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verses in celebration of Addison's
restoration to health, 436.
Boyle, Charles, his nominal editor-
ship of the Letters of Phalaris, ii.
369; his book on Greek history and
philology 362.
Boyle, Rt. Hon. Henry, iii. 384.
“Boys” (the) in opposition to Sir R.
Walpole, i. 286.
Bracegirdle, Mrs., her celebrity as an
actress, iii. 52; her intimacy with
Congreve, 52.
Brahmins, ii. 544.
Breda, treaty of, ii. 301.
Bribery, foreign, in the time of
Charles I., i. 189.
Brihuega, siege of, i. 544.
“Broad Bottom Administration”(the),
ii. 24.
Brothers, his prophecies as a test of
faith, ii. 544.
Brown, Launcelot, ii. 524.
Brown's Estimate, ii. 36.
Bruce, his appearance at Dr. Bur-
ney's concerts, iii, 296.
Brunswick, the House of, iii. 456.
Brussels, its importance as the seat of
a vice-regal Court, ii. 300.
Brydges, Sir Egerton, iii. 343.
Buchanan, character of his writings,
ii. 227.
Buckhurst, iii. 4.
Buckingham, Duke of, the “Steenie”
of James I., i. 415; Bacon's early
discernment of his influence, ii. 182,
183; his expedition to Spain, 183;
his return for Bacon's patronage,
184; his corruption, 187; his cha-
racter and position, 187–192; his
marriage, 195; his visit to Bacon,
and report of his condition, 198.
Buckingham, Duke of, one of the Cabal
ministry, iii. 22; his fondness for
Wycherley, 22; anecdote of his
versatility, 22.
Budgell, Eustace, one of Addison's
friends, iii. 396. 399.
Bunyan, John, his history and cha-
racter, i. 281–291 ; his style, 293;
his religious enthusiasm and ima-
gery, ii. 568.
Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, review
of Southey's edition of, i. 279. 281.
290; peculiarity of the work, 293;
not a perfect allegory, 285. 287.
Buonaparte, i. 170., ii. 39., iii. 386.
See also Napoleon.
Burgoyne, Gen., chairman of the
committee of inquiry on Lord
Clive, ii. 531.
Burke, Edmund, his characteristics,
i. 207; his opinion of the war with
Spain on the question of maritime
right, ii. 21; , , resembles Bacon,
266; effect of his speeches on the

House of Commons, 375; not the
author of the Letters of Junius, iii.
101 ; his charges against Hastings,
161-190; his kindness to Miss
Burney, 325; her incivility to him
at Hastings’ trial, 325; his early
political career, 510–513; his first
speech in the House of Commons,
517; his opposition to Chatham’s
measures relating to India, 529;
his defence of his party against
Grenville's attacks, 534; his feeling
towards Chatham, 534.
Burleigh and his Times, review of
Rev. Dr. Nares's, i. 465; his early
life and character, 467-472; his
death, 473; importance of the times
in which he lived, 473; the great
stain on his character, 492, 493,
character of the class of statesmen
he belonged to, ii. 134; his conduct
towards Bacon, 145. 154; his apo-
logy for having resorted to torture,
179; Bacon’s letter to him upon the

department of knowledge he had

chosen, 259.
Burnet, Bishop, ii. 372.
Burney, Dr., his social position, iii,
291–295; his conduct relative to
his daughter's first publication, 306;
his daughter's engagement at Court,

Burney, Frances. See D'Arblay,

Bussey, his eminent merit and con-
duct in India, ii. 469.
Bute, Earl of, his character and edu-
cation, iii. 460; appointed Secretary
of State, 465; opposes the proposal
of war with Spain on account of the
family compact,469; his unpopu-
larity on Chatham's resignation,
472; becomes Prime Minister, 473;
his first speech in the House of
Lords, 473; induces the retirement
of the Duke of Newcastle, 475; be-
comes First Lord of the Treasury,
475; his foreign and domestic po-
licy, 477-489; his resignation, 490;
continues to advise the King pri-
vately, 494. 505. 514.
Butler, Addison not inferior to him
in wit, iii, 402.
Byng, Admiral, his failure at Minorca,
ii. 35; his trial, 39; opinion of his
conduct, 39; Chatham’s defence of
him, 40.
Byron, Lord, his epistolary style, i.
311; his character, 312,313; his early
life, 313; his quarrel with and
separation from his wife, 314–317;
his expatriation, 317; decline of his
intellectual powers, 319; his at-
tachment to Italy and Greece, 320 ;
his sickness and death, 320 ; general

N N 2


grief for his fate, 321; remarks on
his try, 322; his admiration of
the Pope school of poetry, 335; his
opinion of Wordsworth and Cole-
ridge, 335; of Peter Bell, 335; his
estimate of the poetry of the 18th
and 19th centuries, 336; his sen-
sitiveness to criticism, 337; the
interpreter between Wordsworth
and the multitude, 338; the founder
of an exoteric Lake school, 338; re-
marks on his dramatic works, 339–
344; his egotism, 347; cause of his
influence, 347, 348.


Cabal (the), their proceedings and
designs, ii. 312. 315. 321.
Cabinets, in modern times, ii. 329.
Cadiz, exploit of Essex at the siege of,
i. 527, ii. 354; its pillage by the
English expedition in 1702, i. 527.
Calcutta, its position on the Hoogley,
ii. 476; scene of the Black Hole of,
478,479; resentment of the English
at its fall, 480; again threatened by
Surajah Dowlah, 484; revival of its
prosperity,495; its sufferings during
the famine, 525; its capture, iii. 75;
its suburbs infested by robbers, 104;
its festivities on Hastings' marriage,
Calvinism, moderation of Bunyan's,
i. 291; held by the Church of Eng-
land at the end of the 16th century,
ii. 426; many of its doctrines con-
tained in the Paulician theology,
Cambridge, University of, favoured by
George I. and George II., 739; its
superiority to Oxford in intellectual
activity, ii. 135; disturbances pro-
duced in by the Civil War, 284.
Cambyses, story of his punishment of
the corrupt judge, ii.206.
Camilla, Madame D'Arblay's, iii. 346.
Campaign, The, by Addison, iii. 384.
Canada, subjugation of, by the British
in 1760, ii. 46.
Canning, Mr., iii. 340.
Cape Breton, reduction of, ii. 46.
Caraffa, Gian Pietro, afterwards Pope
Paul IV., his zeal and devotion, ii.
Carlisle, Lady, i. 448.
Carnatic (the), its resources, ii. 459–
472; its invasion by Hyder Ali, iii.
131, 132.
Carteret, Lord, his ascendency after
the fall of Walpole, i. 593; Sir Ho-
race Walpole's stories about him,
596; his defection from Sir Robert
Walpole, ii. 9; succeeds Walpole,

23; his character as a statesman,
24, 25; created Earl Granville, 24.
Carthagena, surrender of the arsenal
and ships of, to the Allies, i. 536.
Casina (the), of Plautus, i. 86.
Castile, Admiral of, i. 527.
Castile and Arragon, their old institu-
tions favourable to public liberty, i.

Castilians, their character in the 16th
century, i. 502; their conduct in the
War of the Succession, 538; their
attachment to the faith of their an-
cestors, ii. 553.

Castracani, Castruccio, Life of, by
Machiavelli, i. 103.

Catholic Church. See Church of

Catholicism, causes of its success, ii.

Catholics and Jews, the same reason-
ing employed against both. i. 299.

Catholics and Protestants, their rela-
tive numbers in the 16th century, i.


Catholic (a),
against, i. 155.
“Cato,” Addison's play of, its merits,
and the contest it occasioned, ii.
125; its first representation, iii. 415;
its performance at Oxford, 415.
Cavaliers, their successors in the reign
of George I. turned demagogues, iii.
Cavendish, Lord, his conduct in the
new council of Temple, ii. 356; his
merits, iii. 508.
Cecil. See Burleigh.
Cecil, Robert, his rivalry with Francis
Bacon, ii. 145. 154; his fear and
envy of Essex, 151; increase of his
dislike for Bacon, 154; his conver-
sation with Essex, 154; his inter.
ference to obtain knighthood for
Bacon, 170.
Cecilia, Madame D'Arblay's, iii. 345;
specimen of its style, 348, 349.
Censorship, existed in some form from
Henry VIII. to the Revolution, ii.
Cervantes, i. 503.
Chalmers, Dr., Mr. Gladstone's opin-
ion of his defence of the Church, ii.
Champion, Colonel, commander of the
Bengal army, iii. 96.
Chandernagore, French settlementon
the Hoogley, ii. 476; captured by
the English, 484.
Charlemagne, imbecility of his succes-
sors, ii. 454.
Charles, Archduke, his claim to the
, Spanish crown, i. 510; takes the
field in support of it, 527; accompa-
, nies Peterborough in his expedition,



531; his success in the north-east of
Spain, 534; is proclaimed king at
Madrid, 537; his reverses and re-
treat,540; his re-entry into Madrid,
542; his unpopularity, 543; con-

cludes a peace, 547; forms an alli-

ance with Philip of Spain, 553.

Charles I., lawfulness of the resistance


to, i. 31. 38; Milton's defence of his
execution, 41.43; his treatment of
the Parliament of 1640, 128; his
treatment of Strafford, 138; esti-
mate of his character, 139. 165, 166,
167. 416 ; his fall, 164; his condem-
nation and its consequences, 166–
170; Hampden's opposition to him,
and its consequences, 416–430; re-
sistance of the Scots to him, 431,
432; his increasing difficulties, 433;
his conduct towards the House of
Commons, 446–451; his flight, 451;
review of his conduct and treatment,
453–457; reaction in his favour
during the Long Parliament, ii. 96;
cause of his political blunders, 194;
effect of the victory over him on
the national character, 277.

Charles I. and Cromwell, choice be-

tween, i. 162.

Charles II., character of his reign,

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i. 45; his foreign subsidies, 187; his
situation in 1660 contrasted with
that of Lewis XVIII., ii. 80, 81; his
character, 87. 298.304. 312. 314, 315.
342; his position towards the king
of France, 92; consequences of his
levity and apathy, 95, 96; his court
compared with that of his father,
297; his extravagance, 301 ; his
subserviency to France, 303–324;
his renunciation of the dispensing
power, 320 ; his relations with Tem-
§ 323. 327. 356; his system of
o in the House of Lords, 538;
his death, 540 ; reflections on his
fall, 540; his funeral in Westminster
Abbey, 541.
Cherbourg, guns taken from, ii. 45.
Chesterfield, Lord, his dismissal by
Walpole, ii.10.
Cheyte Sing, a vassal of the govern-
ment of Bengal, iii. 135; his large
revenue and suspected treasure,
138; Hastings' policy in desiring to
punish him, 139–143; his treat-
ment made the successful charge
against Hastings, 173.
Chillingworth, his opinion on apos-
tolical succession, ii, 424; became a
Catholic from conviction, ii. 545.
Chinsurah, Dutch settlement on the
Hoogley, ii. 476; its siege by the
English and capitulation, 502.
Chivalry, its form in Languedoc in
the 12th century, ii. 546, 547.
Cholmondeley, Mrs. iii. 310.
Christchurch College, Oxford, its re-
pute after the Revolution, ii. 367;
issues a new edition of the Letters
of Phalaris, 367.
Christianity, its alliance with the
ancient philosophy, ii.224; light in
which it was regarded by the Italians
at the Reformation, 553.
Church (the), in the time of James II.
i. 185.
Church (the), Southey's Book of, i.
Church, the English, persecutions in
her name, i, 116; High and Low
Church parties, iii. 390.
Church of England, its origin, and
connection with the state, i. 125.
ii. 440; its condition in the time of
Charles I., i. 236; endeavour of the
leading Whigs at the Revolution to
alter its Liturgy and Articles, ii. 114,
429; its contest with the Scotch
nation, 116; Mr. Gladstone's work
in defence of it, 457; his arguments
for its being the pure Catholic
Church of Christ, 414–418; its
claims to apostolical succession dis-
cussed, 419–431; views respecting
its alliance with the state, 433–442;
contrast of its operations during the
two generations succeeding the Re-
formation, with those of the Church
of Rome, 566,567.
Church of Rome, its alliance with
ancient philosophy, ii. 224; causes
} of its success and vitality, 539, 540;
sketch of its history, 544–583.
Churchill, Charles, i. 184.
Cicero, partiality of Dr. Middleton
towards, ii. 131, 132; the most
eloquent and skilful of advocates,
132; his epistles in his banishment,


ribery of the Commons $34; his
dislike of Halifax, 351; his dismissal
of Temple, 353.

Charles II. of Spain, his unhappy con-

dition, i. 508, 513–519; his diffi-
culties in respect to the succession,

Charles III. of Spain, his hatred of

England, 736.

Charles W., ii. 553.
Charies VIII., ii 260.
Charles XII., compared with Clive,

ii. 535.

Charlotte, Queen, obtains the atten-

dance of Miss Burney, 665; her
partizanship for Hastings, 669; her
treatment of Miss Burney, 670–

Chatham, Earl of, character of his

public life, ii. 3, 4 ; his early life, 5;
his travels, 6; enters, the army, 6;
obtains a seat in Parliament, 6; at-

taches himself to the Whigs in op-
position, 13 ; his qualities as an
orator, 17, 18; dismissed from the
army, 20; is made Groom of the
Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales,
20; declaims against the ministers,
22; his opposition to Carteret, 23;
legacy left him by the Duchess of
Marlborough, 24; supports the Pel-
ham ministry, 24 ; appointed Vice-
Treasurer of Ireland, 26–28; over-
tures made to him by Newcastle, 34;
made Secretary of State, 34; defends
Admiral Byng, 40; coalesces with
the Duke of Newcastle, 34; success
of his administration, 34–51; his
appreciation of Clive, 503. 528 ;
breach between him and the great
Whig connection, 528 ; review of
his Correspondence, iii. 445; in the
zenith of prosperity and glory, 445;
his coalition with Newcastle, 450;
his strength in Parliament, 456;
jealousies in his cabinet, 466; his
defects, 467; proposes to declare war
against Spain on account of the
family compact,470; rejection of his
counsel, 470; his resignation, 470;
the king's gracious behaviour to
him, 470; public enthusiasm to-
wards him, 471; his conduct in
opposition, 473–485; his speech
against peace with France and
Spain, 487; his unsuccessful audi-
ences with George III. to form an
administration, 495; Sir William
Pynsent bequeaths his whole pro-
rty to him, 500; bad state of his
ealth, 500; is twice visited by the
Duke of Cumberland with propo-
sitions from the king, 505, 506; his
condemnation of the American
Stamp Act, 513; is induced by the
king to assist in ousting Rocking-
ham,520; morbid state of his mind,
521, 522. 528; undertakes to form
an administration, 523; is created
Earl of Chatham, 524; failure of his
ministerial arrangements, 524–531;
loss of his popularity, and of his
foreign influence, 524–531; his des-
potic manners, 523. 527; lays an
embargo on the exportation of corn,
528; his first speech in the House
of Lords, 528; his supercilious con-
duct towards the Peers, 528; his
retirement from office, 529; his
policy violated, 532; resigns the
privy seal, 532; state of parties and
of public affairs on his recovery, 532,
583; his political relations, 536;
his eloquence not suited to the
House of Lords, 536; opposed the
recognition of the independence of
the United States, 538; his last ap-


150; his opinion of the study of
rhetoric, 250.
Cider, proposal of a tax on, by the
Bute administration, iii. 488.
Civilisation, England’s progress in,
due to the people, i. 255.
Civil privileges and political power
identical, i. 298.
Civil war, its evils the price of our
liberty, i. 38; conduct of the Long
Parliament in reference to it, 141
Clarendon, Lord, his character, i. 185
—187; his testimony in favour of
Hampden, 420. 438. 442. 458. 462;
his literary merit, ii. 129; his posi-
tion at the head of affairs, 297. 299
–304; his faulty style, 316; his
opposition to the growing power of
the Commons, 336; his temper, $37.
Clarke, Dr. Samuel, ii. 542.
Clarkson, Thomas, iii. 343.
Classical learning, love of, in Italy in
the 14th century, i. 68.
Clavering, General, iii. 99; his op-
position to Hastings, 103–109; his
appointment as Governor-General,
116; his defeat, 118; his death, 118.
Cleveland, Ddchess of, her favour to
Wycherley and Churchill, iii. 20, 21.
Clifford, Lord, his character, ii. 312;
his retirement, 320; his talent for
debate, 335.
Clive, Lord, review of Sir John Mal-
colm's Life of, ii. 444–537; his
family and boyhood, 446, 447 ; his
shipment to India, 447; his arrival
at Madras, and position there, 449;
obtains an ensign's commission in
the Company’s service, 452; his at-
tack, capture, and defence of Arcot,
462–466; his subsequent proceed-
ings, 469, 470; his marriage and re-
turn to England, 470; his reception,
471; enters Parliament, 473; re-
turns to India, 474; his subsequent
proceedings, 475 et seq.; his conduct
towards Omichund, 491 ; his pecu-
niary acquisitions, 495, 496; his
transactions with Meer Jaffier, 495.
498; appointed Governor of the
Company's possessions in Bengal,
498; his dispersion of Shah Alum's
army, 500; responsibility of his posi-
tion, 502; his return to England,
502; his reception, 503, 504; his
roceedings at the India House, 505.
11 ; nominated Governor of the
British possessions in Bengal, 511;
his arrival at Calcutta, 512; sup-
presses a conspiracy, 512-516; suc-
cess of his foreign policy, 517; his
return to England, 520; his unpopu-
larity, and its causes, 520–529; in-
wested with the Grand Cross of the

Bath, 531; his speech in his defence,
and its consequence, 531; his life in
retirement, 533; reflections on his
career, 535; failing of his mind, and
death by his own hand, 536.
Clizia, Machiavelli's, i. 86.
Clodius, extensive bribery at the trial
of, ii. 204.
Club-room, Johnson's, i. 400.
Coalition of Chatham and Newcastle,
ii. 44.
Cobham, Lord, his malignity towards
Essex, ii. 167.
Caesar Borgia, i. 90.
Caesar, Claudius, resemblance of James
I. to, i. 413.
Caesar compared with Cromwell, i. 170.
Caesars (the), parallel between them
and the Tudors, not applicable, i.483.
Coke, Sir E., his conduct towards Ba-
con, ii. 147. 190; his opposition to
Bacon in Peacham's case, 175, 176;
his experience in conducting state
prosecutions, 176; his removal from
the Bench, 190; his reconciliation
with Buckingham, and agreement
to marry his daughter to Bucking-
ham's brother, 191; his reconcilia-
tion with Bacon, 191; his behaviour
to Bacon at his trial,210.
Coleridge, relative “correctness” of
his poetry, i. 323; Byron's opinion
of him, 335.
Coligni, Gasparde, reference to, iii.503.
Collier, Jeremy, sketch of his life, iii.
39–46; his publication on the pro-
fameness of the English stage,43.49;
his controversy with Congreve, 46.
et seq.
Colloquieson Society,Southey's, i.206;
plan of the work, 214, 215.
Colonies, i. 504; question of the com-
petency of Parliament to tax them,
iii. 512, 513.
Comedy (the) of England, effect of the
writings of Congreve and Sheridan
upon, i. 84.
Comic Dramatists of the Restoration,
iii. 1-55; have exercised a great
influence on the human mind, 3.
Comines, his testimony to the good
government of England, i. 408.
Commerce and manufactures, their
extent in Italy in the 14th century,
i. 67–69; condition of, during the
war at the latter part of the reign of
George II. ii. 49.
Commons, House of, increase of its
power, i. 195–197; increase of its
Fo by and since the Revolution,
li. 118.
Commonwealth, iii. 14.
Comus, Milton's, i. 13. 16.
co Marshal, compared with Clive,
ii. 535.

Con*Adminini. defeat by Hawke,
ii. 47.

Congreve, sketch of his career at the
Temple, iii. 35; success of his “Love
for Love,” 38 ; his “Mourning
Bride,” 39; his controversy with
Collier, 46.49; his “Way of the
World,” 49; his position among
men of letters, 51 ; his attachment
to Mrs. Bracegirdle, 52; his friend-
ship with the Duchess of Marlbo-
rough, 53; his death and capricious
will, 53; his funeral in Westminster
Abbey, 545 cenotaph to his memory
at Stowe, 54; analogy between him
and Wycherley, 54, 55.

Congreve and Sheridan, effect of their
works upon the comedy of England,
o, 84; contrasted with Shakspeare,

Conquests of the British arms in 1758
–60, ii. 46, 47."
Constance, council of, put an end to
the Wickliffe schism, ii. 550.
Constitution (the) of England, in the
15th and 18th centuries, compared
with those of other European states,
i. 146; the argument that it would
be destroyed by admitting the Jews
to power, 296; its theory in respect
to the three branches of the legisla-
ture, iii. 439.
Constitutional government, decline of,
on the Continent early in the 17th
century, i. 150.
Constitutional History of England, re-
view of Hallam's, i. 107–206.
Constitutional Royalists in the reign
of Charles I., i. 444, 451.
Conway, Henry, iii.498; Secretary of
State under Lord Rockingham,510;
returns to his position under Chat.
ham, 524–528; sank into insignifi-
cance, 533.
Conway, Marshal, his character, ii.503.
co, Sir Anthony, his learning, ii.
Co-operation, advantages of, ii. 390.
Coote, Sir Eyre, iii. 122; his character
and conduct in council, 122, 123;
his great victory of Porto Novo, 133.
Corah, ceded to the Mogul, iii. 92.
“Correctness” in the fine arts and in
the sciences, i. 323–327; in paint-
ing, 327; what is meant by it in
poetry, 323–327. *
Corruption, parliamentary, not neces-
sary to the Tudors, i. 579; its extent
in the reigns of George I. and II.
iii. 463,464.
Corsica given up to France, iii. 533.
Cossimbazar, its situation and import-
ance, iii. 74.
Council of York, its abolition, i. 439.
Country Wife of Wycherley, its cha-

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