humour with me.

“ I am, Sir, &c. “ September 14, 1775.

SAM. Johnson.”

What he mentions in such light terms as, “I am to set out to-morrow on another journey,” I soon afterwards discovered was no less than a tour to France with Mr. and Mrs. Thrale. This was the only time in his life that he went upon the Continent.


Edinburgh, Oct. 24, 1775« MY DEAR SIR,

« IF I had not been informed that you were at Paris, you should have had a letter from me by the earliest opportunity, announcing the birth

? Another parcel of Lord Hailes's “ Annals of Scotland.".


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