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I fall add but one-Instance more, but that lying within the compass of pur own knowledge will be decisive : I shall mention but two Historians, both eminent Writers; the one Author of an excellent Treatise, fild, Ye Monde dans la Lune i the other, Paulus Venetus; who both speak of a Bird in the Illand of Madagascar, the Feathers of whole Wings are twelve Feet in length, and which takes up an Horse and his Rider, as easily as one of our Kites takes up a little Mouse. Here is ample Proof of the Probability of Mr. Gallizer's Transportation, and being an historical Fact, I shall not throw away Words in defending it ; if it be question'd, I shall only desire the Objector to take a Voyage to Madagascar to cure his Insredulity ; but earnectly request him to beware of this dangerous Animal, left by fatal Experience he be made sensible of Mr. Gulliver's Veracity.

I hall now, Ladies, soon release your Patience, by dispatching the laft Objection, which is, That the account of the Houghnbnms, in Latin Hinnientes is utterly incredible.

I presume the Gentleman takes Offence because Mr. Gulliver indues the Houybnbnms with the faculty of Speaking, and thereby places them in a station of Dignity equal to Man, the glory of the Creation : But wherein lies any Absurdity? Do we not daily hear Parrots (peaking artiCulately? Have we forgot the fenfible Conversation between old Prince Maurice and a Parrot, taken froin the Prince's own Mouth by our Embaffador Sir William Temple ? This Parrot, amongst other notable Obler. vations, faid, I know you to be a great Prince from your majestic dir. And are not our own Magpies and Starlings equally discerning and judicious? As they hang in our Streets at London, they, as it were, read the Looks of the Passengers, and from observing their Countenances, with an audible Voice, pronounce this Gentleman Rogue, and that Lady W bers. And can any one doubt but that they often speak Truch ? Now if all chefe kinds of Birds are allow'd to speak, and to reason, why must Horses be deny'd the like Privilege? Are they not more docile and tractable than most other Creatures ? and if less perfect Animals learn to speak; Why not they? Whence was it that the Poets of former Ages chose the Horse, or Pegasus, for their Patron Undoubtedly because they were well acquainted with his superior Sagacity. He was their Inspirer, they honour'd him, they invok'd him: He opend their Hippocrene for them, from whence they deriv'd all their noble Enthusiasm and divine Fury: And at this day arc'any Poets successful unlels he bears them on his Wings :

Above or low and grof 4bodes,
To mount o'er Stars and talk with Gods.

If I had been unacquainted with the Gentleman's great Proficiency in polite Literature, I might have entertain'd a Suspicion, that he had forgot fome of the Greek and Latin he had learn'd at School: Has he not read che Speech of Xanthirs, the Sieed of Achilles preserv'd by the incompaa Fable Homer? Iliad. 19. v. 453.

Achilles ! yes! this day at leaf we bear
Thy Rage in Safiry throthe Files of War
Biit come it will, sie fota! Time mult comie,
Nut ones the Faiit, but God verrir: 1.3 Doom :


Not toro oxy Crime, or flowness in the Course,
Fell tby Patroclus, but by beav'nly force.
No! could our feciftnefs o'er the Winds prevail,
Or beat the Pinions of the Weftern Gale ;
All were in vain ! ibe Fates the Death demand,

Due to a mortal and immortal Hand. Few Men can equal the strong Sense and beautiful Expression of this Steed of Achilles; he Reasons, he Moralizes, he Propheles ! Here we have the true Pegasum melos? Now, if all this was performd by Xanthus, why might it not by the Houghnbums? I thould overwhelm the Gentleman with Authorities were 1 to quote Livy, who recites the Speech of in Ox, Roma, tibi cave. Pliny tells us, Lib. 8. c. 45. that it was a common thing for Oxen to speak : En frequens, in prodigiis prifcorum, boven effe locatum. Oppian, Cyneg. 1. agrees with Homer about the Horse of Arbilles :

With human Voice inspir’d, bis Steed deplor's

The Fate depending dreadful o'er bis Lord. Can a fuller Vindication of Mr. Gulliver be expected, who is thus amply supported by the unexceptionable Testimony of former Ages ? Does not Virgil speak of Pecudes loquentes? And the divine Homer affures us, Odyf. 12. 0. 464. that when certain Oxen were lain,

Along the Ground
Crept the raw Hides, and witb a belloring Sound

Roard the dead Limbs, tbe burning Entrails' groan'd. Now if these Oxen could perform these surprising Wonders when dead, is it to be imagin'd they could not speak articulately when alive? If they could roar and bellow without the Organs of Sound, undoubtedly they Spoke when they had them.

I might here plead the Authority of the moft excellent Æsop, who gives us the wise Speeches, and profound Inftru&ions of various Animals : But he is suspected to have been a Fabulist, and I would by no means, in this serious Controversy, dishonour my Cause, by referring to a Person, who, as many judge, wrote chiefly from Invention : I want no such Supports, I only desire to be heard impartially.

Besides, What Scholar is there who has not read and admir'd the learned Herodotus? That Father of History assures us, in his Euterpe, that in Greece two Pigeons gave out Oracles with an human Voice, and were honour'd with Temples Who has not heard of the vocal and oracular Oaks of Dodona ? How Malts of Ships cut out of that Grove gave audible Responses? A certain Gentleman, that shall be nameless, imports annually large quantities of the same Timber ; and Images made of it retain the same Faculty at this Day, to the no {mall emolument of True Beo brvers. But I say no more I am not fond of being seiz'd by an Inquisition The result of all is this, That if we allow articulate Spe:ch to various Creatures, even to the Stock of a Tree, it is very une scalonable to diny il to as Hurie ; and there i re Mr. Gulliver is Reitas ir Curia.



And here innumerable Arguments pour'd in tipon me'; I could scarce restrain the torrent of Eloquence that flow'd into my Imaginațion : Buc it shews the skill of an Orator to know when to leave off; and he is often as much to be praised for what he does not say, as for what he says: I therefore check'd the Impetuosity, and chose rather to be correct than copious.

I will, therefore, Ladies, conclude the whole Dispute, by asking what Temptation Mr. Gulliver had to Fallify? Is not Truth as easily spoken as a Lye ! Did he gain a Fortune ? No, his family is far from abounds ing. Did he gain Reputation ? Undoubtedly he deservd it: But the present Debate is a Proof that he suffers by being suspected of Fallhood. So that nothing could possibly have extorted a Relation liable to Objection, even from the Novelty of it, from a Person of Mr Gulliver's good Sense,but the force of Truth: Magna ell Veritas & prævalebit. And I hope I shall be believed when I declare that the same Motive alone induces me to undertake his Vindication. I am not related to his family, I never had the Honour of his Acquaintance, or saw his Person : Nor am I biass’d by any lucrative Motives : I act upon nobler Principles, and think it preferrable to all Rewards to defend Truth, for the sake of Truth; let the merce. nary be Rich, let me be Honeft.

And now, Ladies, having laid before you the Evidence, I wait for the Verdict: I have used no flowers of Oratory, like our popular Dema. gogies, who speak to the Ear, not the Heart, and Aatter the imagination to deceive the Understanding: I have deliver'd my Sentimerts in a plain unaffected Seile, which is the only Ornament that Truth defires: Falfhood delights in Disguise, and loves to be concealid : Real Beauty wants no Paint, it only needs to be seen to be admir'd ; Such little Arts are only usd to cover Deformity. ----- But I will detain you no longer : The Cause is of great Importance, ro less than the Reputation of an innocent Man who now sleeps with his Ancestors, and cannot speak for himself; of a Person who, because he has discovered a new World, for that sole Reason lies under the imputation of an Impostor.

The Company were unanimous in their Sentiments, and asserted the Veracity of Mr. Guilieer; but added, that they fill likd Old England belt, and would never be persuaded to chuse either a Lilliputian or Brobe Wingnagian Husband.

A LETTER Concerning the new Preachers in




Baron, Sent. 28. 1741. CHE Religious Commotions in the Colony of Connecticut being

very uncommon and extraordinary, it is thought proper to give the Publick some account of them. In general, things appear in tivo very different and contrary Alpects, and Men are greatly divided in their Opinion, according as they happen molt Intenlely to view the one or the other. On the one side, these religious Commo:ions have produced a general Concern upon the Alind; ot Men, a Reforniation from lome Vices and Follies, and some seem to have pified through a faving Charge; and so far all good Men rejoice. Bit, on the oi her hind, many things appear in a quite difcrent and contrary Aircot. Some Minister, pretend to immediate Impressions from the Spirit to leave their own People a long time, and to travel about Proaching every Day in the Week, and by virtue of such Commission they suppose they have sufficient Warrant to go into other Mens Pulpits, or at least into their especial Charge, without their Defire or Consent; and they have laid aside their Studies, Notes and Preparations, upon Pretence of being immediately Influenced and Impressed by the Spirit what to preach ; and some of them have declared, that almost all they Preach is by the immediate Impression of the Holy Gholt, putting a long chain of Thoughts into their minds, and Words into their Mouths. And their main Design in Preaching seems not so much to inform Mens Judgments, as to terrify and affright their Imaginations, and by awful Words and frightful Representations to set the Congregation into hideous Shrieks and Outcries. And to this end, in every Place where they come, they represent that God is doing extraordinary Things in other Places, and that they are some of the last hardned Wretches that stand out: That this is the laft heavenly Call that ever they are likely to have : That they are now hanging over the Pit of eternal Deftruction, and just ready, this Moment, to fall into it : That Hell fire now flashes in their faces; and that the Devil now stands just ready to seize upon them and carry them to Hell ; and they will oftentimes repeat the awful Word, Damn'd! Damn'd! Damn'd! three or four times over. This frequently frights the little Children, and lets them to screaming, and that frights their tender Mothers and sets them to screaming, and by, degrees (preads over great part of the Congregation ; and forty, fifty, or an hundred of them all screaming together, makes such an awful and hideous Noise as will make a Man's Hair stand on end. Some will faint away, fall down upon the Floor, wallow and foamı; fome Women will rend off their Caps, Handkerchiefs, and other Cloaths, tear their Hair down about their Ears, and seem perfectly bereav'd of their Realon. After a little while, commonly next Day, some will come perfectly to their right Mind, and have no remembrance of what is pait : Bui tome are luddenly fill'd with Extasies, Raptures and transports of Joy, and an infallible Aflurance; and generally with a bitter, cenforious and uncharitable Spirit against all such as have not experienced theic Rapture, or that don't look upon them as Evidences of an extraordinary and miraculous Conversion. When they are once thus enlighten'd, they pretend to a Spirit of difcerning, and by comparing Experiences, can tell who are Converted and who not, with so much Certainty as that they cannot be deceived in one Instance in a hundred : And on them whom they judge Unconveried, they very freely beltow the Epithets of Pharisies, Hypocrites, and the like. And it is their profess'd Principle to turn out all unconveries Ministers, and to make a general Separation between the Precious and the Vi'e. Hence they have openly condemnd several Ministers as Cirnal old Phurifees, tho' nothing appe rs of Error in their Doctrine, or Scandal in their Lives; but have been shining Examples of Piery, and some of them Pilo lars in the Church ; and have charged their People to withdraw irom thein, and go and hear converted Ministers, or set up priv.se reparate Meetings among themelves; and accord ngly many Churches feem io be upon the Point of divid.ng and breaking into Pieces. Mr. D. Lolland is the moit remarkable Indian e oë this kind : He his traieid fro. Sioningeon to New-Havin about 80 Miles, and condean's sont all



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the Ministers, particularly that thining Example of Picty and Pillar of our Churches the aged and venerable Mr. Adams; and commanded his People to withdraw from him; and accordingly a considerable number of the Communicants lately withdrew from him, as being a carnal old Pberifee. In many Places where he comes, few or none will go to heat him ; and wherever he can gain any considerable Party he puts a stop to all serious Concern and vital Piety, by turning all Religion into Parties and Quarrels. At New-Haven he and some other Ministers and young gifted Brethren, held forth every Day on the Commencement Week, and generally continued till 10 or 11 o'clock at Night, and then a great part of their carryings on was not by Praying, Singing and Preaching upon a Text as usual ; but one would make a thort Prayer, then another give a Word of Exhortation, then another a Word of Exhortation : Then one would propose a Pfalm, then another a Prayer, then another a Word of Exhortation, and so on, without any certain Order or Method, so that in one Meeting of two or three Hours, there would be, it may be, 20 or zo distinct Exercises carried on by 9 or 10 diftin&t Persons; some standing in the Pulpit, fome in the body of Seats, some in the Pews, and some in the Gallery; and oftentimes several of them would speak together: So that some Praying, some Exhorting and Terrifying, some Singing, some Screaming, lome Crying, some Laughing, and some Scolding, made the most amazing Confufion that ever was heard. Mr. . in almost every Prayer vents himself against the Minister of the Place, and often declares him to be an unconverted Man, and says that Thoua Jands are now curfing of him in Hell for being the Instrument of their Damnation : He charges all to pray for his Destruction and Confuhon: He frequently calls him an Hypocrité, a Wolf in Sbeep's Cleatbing, and a Deoit incarnate: And uses such vile and opprobrious Language, as that had it been done by any other Man he would have been immediately sent to the Work house. I think that few or none of his greatest Admirers undertake peremptorily to justify these things. But they have conceived fuch an extraordinary Opinion of his Holiness and Success, as that they seem to suppole that he has some extraordinary Allistance or Commission to do that which may not be done by any other Man.

The Reverend Trustees of the College and other Minifters at the Commencement, being greatly concern'd about these Proceedings sent to Mr. D...... and his Party to defire a Conference with them in the Library, but receiv'd dilatory Answers, Once a Messenger came and faid he suppos'd Mr. D.... would be there presently; whereupon the Gentlemen waited about two Hours, and then sent another Messenger, who return'd an Answer, That Mr. D...... reckon'd it his Duty to stay where he was. Whereupon the Ministers went Home, as thinking all farther A:tempts would be fruitless. On the next Sabbatı he drew off a Party and held a Meeting in a private Houlc.

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Mr, Facia's

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