페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

Hark how I'll bribe thee:

Not with fond shekels of the tested gold,
Or stones, whose rate is either rich or poor,
As fancy values them; but with true prayers,
That shall be up at heaven, and enter there,
Ere the sun rise.

Virtue is of intrinsic value, and good desert: not the creature of will", but necessary and immutable; not lo`cal or tem"porary, but of equal extent and antiq'uity with the divine mind; not a mode of sensation, but everlasting truth; not depen"dent on power, but the guide of all power.

191. When sentences, negative in construction, express conviction or certainty, or are affirmative in their nature, they should be read with a Falling Inflexion.

Thou shalt do no murder.

Thou shalt not steal".

He shall not touch a hâir of Catiline.

Though I should die wîth thee, yet will I not deny thee. The hope, the courage of assâilants, is always great'er than of those who act on the defensive.

192. RULE V.-Words or clauses that convey opposition in sense require opposition of inflexion." In unemphatic composition, the first member may be read with a Rising, and the second with a Falling Inflexion. In emphatic sentences, the absolute or positive member should be read with a Falling, and the negative or relative member with a Rising, Circumflex.

Prosperity gains" friends, and adver"sity tries" them.

A friend" cannot be known" in prosperity, and an en``emy cannot be hidden in adversity.

Why beholdest thou the mote" that is in thy broth"er's eye, but perceivest not the beam" that is in thine own" eye? We seek not peace", but war"; and we shall fight", not pray"; for we had rather die", than live".

Many men mistake the love", for the practice, of virtue; and are not so much good" men, as the friends of goodness.

It is easy, in the world", to live after the world's" opinion; it is easy, in solitude, to live after our own";-but the great man is he, who, in the midst of the crowd", keeps the independence of solitude.

* The Inflexions must be so arranged that the first division of the sentence shall be terminated, according to Rule I., page 49, with a Rising Inflexion. The inflexions of unemphatic antithesis may be thus represented

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Extended empire, like expanded gold", exchanges sol'id strength" for fee'ble splendour.

We should esteem" virtue, though in a foe"; and abhor`` vice", though in a friend".

Virtuous and vicious every man must be;
Few in the extreme", but all" in the degree".
The rogue and fool" by fits are fair" and wise",
And even the bêst, by fits, what they despise :
"Tis but by pârts we follow good" or ill";"

For, vice or virtue, Sêlf directs it still.

The less we cop'y the renowned Ancients, we shall the more resemble them.

193. Indirect antithesis, contrast, and comparison, require opposite inflexions.

Rational lib"erty is opposed to the wild"ness of anarchy. Bended knees", while you are clothed with pride"; heavenly petitions, while you are hoarding up treasures upon earth"; holy devotions, while you live in the follies of the world"; prayers of meek'ness and charity, while your heart is the seat of spite and resent"ment; hours" of prayer, while you give up days' and years to idle diversion, impertinent visits, and foolish pleasure;-are as absurd, unacceptable services to God, as forms of thanks"giving from a person that lives in repi'ning and discontent".

All that's worth a wish or thought,

Fair Virtue gives,-unbribed, unbôught!
Cease, then, on trash" thy hopes to bind,
Let no bler views engage thy mind.

194. Frequently, the antithesis is not formally expressed, but implied. In sentences of this nature, the omitted member must be suggested by the forcible inflexion of the one which is expressed. The positive member requires a Falling, the negative a Rising Circumflex.

I'll be, in men's despîte, a monarch! They are only the fragments of enemies.

How beautiful is Nature in her wildest scenes!

I have thought some of Nature's joûrneymen had made

men.

He requires a voluntary service.

We shudder at the thought of dissolution.

He could not treat a dôg ill.

They that are whôle, need not a physician.

I'm tortured, even to mâdness, when I think
Of the proud victor.

A fiery deluge, and without an ark.

Were I Brutus,

And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony
Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue
In every wound of Cæsar, that should move
The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny!

Your friend is better: or, Your friend is better.
You were not paid to rail against Alexander.

We are not left alone to climb the arduous ascent to heaven.
It is not enough to speak kindly.

Here is nothing studied; here are no flights of fǎncy; no embellishments of oratory.

The quality of mercy is not străined.

Man cannot war successfully against the truth of God.
The region beyond the grave is not a solitary land.

195. Frequently, a portion of the antithetic member is expressed with one word, and understood, or only expressed pronominally, with the other. The member so omitted is called elliptical, and follows the inflexion of that which is expressed, but in a weaker voice, to mark its enclitic nature.

Shall we, in your person, crown" the author of the public calamities, or shall we destroy him?

Shall we, in your person, crown", or shall we destroy the

author of the public calamities?

A good man will love himself too well to lose", and his neighbour too well to win", an estate by gaming.

A good man will love himself too well to lose" an estate by gaming, and his neigh"bour too well to win" one.

We too often judge men by the splen"dour, not by the me``rit,

of their actions.

We too often judge men by the splendour of their actions, not by the mêrit of them.

Is he the protect"or, or the betrayer of his country?

Is he the protector of his country, or the betrayer?

196. RULE VI.-Questions that are indeterminate in their signification require a Rising Inflexion. (Such questions are generally, but not necessarily, asked by verbs, and answerable by yes or no.)

Would an infinitely wise Being create man for a mean" purpose? Can He delight in the production of abortive

intelligence, of short"-lived reasonable crea'tures? Would He give us talents that are not to be exerted? capacities that are not to be grat"ified?

Can the soldier, when he girdeth on his armour, boast like him that putteth it off"? Can the merchant predict that the speculation on which he has entered will be infallibly crowned with success"? Can even the husbandman, who has the promise of God that seed-time and harvest shall not fail, look forward with assured confidence to the expected increase of his fields"? In these, and in all similar cases, our resolution to act can be founded on probability alone.

Are the men who can be charged with fewest failings, either with respect to abilities or to virtue, generally the most ready to make allow"ances for them'?

Can storied urn, or animated bust,

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath"?
Can Honour's voice provoke the silent dust",

Or Flattery soothe the dull, cold ear of death"?

The miser has long been ardently endeavouring to fill his chest and, lo! it is now full. Is he hap"py? Does he use" it? Does he gratefully think of the Giver of all good things'? Alas! these interests have no place in his heart.

197. Questions, indefinite in structure, become definite by reiteration, and then require a Falling Inflexion. In this form, they generally express a threat, or a command.

Are you prepared? Do you hear"? Will you go?

198. Questions, definite in structure, become indefinite by reiteration, and should then be read with a Rising Inflexion.

What" do you say'? How" shall we accomplish it'? What" o'clock was' it? Where" did you say you were going?

199. A question quoted in a sentence should be read as part of it. The true consideration is, Has he abused" his power?

I have generally observed, when a man is talking of his country-house, that the first question usually asked is, Are you in a good neighbourhood?

200. RULE VII.-Questions that are determinate in their signification require a Falling Inflexion. (Such questions are usually introduced by means of pronouns, adverbs, or prepositions, and are not answerable by yes or no.)

On whom does time hang so heavily as on the slothful and in"dolent? To whom are the hours so lingering? Who are

so often devoured with spleen, and obliged to fly to every expedient, which can help them to get rid of themselves"?

Who continually supports and governs this stupendous system? Who preserves ten thousand times ten thousand worlds in perpetual harmony? Who enables them always to observe such time, and obey such laws, as are most exquisitely adapted for the perfection of the wondrous whole"? How could they preserve and direct themselves"? Who feels not that they were created, and must therefore be dependent? How, then, can they be so actuated and directed, but by the unceasing energy of the Great Supreme"?

Whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire,
This longing, after Immortality?

Or, whence this secret dread and inward horror
Of falling into nought"? Why shrinks the soul
Back on herself, and startles at destruction?

201. RULE VIII.-Questions in apposition require the same inflexions. Section 189. Questions that are antithetic require opposite inflexions.-Section 192.

Is a candle brought to be put under a bush"el, or under a bed"?

Who shall separate us from the love of God? Shall tribula"tion, or distress", or persecution, or fam"ine, or na"kedness, or per'il, or sword"?

Can the world defend us from disasters, or protect us from diseases? Can it preserve our hearts from grief, our eyes from tears, or our feet from falling? Can it prolong our comforts, or multiply our days"? Can it redeem ourselves, or our friends, from death"? Can it soothe the king of terrors, or mitigate the agonies of the dying?

Thou fool! will thy discovery of the cause
Suspend" the effect, or heal" it?

Is the good"ness, or wisdom, of the Divine Being more manifested in this his proceeding?

Should infidelity be in the right, and revelation be but a fable, from believing it what harm could ensue? Would it render princes more tyran"nical, or subjects more ungovernable? the rich more in"solent, or the poor more disorderly? Would it make worse parents or children; husbands or wives"; masters or servants; friends" or neigh"bours?—r—would it not make men more virtuous, and consequently more happy, in êvery situation?

« 이전계속 »